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April 04, 1969 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1969-04-04

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UN Security Council Censure
Israel Con tiemns


(Direct JTa Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

Council's vote Tuesday to con-
demn Israel's March 26 bombing
raid against Jordan was denounc-
ed Wednesday by Israeli officials
as "one-sided."
Citing the council resolutions
warning of "more effective steps"
If the cease fire is violated again,

the officials said that the council
was 9}"so one-sided in its present
CO 'aosition that even though it
to sanctions, it cannot make
difference either way."
final vote was 11 to zero,
the United States, Great
, Colombia and Paraguay
abs ining. Voting for the measure
wer its sponsors, Pakistan, Sene-

Bori Smolar's

'Bet en You
• • • 'I nd Me'


1969, JTA


LEADER AT 70: This is the story o Prof. William Haber, the out-
standing American academician, noted Y.•conomist, and warmhearted
Jewish leader who reached the age of this month.
Dr. Haber is the president of the A rican ORT (Organization for
Rehabilitation through Training). He is so the chairman of the Cen-
tral Board of the World ORT Union. H s' the first American to head
this important organization which is t y one of the oldest Jewish
organizations in the world, having been funded in St. Petersburg (now
Leningrad) almost 90 years ago for the rpose of providing vocational
training to Jews. Under his leadership, 4 ns of thousands of Jews are
now being introduced to new skills in E pe, Israel, North Africa and
other parts of the world. In Israel alon • some 28,000 men and women
of various ages receive modern vocation; training in ORT institutions.
Ever since its founding, ORT has b n fortunate in having men of
leaders. This was true when
1 great vision and endless devotion as its
on Horace Guinsburg and
the organization was established by
Samuel Poliakov, the two most distingu ed Jewish philanthropists in
Czarist Russia. This was true later w the leadership was carried
between the two world wars by such pe nalities as Dr. Leon Bramson
and David Lvovitch who developed OR into an organization of inter-
national scope. This was the case also i the post-war period when Dr.
Aaron Syngalowsky — a man of great • ility — brought ORT to new
heights and extended its activities to Is 1 el and such remote countries
as India and Iran. This is the case also ay under Prof. Haber.
Anybody who knows Dr. Haber w. d never guess that he is 70.
His energy and his constant cheerfulnek is that of a young man. He
works with tireless zeal—especially w 1/4, it concerns the interests of
the ORT. Nothing is too hard for him if can be of help to ORT.
IMPRESSIVM RECORD: Prof. Ha• who came to this country as
an immigrant boy, has an impressive r ord in the fields of economics
and education. He has been a member the faculty of the University
of Michigan since 1936 and served as h • d of its economic department.
In 1963 he was appointed dean of the versity's college of literature,
science and the arts. -
While on the faculty, he has hel arious federal advisnry.posi-
tions on policies involving Social Seoul , relief, industrial --r4ations;
manpower and unemployment proble -and other ecoriontie ,;.:isineti
The list of federal and state officials o sought his adyien -on -eco-
- '-
nomic and labor problems is too long t numerate-here.
He also served as adviser on Jew - affairs to the American mili-
tary command in Germany after the of the Nazi regime. Jewish
victims liberated from the Nazi camps t that time were helpless and
entirely dependent on whatever aid th ki could get from the American
military authorities. Dr. Haber undo tood their needs. The period
when he was engaged in helping the placed Jews has also brought
him close to ORT which lost no time 'establishing workshops for the
liberated Jews to teach them professio /and enable them to eventually
stand economically on their own feet. 1,,I
In the early years of the war, wh6, thousands of Jews from Ger-
many and other European countries ught to come to the United
States, Dr. Haber took the post of ex utive director of the National
Refugee Service, an organization estab hed in this country to give the
refugees all possible aid from the ve / 'first day they reached New
York. There were a great many intelqjtuals among the newcomers—
lawyers, physicians, professors, enginee 143, architects—who needed both
material assistance and proper advice 1p how to start their lives anew
in the United States. Dr. Haber came V,) their aid with great tact and
sensitivity. X1
THE HARD ROAD: Life was no •- 1 of roses for Dr. Haber in the
early years of his youth. Born in RItaania, he came to the United
States at the age of 12, together with l* 4/ younger brother, Sam, who is
now the executive vice chairman of U, 1 Joint Distribution Committee.
There were three other children and aSvidowed mother.
The family settled in Milwaukee !Both boys, William and Sam,
were the breadwinners for the entire timily by selling newspapers. In
those years, boys of many Jewish i„.1/44migrant families were selling
newspapers to supplement the meag income of their parents. The
competition was therefore quite hea l . It took the two Haber boys
quite a few years until they were in k , position to buy a newspaper
stand of their own. In the meantime, f'.ey were also busy getting their
higher education. 1/41
When William graduated from the• University of Wisconsin in 1923,
he gained not only his degree but al. the most outstanding scholar-
ship to Harvard University. There he istinguished himself by writing
a classic study on industrial relation He received his doctorate for
this study which was used for a long 4me as basic text in the field of
economics. Soon he established for hit, self a reputation as one of the
leading economists in this country. Ts reputation continued to grow
as he proved himself as consultant om/pconomic and labor problems to
various federal and state institutions.,;`
In all his years of public and atademic activities, he was inti-
' nal life. Among others, he was
mately in touch with Jewish organiza
Fl Foundations, engaged in
chairman of the
e Bnai Brith Nationa ifiel
in several hundred cam-
promoting Jewish education among
puses. He is a member of the ex %ative of the Joint Distribution
Committee, the American Jewish Corr ittee and of other leading Jew-
ish organizations. He is deeply interesk in Israel and highly respected
by the Israeli government.


gal and Zambia, along with the
Soviet Union, France, Spain, Fin-
land, Hungary, Nepal, Algeria and
The council's action stems from
Israel's air attack on the village
of Salt which, according to Jor-
dan, claimed 18 civilian lives. The
principal operative paragraph of
the compromise resolution declar-
ed that the council:
"Condemns the recent pre-
mediated air attacks launched
by Israel on Jordanian villages
and populated areas in flagrant
violation of the United Nations
charter and the cease fire reso-
lutions and warns once again
that if such attacks were to be
repeated the council would have
to meet to consider further more
effective steps as envisaged in
the charter to insure against re-
petition of such attacks."
There had been fear that the
unacceptability to the U.S. and
Britain of a resolution which con-
demned Israel but did not also
condemn the Arab terrorism
which has provoked Israeli air
raids would be damaging to the
Big Four talks on the Mid East,
scheduled to begin Thursday. But
that fear, observers said, was
groundless, and the talks were ex-
pected to begin either at the
French mission or at the home of
French Ambassador Armand Ber-
Agha Shahi, Pakistan's delegate,
said that the three sponsors had
acted to modify their resolution

to prevent a division among the
Big Four, all permanent council
members, on the eve of the Big
Four meetings.
The altered draft dropped any
direct citation of chapter seven of
the charter which empowers the
council to adopt enforcement
measures such as economic or
military sanctions in order to gain
compliance with its decisions.
Israel's UN ambassador, Yosef
Tekoah, said that the vote was a
clear sign that the U.S. and
Britain were opposed to Arab ter-
orism but that the Soviet Union
was supporting it.
U.S. Ambassador Charles W.
Yost refused to vote for the reso-
lution on the grounds that it did
not cite Arab terrorism, and Sir
Leslie Glass of Britain said he
could not support a measure which
condemned Israel without taking
into account all violations of the
Middle East cease fire established
following the Six-Day War.
An accommodation with the
British and American points of
view was frustrated by Arab

refusal to accept any language
that would label as cease-fire
violations actions against Israel
by Arab commando organise-
Tuesday's divided vote was
among the few since the Security
Council adopted a resolution on
Nov. 22, 1967, that established the
guidelines for a peaceful settle-
ment. The council, considering the
sensitivity of the problem, usually
has sought unanimity even when
compromise was involved. When
unanimity could not be achieved,
the council's president sometimes
has stated a "consensus" with as
formal vote.

6—Friday, April 4, 1969




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