30—Friday, April 17, 1970
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Bonds Encourage Chemical Production
Israel has significant chemical and mineral deposits and, with
the aid of proceeds from Israel Bond sales, has established large
chemical processing facilities at Haifa, Sdom, Oron, Arad and other
sites. Here, a worker, wearing a protective mask, packs plant dust-
ing powder at the Machteshim Chemical Works in Beesheba, which
produces fungicide and insecticides for home use and export. The
new chemical plant at Arad is expected eventually to be Israel's
largest industrial enterprise.
Best Wishes for a Happy Paisover
to All Our Friends and Patrons
SERVICE OFFICE SUPPLY CO., Inc.
3511 West Fort Street
Holiday Good Cheer
SHAW & SLAVSKY, INC.
15000 W. 7 Mile Rd.
Holiday Greetings to Our Patrons and Friends
Luncheons — Dinners — Cocktails
18211 John R
SOBERMAN & MILGROM
Manufacturers of Mercury Paints
Happy Passover to Our Friends
DAVID WACHLER & SONS
Designers and Manufacturers of Fine Jewelry
Best Wishes for A Happy Passover
to Our Friends and Patrons
i 3505 W. 7 Mile at Hartwell
New Orleans Mall 10 Mi. at Greenfield EL 7-1291
New Existence for Jews in Post-War Germany
By ALFRED WOLFMANN
(Copyright 1970, JTA, Inc.)
BONN—Three recent events—the
destruction by arson of a home for
the Jewish aged in Munich with
the tragic resulting loss of life, the
anti-Zionist propaganda being car-
ried on here by radicals of boa)
the right and left and the visit to
West Germany of Foreign Minister
Abba Eban of Israel—have served
to remind the world that a small
Jewish community has been re-
created in Germany after the Holo-
Before Hitler came to power
early in 1933, there were about
540,000 Jews in Germany. After
World War II, a new Jewish life
began to grow slowly. Today, there
are in the Federal Republic of
Germany —Western Germany and
West Berlin—about 70 Jewish con-
gregations with a membership of
about 30,000, whose average age is
47. One might add another 5,000 to
10,000 Jews living here who are not
members of the Jewish communi-
ties and who are not registered as
Jews. The biggest Jewish commu-
nities are in West Berlin, Frank-
furt am-Main, Munich, Dusseldorf,
Hamburg and Cologne. Organized
Jewish communities also exist in
Bremen and the states of West-
phalia, North Ahine, Rhineland-
Pfalz, Hesse, Wuerttemberg, Ba-
den, Saar, Bavaria, Lower Saxony
and Schleswig-Holstein. They all
belong to the Central Council of
Jews in Germany, which has its
headquarters in Duesseldorf. The
Council is organized in an assem-
bly, a directorate, an administra-
tive council and the office of the
general secretary. Chairman of the
Central Council is Werner Nach-
mann, of Karlsruhe.
The Council represents the Jews
of Germany in public affairs. It
has judicial, political and cultural
functions. It is also the binding
link between the various Jewish
There is a social welfare organi.
zation of Jews in Germany, located
in Frankfurt. The women's Zionist
organization, WIZO, functions here
as well as a Zionist organization,
a Jewish student association, and
a Jewish business organization.
Only the larger congregations
can afford to have rabbis. The
rabbis are organized in the so-
called Conference of Rabbis with
its head-office in Frankfurt.
There are about 15 rabbis, 40
cantors and 50 Jewish religious
Synagogues in many cities in
Germany were rebuilt by the Ger-
man authorities. There are 45
synagogues in West Germany, two
Jewish elementary schools, one in
Munich and one in Frankfurt. In
Berlin, there is a special Jewish
school for adults attended by both
Jews and non-Jews.
The Central Council of Jews in
Germany has representatives in
public institutions, such as radio
and television stations. There is a
large Jewish weekly, the Allege-
meine J u dis c he Unabhangige
Wochenzeitung, and some smaller
Jewish periodicals in Munich as
well as the official press service of
the central council.
The social and economic struc-
ture of the Jewish community in
Germany today cannot be com-
pared with that of the pre-Hitler
era. There no longer exist big Jew-
ish enterprises or businesses.
There are no Jewish banks or fac-
tories of any size, although there
are some small Jewish-owned pri-
Many of the Jews are aged
people living on their pensions.
There are some Jewish lawyers,
doctors and teachers, but their
number is very small.
There is not a single Jewish de-
Flowers — Gifts
deputy in the Federal Parliament,
which has nearly 600 members.
Some years ago there were two
members of the Bundestag who
were Jews, but not today. But
there have been some remarkable
Jewish personalities in German
public life. The former chairman
of the great German trade union
movement was Ludwig Rosenberg,
a Jew. The lord mayor of Ham-
burg is Herbert Weichmann, a Jew
who lived in the United States dur-
ing the years of the Nazi regime.
The minister of j u s t i c e in
the biggest state, North Rhine-
Westphalia, is a Jew, Dr. Josef
Neuberger. He lived in Israel and
returned to Germany after the
war. His son is serving in the
died some years ago, was the vice
president of the High Constitu-
tional Court at Karlsruhe.
In Eastern Germany, there are
today only about 1,000 Jews. They
are organized in the "Organiza-
tion of Jews in the Germany Dem-
ocratic Republic." They receive no
restitution payments for damages
caused to them in the Nazi era
except a small monthly pension.
20233 W. 7 Mile Rd.
Between Kentfletd and Heyden
Open Sun. 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Daily 8 a.m. to 9 p.m.
A Jew, Dr. Richard Katz, who
JOS. FRENKEL CO.
1221 Twelfth St.
Detroit, Mich. vo,
d i FURNITURE CO.
de ee rt i D 1 " .) g s 1 - 1 9 4 0 i l l i
To Our Friends Sr Customers
Edith Eckstat, R.E.
The Home of Horne-Made
German Style Sausage
Finest Quality Meats
WE 3 - 0602
GEORGE . GRAY
Albert Wolgin, R.E.
Hair Removed Forever
WO 3 - 3047
WO 3 - 0922
1309 David Broderick Tower
. . * *
. 4, * * *
Best Wishes for a
4. * * *
4 # .
MIK >rairK ;SMOCK< :44ti: NM. >5%V. >WA
KAR NUT CO.
Happy Passover to
Our Relatives and Friends
Wholesale Floor Covering
6-0frz xec.istfc4rx ;az< r.<740: mis
Detroit' Oldest Restaurant—Air-Conditioned
Open Wednesdays till 10:30 p.m., Sot. 2 a.m. Closed Sundays
3401 Riopelle, corner Erskine
ROSE-HILL BUILDERS, Inc.
14201 W. 8 Mile Road
A Happy Passover To All Our
Friends and Customers
SAMUEL BROS. CAFETERIA
to Our Friends and Patrons
TOPINKA'S COUNTRY HOUSE
W. Seven Mile & Telegraph
Across from the Fisher Theater