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December 27, 1968 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-12-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

New Year
and New Hopes



Militancy' versus.
Hate Codes


Page 4

1=:• -r c) -r

Weekly Review


of Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

Vol. LIV, No. 15


17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit—VE 8-9364—December 27, 1968

Expose of
Trends in
Race Relations ..
Distorted Study
of Role of
Small Merchants
Page 2

$7.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c

Pope Is Seen Changing Attitude
on Jerusalem; Russia's M. E. Role
Creates an Increase in Anxieties

Nixon's UN Nominee Believed
Favoring an Imposed Solution

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA) — United Nations observers expressed
the opinion that the designation of Charles W. Yost as United States repre-
sentative to the United Nations would lead to a greater American emphasis
on a Middle East solution "from the outside" rather than the encourage.
ment of the Arabs and Israelis to work out their differences and reach an
agreement on their own.
Yost, in an article written before his appointment, appearing in the cur-
rent issue of Atlantic Monthly, called for an "outside initiative" operating
through the UN to bring about a settlement of the Middle East deadlock on
the basis of the Security Council resolution of Nov. 22, 1967. He declared
that both the Arabs and the Israelis were so "tightly circumscribed by the
political consequences of the myths so long drummed into their people" that
they might not "be able to recapture the necessary freedom of movement"
to work out a settlement. If that proved to be the case, he declared, "the
necessary initiative can come only from the outside."
The veteran diplomat summarized the position and demands of both the
Israelis and Arabs, and justified the Israeli insistence that the Arabs recog-
nize their status and frontiers. If Israel were granted its three major de-
mands — recognition of its sovereignty, territorial integrity and political
Independence by its Arab neighbors; secure and recognized boundaries with
some international guarantee; and freedom of transit through the Suez
Canal and the Strait of Tiran—he said, "there is some reason to believe
that" Israel might be willing to withdraw from most of the territory it
occupied during the June war.
He noted that the Israelis "might well require the demilitarization of
the Sinai Peninsula and the West Bank of the Jordan. They might seek
some form of international administration of the Gaza Strip and some inter-
national presence at the Strait of Tiran. They would probably want to
negotiate some boundary adjustments with Jordan. They would doubtless
hold on to the Golan Heights until Syria is willing to take part in a peaceful
On the question of Jerusalem, he said "it would not be beyond the in-
genuity of statesmen to devise a formula which would give unrestricted
access to the Holy Places of all three religions, a single administration for
(Continued on Page 5)

Newest developments affecting the troubled Middle East situation
emerged in two spheres . . . the Vatican and the Soviet Union. A possible
change in Catholic attitudes on the question of Jerusalem and the mission
of Andrei Gromyko to Cairo are creating speculative analyses of oc-
currences and great anxieties at a time when pressures are being exerted
for peace in the area.

(Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News)

ROME — Pope Paul VI was seen Tuesday to be modifying his previous stand
with regard to the future of Jerusalem. In his Christmas address to the College
of Cardinals Monday he spoke of "an internationally guaranteed settlement" of
the question of the future of Jerusalem and the Holy Places. Previously, he had
spoken more specifically of "internationalization" of the city.
The Holy Father devoted a section of his speech to the Middle East situation
and pledged his collaboration in finding a solution "in the measure of our possibili-
ties" that would be inspired by "esteem and love without distinction for all nations
of the region."
The Pope expressed his deep concern over the continuing tension. He expressed
appreciation for the efforts of Dr. Gunnar V. Jarring, the United Nations special
envoy for the Middle East, and he adjured the great powers not to exploit the tragic
difficulties of the region to establish their own power and supremacy. He urged them
to use all their influence to further peace based on the principles of justice and
JERUSALEM—The Israel government is closely watching political developments
which could lead to a triangular discussion involving the United States, the -Soviet
Union and Egypt which could be at Israel's expense, a foreign ministry spokesman
said here Tuesday. He said that Israel was following developments with "prudent
vigilance but not with pessimism."
In the Israeli view, now, Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko's sudden visit to
Cairo may have been for the purpose of drawing up a joint Soviet-Egyptian position
for talks with the United States. The objective would be to present Cairo as moderate
but without offering any real concessions.
The spokesman stressed that Israel has recently reiterated its position that it will
remain on the present cease-fire lines until a peace agreement is signed with an
Arab state.
(Continued on Page 10)

Mounting Obligation to Israel, Increased Local
Needs Are Basis for Formula for '69 Campaign

- Israel's needs for defense and security, the mounting
needs for support of local and national causes and the
increasing responsibilities that are taxing this community
in areas related to the domestic issues combined to
create added burdens that will call for increased alloca-
tions to the more than 50 agencies benefiting from the
Allied Jewish Campaign.
Representatives of all the agencies involved in the
eampaign, conferring at the 20th annual budgeting con-
ference at the Jewish Community Center, Sunday
morning, deferred evolving the usual formula for the
/069 campaign, and the general agreement was that a
20 per cent increase in giving during the coming year
should assure provision of funds to care for the needed
- Basically, as outlined by William Avrunin, executive
lice-president of the Jewish Welfare Federation, there
Will be need for an increase of at least $200,000 in alloca-
dans for the regular overseas, national and local causes,
With additional vast sums needed for the extra Israel
Emergency Fund which must, again, be conducted this
year. Instead of allocations for the regular fund totaling
$S950,000—the amount reported for 1968—Avrunin pointed
Is requests for urgent increases that will require a 1969
total allocation of $6,150,000. It was emphasized that the
extra Israel Emergency Fund, for which $3,607,592 was
raised last year, must be immensely increased.
Max M. Fisher, who presided at the conference,
outlined the serious conditions involved in the urgent

demands to back up Israel in the current conditions
of crisis. He described the rising costs of assuring
the defense of Israel and emphasized that the military
costs, being fully covered by Israel, are cutting into
the Israeli welfare and educational programs and the
provisions for the settlement of new waves of immi-
grants into Israel who are escaping from oppression
in Moslem countries and from behind the Iron Cur-
tain. Maxwell Jospey, chairman of the 1969 Allied
Jewish Campaign-Israel Emergency F u n d, im-
plemented this appeal with a report on progress for
the coming drive and on the determination of the
many workers not to let Israel down in the present
There were several strong demands for priority for
Israel in the present crisis and the Federation executive
committee, whose new chairman, Louis Tabashnik, ad-
dressed the conference and told of the thorough studies
that are being made of the current conditions, was re-
quested to formulate a workable formula to protect
domestic agencies' status while striving for maximum
support for Israel.
The vast panorama of local services was outlined
by heads of functioning divisions who described the ac-
tivities of the numerous educational, health, welfare and
recreational agencies and requested increased assistance
during the coming year. Lewis S. Grossman, Dr. Peter
G. Shifrin, and George M. Zeltzer gave an accounting of
the community relations, health -and welfare and educe-

tional causes. Irving Rose reported for the capital needs
committee and Samuel Cohen, assistant Federation direc-
tor, gave a resume of the budgeting figures that were
studied at the conference.
In behalf of the capital needs committee, Rose
said that during the coming five years there will be
need for an expenditure of $30,000,000 for new
buildings for the schools, Jewish Centers, Home for
Aged, Sinai Hopital, the camps and other institutions;
and that the capital needs committee will be called
upon to spend during that period an additional
$750,000 for maintenance and depreciation. He urged
that provisions for these funds should be made com-
mencing the 1969 drive.
In his address outlining the needs to be met dur-
ing the coming year by the United Jewish Appeal,
the major beneficiary of the Allied Jewish Campaign,
Fisher said that the Joint Distribution Committee
alone will need an extra $28,000,000 to care for
refugees from Czechoslovakia, to provide for needs
in Romania and to meet other obligations. He de-
scribed the "daily battle for life in Israel" in a
strong appeal for generous giving in the coming
In a similar appeal, Jospey reported on advance gifts
already received, indicating a 20 per cent increase in
giving, and said that the first campaign events will be
the women's division function on Jan. 8 and the men's
pace setters' meeting on Jan. 23.

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