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April 18, 1969 - Image 40

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1969-04-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Fallacious Arab Claims Exposed by Israel

(Continued from Page 1)

the Big Four meetings would fail,
that neither side would be politic-
ally able to accept a Big Four-pro-
posed settlement or able to enforce
it, and that the United Nations and
the U.S. would suffer another
blow "they can ill afford" while
"an atmosphere of- frustration and
gloom will heighten the tension
and the prospects of war through-
out the Mid East."

Rogers Told Jews Fear
U.S. Policy Drift Is Away
From Negotiated Peace
WASHINGTON (JTA) — The

chairman of the Conference of
Presidents of Major American
Jewish Organizations told Secre-
tary of State William P. Rogers
Monday that American Jews were
"deeply worried" about "the ap-
parent drift in United States policy
on the Middle East away from an
insistence on a negotiated peace
between the Arab states and Is-
rael." Rabbi Herschel Schacter of
New York, heading a delegation of
22 Jewish leaders meeting with
Secretary Rogers, voiced "concern
and agitation" over the, prospect
that current Four Power talks
would "absolve the Arab states
from their responsibility to settle
their differences directly with
Israel."
Rabbi Schacter told Rogers: "If
King Hussein is serious about his
six-point plan (proposed last
week), let him call a halt to terror-
ism and immediately enter into
talks with Israel. This is the only
true way of effectively implement-
ing the United Nations Nov. 22,
1967 resolution. "The test of the
Arab desire for peace with Israel
is a willingness to talk peace with
Israel," he , added. "Such direct
talks should be the direction and
goal of American policy in the
Mid East. Anything else will en-
courage the intransigence of the
Arab governments in rejecting all
constructive proposals for negotia-
tions leading to an agreed and
lasting peace."
The meeting, held at Secretary
Rogers' invitation, was an out-
growth of the National Leadership
Conference on Peace in the Middle
East held in New York in March.
Rabbi Schacter gave Rogers a
copy of a resolution unanimously
adopted at the parley which de-
clared that U.S. Jews were "united
and resolute as never before in
support of Israel's determination
to exercise the inalienable right of
self-defense and to pursue a last-
ing peace within secure and recog-

nized boundaries."
Rabbi Schacter said that U.S.
Jews were "worried" about the
Nixon administration's entry into
Four Power talks with Britain,
France and the Soviet Union.
This uneasiness, he said, had
been "deepened" by Rogers'
press conference statement last
week that "the force of public
opinion" would be used to bring
about a Mid East settlement and
by the "failure to condemn ter-
rorist activity in the joint state-
ment issued by President Nixon
and King Hussein" following the
monarch's visit here last week.

week that the governments of the
Mid East "would want to think
long and hard before they turned
(a Big Four agreement on a for-

mula for a settlement) down." He

also said that the U.S. does "not
intend and will not seek to impose
a settlement on Israel." The sec-
retary had been questioned about
the differences between an im-
posed and "recommended" peace.
He said that "there are lots of
ways to influence people" without
forcing them to comply. He point-
ed out that the international com-
munity exercises influences so
powerful that the Mid East gov-
ernments cannot ignore them.)
Rabbi Schacter told Secretary
Rogers that the "Arab govern-
ments are seeking to conjure up a
false threat of immediate confla-
gration in the Mid East. They hope
and expect that the Big Four, ap-
palled by such a prospect, will join
forces in an effort to bring about
Israel's withdrawal from the areas
which have come under its admin-
istration since the Six-Day War."
He added, "Only a full and final
peace, freely arrived at by the
parties themselves, can open a
new chapter between the belliger-
ents and be a blessing to the Mid-
dle East and the world."
Secretary Rogers reassured the
delegation that there was "no sub-
stantive change" in the American
Middle East policy involving Is-
rael, Rabbi Schacter reported
after the meeting. He quoted the
secretary as declaring that any
peace must be "juridically defin-
ed" and "contractually binding."
Rogers stressed, Rabbi Schac-
ter said, that there would be no
phased withdrawal without a total
package settlement.
In the meeting, which Rabbi
Schacter described as "a cordial
exchange of ideas," the secretary
of state reiterated his statement
on Middle East policy which he
had made to the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee and assured
the delegation that there had been

no ch

Eban Rejects Arab Plan
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Foreign

Eban disclosed that Israel was

Kollek Says Two Jerusalems
Could Function Side by Side

40 Friday, April 18, 1969



Referring to King Hussein's
peace plan enunciated in Washing-
ton last week, Eban questioned the
king's credentials as a spokesman
for President Gamal Abdel Nasser
of Egypt. He asked whether Has-
sanein Heikal, editor of the Cairo
newspaper Al Ahram and a close
confidant of Col. Nasser, was not
more qualified as a spokesman.
Al Ahram objected to King Hus-
sein's offer to open the canal to
Israeli shipping as part of a set-
tlement. The paper, which general-
ly reflects the Nasser regime's
views insisted that Israeli ships
would be granted use of the water-
way only after all the demands of
a million Palestinian refugees had
been met. The paper refrained
from direct criticism of King Hus-
sein by said the issue of Suez pas-
sage rights for Israel "bears no
relation to the 1967 war or the
liquidation of its consequences."
Eban said his government would
remain alert to any sign of peace

but insisted that peace must be
negotiated. He said he had no in-
formation that would indicate a
U.S. drift from Israel's position
since he discussed the Mid East

situation in Washington last month.
He said that the U.S. and Israel
never held exactly the same views
but were always against the same
concepts—a return to the 1949 arm-
istice lines or confusion of an arm-
istice or other temporary arrange-
ment with peace. Both countries,
he said, favored a contractual
agreement between the parties to
the conflict but still disagreed on
holding Four Power talks.

Minister Abba Eban told the press
Sunday that Egypt and Jordan had
replied to a questionnaire on peace
from United Nations special envoy
Gunnar V. Jarring by demanding
Israel's return to the borders en-
Eban defined Israel's concept
visioned for a Jewish state by the
United Nations' 1947 Palestine of non-belligerency, which King
partition plan—a plan rejected at Hussein had advocated. He said
it must include all maritime
the time by all Arab states. He
interference and economic boy-
dismissed the demand as "quite
cott measures and that there
frivolous" and reiterated Israeli
must be no alliances between
resistance to any efforts to force
its withdrawal even to the boun- states declaring themselves non-
belligerent and those that are
daries that existed before the
belligerent. The latter must not
1967 war.
be permitted to station troops on
Eban did not divulge the con- the soil of non-belligerent states
tents of the Arab replies to Dr. nor should any terrorist groups
Jarring. Jordan's Ambassador to be allowed to operate from the
the UN, Mohammed H. el-Farra,
territory of non-belligerents, he
said in New York last week that said.
the 1947 partition boundaries had
Eban rejected the linking of free-
been mentioned in Amman's reply.
He added that there was not "one dom on navigation through Suez
iota of difference betwen Cairo
and Amman" on such questions. Teachers to Learn Hebrew

(Rogers also told the press last investigating reports that Amer-

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Mayor
Teddy Kollek expressed the "pure-
ly private" opinion here Monday
that "an independent Arab Jerusa-
lem and an independent Jewish
Jerusalem could exist side by side
if peace came."
Mayor Kollek spoke at a press
luncheon at which he also said he
did not believe he would be a can-
didate for re-election to the office
of mayor, a post he has held since
1965.
He said that when all other re-

ican oil companies operating in _
the Mid East bad provided finan-
cial aid to Arab terrorists. He
said it was well known that the
oil producing Arab countries
were the terrorists' main finan-
cial source. (Syndicated column.
ists Drew Pearson and Jack
Anderson reported that there
were indications that U.S. oil
companies have con tributed
heavily to the support of guer-
rillas despite their denials. The
columnists claimed that oil com-
pany employes who contributed
had been reimbursed from cor-
porate funds, and said the oil
companies had been under heavy
pressure from Arab govern-
ments and from terrorist organ-
izations to render financial aid.)

NEW YORK (JTA)—A six-week
accelerated course In conversation-
al Hebrew for teachers will be
offered for the 13th time this sum-
mer by the Jewish Education As-
sociation of New York and the
Ferkauf graduate school of educa-
tion of Yeshiva University. The
course is being offered in coopera-
tion with the department of educa-
tion and culture of the Jewish
Agency and Ivriah.
Classes will meet daily June 26
to Aug. 8 in the university build-
ing. Qua lif i e d students may
register for credit at the Ferkauf
graduate school of humanities and
social sciences, the JEC said. Last
year, more than 100 teachers par-
ticipated in the program. The

gional problems have been solved,
"the problem of finding expression
for Arab sovereignty within a
greater Jerusalem should not be a
stumbling block to peace."
Mayor Kollek's candidacy has
been in doubt because the Israel
Labor Party so far has not agreed
to the conditions on which he said
he would run. These included di-
rect election of the mayor by the
city's population and the inclusion
of experts in addition to poli- course is open to Jewish school
teachers and to senior students in
ticans on the city council.
yeshivas and schools of higher
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS Jewish learning.

with any long-term problem such
as that of the Palestinian refugees.
Asked on what points King Hus-
sein's Washington proposals differ-
ed from the UN Security Council's
Nov. 22, 1967, Mid East resolution,
Eban said the resolution's opera-
tive clauses demanded a negotiated
agreement between the sides. He
said the Security Council had ex-
pressly dissociated itself from con-
sideration of the 1949 armistice
lines as frontiers and had used a
new term"secure and agreed fron-
tiers."
Addressing a Labor Party rally
in Tel Aviv, earlier, Premier
Golda Heir sharply rejected the
Big Four efforts to find a Mid
East solution because, she main.
tained, the cards were stacked
against Israel. "While Moscow
as well as President Charles de
Gaulle and his government—I do
not say the French people—are
pro-Arab. . . the United States
and Great Britain, though
friends of the Arabs and take
into account Arab interests,"
Mrs. Melr said. She dismissed
King Hussein's six-point peace
proposals enunciated in Washing-
ton last week saying that if the
king "genuinely wanted to have
peace, he would have little dif-
ficulty in getting it
Other officials say there is noth-
ing new in the Hussein proposals
and have dismissed them as a pro-
paganda ploy. They say that, under
the guise of a new peace plan, he
reiterated his old demand for with-
drawal from the territories occupi-
ed in the 1967 war to the old 1949
armistice lines. Foreign ministry
circles commented that the place
to offer peace settlements was not
the rostrum of the National Press
Club but the negotiating table.
(State Department officials have
welcomed the king's Suez proposal
and regard it as a new element in
the diplomatic picture. Presiden-
tial spokesman Herbert Klein said
Friday that President Richard M.
Nixon was pleased by the king's
"peace plan." White House spokes.
man Ronald Ziegler disclosed that
when Nixon met Friday with
Mahmoud Fawzi, personal diplom-
atic representative of Col. Nasser,
they discussed a mutual "desire
to improve relations.")
The Washington Post reported
that France was said to have of-
fered a settlement plan that "in
effect complements the Soviet pro-
posal of Dec. 30 and the U.S. talk-
ing paper of March 24." The Paris
plan was said to envisage a peace
treaty at the end of a period of

Israeli withdrawal and establish-
ment of secure borders, and would
reserve the Jerusalem and Pales-
tine refugee settlement issues until
last. The plan was also said to call
for establishment of freedom on
navigation through the Suez Canal
simultaneously with withdrawal of
troops from occupied territories.
(In Philadelphia, Assistant Sec-
retary of State for Near Eastern
Affairs Joseph Sisco said the Big
Four sessions have shown "con-
siderable concern over the con-
tinuing wide gulf" between Israel
and the Arabs. Addressing the an-
nual meeting of the American
Academy of Political and Social
Science, Sisco said that "only
further time and exploration will
tell" whether "this concern can be
translated into parallel positions"
that Dr. Jarring could present to
the disputing parties. Replying to
Israeli objections to the Big Four
sessions, he said the talks were
not intended as a substitute for the
Jarring mission, now temporarily
suspended, and that "we do not see
a Four Power solution as a sub-
stitute for agreement between the
parties.")
Israel's UN Ambassador Yosef
Tekoah reportedly told Secretary-
General U Thant during a private
meeting last Thursday that Israel
believes the Big Four meetings
have already paralyzed Dr. Jar-
ring's mission. He was said to
have argued that the Arabs, sens-
ing new possibilities for a victory
for their diplomatic posture, have
stiffened their position and have
halted the small progress that the
Jarring mission seemed to be mak-
ing. Tekoah also reportedly said
that tough Arab replies to a
questionnaire circulated by Dr.
Jarring had thwarted his mission,
and that Egypt and Jordan had
escalated military activities to
create the impression that a crisis
exists. Tekoah visited Thant after
that U Thant believed the Four
that Mr. Thant believed the Four
Power talks were "necessary and
vital" and were "designed to re-
inforce the Jarring mission, and
not at all obstruct or weaken it."
The Israel foreign ministry said
that the intention of Dr. Jarring to
return to Moscow as Sweden's am-
bassador after his round of March
talks in Mid East capitals had been
known in Jerusalem and was not
considered here as indicating an
end to his mission. Spokesman
David Rivlin said Israel had every
intention of continuing to use Dr.
Jarring's good offices and that this
was made clear to him.

American Jewry Indicted
By Goldmann for Their
Silence During Holocaust

By ITZHAK SHARGIL

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewlsk News)

TEL AVIV (JTA)—Dr. Nahum
Goldmann said Tuesday that the

apathy and indifference of world
Jewry at the time that catastrophe
was overtaking the Jews of Europe
during World War II cost count-
less thousands of Jewish lives.
Dr. Goldmann, president of the
World Jewish Congress and for-
mer president of the World Zion-

ist Organization, spoke in Haifa
on the occasion of Holocaust Day,
a memorial for the Six Million
Jews who perished at Nazi hands
during the war. He said American
Jewry deserved most of the blame
because it failed to call for strikes
and demonstrations near the White
House when it learned what was
happening to the Jews of Europe.
But Dr. Goldmann indicted vir-
tually all Jewish communities' and
their leaders, even those in
Europe. He said they did not lis-
ten to pre-war warnings about
what was likely to happen. He re-

called a meeting in Paris with
Jewish leaders six months before
the war at which they rejected
warnings and observed that a few
months later many of these same
leaders were refugees seeking
haven in other countries. Dr. Gold-
mann said that even today, with
the knowledge of the Holocaust,
Jews have not tried to learn the
lessons it taught.
A mass memorial meeting at the
Mann Auditorium here was ad-
dressed by Deputy Prime Minister
Yigal. Allon who declared that one
lesson of the Holocaust was that
Jews "can trust no one but our-
selves." He said, "We learned that
we have to be strong so that others
should not pity us. We are no long-
er passive objects of the whims or
mercy of those who only 25 years
ago stood by in silence as Jews
were slaughtered in Europe." Al-
Ion said that Soviet arms, once
used to fight the Nazis, were now
in the hands of "those pursuing
Hitler's final solution from the
banks of the Nile."

.

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