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July 31, 1970 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-07-31

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE JEWISH NEWS

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t - ^:s Fre:7 tn

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Na=c3i:A:

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rname 51-Lats

5=• RS.

Cr1A.RLOTTE DUBIN
ce-r Eons,

51.1)144.7Yrri
CA.1t*4.:
La•Smess 10-astaire-

► smilwre-



is a tioath S r-M ut-al S6e - etatics

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47,25

July :1.

Pap:, I- ow

Nixon Policies Augur Firmness

-
That much -
bouridar- :. Vi--odd miles vest of the S-::ez
Canal--rnarkir.g. the area fret of Sk-liet
missiles—uas at- tually Laid dour- in wash-
ing:ton. State l'epartnient elperts dreu the
lint and gale it to Soviet Arnbassador
Tr.e. Russians hale strupulously
ot•y.-i- Yed it—and hale taken athantage of
eery inch in I:nosing their weapons toward
the el:sr:al. -

--

st.--a-tenists e•ecerede they misca1e-m-
:atet the erten: tic ACE.iti :ilk Soviet Uriut non1d
ewer. i the Arkb-
se.

vas

licris,-::.

ttp;oitint
Uniut IL Maid
genera: tr_-_-muE it -Mt IltLitie.os East
U F.... planners nun i.23 their intelligence re--
punt everirm that it Jahr.nry the Soviet Union
made—ant tasithisen—ts fr_ndamerth' decision to
ph: i•vile-: pilots ant Sovier.xx.nntv-t missiles IMO
Erypt.'s nefemm-s.
- This meats- these surrces ilex, assert. that_ the
the Ribil-em" on
stvie: Unttm
Er:tn.:Ia:: ins o'rtemert "Mit Ernihr the United
Sta:es tt, r'-strait Israel Was: the Unht-t Sates

hytx

?..±.-*-1, as

Mvscow
t_rfo1d.

tants at ntannunneet visit to
Presitien: Nasser. 1✓ _ran
-
IJ
fat: it the sinnesterethi: months.
s is a rt. rs-

F ae_

- a

4r e i

_

t.on

ra

.:".
a::

staffs.
that 1--r.-.-J.dent _..ten and
the: DeLart.rnent of EJ•a-
the
he-Jr
ler.sa and the ?entagor. will be
de:ter -7 .
:et Israel elthe-
by the v-ay - J:de
s . -ffer losses 7. 'J,
7. " '"
• '*-'"C- 18 ent:reJv too
spe..
:n r.ewspaper editrials and
corn-
ntat ,..,rs arid
cf
PreF;r.1 ,.-.r.'. to star.d s. Israel
echoed
the ..arious eva:ua-
tions
the-
There
e•:dent•ake.ning to the
realities of the
East situation_ Joseph
Alsop described' Murrev Marder. in a
series. of articles in the Washington Post
Pointed to the air buildup as a disguised ap-
proach in which the U. S misjudged the Rus-
sian Mid East plans and stated:

The Nixon administration suddenly escalated

its warnings about the risk of a Middle East -col-
lision" with the Soviet Union to try to correct mis-
calculations on both sides, authoritative U. S.
sources contend.

ire Ara.Ps

- -

.7_

• ,,

"it

-:ved

S z

Israel's verb existence is nos; in imme-
diate danger: for Israel's existence clear!}
depends. at present. on Israel's control of
the air user Suez_ Without air superiority
on Israel's side. the thin line of Israeli de-
fenses along the Suez Canal must even-
tually- become untenable.
Without the Suez Canal as an anti-tank
diteh. Israel will have no fall-back position
that can he defended indefinitely - and
cheaply against the enormous weight of
tanks and artillery- the Soviets have given
the Egyptians. If the Suez line is ever
breached. therefore. Israel must mobilize.
And if Israel ever mobilizes. Israel must
make uar without delay. and without re-
gard to the Russian troops in combat roles
in Egypt.
Itr:JJ:- .d. to reason that. Is:ae: is not



' s ons or: the Suez banks. And

it can be as med that the U. S. will not con-
done aband=ent of Israel's role in defense
of the der - .racies and as a preventative of
Pc_:ssia's supremacy in the Middle
Ea.st.
The =,:t•_:atori is quite clear. Israel's very
exist-a:J.10- is at stake. and the U. S. friendship
serve to prevent calamity in the Middle
East At the same time there is a traditional
Arner:-_an role in the Mideast to be defended.
The State Department and the President are
abandc,:-..na- that policy. Neither are they
abandon::_ Israel. Neither is Israel submit-
ting by yielding to unrealistic plans
that are :rade br antagonistic elements. This
the
rests—and it is not with-
hope The Nixon administration keeps
a“ - -ing sentiments of friendship for Israel
and a desire to assure Israel's existence. We
have confidence in the sincerity of these
assertions- .

Hijacking as a Terrorists' Sport

Hijacking has become a favorite sport for
terrorists for the simple reason that the
airlines have dealt all-too-reluctantly with
proposals made chiefly by Israel for firm
action against the fright injected by black-
mailers.
Unless steps are taken to deal firmly with
the criminals, instead of permitting them to
assume roles of heroes, air travel will suffer
and the injected panic will spread to many
other areas.
The issue has already assumed an inter-
national character. While some of the threats
are directed at Israel, and Israel's enemies
in the ranks of the murderous terrorist
gangs are chiefly responsible for the most

and Zurich airports—the threats to innocent
people everywhere affects every corner of
the globe. Not only air traffic but also the
security of officials and employees in govern-
ment offices everywhere has been affected
by the panic created by potential murderers
who pose as fighters for liberty.
Responsibility for the safety of people at
public thoroughfares and in government
quarters devolves upon a united world com-
munity. The United Nations. if it were not so
impotent and so tragically' controlled by the
Arab-Soviet bloc. could do so much to solve
the problem ! Other means must be found to
avert further crises in the air and on land, and
Israel's experiences could serve as guides
towards assuring a solution to a problem

serious aerial tragedies-,tboso at t'-ie Atbepa_. th ~ t_has _goon putrageously.,

Jewish Attitudes in Civil War
Era Related in New JPS Volume

In a sense, the Jewish Publication Society has departed from,
established traditions with its latest book. - The Kidnaped and the
Ransomed - in a work of general and not specifically Jewish content. It
is the reprint of a classical reference to a slave's flight from his
...aster_.
But in a larger sense it belongs on the JPS list—because the
reasoning. the manumition. was made possible by a Jew.
And for an even more important reason: because the editor of
the volume for its presentation again in this vital era of extended
action for genuine civil rights, the able Jewish author and historian.
Maxwell Whiteman. has added to the impressive book an introduction
in which is outlined the position of Jews in the movement against
slavery in pre- and post-Civil War years.
'-The Kidnaped and the Ransomed" was first published in
1856. It is the story of Peter Still, his abduction, his having been
held in slavery for more than 40 years. in Alabama and Kentucky.
his ransoming by a Jew, Joseph Friedman. It is a full account of
Still's untiring efforts to redeem his wife and children, how he raised
S5.000 for the ransoming.
The Stills' story is one of the most dramatic in the history of
the struggle for emancipation, the reissuance of this volume is a major
service to libertarianism. It appears in the JPS volume in its entirety.
as originally published. with reproductions of the original tile page
and related pages from volumes of that era.
Here we have the full account of the Stills' reunion after Peter.
who had been listed as Peter Friedman Still, had secured the S5.090
for ransom. Shortly thereafter his book was published.

The history of the anti-slavery movement, the Jewish involve-
ments. the roles played by the noted rabbis and laymen of that time,
are thoroughly defined by Whiteman. His essay is a distinct contribu-
tion to research in the field of civil rights and at this time it is
especially noteworthy for its analysis of the Jewish attitude.

While reviewing the historical facts Whiteman exposes some
canards, chief among them the uncomplimentary references to "Jew-
Germans" who were charged with shady dealings by Frederick Law
Olmsted. A legal historian and authority on slave law, George Mc-
Dowell Stroud, showed how Olmstead was misled and is quoted by

Whiteman.

Whiteman also shows how a report of the Foreign Anti - Slavery
Society, in 1953, was wrong in its accusation that Jews had never

taken any steps with regard to slavery.

Among the leaders pointed to in the anti-slavery movement was
Ernestine Rose who gained acclaim from the libertarian William
Lloyd Garrison. But the later's feud with Major Mordecai M. Noah

also is recorded in Whiteman's essay.

Three Jews are mentioned as having been of help to John Brown
—August Bondi, Theodore Weiner and Jacob Benjamin. Another
important name in the anti-slavery ranks is that of Sabato Morals,
Italian-born minister of Mikveh Israel, Philadelphia's oldest syna-
gogue. He was opposed by Henry M. Phillips, the second Jew to be
elected to Congress from Philadelphia, but he had the support of
Henry Hart and others.

Morais' pro Union sermons soon were matched by those of David
of- Chicago.
But there were those like Rabbi Morris J. Raphall of New York
who upheld slavery. He met with strong opposition, especially from
a layman, Michael Heilprin, and soon he was attacked by Gustav
Gottheil in London (before Dr. Gottheil had come to Temple Emanu,El

-

Einhorn of Baltimore and Bernard Felsenthal

in New York), by Moses Mielziner and others.

Whiteman shows how a latent anti Semitism may have developed

-

during the Civil War as a result of the charges that were leveled at
Jews. Whiteman comments that if the limited role of Jews in the
anti-slavery movement is to be understood "the professional historian
interested in the tragedy of American slavery must carefully examine
the manner in which Christian attitudes toward Jews affected Jewish
attitudes toward.ktir eanti-slavery conflict."

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