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August 30, 1968 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-08-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

.• •

Casualties Mount in Israel's Struggles Against Terrorists

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

TEL AVIV — The bodies
of two Israeli soldiers were dis-
covered on a road east of the Suez
Canal Tuesday together with indi-
cations that a third had been kid-
napped in a raid by Egyptian com-
mandos into the Israel-held Sinai
territory.
According to a military spokes-
man the soldiers' jeep struck a
mine and was then fired on from
ambush by the Egyptians. The
incident took place opposite Ismai-
liya. Another mine w a s found
nearby and dismantled.
The bodies were discovered by
Israeli soldiers in an army half-
track who found a trail indicating

that one of the ambushed men had
been dragged toward the canal.
The missing soldier was identified
as Yaacob Royana of Kibutz Ei-
laon. The Egyptian commandos
are believed to have crossed the
canal and made their get-away by
boat.
A military spokesman announced
Tuesday that a 10-minute exchange
of fire took place between Israeli
and Jordanian forces south of the
Beisan Valley Monday night. He
said that the Jordanians started
the shooting and drew Israeli re-
turn fire. Jordanian forces at-
tacked an Israeli border police
armored car early Wednesday
touching off a 20-minute exchange

VM4a4///004.1.0.ni ) •• ■ •

Boris Smola? s

'Between You
. and Me'

(Copyright 1968, JTA Inc.)

ON THE RECORD: Jewish groups interested in Israel are studying

the records of the major candidates in the PreSidential election cam-
paign in order to establish their stand on Israel at various times. They
know a good deal about the attitude of Hubert H. Humphrey, but little

is known on the views held with regard to Israel by Senator Eugene
J. McCarthy and still less known about Richard M. Nixon's attitude.
On the whole, there is no doubt that each of these three seekers of
the White House post is friendly toward Israel. The only question is,
how friendly. In this respect, the available records place Vice President
Humphrey in the front row, followed by Senator McCarthy and Nixon.
Friends of Nixon present him as a personal friend of Israel's For-
eign Minister Abba Eban and an advocate of American support for
Israel, including military aid to balance the arms provided by Moscow
to the Arab countries. They assert that when Nixon was Vice President,
under President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he displayed great understand-
ing for Israel's interest, although this was not easy to do when John
Foster Dulles was secretary of state. Secretary Dulles, who unwittingly
opened the Middle East for Soviet penetration, was biased against
Israel for ignoring his "advice" that the Israeli government should not
transfer its seat from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, and threatened Israel
with "sanctions" during the Sinai campaign in 1956.
Available information shows that Nixon "worked in constant
harmony with Dulles" and even delivered a speech written by Dulles
on the Suez issue on Nov. 2, 1956; the day when Israel's victory over
Egypt in Sinai was complete. The speech was ostensibly an answer to
criticism by Adlai Stevenson of the Dulles policy on the Middle East.
However, records show that when Nixon ran for President in 1960, he
stressed in his campaign speeches the need for increased U.S. support
to Israel and called for efforts to establish freedom of passage for
Israeli ships through the Suez Canal.
At present, Nixon is known to be in favor of holding Israel's mili-
tary strength at a level that can prevent the Arabs from renewing
their war against the Jewish State. He believes that the U.S. must take
the diplomatic lead in forging an acceptable settlement of the Arab-
Israel conflict, with Israeli ships securing free passage through the
Suez Canal and the Straits of Tiran. He holds the view that it would be
a "grave mistake" for Israel to take formal and final possession of the
occupied Arab territories. At the same time he emphasizes that it is not
realistic to expect Israel to surrender these vital bargaining positions
in the absence of a genuine Arab-Israel peace and effective guarantees.
1
*
*
THE HUMPHREY STAND: The record of Vice President Hum-
phrey on Israel stands out since 1949, when as member of the Senate
he sponsored legislation to aid Israel and to cheek the Arab boycott
against Israel. He opposed a roposal by the Eisenhower administra-
tion in 1959, to suspend aid to Israel. He strongly criticized Secretary
Dulles for threatening sanctions against Israel, and was generally
critical of -U.S. arms for Iraq and Saudi Arabia during the Eisenhower
period, urging the U.S. government to provide balancing arms for
Israel.
Over the years, he has delivered many speeches on Israel as a
.,-Aiember of the Senate and as Vice President and made it clear that he
stands behind President Johnson's policy of not permitting Israel to
remain defenseless against those who would destroy her. In recent
statements, he favored sending U.S. Phantom jet planes to Israel and
expressed the view that until permanent Arab-Israel peace is achieved
and the arms race ended, the U.S. should continue to give military
assistance to Israel. He supports, of course, Israel's demand for free
passage through the Suez Canal. •
In all his statements, however, Vice President Humphrey refrained
from backing Israel's major demand for direct Arab-Israel peace nego-
tiations. This would indicate that he favors mediation rather than direct
peace talks. At the same time he backs Israel's demand for transforma-
tion of the fragile truce lines into secure boundaries to be agreed upon
by both Israel and its neighboring Arab countries. Rather than support-
ing direct peace talks—upon which Israel insists and the Arabs reject—
he favors active U.S. diplomatic efforts to convince the Arab rulers
that it is to their benefit to pursue a settlement of the Arab-Israel con-
flict.
S
xe
McCARTHY'S VIEWS: The record of Senator McCarthy goes way
back to 1951 when he endorsed in Congress a U.S. grant to Israel and
fought giving of U.S. arms to Iraq. His Congressional record also shows
that he opposed the Dulles policy on the Middle East during the Eisen-
hower administration,
He was one of the sponsors of a measure in Congress aimed at the
Arab boycott against Israel and be voted for a Senate policy statement
to deny American aid to countries engaged in blockades. On several
occasions he made it clear in public addresses that in his view, the
U.S. has legal and moral obligations to protect Israel's territorial and
national integrity and this policy is based on American interests. HQ
was one of the sponsors of an amendment granting $1,000,000 to the
Hadassah Hospital from American counterpart funds in Israel.

of fire with Israeli units in the
same area. No casualties were re-
ported on the Israeli side.
Confrontations with saboteurs
and serious battles between Is-
raeli forces and Jordanians and
the rounding up of terrorists
a n d El Fatah members con-
tinued in Israel, during the past
week.
On Aug. 22, five Arab saboteurs
were killed and two Israeli soldiers
inju re d in a clash north of
Jericho, The saboteurs were spot-
ted in a house which subsequent-
ly was attacked by Israeli soldiers.
An Israeli army lieutenant
was killed and four other sol-
diers and four civilians were
injured in three days of sharp
artillery, tank, and small arms
duels between Israeli and Jor-
danian forces in the Beisan and
Jordan Valley sectors of the
cease-fire demarcation line, a
military spokesman disclosed
Monday. Repairs were made to
damaged buildings and installa-
tions in the settlements hit, and
Israeli farmers returned to their
fields after a night in bomb
shelters.
The officer killed was identi-
fied as Lt. Eli Rosen of Kibutz
Reshafim.
Israeli aircraft dropped leaflets

over Jordanian territory Sunday
morning which warned terrorists
to drop their arms and urged
the civilian population to refuse to
cooperate with guerrilla bands and
thus avoid exposing itself to re-
taliation by Israeli forces. T h e
leaflets were first reported by
Amman radio which announced
that the government had instructed
its United Nations representative
to lodge a complaint with the Se-
curity Council against Israel's
violation of Jordanian air space.
Meanwhile the Israeli and Jor-
danian representatives to the
United Nations sent letters to
Security Council President Joao
Augusto de Araujo Castro of
Brazil in which each charged the
other country with a series of
attacks on its territory in violation
of the cease-fire agreement. The
letter from Ambassador Yosef
Tekoah, chief of the Israeli delega-
tion to the UN, referred to "a
large scale premediated military
a t t a c k" by Jordanian forces
against Israeli villages in the
Beisan and Jordan Valleys.

Backward, turn backward, 0
Time in your flight.
Make me a child again jut for to-
night.
—Elizabeth Akers Allen

Favors $4 Million Outlay
for School Additions

PHILADELPHIA (JTA)—A Fed-
eration of Jewish Agencies commit-
tee report recommending outlays
of nearly $4,000,000 to build needed
new facilities for Jewish schools in
Philadelphia has been approved in
principle by the federation board
of directors. The funds would be
raised jointly by the federation of
the schools.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, August 30, 1968-9

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