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April 17, 1970 - Image 29

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-04-17

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Dramatic Story of Youth Aliya Movement
Related in Mrs. Pincus' Historic Record

Israel's and world Jewry drama-
tic experiences of the past 30 years
will be marked by many projects
and scores of developments, and
major among the life rescuing
activities will be the Youth Aliya
program, which remains indelibly
among the most significant efforts
to save lives.
Mrs. Chasya Pincus, the wife of
Louis A. Pincus, chairman of the
Jewish Agency, has compiled an
important account of Youth Aliya
in "Come From the Four Winds,"
published by Herzl Press.
More than 120,000 children, very
young and teen-agers, were brought
to Israel through Youth Aliya.
From the inception of this human-
itarian effort in 1934, the great
task, which commenced with the
proposal of Recha Freier, the wife
of a Berlin rabbi who gathered a
group of seven young Zionists to
set into motion an effort to take
children out of Germany, the cause
moved on until it become one of
the most serious obligations of the
Jewish people to the children
whose very lives were at stake
under Hitlerism.
Norman Bentwich, who was
attorney general of Palestine dur-
ing British mandatory rule, in one
of his accounts of the Youth Aliya
movement, paid the founder of
the movement this homage:
"Recha Freier had given the
movement its ardent impulse
amongst the youth. She had won
for it the support of the Social-
ist settlements (in Palestine). It
was for Henrietta Szold, the
affectionate and understanding
planner and the inspiring work-
er, to turn that impulse and that
acceptance in principle into an
ordered movement. One woman

HAPPY PASSOVER

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' Ample Parking

MRS. RECHA FREIER

of the youths who were rescued,
of the new life they helped to
build, of the many who faced dan-
ger and found succor in the Israel-
to-be.
Describing the themes and
responses she encountered, Mrs.
Pincus states: "Common to
them all was the fact that immi-
gration to Israel — whether it
had been in desperate flight or
in an orderly, well-planned de-
parture—had coincided with the
young immigrants' own per-
sonal period of adolescent change
and insecurity. Thus, they pass-
ed their crucial formative years
not in a familiar environment
peopled with parents, brothers
and sisters and signposted by
accepted values and traditions,
but on alien terrain, with stran-
gers pointing the way in a lan-
guage still harsh and unfamiliar
to the ear."
In this sense the author delves
into the psychological factors and
provides a thorough study of the
Youth Aliya movement as a socio-
logical and psychological experi-
ment.
There is this impressive conclu-
sion in the epilogue to Mrs. Pin-
cus' book:
"The state of Israel was brought
into being by the struggle of a
generation that fashioned its ideals
from the ageless hopes and dreams
of an old-new nation. Youth Aliya
has been privileged to take its
part in this struggle. Youth Aliya
not only helped thousands of young
people rebuild their own lives but
it gave to the Jewish State a gen-
eration of young people who truly
'care.' Surely, this is the best
promise for the fulfillment of
man's eternal dream of a better
tomorrow." —P.S.

Friday, April 17, 1970-29

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Sonneborn Chemistry Chair Set Up at Hebrew U.

JERUSALEM — "I wish there
were more persons like you," He-
brew University President Avra-
ham Harman told Dr. Henry
Sonneborn of New York, at the
dedication of the Sonneborn Chair
in Physical Chemistry.
He was referring to the fact that
there is still only a very select
group of persons who try to avoid
"brick and mortar," i.e., are bene-
factors of building projects at the
university, while the institution is

now increasingly interested in the
establishment of chairs.
The chair in-physical chemistry,
whose incumbent is Prof. Gidon
Czapski, 38—one of Israel's most
promising physical chemists and
one of the youngest professors at
the Hebrew University—was estab-
lished by Dr. and Mrs. Henry
Sonneborn and his cousin, Rudolf
Sonneborn, also of New York, pro-
minent U.S. businessmen in the
field of dil and chemicals and long-
time supporters of Israel and the
Hebrew University.

BEST WISHES TO ALL OUR

FRIENDS AND PATRONS
was the dynamo; the other, the
skilled pilot."
It was a slow process, but the
FOR A
movement started first with 43
children who were brought to Pal-
estine from Hitler Germany on
JOYOUS PASSOVER
Feb. 19, 1934, and then it grew
into the major efort that rescued
the many tens of thousands.
Thus we have, in this impressive
volume, a thorough review of the
results of a great movement and
a tribute to the women who devel-
oped the idea. To Recha Freier
goes the tribute of this and future
generations. (Mrs. Freier's son,
Dr. Andrew Freier, is a practicing
physician in Southfield).
Mrs. Pincus' book is much
more than a history of Youth
It contains stories of
Aliya.
MR. AND MRS. EARL RUBY
heroism among those who spon-
sored and encouraged the move-
ment. It introduces Youth Aliya
AND FAMILY
graduates and relates the pro-
gress they made from the time
of the settlement in the Jewish
UN 3-0400
18135 LIVERNOIS
Homeland.
Mrs. Pincus went to Kiryat Gat
We only need travel enough to
to assemble the story of Arye give our intellects an airing.
Meir who heads the Lakhish Re-
—Henry David Thoreau.
gional Plan for immigrant inte-
gration and here we have another
account of the Patria, the refugee
ship that was denied admission
by the British, the ship that was
sunk with 257 refugees, Arye hav-
ing jumped into the cold sea to
escape the tragedy.
Thus we have in this significant
book an account not only of a great
movement but also of the history
of refugee flights from the Nazi
terror and their defiance of the
British who sought to bar their
roads into Eretz Israel. And in
the course of relating these stories
the reader learns the background
the manner in which Nazi Ger-
many threatened the very lives of
the incoming Youth Aliya youths
who were finding and building
new homes for themselves and
their people.
u . 'N'
There are the stories of re-
CASE Pitick..1
fugee children not only from
Germany, from 'Central and
Eastern Europe, but also from
Yemen, North Africa and Iran.
There is the story of "Ben-Zion
Tomer, the Teheran 'graduate'
who had written 'Children of
the Shadows,' the first important
attempt by an Israeli playwright
to portray the doubts and con-
flicts that beset the immigrant
children of his generation in
their search for a new identity
as free citizens of the Jewish
homeland."
Mrs. Pincus relates the story of
Dr. Moreali, a physician in the
village of Nonantola in Northern
Italy, and Father Beccari of the
Nonantola Abbey theological sem-
inary who rescued 100 children
from the Nazis. Those who were
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rescued relate the dangers they
at Lahser Road,
at 8 Mile Rood,
at 10 ViMile Road,
at Middlebolt,
faced on - their travels, their >4:1
Southfield
Huntington Woods
Detroit
Livonia Mall
struggles, the difficulties they con-
fronted in settling in the homeland.
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W.
7
MILE
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SOUTIIFIELD
Such chapter titles as "Fear
at 8 Mile Road,
at Evergreen,
. at Southfield Road,
at 13 Mile Road
Was My Daily Bread" and "Not
Southfield
Oak Park
Detroit
Southfield
One Child Cried," all relating
actual experiences, give the read-
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er an idea of the trials and tribu- sy
at Coolidge
at Grand River
at Farmington Rd.
at Telegraph
lations of the incoming escapees
Farmington
Troy
Livonia
Detroit
from tyranny.
And so story after story is told

cow;)

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