THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association. National Editorial Association
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Cu., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit, Mich. 413235,
8-9364. Subscription $7 a year. Foreign $8.
Second Class Postage Paid at Detroit. Michigan
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ.
Editor and PubBanal .
Vty Edi tor
Shuva Scriptural Readings -,,,
This Sabbath, the eighth day of Tishre, 5730, the following
, scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion. Dent. 32:1-52. Prophetical portiong, Hosea 14:2-10, Micah
7:1S-20, Joel 2:15.27.
- Yom Kippur Tora
- 11. Afternoon. Levit.
18:1-30. Prophetical portions: - Morning, Isaiah 57:14-58:1" fternoon, Jonah 1:1-4:11,
Candle lighting.. Friday, Sept. 19, 6.17
VOL. LVI. No. 1
September 19, 1969
Universality of Yom Kippur's Sanctity
Awesome Days -- Yamim Noraim — are t
upon us. Yom Kippur signified holiness, the
sanctity of the Sabbath of Sabbaths, the :day
of reckoning and of introspection.
But it is much more: it is the great day
of universalism, of inseparability of peoples
with the highest ideals steeped in sanctity,
of the hope of mankind for better days for
all peoples of all faiths.
This is, indeed, what distinguishes the
Great Day of the Great Fast: that it pleads
for the welfare not of those gathered in the
synagogues alone but for all peoples. Because
if there are people in want, suffering indig-
nities, .anywhere, regardless of the color of
their skin or the language they speak or
pray in, their plight must affect all others.
There are no specially privileged folk in
_ Jewish thinking: there is simply the human
element; and if there is to be hope and peace
and security and the assurance of freedom
in one's homestead, it must be for all.
It is not for naught that Yom Kippur has
been labeled the Sabbath of Sabbaths. It is
because its sanctity is universal, because its
appeal is humanitarian and without prejudic-
ing the needs of all human beings.
On thepormal week, the Sabbath is the
most respected and holiest day. On a year-
round basis, the Sabbath of Sabbaths is
supreme. On the regular Sabbath Jewish
tradition prescribes rest and peace-loving:
on Yom Kippur it is sanctity and security—
in both instances for all peoples.
It is by approaching Yom, Kippur in this
spirit that we shall inevitably subscribe anew
to the ideal of justice and fair play and peace
and security for all. May this ideal material-
ize for all mankind in our time.
Status of Jewish Education in the World
Commencement of another school year
poses anew the question whether all the
obligations to our schools are being fulfilled
and whether proper 'steps are being taken
to assure educational facilities for all Jewish
children of school age. ,
Accurate figures of school enrollments
are not available, but the. record compiled for
1966 showed the following:
that many 6f those in the 49 per cent bracket
attend only Sunday schools. The matter of
a lack of education for our youth is, there-
fore, most serious. While there has been an
intensification of learning with the, establish-
ment of many day schools, the percentage
of those attending such schools is too meager
to inspire greater hope for a better 'future
for our schools..
Then there is the disappointing figure for
Canada. In our neighboring Canadian corn-
--mnities the day schools had been powerful
factors for good in advancing cultural needs.
Are they declining? Why are only 48 per cent
of Canadian children in Jewish schools?
Larger funds are constantly being allo-
cated for education, and our schools are
being given priority in community planning.
But the number of childreh in Jewish schools
is so low—even in countries where they reach
the half-way mark in the number of our
youths of school age—that we must view the
issue as very grave.
While facing problems involving Israel,
Jewish identification in democratic countries
and‘ the spreading assimilation resulting in
intermarriage and abandonment of Jewish
affiliations, we must emphasize the necessity
of giving even greater consideration to our
schools, their needs, the teacher problem.
greater interest in cultural needs.
While studying the figures we have
quoted, we must not ignore a basic fact—
that many of those who do attend- Jewish
schools are in the Bar and Bat Mitzva classi-
fications, that advanced studies are minimal.
that the post-Bar Mitzva age all too often
marks an end to Jewish studies.
This is where the home assumes a major
obligation, and the parents need to be re-
educated to the need to encourage. or en-
force, a continuation of Jewish learning.
In the months ahead there will no doubt
arise anew the problem involving the short-
age of teachers,- the need to encourage the
best elements in our ranks to pursue teaching
careers, the obligations to elevate the status
of teachers to a role that will make the pro-
fession one of the most desirable for our
youth. If this will require funds adequate to
meet such needs, they will have to be met
willingly, readily, with a view to the basic
needs in Jewish life.
Much remains to be done on this score.
The issue will have to be met with courage
and understanding. There is no shirking in
a matter as serious as the Jewish education
"YOU SEE Afk PRESIDENT WE ADD 4 8/T OF SALT,
THEY ADO A 1-177L8 124/eSLEY, ETC
Middle.East Issue Analyzed
Prof. Jacob B. Landau's Notable
Study of 'The Arabs in Israel'
A significant political study of Israel's chief minority with whom
the state must contend for many years to come was authored by a
former visiting professor in the department of 7 -
Near Eastern studies at Wayne State University.'
"The Arabs in Israel" by Prof. Jacob B
Landau, published by Oxford University Press, is
a most important work of research. Issued under
auspices of the Royal Institute of International
Affairs, this study covers many aspects of the
problem and provides an especially important
view of the Arabs in Israel, while taking into
account Arab influences outside Israel.
It is as a declaration of facts that this'
volume serves a specific purpose. While deal-
ing with historic and religious data, Dr.; -
Landau's analyses take the reader into the
sections where they predominate in Israel.
They give an account of the parliamentary
elections in Israel and the seats that have been gained by Arabs
in the Knesset, they review the Arab positicin in the Israel trade
163,235 63,088 39%
5,531,500 1,106,300 540,323 49%
50,000 23,903 48%
South & Central
127.386 35,381 28%
16,000 10,685 67%
23,990 23,761 99%
23,000 13,313 58%
Total for Diaspora
Europe and smaller
communities of Asia
7,820,654 1,523,361 717,369 47.1%
On the basis of these facts we are able
to speculate regarding the obligations met
and the shortcomings.
It is evident that in countries of oppres-
sion or restriction the percentage of Jewish
children acquiring Jewish training is larger.
This is true especially in Moslem countries
and in Iran where, in spite of the good re-
lations between Jews and non-Jews, the fact
that ancient Persia is a Moslem country
creates the need to send Jewish children to
Jewish schools. But even in Iran the percen-
tage of Jewish children in Jewish schools is
only 67. In South Africa, where strong Jewish
communities have been established, oply 58
per cent of Jewish children are receiving a
The percentages may be &own because
in many instances Jewish parents send only
the boys to Jewish schools and the girls are
deprived of Jewish training. If this is so, then
the problem is not minimized but assumes
added seriousness in the matter of meeting
the obligations to the Jewish girls who must,
in adulthood, be counted upon to build good
The figure given for the United States
does not inspire jubilation. There is no doubt
of sour - children:
Especially noteworthy is the author's description of Arab leader-
ship. He indicates the extremisms that are inevitable, and he evaluates
the fermentations as a result of experiences attained living under
Israeli rule. The changes in the economic status of many Arabs simi-
larly are part of the effect of the trends that have resulted from the-
new life of the Arab minority.
Ilistadrut's influence is indicated, and the association of Arab
workers in the Israel labor movement has had its strongest effects in
assuring a measure of friendship and cordiality between the Jewish
majority and the Arab minority.
Dr. Landau is optimistic. He declares: "As vigorous activity
by the Arab minorities continues, and as the Arab minority increas-
ingly appreciates the positive results of progress achieved and
shares in the dynamic activity within Israel, confrontation may
well change into cooperation, and thence into integration."
Appendices to this volume have notable importance in considering
the vital subject of the Arabs of Israel. Dr. Landau starts - with the
statement by Rustum Bastuni, the eminent Arab Nazareth leader, on
the intergration of Arabs in Israel, and it is a positive approach
marked by optimism and emphasis on improving existing conditions.
Supplementing it is the Communist Arabs' declaration criticizing Israeli
policies but speaking of the best interests of all the people of IsraeL
Then there is an Arab students' appeal for funds to assist those
studying at the Hebrew University. Another appendix, Al-Ard's memo-
randum, indicts Israel. But there is an appeal for Arab-Israel peace in
excerpts from a pamphlet, "Israeli Arab Awareness."
A statement on Knesset elections is reproduced from a report
by Amnon Lin of the Israel-Arab department. Histadrut Congress
resolutions are quoted, and special interest attaches to the first
speech by an Arab member of the Knesset — that of Amin Salim
Jarjura delivered Feb. 15, 1949, in which he asked for a demonstra-
tion of justice and righteousness.
There is quoted the "Quo Vadis" question uttered by
Al-Rabita monthly, urging demands for full rights for Arabs
filling obligations to Israel.
Students of the aggravated question will be additionally enlightened
by the interviews that were cqnducted with Arabs.
Dr. Landau has added immeasurably to an understanding of
, issue with this enlightening work.