SAM-3 Missiles, USSR
Direction Blamed for
Israel Plane Losses
The Key in
VOL. LVI I, No. 16
Israel suffered the loss of two jets in its air attack on Egypt Tuesday. For the
first time, the loss was attributed to the SAM-3 Russian antiaircraft missiles, and it is
generally believed that the action was under Russian direction of the weapons supplied
to Egypt in the war against Israel. This loss, the first of such seriousness since the 1967
war, emphasizes the escalation of the dangers to Israel from aid given to Nasser by the
Detailed story on Page 5
THE JEWISH NEWS
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July 3, 1970
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Rogers Peace Details Kept . State
Secret; Rejected by Arabs, Given
Encouragement in Meir Statement
Israel Resentful of Goldniann
Meeting With Tito. Ilassan
JERUSALEM (JTA)—The Israeli government apparently is furi-
ous over Dr. Nahum Goldmann's continuing efforts at private diplo-
macy relating to the Mid East crisis. The 75-year-old president of the
World Jewish Congress met with King Hassan of Morocco in Rabat
June 24 and earlier that week with President Tito of Yugoslavia at
Brioni, an Adriatic Sea resort. The - meeting with the Moroccan ruler
was announced by the royal palace in Rabat last week and was con-
firmed Sunday by the World Jewish Congress.
Israel Foreign Minister Abba Eban said here Sunday that he
had been neither informed before the meeting nor briefed afterwards.
He said: "There is a custom that citizens who meet foreign heads
of state contact their own governments beforehand but all this is a
matter of taste. There is no law governing such things."
A ministry spokesman said no law had been violated by Dr. Gold-
mann because Israel is not officially at war with Morocco. Dr. Gold-
mann has come under sharp personal attack by Israeli government
figures and many of his former colleagues in the World Zionist Organ-
ization since last spring when the government refused to authorize
him to accept an invitation from Rresident Gamal Abdel Nasser to go
to Cairo. Dr. Goldmann is an Israeli citizen who also holds a Swiss
In a telephone interview from the Italian resort town of Serafino,
broadcast here Sunday night, Dr. Goldmann said he had met King
Hassan as "an individual with specific views on the Middle East con-
flict" and not as an Israeli citizen. He said the meeting was arranged
through an intermediary in Paris at the behest of King ,Hassan. Dr.
Goldmann said he had wanted to postpone it for reasons of health,
but the king insisted that they meet last week.
"The king wanted to exchange views with me on what was going
on in the Middle East. The situation was causing him concern," Dr.
Goldmann said. He said their talk had no concrete objectives, the
king only wanted to hear Dr. Goldmann's views, and their conversa-
tion lasted an hour and a. half. He said that President Nasser had not
known of the meeting, nor had any other Arab head of state or Mar-
shal Tito, and there was no decision that King Hassan should convey
details of the talk to President Nasser. He said he felt it was unneces-
sary to consult with anyone in advance of the meeting because he had
not been invited to discuss Israeli affairs.
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Premier Golda Meir told the Knesset Tuesday that Israel
welcomed the new United States initiative for peace in the Middle East but will never
accept a conditional cease fire with a time limit attached. According to unofficial reports
from several capitals, a 90-day cease fire in the Suez Canal zone is the first phase of the
plan that Secretary of State William P. Rogers has proposed to Israel and the Arab states.
Mrs. Meir said she could not disclose the contents of the Rogers proposal because the
U.S. government did not desire their publication at this time. She referred to the temporary
cease fire offered by President Gamel Abdel Nasser, of Egypt, in a television interview
broadcast in the U.S. two weeks ago.
She claimed that a cease fire of limited duration would only serve Nasser's war
aims by giving him an interval to strengthen Egyptian fortifications in the canal zone
and especially to install Soviet SAM-3 anti-aircraft missiles along the waterway. "Were
his (Nasser's) proposals accepted, the resumption of shooting after expiration of the cease-
fire would be given the seal of legality in advance," she said.
Mrs. Meir declared that what Israel wanted was a general cease fire with no time
limits to serve as a stage in the transition from war to peace. Meanwhile, as long as the
present circumstances persist, Israel will 'continue to employ its present methods of self
defense. "We will not desist from our efforts to prevent the installation of missile systems
in the canal zone," she said.
Addressing the Knesset, Prime Minister Golda Meir
tells of the new dangers introduced in the Mid East by
Soviet Jews Clamor for Right to Settle
in Israel; Leningrad Arrests Condemned
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Some 400 Soviet Jews so far have signed petitions
and open letters with their full names and addresses demanding the right to
emigrate to reunite with their families in Israel, Hebrew University President
Avraham Harman disclosed here.
Harman spoke in his capacity as president-designate of the Public Council
for Soviet Jewry which will hold its founding conference here July 13. A
pamphlet issued by the new organization stated that its aim was "to join
its voice to the all-embracing Jewish protest movement which is growing
among Jewish communities throughout the world."
The chairman of the council's executive committee is S Z. Abramov, a
Knesset member representing the Gahal faction. Harman stressed at a news
conference that the aim of the council is not anti-Soviet. "We are not trying
to create a front or a movement aimed against the Soviet Union. All we
demand is that the Jews of the Soviet Union should enjoy the rights to
which they are entitled under the Soviet Union's own constitution, namely
to leave their country of origin and reunite with their own people," he said.
Harman said the Israeli Council for Soviet Jewry will be part of a world-
wide movement that has grown up in Britain, Switzerland, Australia,
Argentina, Mexico, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, France, Belgium and Italy.
In the United States, he said several organizations are active in the field.
A Leningrad Jew, in a letter to the Soviet prosecutor general, has
protested the detention of eight Jews in connection with an alleged hijacking
plot in which 12 other persons are being held.
A copy of the letter was made available in Moscow, according to a New
York Times correspondent. The letter says security police agents have seized
personal letters, books and other articles from the homes of the eight Lenin-
grad Jews and from those of "many others" following the reported attempt
to seize an airplane June 15 at Leningrad's Smolny Airport.
(Continued on Page 9)
Mrs. Meir's statement, noncom-
mittal as it was on the Rogers pro-
posals, was approved by an 88-5
vote in the Knesset. Only the two
Communist factions and the leftist
Haolam Hazeh voted against the
government. Israel's full reply to
the Rogers plan is expected to be
conveyed to Washington by Am-
bassador Itzhak Rabin.
The Israeli premier charged in
her Knesset speech that Soviet
operational involvement in the Mid-
dle East has "breathed new life into
aggression there." She said there
were no signs that any of the Arab
states were prepared to make peace.
"Israel's policy," she said, "is
founded on constant striving for
(Continued on Page 6)
New Vigor Inspiring Quest for Life Marks
Hadassah Services for Wounded Soldiers
JERUSALEM—The third anniversary of the unification of Jerusalem was celebrated
by wounded soldiers from Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center by their going on a trip
to see a new synagogue dedicated at Ramat Eshkol, a new housing development on Ammuni-
tion Rill in East Jerusalem.
During the Six-Day War, some of the most bitter fighting in the Battle for Jerusalem
took place on the barren slopes of Ammunition Hill, adjoining Mt. Scopus. In the last three
years, thousands of housing units have been built there. They are all occupied by new immi-
grants, mostly from Western countries, and by young married couples.
Some of the wounded soldiers from Hadassah attending the dedication ceremony had
fought on the hill, and they have been in and out of hospital, receiving treatment, ever since.
They were amazed by the transformation of the area.
Just as the area is being rehabilitated so are the soldiers.
One of the soldier-patients at the dedication was Nati, 21, (shown in photo on Page
8), a more recent arrival at Hadassah. Nati was shot in the head three months ago while
fighting in the Jordan Valley. The neurosurgeons extracted the bullet, but he was comatose
for six weeks. When he regained consciousness, he had lost the power of speech and the
doctors believed that the prospects for his recovery were slight. Suddenly, by coincidence, on
Jerusalem Day, Nati said his first words. The nurses burst into tears. He went on to say several
more words, indicating that his prospects had miraculously improved.
Assaf, 24, is a member of Kibutz Gesher Haziv, of which his parents are founding members,
having come there after their first kibutz, Beit Arava—the "House in the Desert," near Jericho
—was destroyed by Arabs in 1948. Assaf was studying mechanical engineering at the Technion
when he was called up to serve on reserve duty at the Suez Canal. He was wounded four months
ago by a bullet which damaged the spinal cord. Although he is paralyzed from the waist doswn,
Assaf has resumed studying his Technion subjects with the help of a private teacher, while still
in a rehabilitation department. He is also taking guitar lesons, has a girl friend who is a student
nurse, and plans to get married.
(Continued on Page 8)