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July 24, 1970 - Image 15

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-07-24

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Pioneering Spirit Predominates in Israel

The nearly 200 health and com-
The United Foundation is a con-
tributors' organization founded in munity services supported through
the annual Torch Drive provided
strategically important points. The
direct aid to more than 1,200,000
first was established on KKL land directors comprised of 150 com-
acquired long before 1948 which munity representatives. Another persons in 113 communities of
fell into Syrian hands during the 100 volunteers served on the ad- Wayne, Oakland and Macomb
Counties during 1969-
1948 Liberation War. Preparations visory board.
for the new settlements are largely
pd. poi. ad .
under the direction of Mordechai
Karniel, the dedicated kibutznik
New Parks and Recreation in Oak Park
who directs KKL activities in the
Heights. He is probably better ac-
and Southfield were made possible
quainted with the territory than
any other man and is an enthu-
because of the work of
siast over its possibilities. To
travel with him and explore the
area is to be infected with his
enthusiasm and his hopes for its
Candidate State Senate-15th Dist.—Democrat
From Mordechai Karniel you
will hear expounded with almost
religious fervor the affirmation
that "if we don't go to the bor-
ders, the borders will come to
us." He cherishes every foot of
the Golan Heights and is deter-
mined to make it Jewish. The 11
new settlements in the Heights are
his pride, joy and special concern
and he makes it his business to
visit them regularly. His imme-
diate concern is to get enough land
into shape for the settlers of Miron
Goulan, a Nahal group now occu-
pying the compound in Kuneitra
formerly used by the Soviet ad-
visors -to the Syrian Army com-
mand, on the Heights.
It won't be long, according to
Mordechai Karniel, before the Go-
lan Heights becomes home to sev-
eral thousand Jewish families, be-
fore its ample - waters and rich
red soil make a significant con-
tribution to the Israeli economy
and before such garden spots as
Maynot Habanyas, the source of
the Banyas River, become famed
health and recreation resorts. To
Rich & Rare
Karniel and to most Israelis, it is
simply impossible even to suggest
that the Golan Heights, once part
Superb bouquet and flavor.
of the kingdom over which David

Vice-President and Editor, JTA

salemite, if not of every Israeli.
It would not be going too far to
say that the Old City has once
JERUSALEM—"If we don't go again become the real focus of
to the borders, the borders will Jewish life and the spiritual fount
for the non-observant as well as
come to us."
Thus a veteran director of the for the devout.
As to the Golan Heights„ no one
Golan Heights settlement program
explains the frenetic • efforts to who has ever stood on the ruins of
settle that strategic area. Thus, a Syrian gun emplacement there
too, a young Nahal settler justi- and looked out over the lush
plains and trim villages of the
fies the sacrifices
Galilee which its guns dominated
he and his col-
could ever agree that this natural
leagues and their
fortress should ever be placed in
families are mak-
alien hands and permitted to
ing to create a
threaten the Jewish farmers in the
new home out of
valley below. Israelis may, and do,
a bleak, barren
disagree about the future of the
and dangerous
West Bank, the Gaza Strip or the
outpost a mile
Sinai Peninsula, but there is no
from the frontier
disagreement about Jerusalem and
where the threat
the Golan Heights—the new Jeru-
of Arab attack
salem areas and their Heights are
by night is added Bienstock
to the backbreaking toil under a now and forever part of Israel.
burning sun by day.
If you did not see divided Jeru-
salem between 1948 and 1967,
The pioneer spirit has never de-
serted Israel. Today, it is one of you won't understand the tre-
mendous difference unification
the most evident and stimulating
has made, for there is a blend-
features of life in that country.
You see it and feel it in its his- ing of the Arab and Jewish pop-
ulations in the narrow lanes
toric and most exciting form in
and alleys of the Old City, a
the Golan Heights where there is,
freedom of movement from one
everywhere, a determination and
quarter to another of the re-
a haste to make the area's 1,200
united city that many New
square kilometers once and for all
Yorkers do not enjoy at home.
time Jewish and Israeli.

(Copyright 1970, JTA, Inc.)

Representative Al Kramer



The taxi-driver you hail in Re-
You find this old pioneering
spirit alive in the Arava, the havia may be an Arab as likely
as not. The Old City merchant
long, low, hot desert stretching
who tries to enveigle you into
from the Dead Sea to the Gulf
his shop may be Jew-
of Akaba, where pioneers in the
ish. Arabs work in "Jewish"
old Zionist tradition, are not only
and Jews do busi-
reclaiming the desert but are
ness in the Old City and East
establishing and holding Israel's
Mayor Teddy Kol-
frontiers in a vital area.
lek has seen to it that there are
You find this pioneering spirit no economic or geographical
in another form in the old Jeru-
discriminations. Social barriers
salem Corridor and in East Jeru-
may not have broken down yet
salem where a fantastic building
is very little evidence
program is providing so many
for the visitor of Arab-Jewish
homes for Jews in what was for-
then, there
merly a purely Arab area that the
was very little of that either in
old demographic line dividing Jew-
of an un-
ish and Arab Jerusalem is being
divided Jerusalem.

completely erased.
But you find the pioneering spirit
at its most intense in the raw
young settlement of Ein Zivan,
near Kuneitra in the Golan
Heights, less than five kilometers
from the Syrian border. Here a
group of ybungsters, some of them
not out of their teens, with three
infants, are .establishing a settle
ment, building their homes, bring-
ing their fields under cultivation
and earning cash to support them-
selves by making plastic sandals
on a sub-contracting arrangement
with the older settlement of Dafna
in the Upper Galilee. They are
doing this in range of Syrian guns
at a time when their maximum
effort must be to complete the
underground shelter where they
can take refuge from enemy ar-
tillery fire.

The Israelis are sharply di-
vided over the future of the ter-
ritories their army occupied in
the Six-Day War. Many—and
their number apparently grows
each day the occupation con-
tines—insist that what Israel
has, Israel must hold and there
can be no withdrawal. Others,
among them former Prime Min-
ister David Ben-Gurion, believe
that most of the territories should
be given up, but there is little
agreement among them as to
what Israel's future boundaries
should be. Ben-Gurion advocates,

in the interests of a lasting set-
tlement with the Arab world, the

renunciation of all the territory

Friday, July 24, 1970-15


Handsome bottle, individually
registered at the distillery.
What more could you ask?

and Solomon ruled, will not for-
ever -be part of Israel.


$5 01

The habit of common and con-
tinuous speech is a symptom of
From Teddy Kollek's urban pio- mental deficiency. It proceeds
neering in Jerusalem you fly to from not knowing what is going
Roth Pina and then motor up to on in other people's minds.—Walter
the Golan Heights to find the most Bagehot
startling of contrasts in a land
of paradox and contrast. Most of
the Golan Heights had not been
cultivated for generations—cer-
tainly not for the years of Syrian
rule. Hundreds of acres were used
for military purposes; military
roads, tank-traps; gun emplace-
ments, underground bunkers,
fields of barbed wire and mines.
The Syrians must have spent lit-
erally millions in constructing an
imitation, miniature Maginot Line
Except for the Druse, about 8,000
of them, and some Circassians,
there was only a handful of farm-
ers in the Heights. (The Circas-
sians fled with the Syrian Army.
The Druse remained and pros-
per.) Most of the civilian Arabs
living in the Golan Heights were
the families of officers stationed
there or were providing services
to the army. The land, rich and
fertile, blessed with abundant water
resources, lay fallow.
This the Israelis quickly be-
gan to correct. The Keren Keye-


All Taxes Included


all you need
to get out of town
in a hurry

meth—Jewish National Fund—
moved heavy equipment into the
ara and roughed out mile af-
ter mile of roads, making every

Dial your long distance calls
direct and get somewhere the easy way.
Just dial 1, the area code
(if different from your own) ,
then the phone number,
and you'll go a long way. Fast.
Dial your long distance calls direct.
And get out of town, on time.

part of the new territory and
every mile of the frontier easily
accessible. Huge machines raked
the heavy red earth, digging out
the rocks and preparing the
fields for cultivation. KKL bull-
dozers created a vast artificial
lake near Kuneitra to hold the
water escaping down the moun-
tainsides and channel it to two
new settlements being estab-
lished in the area. Other KKL
teams laid pipelines for irriga-
tion and for distribution of sur-
plus water to areas not so well

occupied except for the Jerusa-
lem district and the Golan.
Heights. Not too many go along
with him all the way on this.
On the retention of an undivided
Jerusalem, there is no disagree-
ment to be head in Israel. The
Old City and East Jerusalem
have become such integral parts
of the reunited city that no one
can see Israel ever agreeing
to severance of any part of them.
In the three years since the
The Old City, after 19 years of
Heights came into Israeli
isolation behind forbidding walls,
has once again.become a vibrant hands, 11 settlements have been

factor in the liN'6t.btrery Jeru- eskiJIDOid there, most t f theM at

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