Detroit Jewry's Cooperative Record — A Source of Comfort for 5730
By HYMAN SAFRAN, President, and
WILLIAM AVRUNIN, Executive Vice-President,
Jewish Welfare Federation of Detroit
The organized Jewish community of Detroit moved forward in the year 5729 in its
humanitarian objectives, its communal responsibilitiy, its participation in building and
strengthening Jewish life. All of these purposes found expression in the programs of the
local member agencies of the Jewish Welfare Federation. They were served, as well,
by the national and overseas beneficiaries of the Allied Jewish Campaign.
In our fast moving, rapidly changing society, the passing of a year is miniscule in
the life of a community. Yet every year presents us with an opportunity to build on the
foundation of cooperative action in behalf of K'lal Yisrael—to adapt our heritage to the
times and conditions under which Jews live.
Emphasis in the year past and in the year ahead is primarily on:
1. Helping the people of Israel' maintain their health, welfare and educational
services while they use their own resources for defense and security. The significance
about its people.
of Israel's rebirth depends upon its survival as a State which cares
our own Jewish youth
2. Enlarging the Opportunities for Jewish association among
as the United
enriching the content of that association
Hebrew Schools, the Midrasha• the Jewish Community Center, Fresh Air Camp,
Hillel Foundations on campus.
3. Participating in the national and local
programs. the Jewish
housing, vocational and economic opportunities for all. In these
Community Council and the national community relations agencies especially have
continued and increased their role; other Federation member agencies have found a
4. Expanding services to the growing aged population through residence at the
Jewish Home for Aged, programs at the Jewish Communty Center. counseling by
the Jewish Family & Children's Service. There is every hope that next year the Fed-
eration Apartments building and the Henry M. Butzel Older Adult Village at Camp
Tamarack will be completed and operative.
5. The continuation of health and welfare services of the highest quality at Sinai
Hospital, the Jewish Vocational Service, and the network of agencies under Jewish
auspices. The expanded program of the Resettlement Service in Detroit reflecting
the upsurge of unrest among Jews still living in the Moslem world and other
tries of oppression is an example of our service in this field.
These and many related programs are made possible by some 25,000 contributors
giving together, some 500 board and committee members planning together and a good
Jewish community hoping and building together.
The continuity and enrichment of Jewish life is based on this tradition and our
impressive record of observing it. It should be a reassuring source of comfort to us
as we face 5730.
Tots Take Look at the Holidays
'Job' as Viewed by Jews - and Christians
by Dr. Glatzer
Presented in Compilation
biblical Jewish interpreters en- ther approaches to the Job theme.
Imperishable "Job," the great
joyed a measure of freedom in In it he states:
book of the Bible that has served,
of the b kf Jo b
approaching the subject of Job,"; The atm
and continues to serve, as a source
certain notions of retribution
Dr. Glatzer states. "Yet rarely I refute
ailsehment, of provi-
of solace in time of despair, has
did they allow themselves
been treated in various ways by
sented by the three frientif t—
look at the book itself and to ex-! r a e aye e h ey
unadferfc t a aandlin g of faith.
scholars of all faiths and all ages.
a c onneewe pt
ma i '''s
'o f h u
The superb commentaries by Dr.
and divine, a new appreciatione
eiutan Uiate y universe, a new
o view of
pers nality and intellectual cir-
Robert Gordis, the great play by
ra :ca l revision
cumstances of the exegete, modi- place
Archibald MacLeish, "J. B.," the
fled by the heritage of his faith, tithe.
evaluative analyses by Martin
We hare seen fr o m
determined his position in corn- amples
Buber, Yehezkel K a u f man n,
how few were a the
exegetes, critics throughout the
menthig on Job."
Baeck, W. 0. E. Osterley and
erpretation i s turies
many others, combine to provide The Christian interpretation
disciples of this anonymous master
e ro 's dissent, his
and to discern his
sources for extensive insight into gone into in a great detail Dr. protest
and the circumstance
Glatzer states that "the Christian
reform. Rather the book of -r h o%
a great theme.
t t e h a e .srecreiLted e by itso: interpreters
The eminent Jewish s
im ag e
Nahum M. Glatzer, professor of gory, as a text that calls for sym- their
eset ege tions — both in timef s ew pa n sVa ab nli
ry and chairman of bolic analysis. For him, the book 7
of Near Eastern of Job is but a testimony to the i. irn e. a man's lonely
and Judaic studies at Brandeis central event in Christianity and,
peace f ul a ban
, stence with and colon-
osophies—Jewish, Christian, h uniop1”1-
tensiye review of the various corn- I and moral teachings of
the Church. secular
d of medievalist
mentaries in "The Dimensions of Though greater
Job," published as a study and , Job in Christian than in Jewish too trying a task to confront
selected readings by Schocken thought, the Christian contribu- message of this bock in its raw state.
most expositions have served the
Books. It is a compilation of great lion to the understanding of the and
purpose of shielding humanity against
significance, both in the sense of issues of the book itself is even its harsh impact. In the long history
its interpretation, the main fungi-;
the important selections from the' less evident than in the Jewish of
tion of the book of Job has been to
provoked reflection, to inspire the
writings on Job as well as the in counterpart."
of the thinker, the exe-
Modern interpretations are de-
formative introduction by the corn-
and the artist. Because its argu-
, veloped on the basis of world gete,
ment is presented not by direct state-
ment but by allusion, and its solution,
Upon Job, the book of the Bible, views expressed by scholars who the divine "answer to Job," by impli-
cation rather than dictum — and
has been heaped much praise for dealt with the subject that has also
because of its unsolved textual
its profundity, beauty of form, drawn such vast interest in all difficulties — it permitted a great
variety of approach, of emphasis, of
grandeur of the hero. Dr. Glat- faiths.
Commencing with the essays allegory, and of various degrees of sub-
s in making his ' on Job by Buber, Kaufmann, le L ke the revelation to Moses on
compilatio n, wgs, however, "to! _aeck, Gordis, Margarete Sus- So iricii
, so too
the revelation to
the human hm iynp,
attempt a survey of how the' D
book of Job was read and wider- man and Leon Roth, the collect- human'gahaeeartt in search
as great a profusion of dis-
stood through the ages and,. ed interpretations in Glatzer's producing
cours e .
through pertinent examples, to work concern Christian
word on Sinai translated itself
hu- each "the
the Jewish ,
seventy languages of man-
observe how it is being read and
manist aspects, with Theodicy, into
kind; they used the parable to the
interpreted in modern times."
that is viewed by a multitude
the Ways of God in Mystery and statue
of people, each person seeing it from
"Job is man," Dr. Glatzer sum-
Job as a Lesson in Faith.
his particula r vantage point, ichereas
se es all of them Sondarly
marizes in the very first para-
Theologians of world fame are the statue
la . h t book'
of Job transtes
graph of his introduction
in which among the commentators on the 'i nt o reader
his own mode of thin kg,
he defines Jolt's "fall from a state various aspects of the Job theme. it respond to his own needs. Deviation
from what the Joban text "really
of happiness to utmost misery and Dr. Horace Kallen is among those meant" and its adoption to the reader's
degradation . . . the hero's debate who have been included in the human condition is, therefore, a legiti-
toricalty normal and humanly
with the traditionalist, self-right- humanist section.
mate pursuit, as normal and as legiti-
a corresponding approach to
eous conformers, the outbursts of
Among the major essays in this mate as
indignation over the evils of the work is the one by the late Dr. other
It has been said (by one of the
world . . ." as having "agitated, Hayim Greenberg, in the Theodicy authors included in this "ripe
time has become
provoked and vexed the reader." section. The eminent philosopher our
By which he meant: ripe and ready
He refers to the hero as unknown and Labor Zionist leader, in this tended to convey. With drama
("that he was a Hebrew is gen- essay, appearing in a translation measure of caution it could be main-
that our time is progressing
erally but not unanimously accept- from the Yiddish from the Kemfer, tained
toward an increasing readiness for Job.
ed") and as "long believed to have dealt at length with a number of We may indeed expect that, with the
of scientific knowledge of the
been a real person and the book to questions that were posed by the universe
and of man, and greater
be a poetic record of his experi- Christian minister Dr. Henry Hitt awareness of its implications for hu-
there will arise a new un-
ences . . . But as early as the Crane of Detroit.
derstanding of the book of Job. Then
3rd Century a talmudic master
Noteworthy, of course, is the the literal meaning will of necessity
allegory, transportation and re-
stated that 'Job never was and
essay by MacLeish on the J. B. replace
formulation, and "text" and "interpre-
topic under the title "God Has tations" will coincide. For, as does this
never existed, but is only a par-
in Western literature,
Need of Man." It is offered as a book combines
able.' " (Baba Batra is authority
the cognizance of an
lesson in faith, and MacLeish impersonal cosmos with an affirmation
for the latter).
the uniqueness and the personality
asserts: "Our labor always, like of
The variety of levels on which
of man. It is the ever deeper knowl-
Job's labor, Is to learn through edge of the first and the ever lead
Job can be read is described in
for the second that may
suffering to love . . . to love need
the introduction which defines
to a renewed confrontation with the
even that which lets us suffer." book of Job. Some pioneering spirits—
the folk tale tradition of the
in this volume — are already
Dr. Glatzer'S, postscript has add- included
book, providing for it a classical
pointing in the direction of such
Judaic interpretation. "The post- ed significance as a guide for fur- readiness Of Job.
Nursery school youngsters at a Jewish center affiliated with the
Jewish Welfare Board are briefed on the High Holy Days by the
center executive director.
Bible' in 1.;n4 ,- lish Allows
Children to Interpret Oriuinal
For the first time Jewish educa- appropriate commentaries at the
tors have produced a "Rabbis' bottom of the page. The teacher's
Bible" in English translation for guide provides questions designed
children, affording youngsters an to evoke discussion on the texts.
opportunity to pursue Bible stu- Adviser on the new Bible ser-
dies, together with relevant rab- ies, Rabbi Eugene B. Borowitz,
binic interpretations. I professor of education and Jew-
After six months of experiment- ish religious thought at the He-
ation with this new Jewish study brew Union College — Jewish
course, in 128 Conservative and Institute of Religion in New
Reform synagogue religious York City, said, "Our experi-
schools, it was found that youngs- mentation shows that youngsters
ters were eager to pursue the appreciate a pedagogic ap-
study of Bible, since they them- proach which stresses personal
selves became the rabbinic scho- discovery as against the mech.
lays and Biblical interpreters of anical assimilation of fact,
which they are too often expos-
ed to in their secular educa-
The new volume, "The Rabbis'
Bible" with an accompanying tion."
teacher's manual, were written by He said, "Now the children do
a Reform Jewish spiritual leader, not need to be told the Bible is
Rabbi Morrison David Bial of relevant or the rabbis can give
Temple Sinai in Summit, N.J., and them guidance. As they debate the
a Conservative Jewish scholar, meaning of the text or its com-
Dr. Shlomo Simon, associate pro- mentary, they instinctively apply
fessor of Biblical literature at the them to their own lives much bet-
Teacher's Institute of the Jewish ter than any adult could do for
Theological Seminary. The book them."
was published by Behrman House,
The authors and the publishers
N.Y., and can be used by youngs- are planning three more volumes
ters 11 years and older.
on the "Prophets," "History" and
The work applies the "discov- "Writings." The present volume
ery" method of Prof. Jerome was eight years in the making.
Bruner of Harvard University. Considerable portions of the orig-
This technique gives the child the inal source material had to be dis-
source material to study and lets carded, almost 98 per cent, to
him fmd his own answers. Also, synthesize the texts and commen-
the teacher becomes the catalyst taries which are now being used.
in a two-way discussion. The text It is expected that the second
of the "Rabbis Bible" related ex- volume on "History" will be pub-
cerpts from the Pentateuch, or the lished by Behrman House in the
first five books of the Bible with spring.
72 Friday, September 12, 1969
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS