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August 16, 1968 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-08-16

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

PRAGUE (JTA)—President Tito of Yugoslavia declared here Sunday at a press
conference broadcast on Czech Radio that there was no longer any danger that Israel
would be destroyed by its Arab neighbors. He said Israel should therefore take "a more
realistic attitude" and withdraw to the armistice lines of the pre-June 1967 period "in
return for guarantees of the status quo," and declared "I have told Arab leaders that
the existence of Israel must be accepted by them as a fact."
Observers noted that the visiting Yugoslav leader did not call Israel an "aggres-
sor," as has been the practice of most Communist bloc countries since the June war.
He noted that Israel had "diplomatic relations with many countries, including some of
the world powers," and added that "most" nations sympathized with Israel because it
was a small state "and there was always the danger she would be liquidated" but
"today there is no such danger."
He told the newsmen also that Israel should accept the Security Council Nov. 22,
1967 resolution which he interpreted to mean, as do most Communist bloc states, Israeli
withdrawal from the occupied territories. He said "time works against Israel."

Tito Advises

Arab States:
Accept 'Israel

Principles and
'Canderdates'

A Poll on Israel

With a Basic
Moral Lesson

Editorials
Page 4

VOL. Lill, No. 22

THE JEWISH NEWS

DE TROI T

i∎A lC H1

A Weekly Review

Marshal Tito

NPD and West
Germany ... Advice
to Griffin
.
Ben-Gurion's
Memorabilia

of - Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper -- Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

ae2 D27

August 16, 1968

17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 48235—VE 8-9364

Commentary
Page 2

$7.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c

Air Boycott of Algeria in Effect;
Syrian Planes Landed in Error

(Direct JTA, Teletype Wires to The Jewish News)

Johnson iretoes Ban on Cotton
Imports From Egypt and Sudan

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)

WASHINGTON—President Johnson has vetoed a bill passed by both
houses of Congress that would have barred all imports of extra long
staples cotton from any nations that fail to maintain diplomatic relations
with the United States. Egypt and the Sudan are the only producers of
long staple cotton that fit the description, both having broken diplomatic
relations with the United States in the aftermath of the Six-Day Arab-
Israel War.
The measure was passed handily by the House of Representatives
and the Senate on a wave of anti-Arab sentiment arising from the Middle
East war. It was also the object of intense lobbying on behalf of cotton
growers in the South. Had it passed, the quotas would have been re-allotted
to domestic producers of specialty cotton who are concentrated in western-
Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California.
President Johnson said, announcing his action, that the bill was
"clearly contrary to the national interest" because it "ties the hands of
the President in the conduct of foreign affairs" and deprived him "of
needed flexibility by • forcing an automatic suspension of trade when
diplomatic relations are severed." Administration spokesmen had described
the measure last year as a "pin-prick" jab at Egypt that could hamper
diplomatic efforts for Middle East peace and might strengthen Soviet
influence there. Imports from Egypt and the Sudan run $12,000,000 to
$15,000,000 a year. Egyptian spokesmen had said that the loss of the
American market for their cotton would not harm their economy because
it comprised only 3.4 per cent of Egypt's export total and could easily
be absorbed by other markets.
President Johnson was praised Wednesday by the Washington Post
for vetoing the bill.
In an editorial, the Post said: "The bill, long a glint in the eye of
protection-minded cotton growers in the Southwest, finally rode to enact-
ment on the anti-Arab sentiment generated by the Arab-Israeli war. It
represented a crowd-pleasing but vindictive approach to a foreign policy
problem that in fact requires the utmost discretion and calm.
"The President's veto, his first of the year, should go far to dispel
the cynical notion that the Jewish vote dominates American policy toward
the Middle East, especially in an election year," the Post commented.
"Substantively, the veto provides positive evidence of the President's
interest in an area-wide Middle East settlement. Egypt and the Sudan are
in bad shape, but not in such bad shape that the loss of $12- to $15,000,000
in cotton earnings would bend them to Washington's will. The loss would,
`however, be taken and used in the two countries as proof of our vindictive-
`ness and hostility. That would reduce even further the possibility of later
diplomatic access."

LONDON —

Air traffic experts here Wednesday were weighing the possible ef-
fectiveness of the boycott of flights to Algeria called by the International Federa-
tion of Airline Pilots Association (IFAPA) Tuesday as a last resort after its efforts
to negotiate Algeria's release of the _ hijacked El Al Israel airliner and its 12
Israeli passengers and crew members apparently failed.
The British press was unanimous in its support of the boycott. The London
Times said in an editorial Wednesday that it was "a sad commentary on the be-
havior and effectiveness of governments that action has been left to the men
of the airlines." Hijacking, the paper said, "should be one of the easiest crimes
on which to reach international agreement since every government has a long-term
interest in putting a stop to it and almost every country is equally vulnerable."
International cooperation on the part of the pilots seemed assured. The Ital-
ian Civilian Pilots Association in Rome Wednesday requested its members to sus-
pend any air communications to or from Algeria in observance of the federation's
boycott call. The federation represents 30,000 airline pilots in 50 countries.
Alitalia, Italy's national airline, operates two daily flights to Algeria. The boycott

by French airlines will not go into
effect until Monday because of
French labor laws.
Air France, which operates 32
flights weekly to Algeria, an-
nounced its boycott would go into
effect Monday. In a telegram
Wednesday it called on Alitalia
and Swissair to act in accordance
with the boycott.
A spokesman for the French
pilots association said the nor-
mal procedure was to give three
days' notice of strike action. The
Federation of Air Line Pilots
Associations called the strike for
midnight Tuesday.
Experts here believed that the
strike would be fully effective
despite the fact that between 50
and 60 per cent of Algeria's air
traffic is handled by Air Algerie,
the national carrier. They pointed
out that the type of passenger who
contributes most to Algeria's econ-
omy — tourists, businessmen and
foreign investors — are not likely
to travel except by the major in-
(Continued on Page 6)

World Census Shows 1,250,000 Jewish Children
Attend Religious Schools; Day Schools Urged

-

Some 1,250,000 Jewish children between the ages of 3 and 17 attended Jewish schools through..
out the world, according to the first World Census on Jewish Education compiled by Dr. Azriel
Eisenberg for the World Council on Jewish Education. This is more than 62 per cent of the esti-
mated world Jewish school population in that age grouping.
The figures for the Diaspora indicate that 717,269 children in the 3- to 17-year age grouping
attend Jewish schools with an estimated Jewish school population of 1,523.361, or slightly more
than 47 per cent of the possible attendants.
The higher percentage for the total world Jewish population, as against the Diaspora figure,
Dr. Eisenberg points out, is because all of Israel's 631,500 school children attended a Jewish school.
The figures indicate that an estimated 540,323 children in the United States attend Jewish
schools out of a total school population in the given age grouping of 1,106,300 or about 50 per cent of
the total. This compares roughly with 39 per cent for Western Europe, 48 per cent for Canada,
28 per cent for South and Central America, 99 per cent in the Moslem countries, 51 per cent in
Australia, 58 per cent in South Africa and 67 per cent in Iran. There are no reports for Eastern
Europe, the Far East and New Zealand.
The figures reported, Dr. Eisenberg explains, are based largely on an actual physical count
to - which has been added an estimated 150,000, representing schools unaffiliated with organized
local or national groups and thus not making actual reports. This new survey, he says, more than
any ever attempted in the past is based on statistical actualities.
Dr. Eisenberg also has pointed out that the figures presented represent the number of students
(Continued on Page 5)

-

WHAT, NOT LEBANON!—Israeli soldiers and
citizens crowd around one of the two M1G-17 jets
two Syrian student pilots landed at Bazet, Israel,
thinking it was Lebanon.

3 Educational Groups Merged
Into Combined Local Hebrew
and Yiddish Cultural School

Hitherto separately sponsored schools of the Detroit Labor Zionist
movement, the Sholem Aleichem Institute and Workmen's Circle
have merged into a single Hebrew and Yiddish folk school.
At a recent meeting, in which United Hebrew Schools directors
participated, the three groups agreed to the curriculum, language of
instruction of Hebrew and Yiddish and other areas in which the
merged unified school will operate under the name of "The Combined
Hebrew-Yiddish Cultural School."
Herb Ovshinsky was elected chairman of the new school; Ben
Harold, vice-chairman; Mrs. Deborah Goldberg, secretary; and Morris
Friedman, treasurer.
The members of the executive committee will include Mrs. Sidney
Kaye, Eugene Mondry and Frank Neuberg.
Dr. Irving Panush has been appointed principal and Mrs. Leah
Schroedeck has been named assistant principal.
The new school will operate in both Southfield and Detroit, and
will be a part of the communal school system of Detroit, and it will
have a continuing affiliation with the United Hebrew Schools.

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