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August 07, 1970 - Image 22

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-08-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Guerrilla Leaders Are Striving to Heal Deep Split in Ranks;
USSR Claims Its Missiles have Forced the Peace Movement

TEL AVIV (JTA) — The split in
the Palestinian guerrilla ranks
deepened Wednesday morning with
reports of clashes in the Jordan
Valley between the Popular Front
for the Liberation of Palestine, the
4,000-member Marxist-Leninist or-
ganization headed by Dr. George
Habash, and the Action organiza-
tion for the Liberation of Pales-
tine, a 50-man Nasserite Socialist
splinter group. The guerrilla dis-
unity began last Thursday when
the Action organization along with
the 100-member Arab Palestine
Organization, endorsed Egypt's
acceptance of the United States
peace initiative. The PFLP is
militantly opposed to any peace
settlement with Israe 1. There
were fears that fighting might
spread to Amman, where guerril-
las battled Jordanian troops in
(In Cairo, the authoritative

newspaper Al Ahram said Egypt
would "keep its hands free to
move politically in the light of its
national responsibilities." This was
seen as representing Egypt's de-
termination to withstand guerrilla
opposition to the government's ac-
ceptance of the U.S. plan.)
Arab leaders opened their sum-
mit meeting in Tripoli Wednesday
without the participation of Iraq
and Algeria, which have condemn-
ed Egypt for accepting the U.S.
initiative. Libyas revolutionary
leader, Col. Muammar al-Qadhafi,
returned to his capital from Bagh-
dad, where he was unsuccessful
in urging Iraqi leaders to join the
conference. The Libyan Revolu-
tionary Command Council, which
has not yet taken a formal posi-
tion on the U.S. plan, declared
that it "stands firmly at the side
of Egypt" and decries "slanderous
campaigns" against "the reputa-

Boris Smolar's

'Between You

(Editor-in-Chief Emeritus, J.T.A.)
(Copyright 1970, JTA Inc.)


JDC IMAGE: Many Jews in this country think of the Joint Distri-

bution Committee in terms of the American Red Cross. This is not
enough. The Red Cross is providing mostly urgent relief. It is on the
spot when there is an emergency like a flood, an earthquake, and
of course in war situations.
The JDC does much more than that. Not only does it come to the
aid of needy Jews in wartime and in emergency situations, but it con-
ducts a worldwide relief and rehabilitation program also in "normal"
times in countries where Jews are in need of various forms of aid.
During the years of its existence—since 1914—it spent about $940,000,000
not only on feeding and clothing of needy Jews overseas and of taking
care of their children, but also on reconstructing their lives, meeting
their medical, cultural and religious needs, rehabilitating many
thousands of handicapped, and taking care of the aged.
A look at the record as presented by Samuel L. Haber, JDC
executive vice-chairman, gives an idea of the gigantic task which the
JDC performs. Its field of activities is global. Last year alone, which
was comparatively a "quiet" year, JDC served more than 320,000 bene-
ficiaries. More than a third of its global allocations of about $24,000,000
were spent on assisting 173,000 Jews in Europe, both East and West.
The JDC network of relief and rehabilitation is widespread over
Europe and North Africa. It embraces also such distant lands as Iran
and China, not to speak of Israel, where through the JDC, its well-
known Malben program has over the past two decades assisted over
250,000 aged, chronically ill and handicapped newcomers with health,
welfare and other services not otherwise available in the young state.
In Eastern Europe alone, the JDC reaches 85,000 persons with
assistance through its Relief-in-Transit program. This does not include
the aid given to 15,000 Jews in Romania. Last year it aided about
6,000 transmigrants who were compelled to leave their countries—like
the Jews in Poland—and were awaiting final resettlement in Israel
and other countries. It extends solid aid to the impoverished Jewish
communities in Moslem lands, like Morocco, where the Jewish popula-
tion of over 200,000 a decade ago is today less than 14,000, and Tunisia
where there are today less than 14,000 of the 65,000 Jews of ten years
ago. One finds that JDC aid has been given to Jews in Spain and in
Portugal, in Sweden and in Yugoslavia, and where not?

INSIDE JDC: A large part of the JDC work is conducted under
the supervision of JDC directors stationed in various countries. Once a
year these directors gather in Geneva, where the overseas headquarters
of the JDC is located, to share experiences and to map plans for work
in the coming year. American top JDC leaders come from New York
to Geneva to participate in this conclave.
For the first time in the JDC history the gathering of the country
directors will take place this year in the United States. It will be held
in the middle of October in New York. The purpose of holding it this
year in New York instead of Geneva is to give leaders of American
Jewish communities the feel of what the JDC actually does and of the
problems it faces.
It is no easy task to organize in New York a conference of JDC
country directors brought over from various parts of the world. But
Louis Broido, JDC chairman, and Jack D. Weiler, chairman of the
National Council, felt that the JDC owes it to American Jewish leaders
to present to them all the "inside mechanics" of the JDC work as
carried out by the professionals on the spot. And Haber, who has
acquired a high reputation in the American Jewish community as the
"spark plug" of the JDC, held the same opinion.
The burden of arranging the JDC country directors conference will,
naturally, fall upon Haber who is known for his organizing ability.
Prior to his becoming the executive head of the organization, he served
as JDC director in Germany during the immediate post-war years,
later as JDC country director in North Africa, and finally as one of
the high officers of the JDC European headquarters in Geneva. His
experiences are wide and he knows the JDC work in every country on
the tips of his fingers.
As the JDC country directors from Israel, North Africa, Italy,
France and other countries—together with the directors and experts
from the JDC quarters in Geneva—will present their reports and plans
in New York, those American Jewish leaders who will be invited to the
two-day working meetings will emerge from them inspired from what
they have heard and elevated by the competence of the JDC men who
do their work with great dedication. They will see the JDC in its full
light and in action.

ton of President Gamal Abdel
Nasser as the leader of the Arab
nation." It also said it would
continue financial aid to the guer-
rilla movement, especially Al Fa-
tah, "as long as it carries on its
liberation drive and maintains
unity of Palestinian action."
(The countries represented at
Tripoli are Egypt, Jordan and the
Sudan, which have endorsed the
U.S. initiative; Syria, which has
denounced but not formally reject-
ed it, and Libya. The conference
was postponed from Monday to
give Col. Al-Qadhafi, who took
power last September, time to try
to get Iraq to participate. He also
conferred briefly at the Damascus
Airport with Syrian President Nu-
reddin al-Attasi. Al Ahram assail-
ed Iraq as "a bloody, isolated
regime" that was "seeking a role
for itself in the Arab world after
the isolation it brought upon itself
by the bloody liquidation opera-
tions it undertook since coming to
power in 1968." Top Iraq officials
arrived in Moscow for consulta-
tions at the Kremlin.
(The Sudan withdrew its sus-
pensions of Palestinian broadcasts
that had criticized her and Egypt's
acceptance of the U.S. plan.)
LONDON (JTA) — Egypt and
the Soviet Union appeared deter-
mined not to allow new diplomatic
efforts for a negotiated Middle
East settlement to founder on the
intransigence of some Arab states.
The Iraqi government's hard-line
opposition to Egypt's and Jordan's
acceptance of the latest United
States peace initiative was sharp-
ly criticized by President Gamal
Abdel Nasser in a message to
President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr,
of Iraq. Iraq has also been criti-
cized in the Soviet press. The mes-
sage was given by President Nas-
ser to the Iraqi minister of labor
and social affairs, Gen. Anwar al-
Hadithi, who visited Cairo two
days ago. It heaped scorn on the
Iraqi regime for indulging in street
demonstrations while Egypt bore
the brunt of armed struggle with
The text of the message was pub-
lished by Egypt's official Middle
East News Agency. In it the Egyp-
tian leader told his Iraqi counter-
part that the energy used in slo-
ganeering in the streets of Bagh-
dad and in denouncing Egypt's
diplomatic moves could be better
directed toward "ordering Iraqi
planes to attack Israeli targets or
strengthening Iraqi forces on the
eastern front against Israel."
President Nasser added:
"The Egyptian people have not
indulged in the luxury of fighting
from speakers' platforms."
According to the Russians, it
was their establishment of an ef-
fective Egyptian air defense sys-
tem through the introduction of
SAM-2 and SAM-3 missiles and
the stationing of Soviet techni-
cians, protected by Russian pilots
and combat troops in Egypt, which
convinced the United States and
Israel that the time for negotia-
tions had arrived.
The dispute was further aggra-
vated when an Iraqi spokesman
accused President Nasser of mak-
ing a blunder that led to the Arab
defeat in the Six-Day War.
A large Iraqi delegation which
arrived in Moscow Tuesday heard
a Soviet deputy premier, Kirin
Mazurov, voice support for a "fair
political settlement." Mazrurov as-
sured the Iraqis of continued "al-
round assistance" to the Arab
states and did not mention the
reported reprimand.
Hussein is gradually revoking the
concessions he made to the Pales-
tinian terrorists organization July
7 after the June-July hostilities,
according to unconfirmed reports
circulating here. Mounting bitter-
ness is reported among the ter-
rorists over a purge of the officer
corps that resulted in the removal
of 50 officers. General Zayed Ben
Shaker, formerly commander of

the armored units of the Jordanian
army, who was removed at the
insistence of the terrorists, has
been reinstated in rank and ap-
pointed deputy chief of staff, ac-
cording to one report. Another re-
port states that the chief of intelli-
gence, a General Badran, has been
dismissed and replaced by Colonel
Mudir Omar.


22—Friday, August 7, 1970

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