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August 02, 1968 - Image 35

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-08-02

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Israel's Emerging Modernity Defined
in Professor Eisenstadt's 'Israeli Society'

Israel's s,ociological status, tak-
ing into account all the elements
that make up the population of the
state — Jews and non-Jews, Occi-
dentals and Orientals — is defined
in a siDnificant, study by one of
the world's most eminent authori-
In "Israeli Society," published
by Basic Books (404 Park„ S.,
NY16) , Prof: , S. N. Eisenstadt Of
the Hebrew University, winner of
the 1963 Maclver Prize, details his-
torical' backgrounds a n d institu-
tional developmentS in Israel, the
social structure, its stratification,
the various patterns and cultural
Published as part of the series
on the history of Zionism and
the Yishuv by the Institute of Con-
teinporary. Jeviry and the Hebrew
University, this immense research
task emerges out of the research
seminar which involved high rate
scholarship. -
An analysis of Israel's society
is supplemented: with a review
of the development of the Yi-
shuv, the background of the
functioning agency that served
as the government of the Jewish
community in Palestine before
the rebirth of Israel, the charac-
teristics of the aliyot immigra-
tion stages, descriptions of the
main aliyot and their numbers
and of the ideological influences
that motivated them.
The study of the Israeli society
is not limited:to Jews,trIt contains
equally as thorough analysis of the
status of the non-Jewish communi-
ties, describes the status of the
Arab minority and the state's res-
ponsibility "concerned with the
linking of its minority groups in
the economic sphere."
. Objective in every detail; seek-
ing to establish and interpret basic
facts, Prof. Eisenstadt's study
shows Bevy _problems arose from
the educational gaps, from the
Arabs' low standards. He indicates
how Arabs had begun to be ac-
cepted into Histadrut — from 1959
on an equal basis.
After a thorough review of the
conditions that existed before
Jewish t a h d and the_
changes gradually • introduced,
Dr. Eisenstadt asserts: "By many
standards, those
- -of, economic de-
velopment, administrative serv-
ices, education and'even political
equality (though with -the exc'ep-
tion of military rule and the ex-
propriation of land for security
reasons) the -standards of the
Israeli Arabs
at efAigh
tainly- much higher than those
of most minorities in Arab coun-
tries — and their lot is being
improved continuously."
He submits that there is "grow-
ing disillusionment on the part of
the Arabs, that Israel can not be
absolved "from adopting the best
possible policies and the most

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democratic attitudes With• regard' conflicts .- in-the :.--f`ethnic" snhere -
to the minorities," and states;
which has been dealt with exten-
"In many ways the possibility sively as a struggle between
of a freer and fuller encounter be-,, 1.‘Two Nations" symbolized in the
tween, the Arab minority and the cleavage between Europeans and
Jewish majority in Israel contains Orientals.
important possibilities, not only , of
In handling the many problems
political arrangements, but also of related to his theme, Dr. • Eisen-
variegating the components of stadt speaks of "starting points for
Israeli identity. The complexity new directions of creativity, chal- .
and the tragedy of the situation lenging the existing -center to find,
lies in the fact that these possibili- together with new groups, new -
ties and potentials are greatly ways of creating various nuclei
limited by the international politi- of social and cultural creativity
cal situations."
with broader universalistic orienta-
Israel is portrayed as a modern tions and attempting to overcome
society, with strong ideological em- the various limitations inherent in
phases, with "the continuity of its background and in its setting."
Israel's growth centered round the
For sociologists generally, Dr.
transformation of the image of Eisenstadt's is an immensely illu-
the pioneer and of the initial sym- minating work, and for Zionists
bols of its collective indentity."
and for all who are interested in
"Israeli Society" provides in-
Israel's development, this research
teresting background studies into task reveals data valuable for a
Zionist ideology and the aims
complete understanding of the
and aspirations of the pioneers. emerging roles of the groups —
It outlines the secular-religious
the majority and the minorities —
relations inherent in the state's involved in the creation of modern-
developing society as well as the ity in the Middle East.




Friday, August 2, 1968-35

Business Cards of. 1700s Reproduced in Paperback •

Todai, -the "yellow pages" tell
us where to buy almost pyerything
from air conditioners to zinc. But
in lath,Century. London, when there
were no. classified directories,
EngliSh•:shopkeepers and merchants
advertisk _their wares on trade
cards—‘illustrated sheets of paper
describing goods and services In
quaintly worded messages. These
cards, fine examples of the art of
the engraver, flourished ficim the
middle of the 17th Century
on Today they are extremely rare
and are highly prized, not only by
collectors and historians, but also

by the graphie artist, who finds; in
them a source of inspiration for
designs and decorations.
Over 100 18th-Century trade
cards are reproduced in one if
Dover's latest paperbacks, 'Tour
don I Tradesmen's'., Cards of the
XVIII CentpxY: An Account . of
Their Origin and Use" by Ambrose
Heal. Here are cards of London
bun bakers, chimney sweeps, nier-
cers, hatters, lamp lighters, brail-
ers, sign painters, peruque makers,
tea dealers and many other tradei-
men. The majority of these' are
printed one to a page.



The 'God Family a cl Country' Clique


(A Seven Arts Feature

Just a few nights before some
of the forces or arch-conservatism
in America -conducted their sixth
annual rally for God, Family and
Country, in -Boston, the police of
Meridian, Miss., foiled a plot
to kill a • prominent Jewish merch-
ant there.
The details may be fresh in your
memory: Meyer Davidson, 51, who
had been active in posting a $75,-
000 reward after the bombing of
a Meridian synagogue, was the tar-
get of the plOt. Thomas A. Tar-
rants III of Mobile, Ala., was
wounded by police as he allegedly
approached Davidson's home. A
notebook in Tarrants's pocket was
quoted thus: "I have committed
myself totally to defeating the
Communist-Jew conspiracy which
threatens our country." Police
identified Tarrants's slain com-
panion as Kathy Ainsworth. 26,
of Jack so n, Miss., a fifth-
grade teacher -in the public schools
with a Ku Klux Klan membership
card and , a loaded pistol in her
purse. —
- A
Having heard
read about
":only • a fraction Of . the activities at
the God,.. Family and _Country rally,
this observer may have missed any
reference to •the Meridian tragedy
at the rally. Most likely ,there
wasn't any.- It simply ,struck me
that if' .some - of the orators at the
red-white-and-blue rally w o u I d
have made a critical reference to
the Meridian episode. or would
have warned against violence in
addition to the kind associated
only with modern big city riots,
this would have strengthened the
cause of the people assembled in
the Cradle of Liberty with so many
patriotic trappings. ,
; This God, Family and Country
rally, -so important to the John
Birch Society,. had quite another
focus—the presidential candidacy
of Alabama's George Wallace.
Neckties. spelling W-a-1-1-a-c-e add-
ed saitOrial gaiety to the proceed-
ings; Wallace literature abounded;
you , could light your cigar with
Wallace match and- - you- were
urged most cordially- to attend a
reception to meet the Southern
The record goes round and
round = the record played by
George Wallace, bent on killing
the two-party system; the record
played by Robert Welch, determin-
ed to make the term, liberal, an
obscenity; the record played ,by
Billy James Hargis, weeping . for
racist Rhodesia; the record by
Jessica Payne, ..the West Virginia
crusader* .assembling. Bible teach-
ers of Huntington to defeat an open
housing ordinance; the record
played by Major General Edwin
A. Walker (resigned), finding his
solace in the Christian Crusade.
At such a circus, the heroes are
largely the speakers themselves ,

with the late Senator Jim Reed
praised for bucking the League of
Nations, Pat McNarran honored
for making red-hunting a national
pasttime; the American Bar Asso-
ciation's Past President Frank Hol-
man toasted for backing the Brick-
er amendment; and the late Bob
Taft extolled because he was pres-
idential timber. The devils are
leaders of the League of Women
Voters and many chamber of com-
merce wanting to cool the urban
crisis. Downgraded also are the
National Council of Churehes and
the National Education Associa-


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- The form cities take, the manner
in which they develop, their growth,
their industrial progress—the peo-
ple who inhabit them—there are
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the author states : "In Detroit, a
fitful monster appeared. The au-
tomobile was seen on city streets,
coughing and choking, frighten-
ing horses and attracting much
attention. Few then realized how
completely this machine would
someday change the city."
Going back to olden times, the-
-author defines- Jerusalem as "city
of the god of peace."
In a sense, the cities depicted
also represent a_history of Amer-
ica. There is reference to the first
Baseball World Series and the
author, in another comment about
. Detroit's industrial growth, states
that "promoters were hired to in-
form the world that 'in Detroit,
life is -worth living.' "
The many interesting features
elevate this book to a position of
merit for young American readers.

I. J. Goldstein

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