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October 18, 1968 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-10-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Cassin to Use Nobel Fund for Humane Causes

Judge Rene Samuel Cassin, who has been awarded the 1968 Nobel Peace_ Prize, has announced in Paris that he will use the
$6'7,500 fund for peace and humanitarian purposes and for aid to children. The eminent French Jewish jurist is the third Jew to
receive the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1911, Tobias Michael Carel Asser, a Dutch Jew, and Alfred H. Fried, a German Jew, were cited for
their efforts in behalf of world peace and received the Nobel Prize. Judge Cassin was honored at the United Nations last week. He
received the award in recognition of his authorship, together with the late Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, of the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights.
—Judge Cassin is president of Alliance Israelite Universelle. He is active in Jewish affairs, has served as French minister of justice
and was a chief adviser of Charles de Gaulle during the existence of the Free French movement in World War II. He was one of the
founders of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, was president of the UN Human Rights Commission, and his activities
date back to the time when he was a key figure in League of Nations functions.

Humphrey
Preferred:
Current Social
and Political
Challenges

Editorial
Page 4

Vol. LIV, No. 5

THE JEWISH NEWS

IN/I 1 I—II G.A. N.1

Ct=TR01T

A

Exposing the
Great Lie
Which Hinders
Peace in the
Middle East

Weekly Review

of Jewish Events

Commentary
Page 2

Michigan 's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

.6E6'30 •27

October 18, 1968-17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 48235—VE 8-9364

$7.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c

'Stop Terrorism,' Hebron Elders'
Delegation Demands in Amman

Revival of 'Jewish Vote' Canard
Refuted in Report From Capital

Special to The Jewish News
WASHINGTON, D. C. — An old canard is being resuscitated in this
restless election year. Once again there is talk about "the Jewish vote."
But because it is resorted to in relation to the President's direction
for consideration of the sale of Phantom jetliners to
. Israel, it is all too evident that it stemmed mainly from
.Cairo and Beirut, where embittered Arab publicists
have revived a campaign of vilification of the United
States.
Egypt Foreign Minister Mahmoud Riad spear-
headed the new attack on the U.S. in his speech
'at the United Nations last week, and the Arab press
is fuming with venomous declarations based on charges
that this country is supplying arms to Israel, the
abusive speeches failing to indicate that arms sup-
pliers to the Arab states still are more regular than
those provided to Israel. But realists here recognize
the menace that stems from Russia, whose encouragement to the Arab
states is considered primarily responsible for the perpetuation of the
war threats in the Middle East; and serious consideration is given in un-
prejudiced circles to the Middle East military balance for 1968-69, enumer-
ated as follows:
defense budget
men
tanks
($ millions)
planes
82,000
215
340
252
IRAQ
50,000
430
150
137
SYRIA
55,000
230
20
81
JORDAN
700
211,000
400
690
EGYPT
1,700
398,000
785
1,160
Arab total
600
255,000
2'70
628
ISRAEL
Efforts to belittle Israel's position and to taint the issue with
charges of pressures emanating from the "Jewish vote" have proven em-
(Continued on Page 36)

A group of West Bank Arab leaders decided Saturday
JERUSALEM (JTA)
to send a five-man delegation to Amman to plead with terrorist leaders to halt their
activities on the West Bank. The decision was taken at a meeting of some 200 elders
of Hebron and surrounding villages, chaired by Hebron's mayor Sheikh Mohammed
All Jaabari. The meeting was called in the aftermath of last week's grenade ex-
plosion at the Patriarch's Tomb which injured 47 Jewish visitors and worshipers. Is-
raeli soldiers have blown up several buildings in
Hebron used by terrorists believed to be implicated
in the grenade incident.
The Arab leaders said in a resolution adopted
at their meeting that they were caught "between
hammer and anvil" and feared that further acts of
terrorism and Israeli reprisals would make it im-
possible for peaceful Arabs to live on the West Bank.
Schools at Nablus, a West Brank town north of
Hebron, went on strike Oct. 12 in protest against
the demolition of the buildings in, Hebron.



Community Mourns
Mrs. Dora Ehrlich

The Hebron meeting was attended by Moslem
religious and civic leaders, among them former Jor-
danian senators and members of parliament. Only
three opposed the idea of an appeal to the terrorist
leaders, but many others doubted that it would have
an effect.

The assembly condemned the grenade attack on
civilians and the reprisals taken by Israel. They
also voiced disapproval of the new security meas-
ures instituted by Israeli authorities around the Patri-
archs' Tomb, which is located inside the compound
of the Ibrahimi Mosque. These call for opening a
separate entrance for Jewish worshipers on the
east side of the mosque where there is more open
space than on the west side. The stairway on the
west side, used by both Moslems and Jews, was the
the scene of the grenade blast. In order to clear the

Old Jerusalem's Shrines Being Reconstructed;
Synagogues Destroyed by Arabs After '48 War

By JACOB EDELSTEIN
There were 62 synagogues in the Old City of Jerusalem--before the destruction
of the Jewish Quarter in 1948. Some of them were very old and"clated back 700 years
when the first Ashkenazi and Sephardi settlers returned to Jerusalem; and the first
synagogue was founded by Rabbi Moses Nehmen, known as Nahmanides. All
these synagogues were destroyed by the Arabs when the Old City fell, and the more
outstanding among them, which served as spiritual centers and seats of learning for
the Jewish community in the Holy City, were razed to the ground. The smaller and
less conspicuous shrines which were situated in courtyards and among the Jewish
houses in the quarter were turned into workshops, stables or living quarters.
When the Old City was liberated by the Israel defense army in the Six-Day
War, steps were taken immediately to evacuate the Arab residents from all places
that had previously served as Jewish houses of worship, and to transfer them to houses
that had become vacant as a result of the hostilities, when many Arab residents fled
the city. Most of the synagogues, however, had been destroyed to their foundations.
This is particularly true of the "Hurva" which had served as the Cathedral Synagogue
for Jerusalem Jewry, and the "Tiferet Yisrael" or "Nissan Bak" Synagogue, which
was the spiritual center for the Hasidim in the Old City. The Porat Yosef Yeshiva
-which was a comparatively recent structure facing the Temple Mount, and which had
served as the spiritual center of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem, had also been
iazetl to the ground.
Of the synagogues whose external structures have remained, although demol-
-
ished inside, mention might be made of the Habad Synagogue of the adherents of
the Rebbe of Lubavitch, and the Rabbi Yohanan Ben Zakkai Synagogue, one of the
oldest shrines in Jerusalem.
The authorities entrusted with the plans for the reconstruction of the Old City
*re considering the rebuilding of some of the synagogues in the city. Several groups
have begun independently to rebuild some of these places of worship and to re-estab-
eome of the yeshivot in the Jewish Quarter. Moshe Segal, secretary of Bier
(Continued on Page 35)

(Continued on Page 8)

■■

...11./1111
Dora Ehrlich

The e n t ire community
mourns the passing of Dora
B. (Mrs. Joseph H.) Ehrlich.
Her death occured on Wed-
nesday morning. Funeral
services will be held at
10:30 a.m. today at Cong.
Shaarey Zedek.

Obituary on Page 5

Maxwell Jospey Chosen to Head
Allied Jewish Campaign in 1969

.

At the annual meeting of the Jewish Welfare Federation, held Oct. 10 at the
Jewish Center, Hyman Safran, president, announced that Maxwell Jospey "has been
confidently entrusted by our community with the responsibility to lead us as the
1969 Allied Jewish Campaign chairman." Jospey was associate chairman with Alfred
Deutsch, the general chairman of the 1967 and 1968 suc-
cessful drives.
In his annual report, Safran announced that the proj-
ected apartment home for the aged is expected to be
completed by the end of next year as "the beginning
of another superb project of our community." While it
will serve the needs of only a fraction of those in need
of it, he said it will be the beginning of fulfillment of a
great need.
An outstanding feature of the annual meeting was
the honor accorded to Sinai Hospital for 15 years of
service in Detroit. Responding to the encomia, brief ad-
dresses were delivered by Max J. Zivian and Dr. Julien
Priver.
The _1968 Fred M. Butzel Award was presented to
Mrs. Harry L. Jones by Judge Theodore Levin. The
Maxwell Jospey nominating committee's report was presented by Mrs. Max
Stollman, and the slate was elected unanimously, as reported last week.
In his address in which he evaluated the Federation's record of accomplishments,
including the successes attained by the Allied Jwish Campaign s William Avrunin, the
Federation's executive vice president, laid stress on the major need to bring the
youth closer to the community's aims. He paid honor to his staff, making special re-
ference to the semi-retirement of Mrs. Esther Appleman, whose recent survey of
the local social services is now being made public in a 200-page report.

(See Photo, Page 28)

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