d 12—Friday, November 1, 1968
Student Demonstrators Thwarte
as Israelis Patrol Troubled Areas
the Jenin district, dispersed a
girls high school in Gaza returned group of high school students who
to their classes peacefully Tuesday were about to demonstrate against
as the presence of Israeli troops Israel Wednesday. The village is
stymied their attempt to organize not under curfew.
anti-Israel demonstrations. Demon-
Four Arab leaders known to have
strations were forestalled in other incited West Bank Arabs to civil
Gaza schools. The night curfew on unrest were expelled to Jordan
Gaza was shortened by five hours Oct. 25 — a doctor, a lawyer, a
and is now in effect only 10 p.m.- teacher and a deputy mayor.
The first of six labor exchanges
The curfew was lifted in Tubbas to be established on the West Bank
Village on the West Bank Monday was officially opened in Jenin Oct.
following a meeting of Defense 25. The exchanges are intended to
Minister Gen. Moshe Dayan with find jobs in Israel for local Arabs
the chairman of the village council. in areas where-no Israeli labor is
The Arab reportedly expressed re- available. An estimated 2,000 West
gret over the anti-Israel demon- Bank Arabs are seeking employ-
strations by village school girls ment in Israel out of a population
and promised to prevent their re- of about 90.000 in the area. Student
demonstrations in the town had
The demonstrations occurred de- caused a postponement.
spite promises by West Bank elders
The powers and authority of the
to control the youngsters. Dayan military governors of the occupied
warned on Kol Israel radio that Arab territories were defined
Israel would take stern measures earlier by a ministerial committee
including curfews and arrests if which gave them virtually total
local Arab officials are unable to authority, answerable only to the
minister of defense or the prime
He said he held parents and
teachers responsible for influ- minister.
The newly established guidelines
encing the youths. He rejected
an explanation that the demon- state that the military governors
sole legal authority in their
strations were aimed at King
Hussein of Jordan because of respective areas with the powers
legislators when neces-
rumored Jordan-Israel peace
talks. They were clearly in sup- sary and to appoint local officials
port of El Fatah, the Arab ter- and judges.
rorist organization and Egypt, Wiggins Optimistic About Pi egress
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Students at a
the defense minister said.
Military police have arrested
Mayor Nadim Zaro of Ramalleh on
suspicion of inciting anti-Israel
demonstrations and violence in that
West Bank town.
The mayor is believed to have
been a key figure in the recent
school strikes and pro-Nasser, pro-
El Fatah demonstrations by high
school students and adults. Ramal-
Ich is under a daily 15-hour curfew.
Meanwhile, 70 curfew violators
were arrested in Nablus Wednes-
day, but most were released with a
warning. The violators were caught
in the streets at 8:30 a.m., a half
hour before the night curfew ex-
pired. Elders of Araba village in
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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Italian President Says World Holds Sense of Guilt
for Nazi Treatment of Jews; 'Must Remain Alert'
President Saragat received the
ROME (JTA) — President Giu- I
seppe Saragat of Italy has warned delegation in connection with the
that the world must remain alert observance of the 25th anniversary
to safeguard freedom and security. of the deportation of the Jews of
He told a delegation representing Rome by the Nazis. The anniver-
Italy's 22 Jewish communities that sary is generally commemorated on
every civilized person must harbor Oct. 16.
a sense of guilt over the treatment
Members of the delegation re-
of the Jews of Europe during the called that 2,000 Rome Jews, in-
years of Nazi rule.
cludng 280 children, were deported
by the Nazis. Only 120 adults and
are not as certain as Foreign Min- none of the children ever returned.
ister Abba Eban that negotiations In all of Italy, 8,000 Jews were
over the Phantom jets would go deported and 600 returned.
quickly and routinely." According
to the paper "these sources say
the talks may be prolonged." The
WHEN YOU Ac A COCKTAIL
Star learned that "one problem to
be ironed out—although not in di-
rect connection with the negotia-
tions—is the Israeli attitude toward
the treaty limiting the spread of
• , r 6 10.
negotiations for the sale of 50
supersonic Phantom jets to Israel
began last week when he met with
President Johnson and Secretary
of State Dean Rusk.
In Washington, government
officials said that the United
States would immediately accept
and fill a West German order for
88 F-4 Phantom jet fighter-
The officials' reference was to
an announcement in Bonn that
West Germany had decided to buy
the Phantom jets to counter the
build-up of Soviet jets in Czecho-
slovakia since the occupation by
Soviet-led forces last August. They
said implementation of the sale
rested only on approval by the
Bonn government's budgetary com-
mittee which controls the purse-
strings. The purchase has already
been approved by the 'military
committee of the Bundestag, West
Germany's lower house.
The United States officials said
the sale of Phantoms to West Ger-
many was "much less complicat-
ed" than sale of the same aircraft
to Israel. An administration source
said "the Germans are in a dif-
ferent category than the Israelis.
We are solidly committed to Ger-
man security, but Israel represents
another situation altogether. We
are mindful of various ramifica-
tions of selling jets to Israel and
it is much less complicated to
of Jarring Mission, Cites Exchnges honor the German order."
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA)
(The Washington Evening Star
—Using a phrase expressed here said today that "American officials
several weeks ago by Secretary of
State Dean Rusk, the United States
ambassador to the UN said the
Middle East peace-making efforts
of Dr. Gunnar V. Jarring have
achieved "precious momentum."
In an optimistic mood, J. R. ;
Wiggins told the press that Dr.
Jarring, the UN's special Middle
East peace envoy, was discouraged
when the current General Assem-
bly session opened, but added, "I
think he has achieved enough prog-
ress now to give all of us some
hope. He has certainly succeeded
in obtaining exchanges (of state-
ments) from the principals in-
volved. This in itself is an augury
of progress, entitling one to hope
for greater future progress."
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Asked whether a successful
conclusion of the mission would
be reached within a matter of
weeks or months, Wiggins re-
plied, "The immediate problem
is to keep the parties in com-
munication with Dr. Jarring. The
object here is not mere cessation
of hostilities but the laying of a
foundation for a lasting peace."
In a related development, in-
formed sources said that, contrary
to earlier reports, the Egyptian
government has not demanded that
Israel apologize for her "aggres-
sion" in 1967.
The demand for an apology in
a letter presented to Dr. Jarring
by Egyptian Foreign Minister
Mahmoud R i a d, well-informed
sources said, does not exist—the
word "apologize" did not appear in
Rather, this was a Western in-
terpretation put on a Cairo demand
for Israel to withdraw to boun-
daries that existed before the Six-
Day War and before Israeli
"aggression." This is regarded to
certain diplomatic circles as being
worse than a demand for an
"apology" in that Israel is being
asked to "confess its guilt for a
`crime' it did not commit."
Foreign Minister Abba Eban,
who came home to Israel for con-
sultations Thursday, said on a
television interview that he brought
no new peace proposals to the gov-
ernment and that the diplomatic
situation remained essentially as
it was before the opening of the
23rd session of the United Nations
General Assembly in New York.
He said, however, that several
dangers to which the Israeli pub-
lic had been alerted were averted,
among them the suspiciOn that re-
lations with the United States
might deteriorate. Eban said that
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