Administration Policy Assuring Balance
of Power in M.E. Reaffirmed by Laird
(Continued from Page 1)
to a temporary cease fire in the
Middle East, declaring it would
"legitimize" a new round of at-
tacks after its conclusion. Inter-
viewed on NBC-TV's "Meet the
Press," Gen. Rabin asserted that
"We are ready any time, any
moment" to agree to an "uncon-
ditional and unlimited cease
fire." But the Soviet-Egyptian
"partnership," he said, demands
that Israel agree to withdraw
totally from the occupied Arab
territories and to "dismember"
Israel for the benefit of the Pale-
stinian refugees. All peace nego-
tiations must be predicated on
the recognition of a Jewish state
in the Mid East, he asserted.
Gen. Rabin, who was Israel's
chief of staff during the Six-Day
War, contended he was "not ac-
quainted" with nuclear weapons
when asked to comment on re-
ports of Israeli nuclear capability.
He said there are no nuclear
weapons in the Mid East "in the
context of the small countries in
the area," and insisted that "Is-
rael is not a nuclear country" and
will not be the first to use such
weapons in the area. Questioned
as to why, then, Israel has not
signed the nuclear non-proliferation
treaty, Gen. Rabin replied that
while "we have not yet signed it,"
still "we haven't yet rejected it."
Israel continues, he said, to
Gen. Rabin contended that Israel
can hold onto its cease-fire lines,
but that she "cannot withstand"
a massive Soviet military offensive.
He stated that the Soviet Union
"will not hesitate" to use "force"
to "gain hegemony and a predomi-
nant role" in the Mid East. Asked
whether United States aid was suf-
ficient, he replied: "I can't discuss
the details of the military assis-
tance . - I prefer not to say
anything about the details." He
also appeared to skirt a question
as to how there could be secure
and recognized borders in the nu-
clear age, referring to attacks on
Tel Aviv in June 1967, by saying
that "There is a big difference be-
tween a missile and what happen-
ed in the Six-Day War." The Is-
raeli ambassador said the Soviet
presence in the Mid East, which he
described as offensive, comprised
3,000-4,000 advisers and 5,000-8,000
persons "operating weapons sys-
tems." He said there would not be
another full-scale Mid East war if
Russians "will not intervene." He
allowed that it was "very difficult"
to distinguish between "offensive
and defensive" weapons, observ-
ing: "It depends how the user
Soviet Union Unwilling
to Help Egyptian Troops
Fight Way Across Suez
JERUSALEM (JTA)—The Soviet
Union has refused to help Egyp-
tian troops fight their way across
the Suez Canal or supply President
Nasser with modern long-range of-
fensive weapons, according to re-
ports reaching the evening paper
Yediot Ahronot. But the paper's
Jerusalem correspondent says the
same sources report the Soviets
will support the call for a limited
cease fire along the canal under
Reports from Paris about a far-
reaching agreement by Britain
with France's Middle East policy
were denied by Foreign Minister
Abba Eban. Ile told the cabinet
Sunday at its weekly meeting that
according to information Israel has
received from a representative of
the British Foreign Office, "no de-
cisions have been taken on any
specific issue." He said a. certain
similarity of views was reached
only on the mutual desire of both
Britain and France to see the Jar- I
ring mission resumed.
At the opening of the cabinet
meeting, the ministers rose for a
minute of silence in memory of the
late Minister of Interior Hair
In Beth Sokolov.' Friday night,
Eban said there was nothing new
in the Soviet-Egyptian communi-
que issued that day. The joint state-
ment branded Israel the aggressor
and called for a political settle-
Eban said the Soviet Union's in-
sistence on total Israeli withdrawal
from the occupied territories,
which he observed was not speci-
lied in the Security Council's Nov.
22, 1967, resolution, indicated the
Kremlin does not really want
peace. "What is being termed by
them as the so-called aggression
of '67 was in Israel's eyes the mere
desire for survival," Eban said.
The Israeli army spokesman
refused to comment Tuesday on
the reported attempt by the
United States government to per-
suade Israel to accept older and
inferior F-8 Crusader Jets as re-
placement planes instead of 13.4
Phantoms, so as to temper the
Arab states opposition to jet
But military observers here said
such an offer would probably not
be accepted anyway as Crusaders
have only one third the efficiency
of Phantoms. In addition, they said,
the Israeli air force already has
too many different types of air-
craft in use, and still another mode
would complicate problems of
maintenance, spare parts and
A high ranking American air
force delegation was in Israel to
survey the situation at first hand.
The delegation's leader was deputy
commander of the U. S. air force
strike command, Lt. General James.
V. Edmundson. The delegation had
talks with the army's chief of staff,
General Haim Bar Lev, and with
Defense Minister Moshe Dayan it
the presence of American embassy
Deny Britain Would Sell
Israel 400 Chieftain Tanks
LONDON (JTA)—Israel and the
British government both denied re-
ports that Britain would sell Israel
400 Chieftain tanks. The report
was printed in the Cairo magazin-
Rose El Youssef. The Israeli
Embassy said no purchasing mis-
sion was in Britain. British offi-
cials said they knew nothing of
the alleged negotiations.
In the House of Commons, Labor
MP Robert Brown asked Minister
of State Joseph Godber whether
the new deliveries of Soviet arms
to Egypt have caused the Heath
government to reverse the Wilson
government's embargo on Chief -
tains to Israel. Godber said he
would stand by the government's
statement of July 6.
Foreign Secretary Sir Alex Doug-
las-Home said, then, in response
to a , imilar question, that "It is
not our practice . . . to commen'
on the details of particular arms
transactions," but that the gov
ernment would "consider each ap
plication for arms sales careful] ,
on its merits . . .
Minister Godber agreed with MT
Brown, however, that the Chieftain
decision was one of urgency an , '
great importance. Pro-Arab MP
Christopher Mayhew charged that
Israeli policies were almost as un-
popular in the United Nations ac:
those of South Africa, but Godber
replied: "I have heard similar
arguments with regard to the Arab
states." Mayhew recommended an
arms embargo on any Mid East
country that rejects unanimous Se-
curity Council peace resolutions, to
which Godber replied: "There is
no evidence that major suppliers
would agree to that embargo."
MP Gerald Kaufman sought as-
surances that no tanks would be
sold to Libya while being denied
to Israel. Godber said the govern-
ment had no desire to give either
side in the Middle East an advan-
In a commentary Tuesday on
last week's Soviet-Egyptian com-
munique on the Middle East, the
Moscow - published Communist
Party newspaper, Pravda, de.
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scribed as "absurd" charges that
the Soviet Union wants to destroy
Israel. The communique, Pravda
said, recognized the right to in-
dependence of all nations in the
"This shows the absurdity of the
allegations that the Soviet Union
threatens the Israeli state," de-
clared Igor Belyayev, Pravda's
Mid East commentator. Soviet
military aid to Egypt, he averred,
is strictly defensive.
Belyayev criticized President
Nixon for "pouring oil on the fire"
by alleging on July 1 that the Arab
states "want to drive Israel into
the sea." That allegation is "with-
out any basis," he wrote, and con-
stitutes "threatening remarks"
contrary to the spirit of seeking
"the quickest restoration of peace
in the Middle East." He called for
"a serious effort to achieve a poli-
tical settlement," but did not refer
to the United States peace initia-
tive other than to contend that Is-
rael Premier Golda Meir has re-
The Pravda commentary repeat-
ed the Soviet assertion that "the
real reason for the provocative hue
and cry" over the presence of So-
viet personnel in Egypt is "above
all, the fear of the Israeli generals
in the face of growing Israeli
The statement added: "It is not
accidental that simultaneously with
the panicky statements by Israeli
military men and politicians about
Soviet interference and presence,
Israel stepped up her demand to
the United States for new consign-
ments of Phantoms and Skyhawks.
. . . The facts show that if any-
body disturbs the balance of power
in the Middle East it is Israel,
which presses for new consign-
ments of offensive weapons." The
Pravda commentary stood by a
Cairo statement that no Soviet per-
ronnel are engaged in Egyptian
military action; but it avoided
comment on the functions of these
personnel, which number from
8,000 to possibly 15,000.
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