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August 23, 1968 - Image 14

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-08-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

UN Anti-Israel Resolution Is Branded 'Unjust,
One-Sided' by Eshkol; Egypt Is Charged With
Using Jarring Mission for Propaganda Needs

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Prime
Minister Levi Eshkol criticized as
"one-sided and unjust" the unani-
mous vote Friday by the Security
Council condemning Israel for its
Aug. 4 air attack on terrorist bases
near the Jordanian village of Salt.
He told the Cabinet meeting that
the Council resolution '.`cannot help
to stop acts of terrorism perpe-
trated against Israel which force
her to resort to self-defense."
He said it was regrettable that
the Council did not consider itself
duty-bound to condemn explicitly
those responsible for terrorist pene-
trations from Jordaian territoy in-
to Israel to lay mines and commit
"sabotage and murder." Such acts,
he declared, "constitute not only
a flagrant violation of the cease-
fire but are also a continuation of
aggression against Israel." He re-
iterated that Israel had observed
and would continue to fully ob-
serve the cease-fire agreements on
the basis of reciprocity and
"strongly wished" that these
agreements be kept by all sides
"but like all states belonging to
the family of nations, Israel will
not lay her roads open to mining
and her citizens to murder." Mr.
Eshkol, who is acting Foreign Min-
ister in the absence of Abba Eban,
made his statement at the end of a
short report on developments lead-
ing to the Council session and the
resolution.
Foreign Ministry sources sim-
ilarly assailed the Council resolu-
tion but expressed satisfaction
with the stands of the United -
States, Canada, Britain and Den-
mark whose delegates, in state-
ments after the voting, referred
to the terrorist attacks as one of
the factors undermining the June
1967 cease-fire agreements. Am-
bassador George Ball, the United
States chief delegate, specifically

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cited Jordanian support of such
raids in expressing the hope that
the latest Council resolution
would serve to end all violations
of the cease-fire.
The resolution declared that Is-
rael's attack near Salt was a "fla-
grant violation" of the UN Charter
and of the Security Council's reso-
lutions dealing with the Middle
East. It warned that if such at-
tacks continued, the Council would
"duly take account of the failure
to comply with the present resolu-
tion" and "would- have to consider
further and more effective steps as
envisaged in the Charter to ensure
against repetition of such acts."
The resolution deplored "all" vio-
lent incidents in violation of the
cease-fire" and considered "that all
violations of the cease-fire should
be prevented;"- an oblique refer-
ence to Arab terrorist incursions
against Israel a _ nd the only one in
the resolution. Ainbassador Ball
and most other Council members
urged continued support for the
peace-seeking mission of the UN's
special envoy Dr. Gunnar V. Jar-
ring and expressed hopes that the
resolution would dampen hostilities
in the Middle East and improve
prospects for the Jarring mission's
success.
Ambassador Yosef Tekoah, Is-
rael's chief representative, said
that the two weeks of debate pre-
ceding the resolution demonstrated
continued Arab intransigence, bel-
ligerence and the destructive Arab
attitude toward Israel. He declared
the resolution demonstrated again
the inadequacy of the Council's
handling of the problem and that
Israel retained its "inalienable
right" to defend itself against con-
tinued Arab warfare. He stressed,
however, that Israel would do its
utmost to ensure maintenance of
the cease-fire and expected the
Arab states to do the same. He re-
affirmed Israel's support of the
Jarring mission.
Ambassador Yakov Malik, the
Soviet envoy said that his govern-
ment supported the resolution be-
cause unanimous approval could
be a "tangible barrier" to Israeli
"aggression." He assailed Israel
for allegedly refusing to accept the
Security Council's Nov. 22, 1967
resolution on the Middle East
which, he claimed, the Arab states
had accepted.
(The New York Times in an
editorial sharply criticized the
resolution as a one-sided docu-
ment "that can only make Am-
bassador Jarring's task more dif-
ficult." It described the resolu-
tion "which virtually ignores
Arab guerrilla actions in viola-
tion of the cease-fire while cow-
demning Israeli reactions" as

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"an exercise in futility — and
worse." "As long as Arab guer-
rillas can cross cease-fire lines
to blow up installations and kill
Israeli citizens without so much
as a slap on the wrist from the
world community, the Israelis
are certain to take the law into
their own hands and strike
back," the Times said.)
* * *

WASHINGTON (JTA) — The
Washington Post reported in a dis-
patch from Paris which cited con-
fidential information from Egyp-
tian Foreign Ministry sources that
Egypt was seeking to keep the
mediation mission of United Na-
tions Middle East envoy Gunnar
V. Jarring alive but only for prop-
aganda purposes and to prevent an
actual peaceful settlement.
The report, filed by correspond-
ent Alfred Friendly, said that
Egypt feared that if the Jarring
mission failed, Palestinian Arabs
in the occupied West Bank might
come to terms with Israel. The
Post published what it described
as a complete account of a staff
meeting held last May at the Egyp-
tian foreign minsitry offices in
Cairo, addressed by Egyptian For-
eign Minister Mahmoud Riad at
which a basic Egyptian strategy
was outlined aimed at mobilizing
world opinion to force the United
States to end its support of Israel.
According to Friendly, Egypt
announced acceptance of the Nov.
22, 1967, Security Council resolu-
tion for a Middle East settlement
as part of its efforts to portray
Israel as the aggressor. Riad pur-
portedly told the staff meeting that
Egypt's diplomatic goal was to
isolate Israel, identify Israel as
the aggressor and force the United
States to pressure Israel to with-
draw from all occupied Arab ter-
ritories. The dispatch quoted Riad
as saying he was convinced that
the purported Egyptian effort
could succeed, and that Norway
and Sweden allegedly had been
convinced by Egyptian arguments
that Egypt could not trust any
peace treaty with Israel.
* *

JERUSALEM (JTA)—The Unit-
ed Nations peace envoy, Dr. Gun-
nar V. Jarring, resumed his rounds
of Middle Eastern capitals and
came here Wednesday to confer
with Foreign Minister Abba Eban
after visits to Cairo, Amman and
Beirut. Eban is expected to ask
Dr. Jarring what replies he had
received from the Arab states re-
garding their interpretations of
the formula for "a just and lasting
peace" contained in the Security
Council's Nov. 22, 1967, resolu-
tion which established the Jarring
mission.
Eban Met with United States
Ambassador Walworth Barbour
for talks that diplomatic sources
described as a comprehensive
exchange of views on the situa-
tion in general and the mission
of Jarring in particular.
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA)
—Reports from Cairo that Egypti-
an diplomats were offering pro-
posals to end 20 years of Arab
self-proclaimed belligerency to-
ward Israel were dismissed here
by Israel's United Nations envoy
as only another example of "prop-
aganda games of words."
Al Gomhouria, a Cairo political
newspaper, declared M o n d a y
that the Western press had pub-
lished "false reports on conces-
sions made by the Arabs" to
Israel.
A dispatch from Cairo in the
New York Times of Aug. 12 quoted
"well-informed Arab diplomats" as
having said that Egypt was willing
to accept a Middle East settlement
that included internationalization
of the Gaza Strip, an end to de-
mands for the repatriation of Pal-
estinian refugees and a completely
demilitarized Sinai Peninsula.

State Dept. Aides Meet Jordan Envoy for Talks

WASHINGTON (JTA)—The Jor-
danian ambassador to the United
States, Abdul Hamid Sharaf, met
with two State Department offi-
cials, Undersecretary for Political
Affairs Eugene V. Rostow, and
Assistant Secretary for Interna-
tional Affairs Joseph J. Sisco.
Observers speculated that the
meeting with State Department
officials was asked by Ambassador

Sharaf to discuss United States ac-
ceptance of a tough Security Coun-
cil resolution calling for condem-
nation of Israel for its Aug. 4 air
attack in Jordan. United States
support of a Security Council reso-
lution has so far rested on the
question of whether or not it would
be "reasonably balanced" — one
calling for an end to assaults and
aggression.

14—Friday, August 23, 1968

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