Refugee Problems Created by Six-Day War
On Agenda at JDC Annual Meeting Dec. II
Emergency expenditures resulting from the Six-Day War have strained
the financial resources of the Joint Distribution Committee and have even
forced cutbacks in some areas. In photo on left an aged Jewish woman
sits outside• her room at an old age home in Morocco supported by JDC with
United Jewish Appeal funds. Many old people were left homeless and destitute
when their families left their homes in Arab countries seeking havens in
Israel, Europe and other countries. Photo at right shows pre-school deaf
child being taught to "hear" at JDC-assisted MICHA school. These and
other programs will be discussed in detail at the 54th annual meeting of
the Joint Distribution Committee Dec. 11 in New York.
rs/I I C I-1 I GA.
A Weekly Review
Vol. LIV, No.. 10
The Revolt of
Youth and the
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
November 22, 1968-17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 48235—YE 8-9364
$7.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Nixon Reported Preparing Early
Discussions to Tackle M.E. Issues
NATO Takes Serious View of USSR
Naval Threats in Mediterranean
BRUSSELS (JTA)—The NATO Ministerial Council concluded
its semi-annual meeting here Saturday with a warning to the Soviet
Union that any intervention "directly or indirectly affecting the
situation in Europe or in the Mediterranean would create an inter-
national crisis with grave consequences." The warning was con-
tained in the final communique issued by the 15-member North
Atlantic Treaty Organization which for the previous three days had
been considering the threat to world peace posed by Soviet inter-
vention in Czechoslovakia and the build-up of Soviet naval strength
and political influence in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The communique was deliberately vague in that it mentioned
no specific countries that were threatened by Soviet activity in the
Mediterranean area. It said, however: "Determined to safeguard
the freedom and independence of their countries, they (the NATO
powers) could not remain indifferent to any development which en-
dangers their security." The communique noted as well that "The
expansion of Soviet activity in the Mediterranean, including the
presence of Soviet . naval units, requires vigilance to safeguard
NATO deliberations, though conducted mainly behind closed
doors, obviously took a very grave view of the growth of Soviet
naval strength in the Mediterranean for the first time in history.
Reports by military and strategic experts noted that the Soviet
fleet was making use of the Egyptian ports of Alexandria and Port
Said and the Syrian port of Latakia. Throughout the proceedings,
however, no mention was made of Israel, which has been the target
of Soviet denunciations since the June 1967 Arab-Israel war and
would be the most likely victim should the Soviets intervene direct-
_ ly in renewed hostilities in the area. Informed sources pointed
out that most delegates believe it is not NATO's task to become
involved in the Arab-Israel conflict and that the best way to counter-
act Soviet penetration is to achieve an Arab-Israeli peace. It was
pointed out when the NATO sessions started, that Israel is not a
-member of the alliance and is not even one of the fringe nations
which NATO would consider itself obliged to defend in case of
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
WASHINGTON —President-elect Richard M. Nixon is reportedly preparing
for early discussions of the Middle East with the Soviet Union, Israel, Arab 'mod-
erates" and Egypt, United Press International said Tuesday.
Nixon "is believed considering taking the initiative to restore United States
relations with the United Arab Republic," which broke diplomatic ties with the
U.S. during the Arab-Israeli War of 1967, UPI reported.
The President-elect is believed to be awaiting a report from former Treas-
ury Secretary Robert Anderson, who made a private visit to Cairo and met with
President Nasser, the news service reported.
During Nixon's campaign, he said that the Middle East was one of the top
priority problems facing the new administration.
(In an item in the current issue of Newsweek about Israel Prime Minister Levi
Eshkol's planned visit to Washington "to say goodby to President Johnson and to
size up just how far President-elect Nixon plans to go with his campaign declara-
tion that Israel should have absolute weapons superiority over the Arab states
for the sake of Mideast peace," it is noted: "Nixon has been rebuilding
his fences with the Arab world. He has passed the word to the more moderate
Arab rulers (such as Jordan's King Hussein and Saudi Arabia's Feisalj that they
can expect sympathetic treatment from the U. S.")
(Who will be President-elect Nixon's adviser on Jewish concerns? It could be
Max Fisher, Milton Friedman writes. See story, Page 6).
Israel Refuses to Let Saudis Land Forces on Island Taken in War
JERUSALEM—Israel will not permit SaudiArabia to land forces on the
island of Sanapir in the Strait of Tiran which Egypt leased from Saudi Arabia
and used as a military base during the June 1966 Six-Day War, Prime Minister
Levi Eshkol stated in the Knesset Tuesday.
Eshkol, who spoke in reply to questions, disclosed that the subject of the
islands had been raised in his talks with President Johnson last January.
Replying to a question by Uri Avneri of the Haolam Hazeh faction on the
nuclear nonproliferation pact, Eshkol said that it might be a matter of weeks
or a matter of years before Israel signed the draft treaty, depending on many
Israel has been reported under considerable pressure from the United
States to ratify the pact, an action which the U.S. Congress has yet to take.
According to some reports, Israel's compliance is a condition of the sale of
50 F-4 Phantom jet supersonic fighter bombers.
Defense Minister Moshe Dayan told the Knesset that Israel has warned the
(Continued on Page 5)
CJFWF General Assembly Lays Groundwork to Meet
Issues in Troubled Times and Give Aid to Israel
Vottrism as a vital factor in American-
tsrael relations outlined in special sec-
non in this issue on Pages 43 to 46.
Special features prescribe a - 21 day
Israel itinerary for tourists and
review historic events in Jerusalem
By Jewish News Special Correspondent
ATLANTA — Preparatory to the months ahead during which American Jewry will be faced with many problems
and will be confronted with demands to fulfill the need of increasing support for educational institutions, retain the standards
of the social service and recreational agencies and provide for the emergency needs in Israel's defense, nearly 1,500 rep-
resentatives of 222 Jewish communities commenced planning for extensive Jewish activities based on thorough research,
at the '37th general assembly of the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, held here for five days at the
Regency Hyatt House.
Scores of panels, symposia conducted by experts covering many areas of Jewish interests and needs and public ses-
sions addressed by prominent scholars and eminent world leaders, highlighted the numerous sessions. The delegation of 40
Detroiters, 17 from Flint and representatives of welfare funds in Kalamazoo, Saginaw, Bay City, Grand Rapids and Lansing
were active participants in many - of the sessions.
Hyman Safran was elected one of the CJFWF vice-presidents. Judge Theodore Levin, Max M. Fisher and Mandell
Berman were elected members of the national board, the latter as chairman of the CJFWF national education committee.
Emphasis was primarily on the need to extend the educational processes and to increase support for Jewish schools,
and there was a deep interest in Israel's needs and the urgency of renewing the emergency fund because of the increasing
dangers to Israel's existence. Among the principal speakers at the assembly was Israel's ambassador to the U.S., Gen.
Itzhak Rabin, whose presentations to one public and one private meetings and a session with the Atlanta Press Club helped
clarify issues related to Israel's current crisis.
(Continued on Page 48)