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March 07, 1969 - Image 40

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1969-03-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Party Scurries to Win Approval
of Golda Meir by Coalition Partners

central committee to decide and
said he would accept its deci-
TEL AVIV—Leaders of the Israel sion, although he did not support
Labor Party plunged into negotia- any of the candidates mentioned.
tions with their partners in the na-
"But I do not disqualify Golda or
tional unity coalition Monday in an Allon from the premiership," he
effort to persuade them to accept
said.
the leadership of Mrs. Golda Meir,
Gen. Dayan, however, made no
whom they nominated Monday
secret of his bitterness at the
night to succeed the late Levi
party's negative attitude toward
Eshkol as Israel's prime minister.
him. "I have not felt at home in
The vote for Mrs. Meir, who will
the
party. I feel on its fringes,"
be 71 in May, was 40-0 with seven
he said, adding, "As far as I am
abstentions. Endorsement of her by
concerned, it is not too late to
the Labor Party's central com-
make a new start."
mittee today appeared a virtual
He chided the party leadership
certainty. Mrs. Meir said she
which
he claimed considered all
would announce in a few days
cabinet
members representatives
whether she would accept the
nomination but remarked pointedly of the party, ."apart from Moshe
Dayan
who,
I am told, is the rep-
that she had never in the past
failed to heed a party call. Observ- resentative of the street and the
ers here said Mrs. ,Meir was with- choice of the merry wives of Wind-
holding her final 'acceptance until sor." Gen. Dayan's reference was
her supporters co d determine the to the petitions signed on street
extent of the sup t she would corners and the demonstrations by
receive from the of er coalition women on the eve of the Six-Day
War demanding his inclusion in the
partners.
government. •
The most important of these is
Gen. Dayan's appointment as de-
Gahal, the Herut-Liberal party fense minister was a response to
alignment, which is the second popular demand during the May
largest party in the coalition put
1967 crisis. It was vigorously op-
together by Eshkol during the posed at the time by Mrs. Meir.
crisis of May 1967. Defense Min- Nevertheless it is believed that she
ister Moshe Dayan, a key figure would invite him to participate in
in the cabinet, said his participa- a government under her leader-
tion in a government beaded by ship.
Mrs. Meir was conditional on its
The Labor Party Central Com-
inclusion of Gahal.
mittee was scheduled to meet to-
The continuity of the national day, and by next Sunday it is ex-
unity government appeared as- pected to submit the name of Mrs.
sured as Gahal announced that it Meir to President Zalman Shazar
favored preservation of the present as prime minister-designate.
coalition lineup Wednesday.
The New York Times expressed
(But Gahal insisted on and won concern editorially Wednesday
an Israel Labor Party agreement that the postponement of a show-
to a formalization of the Knesset
down in Israel's leadership strug-
decision of Nov. 13, 1967, that the
gle through the designation of
present cease-fire situation will be
Mrs. Meir as interim prime min-
preserved until a permanent peace
ister might also postpone for
is achieved.
eight months "any possibility of
(The Gahal ministers, in confer- fruitful negotiations for a Mid
East peace settlement."
ences with their Labor Party col-
leagues, demanded that a cabinet
It noted that this question gained
committee be set up to write a urgency from the "cautious con-
new basic platform reflecting the clusion" of President Nixon Tues-
cease-fire situation and stressing day night that the Soviet Union
that permanent peace can emerge was "genuinely interested" in the
only from direct negotiations be- search for Mid East peace along
tween the parties concerned.
with the United States, France and
(Such a peace, the document will Britain.
state, must include a formal treaty
The editorial said that "the im-
and secure and agreed borders. pending election undoubtedly will
The Gahal leadership exacted this make it difficult for the next Is-
move as a guarantee that the will raeli government to make unpopular
of the Knesset will be observed. decisions. Public opinion in Israel
They pointed out that the previous gives every sign of being more
platform of the Eshkol government intransigent about compromise
had reflected the pre-June 1967 with the Arabs than is most of the
situation. The Labor Party minis- country's responsible leadership.
ters agreed, and none of the other And concessions going beyond any
coalition partners raised objec- Israel's leaders now are prepared
tions.)
to make probably will be required
The Gahal move in effect also to achieve a settlement."
endorsed the candidacy of Mrs.
An interim government headed
Meir.
by an Allon or Dayan, the edi-
Other meetings were held torial noted, would be little dis-
Tuesday and Wednesday with the ,41osed to risk its future by explor-
leaders of Mapam which recently ing compromise solutions before
aligned itself with the Labor Party, the elections. But a government
the independent Libe r als, the Na- headed by Mrs. Golda Meir,
tional Religious Party and the "whose ambitions for permanent
Poalei Aguda Israel. All indica- leadership—at 70—can be consid-
tions were that these parties would ered minimal," should, it said, "be
accept Mrs. Meir in the interests of a little freer to move into useful
national unity.
negotiations if there is any prom-
Mrs. Meir would head an interim ising initiative from the Arab
government until next November's nations or the Jarring mission."
national elections. Her candidacy
The editorial endorsed the po-
was urgently supported by Labor sition taken by former Under-
Party leaders to avert a showdown secretary of State Eugene Rostow
struggle between the two men con- placing responsibility for the
sidered the most serious contend- present stalemate on Egypt. It
ers for the premiership, Gen.
asserted that Nasser's expressed
Dayan and Allon. Mrs. Meir de- hope was that the Nixon regime
clared that her choice was Allon, would repeat the Eisenhower
who was made deputy prime min- policy of 1957 and force Israel's
ister by Eshkol last year and was withdrawal without a true settle-
widely regarded as his heir ap- ment.
parent. Gen. Dayan, considered to
"But that arrangement led to
be the most popular public figure the 1967 war, and Washington is
in Israel today, lacks political unlikely to fall into the same trap,"
backing among the Labor Party the editorial declared. "Ambassa-
leadership and its rank and file.
dor Jarring is right to begin in
Gen. Dayan abstained in the Cairo today his renewed effort on
vote on Mrs. Meir Monday night the ground to find a basis for a
because, he declared, "I see no settlement. If Israel's new govern-
point in a negative vote under ment is to face up to the difficult
existing conditions." He acknowl- territorial choices it must make
edged the right of the party's to achieve a settlement, a con-

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

40 Friday, March 7, 1969



vincing offet of a lasting peace
will have to come from Cairo first."
Mrs. Meir's policy as prime min-
ister of Israel will be "fully as
tough and unbending as that of
the late Levi Eshkol" and will be
based on the thesis that "the only
possible road to peace is by direct
negotiations with the Arab states,"
the Washington Post reported Wed-
nesday from Jerusalem.
Post correspondent Alfred
Friendly, writing of an interview
with Mrs. Meir also declared that
she "ruled out today any chance
of an acceptable solution to the
Middle East conflict emerging
from discussions by the Big Pow-
ers."
Mrs. Meir was asked about the
possibility of the Soviet Union
agreeing on terms acceptable to
Israel and inducing Egypt to take
them as well. She was quoted in
reply: "It will never happen. If
Russia were capable of preparing
a peace plan acceptable to us, and
had enough influence on President
Nasser to get him to agree, then
it has enough influence on him to
say,`For God's sake, sit down with
the Israelis and make peace di-
rectly.' "
Mrs. Meir said, in the course
of the interview, that she did not
see any new or different ap-
proaches Israel might take at
this time, but she rejected the
contention that for Israel to cling
to its present set of demands
would inevitably lead to war.
"It could," she pointed out,
"lead to continuation of the
status quo, or to peace." She
stressed that the Arabs had not
yet concluded they were pre-
pared to live in peace with Israel
and accept Israel as a state with
a right to exist. Until they do so,
she told the interviewer, Israel
had no alternative to its present
course.
Mrs. Meir returned repeatedly in
the course of the interview with
Friendly to the theme that there
could be no peace until the Arabs
were ready for it. She reminded
Friendly that "For 20 years now,
we've been asking one question:
`Are the Arabs prepared to live
with us?' We've received no an-
swer. You say Jordan is? Well, if
so, let the Jordanians say it pub-
licly. We don't expect them to
agree with all our proposals or say
yes to everything we put before
them. But let them meet us, sit
down at a table with us."
She asserted that neither King
Hussein nor Nasser had prepared
his people to hear them say that
he had concluded to meet with the
Israelis to negotiate an honorable
peace. She remarked that "You
can't make peace underground.
How else can there be peace than
by direct talks?" Mrs. Meir
stressed again that "As long as the
Arabs won't sit down with us, that
means they don't accept our
existence."
If she becomes prime minister,
Mrs. Meir said, she would make
one condition "absolutely essential:
Nasser must conclude that peace
is not something he can give to
Israel as a luxury or fulfillment
of its need, but as something at
least as necessary for his people
as for the Israelis. It's not a
present for him to give us. It's
something that his children, the
children in the Nile Valley, need
as much as we."

World Aviation Body Considers Ways
of Furthering Safety From Terrorists-

MONTREAL (JTA) —The Inter-
national Civil Aviation Organiza-
tion (ICAO) met Monday behind
closed doors with the purpose of
devising machinery to put an end
to unlawful interference with civil
aviation.
A decision on a proposal spon-
sored by the United States and
eight other countries is expected
March 17 after a legal subcommit-
tee report is presented to the ICAO
Council, according to Walter Bin-
aghi, ICAO president. The proposal
deals with security of airports,
safety of flights and return of hi-
jackers. ICAO is affiliated with the
.413ited Nations.
The Swiss government has offi-
cially protested to the governments
of Syria, Jordan and Lebanon over
the Feb. 18 machinegun attack by
Arab terrorists on an El Al Airliner
at Zurich Airport, and asked them
to take steps "to prevent any new
violations of Swiss territory."
The Swiss authorities also for-
mally "complained" to Israel that
the El Al security guard, 22-year-
old Mordechai Rachamim, had vio-
lated Swiss sovereignty by firing a
weapon at the Arab attackers.
Rachamim, a former paratrooper,
killed one of the terrorists. He is
being held for trial as are the three
surviving attackers.
The protests were handed to
the three Arab chiefs of mission
by Swiss Foreign Minister Willy
Spuhler. The ministry said the
terrorists admitted to Swiss au-
thorities that they had been
trained in Jordan and that some
of them left from Syria to carry
ont the attack in Zurich.
Lebanon was involved because
Beirut radio broadcast a statement
by the Popular Front for the Lib-
eration of Palestine claiming re-
sponsibility for the attack.
In a note handed to Swiss auth-
orities Monday, Israel said that
Rachamim was ordered to protect
the plane from the inside, but when
the plane and passengers were at-
tacked, be acted in defense of the
passengers and crew and in self-
defense when he assaulted the ter-
rorists. His action, forcing their
retreat, saved many lives, Israel
said.
In Bonn, West Germany's Inter-
ior Minister Ernst Benda told the
Bundestag (lower house) Monday
that adequate security measures
were in force to prevent attacks on
El Al airliners using German air-
::

ports. El Al planes land at Munich
and Frankfurt.

Canada Urged to OK Bill
Against Hate Propaganda

OTTAWA (JTA) — A Canadian
Jewish Congress delegation, citing
the growing incidence of racial and
religious strife in North America
and other parts of the world, has
urged a committee of the Canadian
Senate to approve a bill that would
outlaw hate propaganda in Canada.
The CJC delegation said that
anti-Semitism in Canada was a
sporadic but minor problem and
claimed that its decline in recent
Years was attributable in large
measure to anti-hate legislation
adopted by nine of Canada's 10
provinces.
But it cited the religious conflict
that erupted recently in Northern
Ireland, the deteriorating Negro-
white and Negro-Jewish relation-
ships in New York City and signs
of "turbulence" in Canada as rea-
sons why a strong measure should
be enacted on a national level.
Saul Hayes, executive vice presi-
dent of the CJC, warned that there
was an imminently explosive situa-
tion involving Negroes and Indians,
and that hate propaganda unless
outlawed, would add fuel to the
eventual conflict.
One member of the committee,
Sen. David Walker, suggested
that the proposed bill was "op-
pressive." Louis Herman, na-
tional chairman of the CJC-Bnai
Brith community relations com-
mittee, said the bill had numer-
ous safeguards to assure freedom
of expression.
The action was urged in a brief
submitted by the United Council
for Human Rights to Armand Mal-
tais, Quebec solicitor-general. The
brief recommended measures to
eliminate discrimination in em-
ployment, housing, public places
and in other fields. It said, regard-
ing hate propaganda, that "it is
inconceivable that the Quebec gov-
ernment would do nothing to com-
bat publicity or propaganda meant
to promote or inspire discrimina-
tion."
It referred specifically to such
allegedly fascist parties as the
Unite National and the neo-Nazi
Guy de la Riviere group which
operate in Quebec and which "may
without the least trouble mislead
the population of Quebec through
hateful and false statements."

Cleveland Newspaperman

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

CLEVELAND—Hyman Horowitz,
editor of the now defunct Cleveland
Jewish World, a Yiddish daily
newspaper, died here Feb. 21 at
age 75.
Also contributor to the Cleveland
Plain Dealer and to periodicals in
Yiddish and Russian on Jewish
topics, Mr. Horowitz had retired
in 1966 as a Cleveland assistant
police prosecutor. He was a mem-
ber of the Jewish Community
Federation Board of Trustees and
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS the Cleveland Zionist Society.

Newest photograph of Golda Meir, showing her waiting for a bus
on a Tel Aviv street.

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