Allied Jewish Campaign
Goal for this Year:
2,000 More Contributors
THE JEWISH NEWS
Vital Goal of
of Yeshiva U.
VOL. LVII, No. 3
Detroit's major philanthropic effort, the Allied Jewish Campaign and the simultaneous Israel
Emergency Fund, now in progress, is on the road toward attaining a $12,000,000 goal for 1970. Cam-
paign Chairman Maxwell Jospey, encouraged by the many hundreds of new contributors, in addition
to foreseeing the record sum to be secured this year, has set a goal of at least 26,000 participants-
2,000 more donors than shared in last year's successful drive. These are the objectives which must
Editorial, Page 4 . . . Detailed story, Page 48
be attained by a united community.
Review of Jewish News
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
17515 W. 9 Mile Rd., Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075
356 - 8400 April 3, 1970
$7.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Israel Claims Arms Balance Tips in Arab States' Favor
Arab Missile Sites Built at Furious
Pace; 16,000 Technicians From USSR
Reported Directing Defenses for UAR
Installation of Missile Bases
Spurs Israeli Attacks on Egypt
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Israeli Air Force pilots shot down nine Egyp-
tian MIGs in two dogfights last week for the heaviest losses suffered
by the Egyptian Air Force in a seven-day period since the 1967 war.
The aerial clashes took place during the virtually daily Israeli
air attacks on Egyptian positions along the Suez Canal and the Gulf
of Suez. Both air clashes took place over the Suez Canal. The kills
brought to 85 the total of Egyptian warplanes shot down since the
1967 war. Israeli officials said all planes returned safely to base in all
air actions this week.
WASHINGTON (JTA)—The U. S. decision not to sell Israel more warplanes at
this time diminishes the prospects of peace and increases the danger of war in the
Middle East, according to an official assessment issued by the Israel Embassy.
The embassy's background policy paper asserts that "While the Arab countries can
count on an unlimited supply of war materials of all kinds, Israel is bound to be even
more restricted than ever before in its ability to procure essential supplies of planes."
It noted that the Israel Air Force is "the most vital element" of that country's deter-
rent capacity and "the key to the maintenance of the balance of power." The paper
said that Israel's request to purchase a specific number of American planes was not
arbitrary but "based upon sober intelligence evaluations that reveal a steadily deterio-
rating ratio in numerical odds."
Israel Continues to Urge U.S. to Correct M.E. Arms Imbalance -
There were reports that Israel intended to maintain the intensi-
fied aerial attacks to make It costly, if not impossible for the Egyp-
tians to install the SAM3 anti-aircraft missiles coming in from the
Soviet Union. Israeli sources reported Soviet crews were installing
the SAM missiles around Alexandria, Cairo and the Soviet-built
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Foreign Minister Abba Eban indicated that Israel was still
pressing the United States for more warplanes to correct what it considers an increas-
ingly adverse military balance in the Middle East. Eban told a news conference that
"the balance of armaments today is not the same as on March 23 when Secretary of
State (William) Rogers made his interim announcement regarding the sale of planes to
Israel." Rogers said at the time that a decision on Israel's request for more Phantom
and Skyhawk jets was being held in abeyance because in the American view, Israel
still retains decisive air superiority over the Arabs.
Eban said Israeli representatives are again taking up the matter with other na-
tions, especially the U. S. He said Israel considered the latter bound by President
Nixon's earlier statement that Israel's military superiority in the Mid East should be
ensured. The Israeli foreign minister said he did not accept as "reliable" reports from
sources abroad that there are 16,000 Soviet personnel now in Egypt. But he acknowledged
that the influx of Soviet technicians to Egypt has increased in recent weeks. They are
said to be manning the SAM-3 anti-aircraft missiles that Moscow has provided to Egypt.
(Diplomatic sources in London claim that more than 12,000 Russians have poured
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(Contnued on Page 5)
Israel Air Force jets attacked Egyptian positions in the northern
and southern sectors of the Suez Canal zone for 45 minutes Monday
and returned safely to base.
An Israeli officer, 21-year-old Lt. Yigael Samocha, of Tel Aviv,
was killed Sunday night in an exchange of fire between Israeli and
Egyptian forces in the southern sector of the Suez Canal zone. Two
other soldiers were wounded.
An Israeli position in the central Golan Heights was attacked
with mortar and bazooka fire from Syrian territory Sunday night.
No Israeli casualties were reported.
A number of shells were fired from Lebanese territory Sunday
night on an Israeli position on the western slopes of Mt. Hermon.
Scholars Gordis, Ginzberg View an American Jewry
That Has Come of Age in the Decade of the Sixties
By CHARLOTTE DUBIN
A contemporary prophet, after warning
of increasing problems in the coming de-
cade, rejoiced that American Jewry is
"moving out of an era of automatic Juda-
ism by inertia to an era of commitment."
It is a Jewish community, said Rabbi
Robert Gordis, that "can no longer remain
alive by crisis injections."
Dr. Gordis, professor of Bible at the
Jewish Theological Seminary and profes-
sor of religion at Temple University, joined
Dr. Eli Ginzberg, professor of economics
at Columbia University, in looking back
at the '605 and then forward at the '70s
for the Sunday symposium at Cong. Sha-
The five-hour program, which stopped
for dinner intermission, was sponsored by
the adult studies division of the Shaarey
Zedek culture commission and was named
in memory of Rabbi Morris Adler.
Dr. Gordis viewed the Six-Day War as
the peak in a period of growth in the Jew-
ish community; after the war, which saw
"an outpouring of Jewish loyalty," that
progress "flattened out."
The Jewish population reached 5 - 51/2
million and is not likely to grow much
beyond that, he said. At the beginning of
the decade, 180 communities had 10,000
Jews or more which "could organize,
could make provision for Jewish life. But
a diffusion is taking place; Jews are fan-
ning out to smaller communities." In such
smaller enclaves, "the likelihood of pre-
serving identity becomes increasingly dif-
(Dr. Ginzberg, however, viewed the
trend as one of suburbanization, not diffu-
sion. Jews are part of a general concen-
tration into metropolitan areas, he said.)
The decade has revealed "a subconsci-
ous motivation of insecurity," said Dr.
Gordis. "At the beginning of the '60s, the
Jews Were at the climax of their 'edifice
complex.' " The motivation behind build-
ing their massive, expensive structures
was the achievement of security in the
However, the American Jewish commu-
nity, increasingly concerned about its
future, has learned "it cannot put its trust
in bricks and mortar. Ibis is one of the
most hopeful signs of t1ie future."
Both Dr. Gordis and Dr. Ginzberg, while
often in minor disagreement, agreed more
often in suggesting how the synagogue
might better serve the people. "I'd like
to see congregational cooperation. Organ-
ization on a higher level must come with
agreement on values," said Dr. Ginzberg,
"but there is presently no such agree-
ment." He saw no religious revival among
the young although he recognized the
synagogue as "an important center of
Dr. Gordis, who views the synagogue
as "the bearer of Jewish continuity"
(since the home is no longer fulfilling that
function), complained that "Our syna-
gogues are too large, our memberships
are too large . . . When a congregation is
so large that a rabbi can't know the mem-
bers, and the members can't know the
rabbi, something precious is lost,"
He also urged that some provision be
made for those Jews who are not enjoy-
ing the affluence of this generation.
"Membership in Jewish institutions is an
expensive matter," he pointed out.
As for the rabbinate, the major prob-
tem is "a brain drain," said Dr. Gordis.
He cited figures to the effect that one of
every three English-speaking rabbis is not
in the congregational rabbinate. "If we
continue to lose so many, and the cultural
level of the congregation continues to
rise," he said, "we'll be in trouble."
Dr. Gordis, rabbi emeritus of Temple
Beth El, Far Rockaway, N.Y., added that
sophisticated congregations are no longer
satisfied with "an ambassador to the
goyim" or with book reviewers. They
want, he said, "an expert on Judaism."
As in the Old Country, "when every
rabbi will be given an opportunity to
teach, we may be able to arrest the brain
drain," he said.
Much of the symposium dealt with edu-
cation and a situation, both agreed, that
gives much cause for concern. The up-
surge of children attending Jewish schooLs
at the beginning of the '60s has fallen off
to the point where only one of three gets
any kind of Jewish education, said Dr.
He pointed to two trends in Jewish edu-
cation which appear to be contradictory:
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