JDC Aid to Religious Life Acclaimed Longest Single ContInuotts Program
"Aid to rabbis, schools and re-
ligious institutions is the longest
single continuous program in the
55-year history of the Joint Distri-
bution Committee," said Rabbi
Aaron Greenbaum, JDC consultant
on yeshivot in Israel.
Dr. Greenbaum, who has been
in Latrun Area by Nahal
in Jerusalem since 1955, stated,
while on home leave in the United
States, that the first call for help
in 1914, which led to the creation
of the Joint Distribution Commit-
tee, was for aid to aged people in
Palestine who had been cut off
from financial remittances from
abroad. Many of them were rabbis
and scholars who had come to the
holy land to study and were sup-
ported by these contributions.
When World War I broke out
and the remittances were halted
by the Turkish authorities who
then ruled Palestine, Henry Mor-
ganthau, Sr., Ambassador to Tur-
key, cabled Louis Marshall for
$50,000 for relief of the needy
Jewish aged. Dr. Greenbaum re-
called. The money was quickly
raised and forwarded. In all, close
to $2,300,000 was sent into Pales-
tine during the war years through
various channels , he observed.
JDC also sent 900 tons of food
and medical supplies to Palestine
in 1915 on the U.S. collier Vulcan
and sent along two representatives
to handle the distribution, much
of it to Yeshivot, rabbis and
After World War II the JDC
tried to fill the spiritual void
JERUSALEM (JTA)—The first'
Israeli settlement in the Latrun
area of what was formely Jordan
was established this week by Nahal
members of the Poalei Agudat
Israel youth movement.
The new settlement will cover
750 acres. Nahal is an outfit that
combines pioneering and military
A new moshav (small-holders
settlement) sponsored by Young
Judea of the United States and
supported by .Hadassah, will be
established shortly on the site of
the defunct kibutz Neve Illan in
the former Jerusalem corridor.
Dr. Raanan Weitz, head of the
Jewish Agency's settlement depart-
ment, said the moshav would
establish several kinds of business
ventures because the land is not
suited to agriculture. They will
i THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
include a motel, country club,
school for retarded children and
an electronics factory. Some mem-
bers of the moshav will commute
10 miles to work in Jerusalem.
created in Europe by the holo-
caust, Dr. Greenbaum said. It
aided surviving rabbis and schools
and Ycshivot and helped to open,
new schools. In addition, JDC
rushed in religious articles and
hooks and in cooperation with the
American military government in
Germany published the complete
set of the Talmud. The sets, con-
sisting of 19 huge volumes, were
sent to all the DP camps, to the
surviving rabbis, to all function
ing Ycshivot and to communi-
ties around the world, Dr. Green-
baum continued. "Whenever a new
school was opened a full set of
the Talmud was sent there," he
said. "During this period also,'
JDC helped to transplant 33 Yeshi-
vot from Europe to Israel, some
of them complete with teachers
JDC receives the bulk of its
I funds from the campaigns of the
• United Jewish Appeal, the major
beneficiary of Detroit's Allied
-For 1969 JDC will spend close
to $1,000,000 to aid 132 Yeshivot
in Israel with an enrollment of
over 18,000 students, Dr. Green-
baum reported. Adding to this
figure some 7,500 dependents of
married students, the total num-
ber assisted will he over 25,000,
he continued. JDC also provides
aid to another 1,000 refugee rabbis
and scholars and their dependents.
In addition to aid to the Yeshivot,
JDC subsidizes various research
and publication projects on Bibli-
cal and Talmudic subjects.
for a lifetime of proud possession
Dr. Greenbaum was especially
enthusiastic about the vocational
training program which JDC in-
troduced into the Yeshivot some
20 years ago. Thus, Yeshiva stu-
who, for one reason or an-
other, chose not to become re-
ligious functionaries, were still
able to get well-paying jobs and
support themselves. The program,
which involves some 3,000 of the
students annually, includes train-
ing in electronics, mechanics, car-
pentry, printing and metal work.
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