Jerusalem's Status Will Remain Unchanged, Eban Tells UN T
UNITED NATIONS,• N.Y. (JTA)
—Israel has flatly • rejected de
mands by the United Nations Se-
curity Council that it rescind all
measures taken since June 1967
to change the status of Jerusalem
and to refrain from similar actions
in the future. At the same time,
Israel denounced the Security
Council position, taken in a reso-
lution on July 3, 1969, and con-
demned its failure to prevent "de-
struction and sacrilege" in the
Old City of Jerusalem during the
19 years it was in Jordanian con-
The Israeli stand was disclosed
by Secretary General U Thant in
a report to the Security Council.
The reply, transmitted to Thant
on Nov. 27, came after Thant had
made three separate requests of
Israel for information on what
steps it was taking to comply with
the Security Council resolution.
The first request was made on
In his reply, Foreign Minister
Abba Ehan reminded Thant that
the division of Jerusalem arose
out of Jordan's "illicit armed ac-
tion" in 1948 in defiance of the
Security Council's cease-fire ap-
peals. The division was terminat-
ed, he said, "by hostilities initi-
ated by Jordan in 1967."
The foreign minister pointed
out that "Jerusalem has been
the focus of Israel's faith and
nationhood for 3,000 years and
has been Israel's center of gov-
'nt for two decades." He
declared that "it is inconceiv-
able that Jerusalem should be
torn apart again or that any
international interests can be
served by pressing for the city
to be dismembered."
These interests, he said, "are
based on the holy places of three
great monotheistic religions. For
the first time since 1848 the
shrines of all faiths have been
open to access by those who hold
them sacred." Israel has ensured
that the holy places will "be
administered under the responsi-
bility of the religions concerned,"
Eban declared. He pointed out that
places of worship and religious
institutions destroyed or damaged
in the assaults of 1948 and 1967
have been or are being restored.
Ile repeated the Israel govern-
, ment s willingness "to work out
agreements with the representa-
tive bodies of the three religions
to ensure that the universal and
sacred character of the holy
places is approximately expressed
and free access to them guaran-
Eban reminded the secretary
general that ".Jerusalem is a liv-
ing, secular city with 2(10,000 Jew-
ish and 70,000 Arab inhabitants."
He pointed out that "normal move-
ment. and visits, residence, busi-
ness activity and employment are
open to all citizens in all parts of
the city. Its economical welfare is
being advanced, and plans are tak-
Israel Jets Hammel • Egyptian Positions
on Suez; Govt. Deni es Cairo Raid Claim
ing shape to enhance its dignity
and beauty." He cited the partici-
pation'of over 7,000 Arab residents
in the recent Jerusalem Municipal
election • as demonstrating "their
positive interest in the day-to-day
adniinistration of the united city."
The progress made by united
Jerusalem in the past two years,
Eban s a i d, "stands in sharp
contrast to the situation which
prevailed from 1948 to 1967 in
the Jordan occupied section.
After its occupation in 1948,
the Jewish quarter of the Wail-
ing- Old City was practically de-
stroyed a a d scores of syna-
tractors working the fields in
the Golan Heights MOnday, dam-
aging two of them but causing
no casualties. A spokesman in
Damascus claimed that Syrian
15 Israeli Army engineers in
troops had killed or wounded 10-
the Golan Heights. He claimed
that four Israeli bulldozers and
an antitank gun were destroyed.
No Jews were allowed access
to "their most sacred shrine"—
the Western Wailing Wall, Eban
noted, and even Moslem Arabs
residing in Israel were not al-
lowed to reach their holy places.
Ehan told the secretary general
that "international opinion has
every reason to regret that the
Security Council remained coin-
pletely indifferent to the destruc-
tion and sacrilege of Jewish houses
of prayer, residences and burial
grounds and violation of the prin-
ciple of free access to the Holy
Places. It would be incongruous,"
he declared, "for a body which did
nothing to prevent Jerusalem's
division to work now against its
peaceful union or to censure meas-
ures taken to ensure the livelihood
of all its inhabitants and to main-
tain public law and order despite
occasional terrorist attacks upon
the civil population, organized, di-
rected and financed by the very
Jordanian authorities which show-
ed such callous disregard for Jeru-
salem's peace and sanctity on
many occasions during the past 20
An Israeli Army spokesman de-
nied a claim made by Cairo that I Twelve hours after the action,
an Egyptian force of 250 men had Cairo announced officially that
successfully raided Israeli posi- two of its soldiers were missing,
tions on the east bank of the Suez contradicting earlier claims that
Egyptian forces suffered no casual-
ties. Later it was learned that
Eichmann Aide on Trial , Gen.
Fawzi demanded a full re-
for 3rd Time in 5 Years port from the officer in charge
of the operation. The Egyptian
on War Crime Charges
VIENNA (JTA) — An aide to defense chief was reported to be
Adolf Eichmann, who admitted annoyed by false reports from lo-
helping to transport hundreds of : cal commanders that must be
thousands of Jews to the Auschwitz amended later, the Israeli circles
death camp, went on trial here said.
Tuesday for the third time in five
years on war crimes charges.
Franz Novak, 55, received an
BUENOS AIRES (JTA) — Leon
eight-year. prison term at his first
trial in 1964 on conviction of "con- Dulzin. treasurer of the Jewish
sciously and deliberately" collabo- Agency, told a press conference
rating with his chief. Eichmann, here that immigration into Israel
in the deportations. lie was Eich- will reach 41,000 for 1969. He said
mann's transport officer. The ver- 19.000 of this total came from the
dict was annulled by the Supreme free countries. 7.000 of them from
Court for technical reasons, and a the United States.
The Jewish Agency official point-
new trial was held.
Ali ya in '69: 41 ,000
At that trial, held in October
1966, Novak was acquitted when
the jury failed to agree. The Aus-
trian Supreme Court quashed the
acquittal on grounds of insufficient
legal instruction to the jury and
ordered the third trial.
ed out the average age of the
immigrants was 35. He said there
problem of absorbing them
in the Israeli labor market owing
to the current manpower short-
a .!(‘ in Israel. He forecast an im-
migration of 55.000 to 60,000 in 1970.
OF HARVARD ROW
Designers of Fine Furs
Complete Fur Service
11 MILE AND LAHSER
gogues in it were laid waste.
The ancient Jewish cemetery on
the Mount of Olives was dese-
crated and partly demolished.
TEL AVIV (JTA) — Israel Air Canal Sunday and held one strong-
Force jets blasted Egyptian posi- point for 24 hours before evacu-
tions in the Suez Canal zone in ating it. He said there was no raid,
morning and afertnoon raids Mon- and no Israeli position was seized.
day. A military spokesman said all
According to the Cairo account.
aircraft returned safely.
the purported raid took place in .years."
northern sector of the canal
An Israeli soldier was killed in
"The sacred associations which
a mortar exchange across the zone, and Egyptian troops forced are evoked by Jerusalem," Eban
canal Sunday. Another was killed Israeli forces to retreat along a declared. "should not become the
Monday, and five of his compan- 6-mile front, destroying a string object of political and religious in-
ions were wounded when a bazooka of Israeli outposts and all of their citement without regard for the
shell hit an Israeli patrol near the equipment. Cairo claimed that all genuine interests of the city and
Damiya bridge in the Jordan members of the mission returned
Valley. An Israeli liaison officer safely. The. Israeli spokesman
and a French United Nations ob- termed the report a "fantasy" in-
server were injured Sunday when tended to bolster morale on the
their vehicle hit a mint near the home front.
Firdan bridge in the northern sec-
Israeli sources said that Egypt's
tor of the Suez Canal.
defence minister, Gen. Mouhamed
is conducting a personal
A military spokesman s a id
that Syrian tanks and artillery investigation on the east bank of
fired on a group of Israeli the Suez Canal.
Israeli sources claimed that
the assault by about 130. men
was quickly repulsed and that
the Egyptians fled across the
canal leaving two dead on the
Israeli side and three more
bodies on their own side of the
waterway. Cairo hailed the at-
tack as a major victory, but
later communiques were unclear
and contradictory, the Israeli
its inhabitants, as was the case,
during the unfortunate recent Se-
curity Council debate." , He ex-
pressed the belief that "world
opinion will conic to welcome the
new prospect of seeing this an-
cient and historical metropolis
thrive in unity, peace and spiritual
elevation." When final peace is
established, Eban said, "it should
embody agreements with the ap-
propriate Christian and Moslem
authorities to ensure expression of
the universal religious interests in-
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