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August 02, 1968 - Image 48

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-08-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

World Protests Mount Against Plane's Hijacking

(Continued from Page 1)
on the incident, it was being em-
phasized that every plane which
had landed inadvertently in Israel
—including Arab planes and Arab
passengers—had been released
promptly.
In still another pressure move,
the government published a formal
statement calling the hijacking of
the plane and its 38 passengers
and 10 crew members "an inter-
national crime of the greatest
severity, contravening interna-
tional law and morality." The
statement warned that Israel would
make "full use of her rights in the
United Nations bodies" and would
"examine the steps necessary to
attain her just aim which is the
immediate release of the plane
crew and passengers."
One of the factors involved in
the matter of the timing of the
request for a Security Council
session was understood to be an
expected report on the success or
failure of the mission of Capt.
0. L. A. Forsberg of Finland, vice-
president of the 33,000-member
International Airline Pilots Asso-
ciation. who was sent to Algeria
to seek release of the plane and
the male detainees. The pilots' or-
ganization has threatened to boy-
cott flights to and from Algeria
unless the Algerian government
acted to release the plane and the
Israeli nationals. The cabinet also
was waiting for Algeria's official
response to a request from UN
ecretary-General U Thant to re-
he airliner and the de.-

told the Geneva press that they
had been well treated and had
received good food while in de-
tention. They said that Algerian
officials had assured them that
the remaining detainees • would
be freed "within seven days."
(The Italian Foreign Ministry
reported Algiers had given as-
surances that the crew and pas-
sengers were in perfect health.)
Israeli sources said security of-
ficials had learned the identity of
the three men who hijacked the
El Al jetliner Tuesday and their
places of origin. Foreign Minister
Eban called in Aldo Pierantoni,
the Italian minister. and stressed
the importance of Italian inter-
vention since the hijacking had
occurred in Italian air space while
the plane was en route from Rome
to Lydda.-
Since Algeria is still technically
at war with Israel. it is conduct-
ing a "full-scale investigation" to
determine if the $6,000,000 jet
and the Israelis should be held.
London's Sunday Observer re-
ported that the Algerian govern-
ment was engaged in tough - nego-
tiations with leaders of the Arab
Front for the Liberation of Pales-
tine about the hijacked plane, who
claim credit for the hijacking. It
reported that President Houari
Boumedienne has apparently not
yet been persuaded to accept the
Front's proposal to keep the air-
craft and crew as a means of forc-
ing Israel to treat captured El
Fatah members as prisoners of
war (or to • release them). The
president has to balance this re-
quest against the national inter-
ests of his country, the paper said.
Israel has not signed the 1963
Tokyo draft convention for the
prevention of aircraft hijacking
but its contents are being studied,
transport ministry sources said in
reply to questions by JTA. Out of
the entire United Nations mem-
bership, fewer than 10 states have
signed the convention, approved
by the International Civil Aviation
Organization, a UN agency, and
it is still not in force.
An Israeli passenger on the
hijacked plane, who was among
those flown to Paris from the
Algiers airport because he had
kept an Austrian passport, de-
scribed how he had quietly
eaten piecemeal during the
flight to Algiers a picture of
him and Israeli Defense Minis-
ter Moshe Dayan which he
feared would cause his deten-
tion.
Dr. Jacob Low of Zichron
Yaacov had been on his way home

binet meeting began with
by Transport Minister
armel, who described
sures implemented on
anes to diminish future
g actions. He reported
the number of passengers on
El Al flights not only had not
declined in the wake of the hi-
jacking but that many air travel-
ers had asked that their tickets on s
other airlines be endorsed to El Al
so that they could fly on the Israeli
airline planes.
Eban told the meeting that all
Security Council members with
which Israel has diplomatic rela-
tions had been approached on the
issue. He said it appeared that
all contacted would vote at the
projected Security Council meet-
ing to call on Algeria to release
immediately the plane and the
detainees. He reported that Thant
and his undersecretary, Dr. Ralph
Bunche, were taking "vigorous ac-
tion" to obtain Algerian compli-
ance, out of fears that the hijack-
ing and continuation of the
present situation could endanger
peace in the Middle East. He said
also that several governments had
expressed to Israel deep concern N
over the possible results of such
air piracy and the cooperation of
any government in such acts.
The government statement
called the hijacking "a case of
armed r o b b e r y perpetrated
against defenseless civilians"
and urged world press and pub-
lic opinion "to continue protest-
ing against this wanton act."
In an earlier statement to the
newspaper Yediot Ahronot, Car•
mel said that it was difficult to
believe that "the Arabs entertain
the illusion that while Israeli air-
lines are vulnerable" to hijacking,
"theirs are immune. This will not
be the case." He also said that
Egypt "will not emerge clean"
from the incident because that
country housed and encouraged the
Arab terrorist organizations which
have claimed "credit" for the
The late Sen. Robert F. Ken-
aerial thievery. Calling the situa-
tion created by the hijacking "a nedy, shown addressing the 39th
annual national convention of
double-edged sword," the trans-
the Mizrachi Women's Organ-
port minister expressed the hope
that the Arabs would have "sec-
ization of America, has been
ond thoughts" about it.
named recipient, posthumously,
The 10 Israeli women and
of the 1968 Amer i c a-Israel
children—including three air
Friendship Award. It will be pre-
hostesses—released Saturday by
sented at the organization's con-
Algeria and flown by Swissair
vention opening in Jerusalem
to Geneva arrived at Lydda Air-
and closing in New York Sept.
port in Israel Sunday. They
15.

Robert F. Kennedy
• •
amed Recipient
of Mizraciii Award

48 Friday, August 2, 1968



THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

from Tokyo where he had attended
an international conference. After
the Arab terrorists took control of
the airliner over Italy, Dr. Low
began eating the photograph and
manager to finish the "meal" be-
fore the plane was landed at
Algiers airport. Because of the
Austrian passport, Algerian offi-
cials considered Dr. Low a foreign
national and released him. He
flew back to Israel July 25.
Dr. Low related that the pas-
sengers who were flown to Paris
saw the crew of the Boeing 707
for the last time when the crew
members passed' by near a window
of the room in which the depart-
ing passengers were held. He
asked one of the crew whether
Israel knew about the hijacking
and added that one of the host-
esses nodded. He also reported
that the passengers and crew had
been divided into three groups by
their Algerian captors—the crew,
Israelis and holders of foreign
passports.
Israeli officials said an examina-
tion of the Boeing's manifest and
passenger list indicated that three
of the passengers were unac-
counted for and that they pre-
sumably were the hijackers.
One was named Fazal, who had
an India passport. Another was
named Shimiyoun, with an Iran=
ian passport, and the third was
named Gachkoob with an India or
Iranian passport. Officials said
that it appeared that at least one
of the three was a former resident
of Jaffa. The terrorist who cap-
tured the plane's cockpit was re-
portedly a Syrian Air Force
officer.
The Christian Science Monitor
reported from Beirut that the Al-
gerian government is in a dilemma
over the question. The paper's Mid-
dle East correspondent said that
the hijackers had added to inter-
Arab tensions and had put Algeria
in a position where refusal to re-
lease the Israeli plane "endangers
Algeria's own international posi-
tion" and could result in the re-
fusal of foreign airlines to con-
tinue service into Algiers. The
correspondent said Arab airlines
"are vulnerable to Israeli inter-
ception."
The Monitor said that if Israel
decided to take reprisals against
the Arabs for the hijacking, she
would be "at a decided advan-
tage." The paper pointed out that
"there are\ far more Arab airlines
and they are far more vulnerable
than Israel's El Al with its total
of 14 planes (of which only seven
are the firm's own property; the
others are chartered)."
"Jewish agents," according to
the Monitor, "could pose easily
as members of any of the na-
tionalities that frequent Arab
air lanes and with the efficiency
of Israel's secret services, leg-
endary since the kidnaping of
Adolf Eichmann, havoc could be
wrought on the air traffic of at
least half a dozen countries."
The International Civil Aviation
Organization (ICAO) a United Na-
tions agency to which both Israel
and Algeria belong, said that it
had been in communication with
all parties involved in the plane
incident but had not had replies
from all the parties.
The ICAO was one of the first
agencies to which Israel turned
after the hijacking of the plane
last Tuesday. It was assumed from
the ICAO statement that the Alge-
rian government, which had failed
to reply to the United Nations sec-
retary-general, had also failed to
reply to the aviation agency.
In Brussels, a foreign ministry
communique reported that the Bel-
gian government had expressed
concern over the violation of inter-
national principles in matters of
air navigation but denied that it
had intervened in Algiers. The min-
istry also denied reports published
in a Brussels newspaper Monday
that an air crew of Sabena, the
Belgian airline, would be sent to
Algiers to fly out the Israeli plane
and the Israeli prisoners.

Thant received no elucidation
Tuesday in a meeting with the
Algerian ambassador, Tewfik
Bouattoura, about what his gov-
ernment's intentions were.
Thant was reported to have ca-
bled President Houari Boumedi-
enne last week urgently asking for
the release of the airliner and pris-
oners. According to information
received in Washington, the Alger-
ian Cabinet, after protracted argu-
ment, was now prepared to release
the prisoners but could not agree
on the timing of the action.
Col. Boumedienne was described
as wanting to hold the plane as
booty and the passengers and crew
as hosatges on the grounds that Al-
geria is technically at war with
Israel. Foreign Minister Abdel
Haziz Bouteflika was said to be
arguing for prompt release of
plane and prisoners to allay inter-
national criticism of Algeria. He
said Algeria was in no way involv-
ed with the hijacking of the plane.

Senator Clark Speaks

tine, interviewed in Beirut, said
the plane will not be released be-
cause it is viewed as "an instru-
ment of war." He said the 12 men
who are detained will be exchanged
for the 1,000 Palestinian com-
mandos jailed in Israel, stating:
"The Israelis have said one Is-
raeli is worth 100 Arabs, so the
rate of exchange for our 12 prison-
ers is about right."
Several hundred young people,
representing the New York Jew-
ish Youth Council, picketed the
Algeria Mission to the United
Nations for 90 minutes on Wed-
nesday demanding the return of
the hijacked El Al aircraft and
the detained crew and passengers.
They carried placards reading:
"Stop Terrorism in the Air," "Al-
geria—Make Love, Not War" and
"Americans Protest Air Piracy."
The council represents the
major Jewish youth and college
organizations in the metropolitan
area, embracing a membership of
several hundred thousand.

WASHINGTON (JTA) — Sen. Hebrew Corner
Joseph S.- Clark, Pennsylvania
Democrat, said in the senate that
the Arab hijacking of an Israeli
commercial airliner represents "a
new and frightening threat to the
Prof. Chaim Weizmann, the first - presi-
security of air travelers of all
dent of the State of Israel, was born
nations."
in the year of 1873 in a village near
Pinsk in Russia. On account of the
A member of the Senate Czar's oppression- against the Jews, he
went to Switzerland, where he studied
Foreign Relations Committee, Sen. chemistry.
he was appointed an
Clark said the action was "a seri- instructor Later
in chemistry at the Uni-
ous and unprecedented escalation versity of Manchester, England.
During the First World War he in-
of the Arab cold war against Is- vented
an important chemical compound
that helped in the English victory over
rael."
the German submarines. Through this
The Senator said the hijacking he was successful in bringing the Eng-
government in contact with Zion-
was "one step over the brink" and lish
ism. Lloyd George was prime minister
asked how the United States would and Lord Balfour was foreign minister.
November 2, 1917, Weizmann received
respond if Chinese Communist On
from the English foreign minister the
terrorists hijacked a Pan-Ameri- known
"Balfour Declaration," in con-
nection with the upbuilding of a Jew-
can airliner. He called on Algeria ish
national home in the Land of
to release the plane, with its crew Israel. To build the National Home,
and all passengers, at once. Sen. Weizmann went to the Jews of the
United States and asked for money to
Clark also demanded a trial of build
the country.
Weizmann, the scholar and known
the hijackers for "piracy" with
chemist,
founded in 1934 in Rehovot the
"appropriate punishment." Sen. "Ziv Institute"
for research in physics
Clark said the hijacking "was a and biochemistry. Scholars from vari-
countries work in this institute.
pre-planned act of piracy con- ous
The research work in the institute is
ceived against a sovereign nation, based mainly to prepare the country to
absorb immigrants and to establish a
with the lives of innocent passen- livelihood
for all Jews that will come
gers — including an American — to the State of Israel.
In the year 1948 Chaim Weizmann was
hanging in the balance."
elected the first president of the State
of Israel. He died in Rehovot in the
(A spokesman for the Popular year
1952.
Front for the Liberation of Pales-
(Translation of Hebrew Column, pub-

Weizmann-First
Israel President

lished by Brit Ivrit Olamit, Jerusalem).

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