Retarded Look With Hope
to Jewish Community
Is a Jew?
Vol. LVI, No. 22
The retarded have long been a silent minority in the midst of the Jewish commun-
ity. Little by little, advances have come—largely through a successful program at the
Jewish Center—but much remains to be done. How the parents of the retarded are cop-
ing with their problems and the needs they have outlined to the organized community
are described in a feature, "Center Opens New Horizons," by Charlotte Dubin on
THE JEWISH NEWS
Review of Jewish News
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
4E1027 17515 W. 9 Mile Rd., Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075
356-8400 February 13, 1970 $7.00 Per
Kafka and Brod
in Meadow Brook
Year; This Issue 20c
Detroit Gives Courage to Israel
Initial Response to Emergency
Marked by Gifts of $6,679,148
American Zionist Federation Formalized;
Hailed as 'Historic Step' in Movement
NEW YORK (JTA)—Thirteen American Zionist organizations par-
ticipated on Feb. 3 in the formation of a new American Zionist Federa-
tion designed to strengthen Zionism in the United Ctates. The new, uni-
fied central organization will be involved in such areas as aliya, youth
Jewish education, public information and internal communal affairs.
The action was taken in accordance with the decision of the 27th
World Zionist Congress held in June 1968, calling for the establishment
of territorial Zionist federations in every country throughout the world.
The 13 organizations founding the federation are: Americans for
Progessive Israel, American Jewish League for Israel, Association of
Americans and Canadians for Aliya, Bnai Zion, Farband, Hadassah,
Pioneer Women, Poale Zion, Religious Zionists of America (including
Erapoel Hamizrachi Women and Mizrachi Women), United Zionists- Re-
visionists of America and the Zionist Organization of America.
The new federation was hailed as a "historic step forward in Ameri-
can Zionism" by Louis A. Pincus of Jerusalem, chairman of the execu-
tive of the Jewish Agency and World Zionist Organization. In a message
to the meeting, Pincus stated: "Your federation provides the basis for
the fullest mobilization and activization of the enormous Zionist sentiment
pervading American Jewry., which will surely lead to even greater
attainments in all fields of Zionist activity."
Speakers at the ratification meeting were Israel Ambassador
Tosef Tekoah, permanent representative to the United Nations; Dr.
Emanuel Neumann, chairman of the Jewish Agency-American Section;
and David Chaffin, chairman of the American Zionist Youth Council.
A message was read from Avraham Schenker, head of the organi-
zation and information department of the Jewish Agency and the World
Rabbi Israel Miller, assistant to the president of Yeshiva University,
Was elected interim chairman of the new federation, until the first
convention of the new organization which will meet in Philadelphia
May 28-31, when officers will be elected.
The new federation was organized under the chairmanship of a
committee headed by Rabbi Miller and Mrs. Charlotte Jacobson, former
president of Hadassah and member of the executive of the Jewish
Agency and the World Zionist Organization. Previously. American
Zionists were co-ordinated through the American Zionist Council, which
operated on a limited basis and in which member organizations could
veto programs of which they did not approve.
The new federation will function on the basis of a majority vote of
its membership. Unlike the American Zionist Council, it will also be
open to individual membership, as well as organizational membership
of general Jewish organizations, synagogues and fraternal groups.
Jacques Torczyner, president of the Zionist Organization of America,
Detroit's response to the emergency that exists in Israel, and to the needs to
met on the local and national fronts was marked by the most generous giving in the
community's history, at the pre-campaign dinner held Wednesday at Cong. Shaarey
Zedek for the current Allied Jewish Campaign-Israel Emergency Fund.
A direct appeal from Israel's first citizens for support came to Detroiters attend-
ing the black-tie function.
Prime Minister Golda Meir, Gen. Moshe Dayan and Abba Eban made forthright
statements by way of a Telstar film, "We Hear You Israel," that the help of the Jews
of the United States was necessary.
In response, a total of $6,679,148 was reported, representing an increase of approxi-
mately 22 per cent over the amounts given by the same contributors in 1969—$5,396,000.
In the film, Mrs. Meir appeared in all her strength and simplicity from an exposed
spot in the Beit She'an Valley where life goes on as nearly normal as possible in spite of
the daily danger of shelling across the nearby borders. She said that Israel would
"endure" as long as its people could "take it," and to enable the people to "take it"
Jews in Detroit must help.
General Dayan, filmed in a gun
Escalated War Marks
emplacement on the banks of the
Suez Canal, spoke on the military
Widening Rift in M.E.
strategy with which Israel hoped to
Escalated warfare, extension of the Arab guer-
hold to its lines and bring a final
rillas' terrorist attacks on civilians in European
peace to the Middle East.
countries, mobilization of additional foreign troops
to assist the Arabs in their war against Israel,
combined to make the past few days the most
anxious for Israel since the Six-Day War.
The attack on passengers who were on a bus
readying to board an El Al plane in Munich airport
horrified not only Israelis but aroused condemnation
in many free countries of the world.
At the same time, the announcement that the
Jordanian forces were being augmented by 2,000
Pakistani troops added to the concern over de-
In addition to the Pakistani, it has been reported
that there are 10,000 Iraqi and 2,000 Syrian soldiers,
and the threats from Jordan are becoming more
serious, in spite of the order issued Wednesday by
King Hussein prohibiting the terrorists from being
armed in public.
Detailed Stories on Pages 6, 14, 24
(For Story on Flint's record-breaking
response, See Page 12)
From a vantage point overlooking
the historic and sacred wall of Jeru-
salem, Eban outlined the needs and
hopes of Israel for the future.
Presiding at the meeting was Sam-
uel Frankel, associate chairman of
the 1970 campaign. He set the serious
mood of the evening by reminding
the 300 assembled guests of the mon-
umental problems confronting the
people of Israel, and pointed to De-
(Continued on Page 8)
told the JTA that his organization decided to join the newly formed
American Zionist Federation after receiving assurances that the ZOA
would retain its complete independence in the field of public relations.
During preliminary discussions between the 13 Zionist groups that joined
to launch the AZF, leaders of the ZOA expressed reluctance to join the
federation. "We are still reluctant to participate," Torczyner said. "We
have a wait-and-see attitude. Our overriding concern in the decision to
join was to avoid internecine warfare within the American Zionist move-
ment" at a time when Israel is faced with a critical situation.
"Our feeling," Torczyner added, "is that the new federation en-
dangers only the work of the ZOA." Other organizations, he noted, are
involved in specific areas such as hospital work or aliya and can express
their presence through those activities. The role of the ZOA, however,
is primarily in the area of public relations. The founding conference
of the AZF declared that the organization, in its articles of incorporation,
guarantees the organizational integrity and freedom of action of the con-
stituent Zionist groups.
Who Is a Jew?
Analysis of the factors in the issue
and of those who share the destiny
of Am Israel in Medinat Israel
See Editorial, Page 4,
Commentary, Page 2, and Story, Page 14
is the name of the Israeli dance being performed by
members of the Israel Girls dance class at the Jewish Center. An active interest in Israel
—including plans for a visit there "one day"—has been nurtured in the members of the
group, one of the Jewish Center's successful clubs for the mentally deficient. Linda Collins
(center, with head scarf) is a part-time leader, and Cheryl Guyer (at far right) staffs
the program. (See story, Page 48).