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December 26, 1969 - Image 30

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1969-12-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

•M •‹C' •C. (C•



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<ۥ

Noisemakers • Favors for All

NO COVER - NO MINIMUM

VINCE MANCE TRIO

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2 81k. W. of
Southfield X-woy



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apaRTMeNT

LOUNGE

SHE: "NEW YEAR'S EVE is a Laugh-In at
HALF PINTS at the Belcrest."
HE: "What's funny about it?"
SHE: "Complete Choice of beverages—
all you can drink.
Choice of complete menu includes
lobster tails, chateaubriand & fillet.
Complete party favors.
Choice dancing.
Complete show —
'BETWEEN T H E
SHEETS.'
NO CHOICE —
show 10:15 only."
HE: "That's not fun-
ny."
SHE: "Its only $25 per
person with cover
charge and tax in-
cluded."
AT THE BELCREST
HE: "Now that's funny!"
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Featuring Detroit's Inimitable Harry Harris with the
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Serving from 11 AM to 2 AM
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638-4455

538-4450

50th Anniversary of Death of Adolf Stand

Zionist Advocate From a Parliamentary Platform

By MENACHEM GELEIIRTER
The history of Zionism in Gali-
cia, and in the whole of the former
Austrian monarchy, is closely con-
nected with the outstanding figure
of Adolf Stand (1870-1919).
The son of a "maskil" (adherent
of Enlightment), he received a
sound education. He read law at
the University of Lemberg, but his
interests transcended to literature,
rhetoric, journalism and politics.
As a student, Arolf Stand joined
the first national Jewish associa-
tion "Mikra Kodesh," among whose
aims was the dissemination of He-
, brew language and culture and the
strengthening of the emotional at-
tachment to Eretz Israel.
Ile and his friends began estab-
lishing Zionist clubs and societies
among various sections of Galician
Jewry. The wider framework of
the association "Zion" (set up in
1891) became, in fact, the first
Zionist territorial body in Galicia.
Two weeklies, "Przyszlosc" (Fu-
ture) in Polish, and "Carmel" in
Yiddish, aroused the Jewish youth
and exhorted them to remain faith-
. ful to their people and to reject the
advances of various Jewish not-
; ables who advocated a political
alignment with the Poles, and even
assimilation.
At Stand's initiative, a Zionist
political party was founded in
1895, which apart from promot-
ing Hebrew culture and encour-
aging activities for Eretz Israel,
was engaged in what was then
called "Gegenwartsarbeit"—po-
litical work in and for the Dias-
pora, defending Jewish civil
'rights and safeguarding Jewish
economic interests.
Herzl's appearance was a turning
point in Stand's life and activities.
Stand wrote after the appearance
of the "Jewish State" in February
1896: "I felt the urge to tell Herzl
that I had become his adherent
and disciple. I did so by sending
him in mid-September a detailed
memorandum in which I said that
there were Hasidim, but no rabbi,
soldiers, but no commander, and
that he should seize the helm ..."
After being elected president of
the territorial committee of the
Zionist - Organization - of Galicia,
Stand began to write to Herzl fre-
quently, sending him detailed
reports of the Jewish position in
Galicia and Austria, and making
observations about various politi-
cal problems. Herzl much appre-
ciated Stand's keen intellect and
his capacity for political analysis
and often asked for -his advice.
Thus a close friendship developed
between the two men.
Adolf Stand attended the first
Zionist Congress as backbencher
rather than a prominent figure.
After the Congress, he toured
every town and townlet in Galicia,
strengthening the Zionist move-
ment in the country.
For reasons which are now diffi-
cult to fathom, he did not seek
election to subsequent Congresses
during Herzl's lifetime, but became
active again after Herzl's death in
1904. He attended the Seventh
Zionist Congress in 1905. Although
a devoted disciple and partisan of

Herzl's, he made a very sharp and
impressive speech
against, the
Uganda Scheme.
In Galicia, Stand led a bitter
struggle against the assimilation-
ists. He advocated cultural auton-
omy for the 900,000 .Jews of the
. country, and proposed that a sp,,
cial Jewish electoral unit be set
up for the elections to the Austrian
parliament. In 1907 for the first
time. Jewish representatives who
•had rallied to the Zionist flag were
elected members of the - Reich-
srat," the Viennese parliament,
despite formida ble obstacles
placed by the government with the
help of its Galician henchmen.
many of them Jews. in the way of
the Zionist candidates.
Stand had thrown himself into
I
the election campaign with char-
acteristic vigor and enthusiasm.
In 1907, he, Heinrich Gabel and
Arthur Mahler entered the Aus-
trian Parliament and formed the .
"Jewish National Club." This
success greatly strengthened the

Jewish Children Aided
in St. Louis Project
for Mental Retardates
. St. LOUIS (JTA)—Many of the

70 mentally retarded but educable
children participating in regular
programs of the Jewish Commu-
nity Centers Association, in a fed-
erally-aided project, have ventured
out into the comunity to try to par-
ticipate in programs for normal
children in their own neighbor-
hoods, according to a JCC report.
Fifteen of the 59 retarded white
children in the project are Jewish.
Educable child mental retard-
, ates, defined by Missouri state law
as those having IQs of between 48
and 78, were for many years con-
sidered unable to socialize and
function satisfactorily with nor-
mal children in a group. Seven
years ago, according to the St.
Louis Jewish Light, the St. Louis
Association for Retardation tried
to create leisure-time groups en-
tirely for such retarded children.
The project failed and in 1962,
the JCCA began to place such chil-
dren in regular center programs.
demonstrating that such children
could be integrated with normal
children in play and other social
activities. The success of the in-
itial try led the National Insti-
tutes of Mental Health to provide
funds in 1965 for a five-year proj-
ect at the JCCA to measure the
success of the participation by the
child retardates in center pro-
grams. The program was describ-
ed as the largest of its kind in the
United States. The children range
in age from six to 18. Officials said
that getting recruits for the pro-
gram was the first obstacle.

t
• •




• •

• • •

• •
• •
• •


SEM11308.

Serving lunch weekdays and diL aer
daily including Sunday. Cocktails

Michigan & Telegraph

Synagogue Members Help
Relieve Non-Jews on Yule

PHILADELPHIA (JTA )—Volun-
services provided by mem-
bers of Temple Judea's Men's
Club at the Holy Redeemer Hospi-
tal in Abington on Christmas Day
made it possible for non-Jewish
employees to take the day off. Don-
ald I. Goldberg. Men's Club presi-
dent, said was the first time club
members did community service
work not related directly to syna-
gogue programs.

teer

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, December 26, 1969-31

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Put on the dog at

Zionist Organization of Galicia,
and the Zionists became the
dominant force in Jew ish public
life.
In the years 1907-1911. Stand was
the recognized leader of the Jewish
Parliamentary Club, representing
the Jewish case with pride and
dignity. For the first time in its
history Zionism was expounded by
its leaders from a parliamentary
platform.
Before the general census held
in 1910, Stand organized a powerful
campaign calling on the Jews to
register Hebrew or Yiddish as their
mother tongue, thus thwarting two
designs: one of the central govern-
ment in Vienna for a rtifiCially
creating a large German minority
in Galicia; the other of the nation-
alist Polish elements. urging the
Jews
s. to declare themselves as
Poles.
As far as the arena of the Zionist
Congresses is concerned,
"Ilerzlian," Stand demanded that
Jewish soil should he tilled by
Jews only, and was in favor of
setting up a Jewish working class
in Eretz Israel.
Stand spent the years of World
War I in Vienna. In October 1918,
when the Hapsburg monarchy
began to disintegrate. a general
Austrian Zionist Conference, pre-
sided over by Stand, decided to
set up Jewish national councils
throughout the country. This con-
ference was to be Stand's last pub-
lic appearance. He died of a heart
attack on Dec. 20, 1920.
During his illness he expressed
the hope that he '.could settle in
Eretz Israel. His dream could not
be realized, but his remains were
laid to rest in Tel Aviv.

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