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December 12, 1969 - Image 22

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1969-12-12

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Israel's Meaning to World Jewry Explained
by Dr. Hertzberg in Judeo-Christian Series

Housewife's Action
Averts Explosion

TEL AVIV (JTA) — The mayor
of Kfar Saba urged the towns-
Monday to follow the ex-
To understand the importance immigrant: the support it receives. contrary, the destruction of the ample of an alert housewife whose
of the state of Israel to the Jew- both financially and psychologic• Temple and the Holy City, Jeru- prompt action averted what might
ish people, it is necessary to ally, from Jews outside its bord• ' salem, and the absence of Jews have been a serious explosion. Kfar
understand "the religious and ers: and the fact that it "regards from their land were regarded as Saba is located near the former
spiritual premises which are at itself and is universally regarded a time of punishment. Life outside Israel-Jordan border, opposite the
the root of Zionism" declared as the spokesman for some Jew- • of the Holy Land was possible for
'ah .
own o Kalkil 3
rab town
Rabbi Arthur Hertzberg, histor- ish interests, such as the rights of Jews. but it was less than the full
life, in perfect obedience to Gode'The housewife spotted a suspic-
Ian, in a lecture Thursday night the Jews in the Soviet Union."
at McGregor Center, Wayne State . But foremost of all the qualities which could happen only wit sous looking parcel near her home
i that make Israel unique is its physical restoration," he explain/ and immediately called police. The
I object was found to be a time
Dr. Hertzberg, a member of the basis in "the grand and ancient ed-
"Some Jews continued to re- bomb containing three bricks of
faculties of both Columbia and themes of Jewish religion and
the land even during the explosives and an automatic deton-
Rutgers universities, as well as Jewish history," Rabbi Hertzberg main in
most dangerous and disastrous ating device. It was detonated
rabbi of Temple Emanu-El, Engl e- asserted.
times In every century there harmlessly in a vacant lot.
wood, N.J., spoke under the aus- i For 5,000 years,
he explained, we re ' returns to it, sometimes by
pices of the Pius XII Religious the Jews have cherished the s
m all ha n dfuls of leading spiritual
Education Center, which is spon- covenant made between God and
figures and, on occasion, by sub
soring a series of eight lectures A braham.
I stantial communities," R a b b i
in Judeo-Christian studies.
1 Canaan, as the land was then Hertzberg continued.
In contemporary terms, Dr. called, "was to demonstrate to all I
"Whenever the barest possi-
Hertiberg stated, Israel is uni- other people how human life is to { bility existed, even under hos- .
que among modern nations. Al- be lived at its most moral . . .1 tile powers, enough Jews were
though "its legal existence has A ny failing away from such a to be found to cleave to Jeru- i
been recognized by all of the standard would represent a breach salem so that, across the ce ll- 1
major powers and by most other ' in the covenant and a defilement turies, theirs was the largest
states, yet all of its immediate of holy soil," he added.
continuing presence in the city," 1


neighbors, the six Arab states
'on its borders, continue to in- 1
silt that its presence in the
Middle East is a political and
moral affront of such magnitude ,
that it entitles them to try to
effect its destruction," he stated.

he said.
S e v e r a I generations later,
Pointing out that the clinging of
when David established Jeru-
to Jerusalem was "no acci-
salem as his capital, he "set
the seal on the creation of the dent," Dr. Hertzberg added:
Jewish Kingdom," the rabbi I "It has the deepest roots in the
stated. Jerusalem became "the continuing religious tradition and

Israel also is different from essence of the meaning of their folk consciousness of Jews. It is
'the city which I have chosen
faith, life and hope."
other countries in the fact that,'
secular, it I Rabbi Hertzberg described the unto me' (I Kings 11:36) and the
w a s ere
is largely ent some- continued devotion of Jews to the one 'upon which my name is call-
"to represent
ed' (II Kings 21:4). It was, of
thing more than a conventional, Holy Land throughout its history.
course the place where the Tem-
secular political arrangement to
1 e. Jeru - plc stood, the seat of God's pres-
d Temple.
serve the needs of its individual tense of the h Second
salem was the center of pilgrim- ence."
citizens," he continued.
the I Even under the Crusaders, Rab-
Its most unique modern charac- age not only for the Jews in
bi Hertzberg stated, Jewish 'coin-
teristic, Dr. Hertzberg added, is land of Israel but also for the in-
creasingly scattered Diaspora," he munities continued to exist in such
"its connection with the Jewish cities as Acre and Ashkelon and
in villages in the Galilee, in sev-
community of the world. - As ex-
Even the exile that followed the eral of which Jews have lived
amples of this connection he cited
the "Law of Return," by which destruction of the Second Temple without interruption since before
any Jew is a citizen of Israel from did not destroy the connection be- the destruction of the Temple in
the moment of his arrival as an tween Jews and the land. "On the the year 70.
At the beginning of the 13th
Century, 300 rabbis from France
and England constituted the first
organized attempt to return to the
Holy Land. Many more Jews came
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Defense tin high school, the largest in the from Spain after their expulsion
that country in 1492. The re-
Minister Moshe Dayan insisted in
the Knesset that the policy of pun- some of the teachers and students turn of Jews from Eastern and
Europe began in the year
ishing terrorist collaborators in the
occupied Arab territories was acts, the school had become a hot- 1700, when a group of several hun-
bed of terror and many of its dred arrived in Poland. And it was
nothing new. had the complete ap-
proval of the government and af- teachers headed local terrorist in 1881 that modern Zionism took
gangs. i form as a direct result of large-
fected only the guilty while pro-
The school's deputy principal, scale pogroms in Russia, Dr.
tecting the innocent.
Gen. Dayan spoke in reply to Hashem Zeinab, was arrested only Hertzberg said.
"There can be no doubt that the
two questions put to the govern- a few days ago in possession of
arms. He was found to be the Zionist reconstitution of a national
ment by Communist MKs on the
alleged "neighborhood punish. leader of terrorist cells responsible Jewish community in Palestine in
renade incidents . our time was an act which derived
ment" policy. a policy that has for a series of g
come under fire in recent weeks in the Gaza Strip. I both from the ultimate well
The 1945 emergency regulations , springs of the historic Jewish
reportedly within as well as out-
will be invoked by Israeli authori- faith and from the immediate
side of government circles.
to try six Israeli Arabs accused necessities of a stormy contem-
The policy is to destroy the
homes and inflict other punishment of sabotage by a military rather - porary age," Rabbi Hertzberg de-
on Arabs who collaborate with ter- than a civilian court, it was an- dared.
But he also pointed out that
rorists or who. knowing of terror- flounced. As Israeli citizens and
the early Zionists were not
ist activities. in their neighborhood. civilians, the Arabs would normal-
necessarily aiming toward a
fail to alert Israeli authorities. ly appear before a civilian bar.
Jewish state. It was "the repeat-
Gen. Dayan said he thought the
The Acre Arabs reportedly
ed stoppages in Jewish immi-
debate was mire over words than
confessed to a series of apart-
gration by the British authori-
over deeds.
ment house bombings in Haifa
ties under Arab pressure, espe-
He said the policy could he
over a month ago. They were

Dayan Insists Policy on Terrorists
Punishes Guilty Protects Innocent

called "neighborhood punish-
ment" or anything else, but the
essence of it was that innocent
persons were spared and punish.
ment was meted out only to
those guilty of aiding, shel-
tering or otherwise collaborat-
ing with terrorists. He said the
blowing up of houses in Halhul
village on the west Bank. the
curfews in Hebron and in the

rounded up after the Israel Navy
captured a boatload of guerrillas
delivering high explosives to ter-
rorist cells in Israel. Haifa po-
lice have completed their inves-
tigation and have handed their
file over to the orosecution.

22—Friday, December 12, 1969



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cially during the 1930s while Hit-
ler Was becoming an ever more
murderous menace" that made
partition and even statehood
"dire necessities." he said.

At the same time that he pro-
claimed the necessity of the Jew-
ish state of Israel, Rabbi Hertz-
Meanwhile, the bombed-out Haifa berg expressed great understand-
residents have obtained lien on the ing of the Arab position.
property of the accused Arabs. in- "Without Zionism, there would
eluding a motor fishing boat, the have been an Arab majority and
Taamra -tribe area nearby and
"Ranisses ." They are claiming perhaps ultimately an Arab state
the demolition of houses in Gaza
550.000 in damages for their ruin- of some kind in Palestine. There
were all done with government ed flats and furniture.
is, thus, great pain and pathos
and considerable stature to the
I le said the policy was not only
approved by the government but Tourism No. I Earner. I Arab case," he said.
JERUSALEM (ZINS) — Israel i On the other hand, he pointed
was in full accord with the emerg-
ency regulations laid down by the tourism now accounts for more out that "An Arab majority and a
British mandatory authorities in foreign currency earnings than the sovereignty in Palestine is not
1945 and retained by Israel. He export of citrus or diamonds, it vitally necessary to the survival
said its purpose was to protect was revealed here by the finance and creativity of the whole of the
peaceful Arabs and to enable Jews ministry. lArab national culture and history.
According to the figures, Israel's , or of the Islamic faith. The great
to move peacefully in the occupied
territories for purposes of trade, tourist trade in 1968 yielded a net' centers of Arab continuity and
visits and settlement, just as West 575,800.000 in hard currency. Cit- j survival are elsewhere."
But "a viable Jewish people in
Bank Arabs are permitted to move nis export in the same year netted
freely and work in Israel. S68.70(1,000, and export of dia- the land is indispensible to the
Gen. Dayan cited as a further ex- monds produced a net of $50,800, survival of the Jewish spirit in our
age," he concluded.
ample the shut down of the Falas- 900.


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