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November 15, 1968 - Image 13

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-11-15

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Cairo Passes Out Arms to Militia
in Training Throughout Egypt

JERUSALEM (JTA)—The semi-
official Cairo newspaper Al Abram
reported that the Egyptian War
Ministry had begun to distribute
weapons to the newly created
Peoples' Defense Force.
The militia was established by
decree of President Nasser 24
hours after Israel's commando raid
deep into Egyptian territory which
resulted in damage to two bridges
and a power station. The report
from Cairo said militia recruits are
now in training camps all over
Egypt and will relieve Army regu-
lars of guard duty behind the lines.
Members of the militia are to
guard civilian and government in-
stallations in the hope of fore-
stalling or blunting any future
Israeli forays beyond the Suez
Canal cease-fire lines.
A New York Times dispatch
from Cairo said the defense force
would also be politically advan-
tageous to the government by pro-
viding employment and giving
civilians a feeling of participation
in the struggle against Israel.
At the same time, creation of
the militia "may pose serious risks
for the regime" in view of the
numerous plots reported against
President Nasser since the 1967
war," the Times reported.
The Daily Telegraph reported
from Amman Wednesday that Is-
rael had massed more than 60,000
troops along the Jordan River, ap-
parently as a precautionary move.
The Telegraph cited reports from
travelers returning to Ainman, who
also said that Israel had also been
moving tanks and artillery bat-
teries in the area for three nights.
The dispatch also said that Is-
raelis have been bulldozing bill
areas and broadening the valleys
south of Jericho to facilitate troop
movements and that the Sinai front
was a scene of Israeli activity. Be-
__ cause of these activities precau-
tions were reported by the Tele-
graph to be taking place through
out Jordan.
Foreign Ministry circles said

here that the peace-seeking
mission of the United Nations
special emissary to the Middle
East, Dr. Gunnar V. Jarring,
is "not dead" despite certain
claims to the contrary from
Cairo.

They expressed belief that Egypt
is not really interested in having
Ambassador Jarring end his efforts
now and that the Arab states may
be standing pat to see how the
Nixon administration will approach

the Arab-Israel conflict. In that

case, the Jarring mission is not
likely to be brought to a conclusion
before next January, they said.
According to these circles, For-
eign Minister Abba Eban will not
have reached the limit of his man-
date from the cabinet unless Egypt
and Jordan refuse flatly to reply
to Israel's questions relating to
their definitions of a "just and last-

ing peace."
These and other questions were
put to Egyptian Foreign Minister
Mahmoud Riad in a series of
memoranda by Eban transmitted
through Dr. Jarring.
(The United States similarly re-
fused to write "finis" to the mis-
sion of Dr.. Jarring despite the-ab-
_sauce of three principals at United
Nations headquarters. Meeting the
_press followink the departure of
■ the foreign ministers of Israel,
Egypt and Jordan, James R. Wig-
gins, U.S. ambassador to the UN,
said the most "cheerful" aspect
of the situation was the refusal of
the parties, their "friends" and
Dr. Jarring himself to "close the
door" on the mission.)
An aide memoire passed to Riad
Nov. 6 through Dr. Jarring in-
dicated that Israel offered to dis-
cuss with Egypt a secure and
recognized boundary -between the
two countries if(Cafro -will declare
specifically its willingness•to estab-
lish a permanent peace with Israel.
Prime Minister Levi Eshkol
ffaid Monday that the foundation
of any settlement between Israel
and its Arab neighbors must be

real peace agreement signed
by the parties concerned." Be
said that without a formal peace
the components of a settlement,
including agreed and secure
boundaries, could not exist and
the cease-fire map would remain
in force.
Eshkol spoke in the Knesset
where he delivered his "State of
the Nation" address. His remarks
were followed by a general debate
in which some coalition members,
notably Herut, joined opposition
parties in demanding that the
government increase the pace of
Jewish settlement in the occupied
territories and fortify the region.
Eshkol's remarks constituted a
summary of the current situation.
He -said that the Arab guerrilla
war of terror and sabotage .against
Israel had failed and that as a re-
sult of living for more than a year
under Israeli rule, Arab attitudes
in - the occupied territories had
changed. "The curtain of hostility
and fear which the Arab rulers es-
tablished between ourselves and
their peoples has perhaps been
slightly lifted," he said.
On the other hand, Eshkol warn-
ed, the Arab states are stronger
militarily than they were in June
1967 owing to arms supplies from
the Soviet Union. He said that
Egypt has one-and-a-half times as
many fighter-bombers as it had in
the Six-Day War. But Israel's
strength has also increased greatly,
he added, noting that Israel's air
force has fully absorbed the Sky-
hawk fighter-bombers, subsonic
planes delivered from the United
States earlier, this year.
The prime minister said that
Israel's conditions for peace in-
clude free passage through the
Straits of Than which command
the route to Israel's port of
Eilat. He said peace would lead
to regional cooperation and the
solution of various problems in-
cluding that of the Arab refu-
gees within a regional and in-
ternational framework.

Prime Minister Eshkol said Is-
rael regards the development of
united Jerusalem as its capital as
a matter of first priority but added
that this depends, as do so many
other goals of Israel, on increased
immigration.
The Knesset overwhelmingly ap-
proved the government policies on
the future of the occupied Arab
territories and peace negotiations
with the Arabs.
It was learned Wednesday that
two pages of a Knesset speech by
Uri Avneri of the Haolam Hazeh
faction, was deleted from the rec-
ord for security reasons. The de-
letion was ordered by Knesset
Speaker Kaddish Luz who said
publication would endanger state
security. What was published of
Avneri's speech indicated that he
had referred to "an arrangement
suggested by the Arabs to which
the Israel cabinet did not agree."

Crystal Night Marked in Germany as Youth, Unions Lay Wreaths

BONN (JTA)— Memorial meet-
ings were held in cities of West
and East Germany over the week-
end, including the two sectors of
divided Berlin, to mark the 30th
anniversary of "Crystal Night"—
Nov. 10, 1938—when Nazis ram-
paged, destroying and plundering
Jewish shops and synagogues

throughout the Reich.
The night got its name from the

smashed glass that littered the
streets of nearly every German
city and town after the onslaught.
The anniversary was observed
solemnly by trade unions and youth
organizations whose members
placed wreaths on the graves of
Nazi victims in Frankfurt, Mun-
ich, Dortmund, Essen, Cologne
and other cities. Some used the
occasion to sound warnings against
increasing Nazi-like tendencies in
West Germany.
Heinz Galinski, chairman of the
Jewish community in West Ber-
lin, said the friendly partnership
now existing between Jews and
Germans was a "living reality,"
but he deplored what he saw as a
lack of determination on the part
of many in the Federal Republic
to "thoroughly erase the heritage
of an evil past."
Young demonstrators marched
silently through the streets of
Cologne on Sunday carrying plac-
ards that denounced neo-Nazi
manifestations. Trade union lead-
ers, addressing a youth rally in
Essen, promised to fight all signs
of a Nazi resurgence.
"Crystal Night" marked a turn-
ing point in the progression of
Nazi harassment of German Jews.
After that event, in which 190
synagogues were burned to the
ground and countless Jewish-
owned shops looted and destroyed,
Nazi persecution took a brutal
turn which culminated in the
death camps of World War II.

On "Crystal Night," Nazis
killed 36 Jews and arrested
more than 21,000 and shipped
them to concentration camps.
Homes and business houses that
were Jewish-owned were ran-
sacked and looted after a 17-
year-old Jewish boy murdered

In West Germany, a bronze
marker was dedicated over the
weekend on the site of a syna-
gogue destroyed by the Nazis in
1938. Citizens of Landau decided
to erect the marker to honor their
Jewish compatriots whose ances-
tors lived in the community, popu-
lation of which now numbers 30,000,
for 664 years. The idea for the
monument was proposed by Carl
Henry Abraham of New York, a
descendant of an old Landau fam-
ily_ Presiding at the ceremony was
Dr. Kurt L. Metzger, the last rabbi
of the Landau synagogue. In addi-
tion to serving congregations in
Bradford, Pa. and Olean, N.Y.,
Dr. Metzger is also professor of
biblical antiquities at Christ the
King Seminary, St. Bonaventure
University, in Olean.
(In London, the House of Lords
gave a second reading to a geno-
cide bill that would constitute
approval of the United Nations
convention against genocide which
has already been ratified by 58
countries.)
In Philadelphia, Yissakhar Ben-
Yaacov, Israel's consul-general,
told a "Crystal Night" observance
that while Jews must never forget
Nazi atrocities, "It is in the Jewish
tradition to lend a hand to those
who repent."
In an address at Congregation

An ADJUSTMENT TO DIVORCE
lecture series will be sponsored
by the Michigan Interprofessional
Association on Marriage, Divorce
and the Family, Inc., four succes-
sive Monday evenings beginning
7:30 p.m. Monday, at Temple Is-
raeL Norman N. Robbins, president
of the association, said scholar-
ships are available. Instructor will
be Dr. A. Thomas Cappas of the
Merrill Palmer Institute. For in-
formation, call the association,
963-8840.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, November 15, 1968-13

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Arab leaders pledged to prevent

for the West German government
and "thousands of West Germans
whb have taken an interest in
Israeli and Jewish affairs." He
cited Bonn's aid to Israel, includ-
ing postwar indemnification.

-

from $175

JERUSALEM — A curfew im-
posed 10 days ago on the West
Bank town _of Nablus was lifted
Mcinday, but the military governor
of -the region gave no reason for
fiii action. - -- -
The curfew was instituted follow-
ing violent demonstrations by
Nablus youth, mostly high school
students, who threw stones and
bottles at Israeli army and police
cars, and shouted pro - Nasser
slogans.
Similar demonstrations in other

future demonitrations.
- - Defense Minister Moshe Dayan
told the- Knesset last week • that
the' curfew would remain in effect
in Nablus because the local author-
ities appeared powerless to control
the agitators and cooperate with
Israeli authorities.

tablished by Germans who fled
the Hitler regime, Ben-Yaacov
called for respect and friendship

Let Joe Villani
personally service
your car at
Jerry
Stein Olds
With more than

Military Governor Lifts
Curfew in Troubled Nablus

Weit Bank towns brought curfews
at the same _time, but those were
lifted after a few days when kical

Tikvah Hadasha, a synagogue es-

an official in the Germany Em-
bassy in Paris.

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