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November 15, 1968 - Image 14

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-11-15

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

at Their Fate
Nietzsche Saw Jews as a Resourceful, Brave People; Hitt ted
and guides of the Europeans

Fifty years before Hitler's rise
to power, the German philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche foresaw two
alternatives for European Jewry:
"either to become masters of
Europe or to lose Europe, as they
once centuries ago lost Egypt."
Nietzsche, a philo-Semite, indi-
cated his admiration for, and
understanding of, the Jew in a
little-known passage on "The Peo-
ple of Israel" in his "The Dawn of
Day."
The excerpt followss.
"One of the spectacles which the
next century will invite us to wit-
ness is the decision regarding the
fate of the European Jews. It is
-quite obvious now that they have
cast their die and crossed their
Rubicon: the only thing that re-
mains for them is either to be-
come masters of Europe or to lose
Europe, as they once centuries ago
lost Egypt, where they were con-
fronted with similar alternatives.
"In Europe, however, they have
gone through a schooling of eight-

een centuries such as no other na-
tion has ever undergone, and the
experiences of this dreadful time
of probation have benefited not
only the Jewish community but,
even to a greater extent, the indi-
vidual. As .a consequence of this,
the resourcefulness of the modern
Jews, both in mind and soul, is
extraordinary Amongst all the in-
habitants of Europe it is the Jews
least of all who try to escape from
any deep distress by recourse to
drink or to suicide, as other less
gifted people are so prone to do.
"Every Jew can find in the
history of his own family and of
his ancestors a long record of in-
stances of the greatest coolness
and perseverance amid difficul-
ties and dreadful situations, an
artful cunning in fighting with
misfortune and hazard. .And
above all it is their bravery
under the cloak of wretched sub-
mission, their heroic spernere
se sperni that surpasses the vir-
tues of all the saints.

Civil Rights Study Pu blished by UAHC

NEW YORK — As part
of its - social action pro-
gram to faster racial understand-
ing and moral commitment at the
school level, the Union of Amer-
ican Hebrew Congregations has
just published a textbook on the
racial crisis in America today. En-
tiitled "Justice, Justice: A Jewish
View of the Negro Revolt", it is
intended for use as a text by the
hundreds of religious high schools
and adult Jewish education groups
of the UAHC, central congrega-
tional body of Reform Judaism in
tional
the United States and Canada.

Hebrew U. to Publish
American Jewish
History in Hebrew

JERUSALEM—The Israeli pub-
lic, particularly its scholars, will
soon be able to study American
Jewish history in the Hebrew lan-
guage.
The first three of a nmltivolume
series of histories, dealing with the
Jewish community in the United
States, especially written and edit-
ed by eminent American histor-
ians, will be published by the
Magnes Press of the Hebrew Uni-
versity.
The result of long collaboration
between the American Jewish His-
torical Society and the Institute of
Contemporary Jewry of the He-
brew University of Jerusalem, this
joint publications program is de-
signed to fill a long-standing educa-
tional void which has frustrated
the Israeli scholar's understanding
of American Jewish life and insti-
tutions.
Prof. Moshe Davis, head of the
Institute of Contemporary Jewry
and co-editor of the series, de-
scribed the impending publication
as "a major step forward in the
interpretation to Israelis of the
American Jewish community's
historic position in world Jewry."
He pointed to the increasing
number of students interested in
American Jewish studies at the He-
brew University and other institu-
tions of higher learning in Israel,
who find the lack of source mater-
ial and other information a great
hindrance and detriment to their
understanding and study of _the
Jewish people today.

The book provides a systematic
study of the civil rights struggle
over the past 13 years, from its
; beginnings in Montgomery, Ala.
in 1955 to the assassination
of Dr. Martin Luther King and
the passage of the Civil Rights
Act in 1968. Written by Rabbi
Henry Cohen of Philadelphia, the
text reviews some of the most sig-
nificant findings _ of the social sci-
ences in the area of race relations,
and relates these to the theology,
tradition and values of Judaism
"Justice, Justice" examines the
-techniques of the revolt from civil
disobedience to Black Power; it
challenges the reader to answer
an "opinionaire" on race relations
and discusses the meaning of
equality and human rights in the
context of the American Creed.

Czech Millennium
to Be Marked in NYC

NEW YORK (JTA)—The 1000th
anniversary of Jewish existence in
Czechoslovakia — an event that
will not be celebrated in Prague
this year—will be marked in New
York City on Nov. 17. A program
will delineate the role that Jews
have played in Central Europe for
the past 10 centuries. The celebra-
tion at Town Hail is sponsored by
the Society for the History of
Czechoslovak Jews, Inc., the New
York Board of Rabbis and four
other Jewish organizations.
According to Lewis Weiner,
chairman of the event, Jews have
lived in Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia
and Slovakia—the areas that make
up today's Czechoslovakia — at
least since the year 970 and there
is documentary proof that Jews
lived in Prague as early as 906.
The millennial celebration will
be devoted to their history from
that time through the years of the
free democracy under presidents
Thomas G. Masaryk and Edward
Benes and the Nazi holocaust in
which 85 per cent of Czech Jewry
was annihilated, Weiner said.
It will present their religious
life, their economy, literature,
arts, music and world culture.
Weiner said the Society for the
History of Czechoslovak Jews was
an organization of former Czech
citizens devoted to research and
studies in the_field.

&MI:tab.&

9.011CL Skaiii.

for this year's

featuring • MICHAEL

'People wished to make them
contemptible by treating them con-
temptibly for nearly twenty cen-
turies, and refusing them access to
all honourable positions and dig-
nities, and by pushing them fur-
ther down into the meaner trades
—and under this process indeed
they have not become any cleaner.
But contemptible? They have
never ceased for a moment from
believing themselves qualified for
the very highest functions, nor
have the virtues of the suffering
ever ceased to adorn them. Their
manner of honouring their parents
and children, the rationality of
their marriages and marriage cus-
toms, distinguishes them against
all Europeans.
"Besides this, they have been
able to create for themselves a
sense of power and eternal venge-
ance from the very trades that
were left to them (or to which they
were abandoned).
"Even in palliation of their
usury we cannot help saying
that, without this occasional
pleasant and useful torture in-
flicted on their seorners, they
would have experienced diffi-
culty in preserving their self-
respect for so long. For our self-
respect depends upon our ability
to make reprisals in both good
and evil things. Nevertheless,
their revenge never urges them
on too far, for they all have that
liberty of mind, and even of soul,
produced in men by frequent
changes of place, climate, and
customs of neighbors and op-
pressors, they possess by far the
greatest experience in all human
intercourse, and even in their
passions they exercise the cau-
tion which this experience has
developed in them.
"They are so certain of their in-
tellectual versatility and shrewd-
ness that they never, even when
reduced to the direst straits, have
to earn their bread by manual
labour as common workmen, por-
ters, or farm hands. In their man
ners we can still see that they
have never been inspired by chiv-
alric and noble feelings, or that
their bodies have ever been girt
with fine weapons: a certain obtru-
siveness alternates with a submis-
siveness which is often tender and
almost always. painful.
"Now, however, that they un-
avoidably intermarry more and
more year after year with the
noblest blood of Europe, they will
soon have a considerable heritage
of good intellectual and physical
manners, so that in another hun-
dred years they will have a suffi-
ciently noble aspect not to render
themselves, as masters, ridiculous
to those whom they will have sub-
dued. And this is important! and
therefore a settlement of the ques-
tion is still premature.
"They themselves know very
well that the conquest of Europe
or any act of violence is not to
be thought of; but they also know
that some day or other Europe
may, like a ripe fruit, fall into
their hands, if they do not clutch
at it too eagerly.
"In the meantime, it is neces-
sary for them to distinguish
themselves in all departments of
European distinction and to
stand in the front rank: until
they shall have advanced so far
as to determine themselves what
tin
* Aim shall mean. Then
they will be called the pioneers

whose modesty they will so
longer offend.
"And then where shall an outlet
be found for this abundant wealth
of great impressions accumulated
during such an extended period
and representing Jewish history
for every Jewish family, this
wealth of passions, virtues, resolu-
tions, resignations, struggles, and
conquests of all kinds—where can
it find an outlet but in great intel-
lectual men and works?
On the day when the Jews will
be able to exhibit to us as their
own work such jewels and golden
vessels as no European nation,
with its shorter and less profound
experience, can or could produce,
when Israel shall have changed its
eternal vengeance into an eternal
benediction for Europe: then that
seventh day will once more appear
when old Jehovah may rejoice in
Himself, in His creation, in His
chosen people—and all, all oLus,
will rejoice with Sim!

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
14—Friday, November 15, 1968

WALTHAM, Mass—Brandeis Uni-
versity will initiate a program of
reelprOeid study with foreign uni-
versities, which will enable the
participating students to obtain
degrees from both Brandeis and
the cooperating institutions.
In announcing the new Joint De-
gree Program which was approved
in principle by the board of trus-
tees, Brandeis President Morris
B. Abram said that both the Uni-
versity of the Andes in Columbia,
South America, and the University
of Sussex, England, will partici-
pate in the unique educational plan
at its inception.
Both schools were founded after
World War U and have become
recognized for their vigorous
growth and academic distinction.

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