THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, June 19, 1970-21
(Copyright 1970, JTA Inc.)
1 . .
THE PIIILADELPIIIA STORY: The Philadelphia American Zion-
ist Federation gathering in which 800 delegates from all over the coun-
try participated, was a Zionist Congress in miniature. The full tradi-
tional routine of a World Zionist Congress—which is the supreme body'
of the world Zionist movement—was followed at this first gathering of
all the 13 national Zionist groups existing in the United States.
There was much lobbying and bargaining on the composition of the
leading organs of the newly-created American Zionist Federation which I
will from now on be "the body which speaks and acts on behalf of
the unified Zionist movement in the United States."
Sumething new was added at the Philadelphia convocation—the
voice of the youth.
You suddenly discovered at the convention that there are at least
10 various Zionist youth groups existing in the United States—from the
ultra-right Betar to ultra-Socialist Hashomer Hatzair, and from Miz-
rachi orthodox youths to such youth organizations as Bnei Alava, Dror,
Habonim, Masada, Hashahar, Hamagshimim and others.
TIIINGS TO COME: What will actually be the functions of the
As a unified central body of all branches and shades in the Amer-
ican Zionist movement, the Federation will act on behalf of all Zion-
ists in such areas as emigration to Israel, youth, Jewish education,
public information and internal Jewish community affairs. It will also
be the policy making organ of the entire Zionist movement in this
It will be no easy matter for the top Federation leadership to reach
a policy acceptable to all factions in the American Zionist movement.
This was seen clearly during the session on ideological differences
within the various wings in the Zionist movement. It stands to reason,
however, that most of the differences will be bridged, as they have
usually teen at regular World Zionist Congresses.
A new chapter in the history of American Zionism has been opened
at the Philadelphia convention. An umbrella organization has come
into existence after years of negotiations. The role which Zionism has
still to play in this country after the establishment of Israel—regard-
less of the fact that the great majority of American Jewry are dedicated
to helping Israel financially—was ably outlined at the convention by
Dr. Emanuel Neumann, veteran Zionist leader and chairman of the
American section of the Jewish Agency.
THE GRADUATION SEASON: The graduation season is now on,
and Jewish organizations are taking stock of various problems which af-
fected Jewish students in the academic year just concluding. They are
also looking into problems to be faced by Jewish students in the new
school year beginning this fall.
Jewish leaders are especially perturbed over the problem which
has come to be known as "ethnic balance on the campus." This is the
demand for a quota system based on race for students in colleges and
universities. Some universities have already—under Negro pressure
—agreed to introduce such a system. Admission of students in the
coming school year will be based on this system in many schools
of higher learning.
Jewish organizations have a long tradition of opposing quota
systems based on race, religion or national origin. But black students
insist that Negro applicants to colleges and universities be admitted
in accordance with the percentage of the Negro population, regardless
of their academic qualifications. Brown University has already accepted
a black quota of 11 per cent, based on this demand. Some other uni-
versities are reported to have followed suit.
In New York City, at City College, the black students have sub-
mitted a demand that the next freshman class have a composition
equal to the percentage of Negroes and Puerto Ricans in all the city
high schools. This figure happens to be 50 per cent. The City University
chancellor estimates that 35,000 freshmen—with a high percentage of
Negroes and Puerto Ricans—would have to be admitted next fall,
compared with 21,000 last September.
JEWISII ANXIETY: Leaders of Jewish organizations, while recog-
nizing in principle that Negroes are entitled to a higher education, fear
that automatic admission of black students on a quota basis—and not on
scholastic merits—might affect the admission of Jewish students, if the
so-called "ethnic balance" demand were complied with. In some uni-
versities it is already indicated that a certain proportion of Jewish and
other white students will have to give way to make room for blacks.
Some of the Jewish leaders openly oppose quota system admissions
as being "unconstitutional and immoral." Others warn that an admis-
sion system based on fixed percentages of students to achieve "ethnic
balance" would discredit the concept of open enrollment and would at
the same time "pit group against group."
There are Jewish leaders who fear that once the principle of
admissions quotas is accepted, it may lead to the introduction of a
quota system also for the admission of Jews, Italians, Irish and other
white minorities. And this, after years of suffessful fighting against
the restrictive admissions by some universities--especially medical
schools—of these minorities. Those restrictions no longer exist, but
could be revived in institutions of higher learning which have no funds
to expand their classes to absorb the number of black students not
eligible for admission under scholarly standards but eligible under a
quota system proportionate to the Negro population.
In opposing the quota system demanded by Negroes, Jewish leaders
suggest that while underprivileged youth should be helped to study,
the test of poverty should be used and not the absolute test of color.
They point out that half of the poor in the United States are not blacks
or Puerto Ricans and that the white minorities would be the ones
to be excluded from "higher education should a quota system based
upon race and color be introduced.
At a Midwest state university with about 40,000 students—of whom
12 per cent are Jews—the dean has already indicated that some whites
will have to give way.to ,make _room for blacks. The state legislature
is also planning - to !Over the number of out-of-state admissions. A
good percentage of the Jewish students are from out-of-state.
Edward S. Greenbaum, Lawyer and Court Reformer, 80
PRINCETON—Edward S. Green- right to publish William Manches- Among his survivors are his wife,
baum, a top New York lawyer ter's "The Death of a President." Dorothea, a sculptress; and two
known as a crusader for effective He had a facility for working sons, Dr. David S. of Michigan
justice and founder o f the firm out compromises and leaving both State University . and Dzaiel of
Greenbaum, Wolff and Ernest in sides happy. Mamaroneck, N.J.
1915, died June 12 at age 80.
Mr. Greenbaum was the son
In the 1950s, he helped establish
of Samuel Greenbaum. a State
the first major reorganization of Supreme Court justice and
state and local courts in 115 years
president of the Educational
Dear Old Dad!
and acquired his reputation as a Alliance. His mother was presi-
dent of the Jewish Working
Girls Vacation Society. Ile at-
One of his most famous clients
tended Horace Mann School,
Largest Selection of Fine
was Stalin's daughter, Svetlana
American & Imported
Alliluyeva when she fled from Rus- Williams College and the Colum-
bia Law School where he refus-
sia to Switzerland and was con-
ed to acctpt the honor of serv-
sidering coming to America. He
ice on the Law Review because
became her confidant and was in-
strumental in the publication of he believed the giving of privi-
leges to members of the Review
Shortly before taking on Mrs. staff was improper.
Alliluyeva, Mr. Greenbaum, known
Mr. Greenbaum was founder and
as "the litigation guy," took over former chairman of the Jewish
Harper and Row's defense of its Big Brothers, who aid troubled
youth. He headed an early survey
Candela, Natural or Maduro
committee on anti-Semitism for the
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American Jewish Committee and
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was National Jewish Welfare ,
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Board representative on a 1952
Reg. 2/55c Each
HAIFA — Technio n, Israel's study by the USO of servicemen's
Institute of Technology, conferred camp needs.
the highest number of degrees in
CIGARS JEWS tax
its history at this year's com- NPD Routed in Election
mencement ceremony, June 2, at
for Provincial Offices
Technion City here.
Featuring finest selec-
BONN (JTA) — The reputedly
It was the Technion's first grad-
tion of pipes by Chara-
uating class. One member of the neo -Nazi National Democratic
tan, Ben Wade, Mount-
class, Haim Wismontsky, 22, who Party (NPD) that was posing a
batten, Dunhill, Parker,
was to receive a bachelor's degree serious political threat at this time
Barling, Peterson, Heri-
in physics, was killed a few days last year, appears to be on the
tage, Sasieni, Savinelli,
earlier by an Egyptian ambush at road to oblivion, according to the
Nording, Preben Holm,
the Suez Canal. He was awarded results of Sunday's provincial par-
and many others.
his degree posthumously.
Although the election outcome
A total of 1,027 degrees was
granted at the ceremony, address- showed a noticeable shift to the
ed by Yigal Allon, Israel's deputy right, the ultra -right - wing NPD
prime minister and minister of failed to win the minimum 5 per
education, and Technion President cent required for seats in any of
TOBACCON I ST
the state legislatures. The party
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Reflecting the emphasis on train- polled only 3.4 per cent in the Saar-
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there was a marked rise in the and 1_1 per cent in North Rhine-
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33 in the previous year to 54. A
total of 177 received the master
of science degree.
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One of the graduates, Efraim
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bor Yosef Almogi attended the
ceremony as a proud father as well
as member of the Technion's board .
of governors. His son, Yoram, was
awarded a doctoral degree by the
faculty of industrial and manage-
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