LBJ Resisted Kosygin's Hot-Line Threats
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
During 6-Day War, Report Magazine
NEW YORK (JTA)—The Soviet
Union tried to pressure President
Johnson to take action to halt Is-
raeli advances during the 1967
Six-Day War, even indicating it
was prepared to risk nuclear war,
according to an article in the
Reader's Digest on the use of the
Moscow-Washington teletype hot
line during the Arab-Israel War.
The hot line was used five times
during the war in what the maga-
zine in a copyrighted article, said
was a "war of nerves and of wills"
waged by President Johnson and
Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin.
The article. "Countdown in the
Men are weak, we've 'oft been
told. The strong ones even fail.
But full of God, the weak are
strong. Their souls, to no man
are for sole.
B S I
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. —
Secretary-General U Thant was
expected this week to agree pub-
licly with the Arab position that
the condition of Jews in Arab
states cannot be investigated by
an emissary who would look into
the status of civilians in the Mid-
dle East war zone.
It was known that the legal
division of the UN secretariat has
provided Thant with an opinion
that "humanitarian" resolutions
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St. Louis Center Camp Drops Riflery Program
ST. LOUIS (JTA)—The Jewish day camp. Notification was made
Community Centers Association in a letter to parents of the more
said, indicated that "the Soviets has announced cancellation of the than 700 boys and girls who at-
would have to make perilous deci- riflery program at the association tend the camp.
sions . . . with dire consequences."
"It was clear," the article said,
"the Russians were coming as
Volume 3-33 1/3 RPM Stereo or Monoral
close as they could to saying that
they were prepared to risk nuclear
Sung by The Famous
President Johnson's second reply
PIRCHEI CHORAL ENSEMBLE
to Kosygin was the same as the
first the article said, and no more
THE PIRCHEI ORCHESTRA
transmissions were made until
Arranged and Conducted by
June 10, the last day of the war.
Premier Kosygin called three
times on June 10 to demand the
HEBREW BOOK &
U.S. act immediately to halt the
Israeli advance (now being made
into Syria). President Johnson an-
24900 COOLIDGE AT 10 MILE
swered that he could exercise no
more control over the Israelis than
OPEN ALL DAY SUNDAY
the Rusians could over the Arabs,
the Reader's Digest article said.
The article said after Premier
Kosygin's third call, President
LET US HELP YOU SELL YOUR HOME ! !
Johnson sent units of the Sixth
Fleet toward the Syrian coast.
U Thanes Pro-A•ab
Stand 'Rejects Probe
Into Moslems . Bias
Holy Land," based on interviews
with participants in the teletype
confrontation, was written by
Reader's Digest's roving editor,
Premier Kosygin used the hot
line "for the first time in anger"
on June 6, the second day of the
war, the article said. In that call,
Kosygin demanded that President
Johnson persuade the Israelis to
stop their advance in the Sinai
Desert and withdraw, hinting that
otherwise the Soviet Union would
The President's answer was
that the United States would not
unilaterally act, and the matter
should be referred to the United
Nations. Premier Kosygin called
again that day and, ignoring
the President's preference for
UN action, again demanded that
the United States force the Is-
raelis to withdraw.
Kosygin's message the magazine
Friday, July 26, 1968-7
adopted by the Security Council
and General Assembly last year
were not intended to cover Jewish
communities in Arab states.
This opinion was expected to be
accepted by Thant in a progress
report scheduled for release later
this week on his secret negotiations
to send a special "humanitarian"
envoy to the area.
Arab envoys have sought, since
early this year, to have Thant
open a second investigation of con-
ditions of Arab civilians in Israeli-
occupied territories. Israel has
been concerned over what it re-
gards as mistreatment of Jews in
Egypt, Syria and Iraq and has
taken the position that a UN emis-
sary must look into this situation
An Israeli source said that its
UN mission has asked the Israel
Foreign Ministry for instructions.
It was believed that one question
was whether Israel would accept a
UN emissary who was not author-
ized to look into the condition of
Jewish communities in Arab
Israel's position is known to be
that the secretariat is submitting
to Arab pressures and using leg _ al-
istic arguments as an excuse to
justify, after the fact, a one-sided
political decision," the New York
Post reported Tuesday.
Another UN envoy, Nils Goren
Gussing was sent to look into the
Middle East civilian situation last
year. At that time, Thant said pub-
licly that the resolutions authoriz-
ing the mission "might properly be
interpreted as having application
to the treatment .. . of both Arab
and Jewish persons in the states
directly concerned because of
their participation in the war."
Gussing toured Jewish shops in
Damascus with a Syrian govern-
ment escort last summer but Iraq
and Egypt would not let him look
into the status of Jews in those
countries. All three countries are
now known to oppose such an in-
The two UN resolutions con-
cerned recommend "To govern-
ments concerned the scrupulous
respect of the humanitarian prin-
ciple governing .. . the protection
of civilian persons in time of war,
contained in the Geneva Conven-
tion." Thant was instructed to
"follow the effective implementa-
tion" of the resolutions.
The natural increase of t h e
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births daily, and it is estimated
that in the year 2000, the number
of people throughout the world
will reach 7,000,000,000—according
to a forecast made in a special
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