Johnson Raises Jerusalem Issue
lines must be agreed by the neigh- Europe have sought to indict those
(Continued from Page 1)
He urged leaders "to maintain and bors involved as part of this tran- of Jewish faith for spreading ideas
accelerate their dialogue." He did sition from armistice to peace. At of freedom among their people.
not see direct negotiations as the same time, it is equally clear This is shocking—not only because
essential. "Many channels are that boundaries cannot and should it is a thin disguise for anti-Semi-
open," he said. "How the talking not reflect the weight of conquest. tism—but because it suggests that
is done at the outset is not very Each change must have a reason freedom is the cause and passion
—which each side, in honest nego- of one people alone. Let there be
The President said that the tiation, can accept—as part of a no doubt in anyone's mind about
who cares for freedom: Mankind
"Arab governments must convince just compromise."
Israel, and the world community,
Johnson affirmed that "no en- itself cares."
President Johnson was given an
that they have abandoned the idea
during peace settlement is pos-
of destroying Israel. But equally,
ovation when he entered the ban-
sible until the Suez Canal and
Israel must persuade its Arab
quet hall. A cable from Prime Min_
--?eighbors and the world commu- the Strait of Tiran are open to the
ister Levi Eshkol of Israel, prais-
!Hy that Israel has no expansion-
ing Johnson's _"friendship and un-
on their territory."
derstanding" in glowing terms, was
"We are not here to judge
He asked the Bnai Brith to con- read to the assemblage. Dr. Wil-
whose fears are right and whose
sider the plight of the Vietnamese liam A. Wexler, president of Bnai
are wrong," he said. "Right or
wrong, fear is the first obstacle and others in Southeast Asia—"a Brith, presented to him a silver
to peacemaking. Each side must part of the world with which few Esrog box inscribed in Hebrew
Americans have family ties." In from Psalms 45:18 reading: "I will
do its share to overcome it."
make thy name to be remembered
President Johnson stressed that calling for pursuit of peace there in all generations, therefore shall
the number of Arab refugees "is
the people praise thee forever and
still increasing. The June war add- "Let us work with our heads in- ever."
ed some 200,000 refugees to those stead of our passions—with our
(Related story Page 36)
already displaced by the 1948 war. sense of justice, and not our big-
They face a bleak prospect as the
Jewish Groups Urge
winter approaches. We share a lieve most of you know what I
Phantoms for Israel
:)very deep concern for these refl.'-
President Johnson devoted a por-
: gees. Their plight is a symbol in
in Plea to Johnson
the minds of the Arab peoples. In tion of his address to Czechoslova-
NEW YORK (JTA) — The Con-
their eyes, it is the symbol of a
ference of Presidents of Major
wrong that must be made right
American Jewish Organizations ap-
before 20 years of war can end. gressive act." In this connection, pealed Wednesday to President
That fact must be dealt with in he said: "Some leaders of Eastern Johnson to supply Israel with
reaching a condition of peace."
Phamtom jet planes to provide a
The President said the arms race
deterrent "to Arab extremism and
continues. "We have exercised re-
war-like acts." The appeal noted
straint, while recognizing the le-
that "continuing Arab aggression,
gitimate defense needs of friendly
which has recently been height-
JERUSALEM----The Fourth Jeru- ened by international tensions,
governments. But we have no in-
tention of allowing the balance of salem International Book Fair will once again raises the specter of an
forces in the area to ever become be held March 19-27 at Binyanei out and out war in the Middle East."
an incentive for war. We continue Ha'ooma—the Convention Hall in It pointed out that "fully rearmed
to hope that our restraint will be Jerusalem. An increased number by Soviet Russia to great military
matched by the restraint of others of publishers, exhibitors and visi- strength, the Arab states have
—though I must observe that has tors are expected to attend the found new courage to provoke Is-
been lacking since the end of the fair.
rael." The only real deterrent, it
The last b i e n n i a l Jerusalem said, "would be a realization that
June war. We have proposed, and
I reiterate again tonight, the ur-
Israel possessed the defensive
gent need—now—for an interna- 34,000 visitors from throughout Is- strength to preserve peace."
tional understanding on arms lim- rael. In 1967, nearly 1,000 exhibi-
Rabbi Herschel Schacter, chair-
itations for this region of the tors from 25 countries displayed man of the conference, declared
that while both presidential candi-
President Johnson asserted that more publishers arrived from dates have come out for the sup-
overseas to participate in its pro- ply of the supersonic planes to Is-
"No nation, that has been part
fessional seminars and meetings. rael, "Only President Johnson can
of the tragic drama of these past
The municipality of Jerusalem,
20 years is without blame. Vio-
make such a decision in the near
which sponsors the Book Fair, future." He said the conference
lence and counter-violence have
will again award its biennial was appealing to the President "to
absorbed the energies of all the
Jerusalem Prize to an author initiate immediate steps to make
parties. The process of peace-
who has contributed to the good America's commitment to Is-
making cannot be further de-
world's understanding of "the
layed without peril. The United
rael by providing it with the nec-
freedom of the individual in so- essary arms that would serve as a
Nations Security Council resolu-
ciety." The prizewinner, in addi-
tion of last November laid down
deterrent to war."
tion to receiving $2,000 and a
the principles of a just and last-
"The interests of peace — to
which Israel subscribes — would
The President reaffirmed the
best be served by supplying Israel
International Book Fair as a with Phantom jets that would fore-
principles he outlined June 19,
guest of the citizens of Jerusa-
1967, and said they remained the
stall a fourth round of warfare,"
foundation of American policy.
he said. "Israel's strength is the
On the subject of final boun-
best and only guarantee against
daries, he said: "We are not the will dedicate its new $1 million war, for Israel is committed to a
ones to say where other nations wing, the library of art and arch- defensive program. In helping pre-
should draw lines between them aeology, on March 24 during the ! serve peace in the Middle East,
that will assure each other the fair. At the same time, the Museum ; the United States would be serving
greatest security. It is clear, how- will inaugurate a new prize for its own best interest."
ever, that return to the situation an outstanding art book which has !
of June 4, 1967, will not bring been published in the past years.
peace. There must be secure and Art publications are to be submit-
recognized borders. Some such ted from the entire publishing
British Trade Unionists
Insist on Direct Talks
BLACKPOOL (JTA)—The British
Trade Union Congress, marking its
centenary year, reaffirmed its sup-
port of Israel's demands for direct
peace negotiations with its Arab
neighbors leading to mutual recog-
nition and lasting peace.
The statement of support was
made by .TUC leaders to Aharon
Becker, secretary-general of Hista-
drut, Israel's labor federation.
The British labor officials said
their stand remained unchanged
after a TUC fact-finding delegation
visited Egypt, Lebanon and Jor-
dan. Becker addressed a session
of the TUC.
choose from . '
Says Speakers Should
Stress Students' Needs
•MONSEY PARK, N.Y. (JTA)-
An Orthodox Jewish scientist said
this week that five years of experi-
ence in presenting college semin-
ars had shown that the best re-
sponses were obtained "when we
spoke to the personal needs of the
students — their intellectual and
Reporting to the eighth annual
convention of the Association of
Orthodox Jewish Scientists, Dr.
Carl N. Klahr, chairman of its - col-
lege program committee, stressed
that "This means that we have to
present Judaism in a way that
points up its relevance to the prob-
lems of the individual in the world
today. If our speakers can't be
relevant and meaningful to the stu-
dents," he asserted, "they should
not be talking."
The prevailing attitudes of youth
today, Dr. Klahr said, can be trac-
ed to "the frustration of his basic
ideological needs by the false
values of present soeietY;
Friday, September 13, 1968-5
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