U.S. Envoys Probe Peace Possibilities
(Continued from Page 1)
to conclude that Bundy might be
which Ambassador Ball delivered trying to further some sort of ac-
personally Monday, was written in cord between Israel and Jordan.
the most friendly terms and con-
Ambassador Ball delivered the
tained greetings from Mrs. - John- personal letter from President
son to Mrs. Eshkol. The President, Johnson to Eshkol Monday as the
it was reported, asked Eshkol to two met for 90 minutes. Earlier,
have "open-hearted and frank" Ball met for two hours with Eban
talks with Ball. He reaffirmed his in talks which, informed sources
"five points" for the Middle East said, indicated that there was no
which he had stated in July 1967 basic difference between t h e
and urged that everything be done United States and Israel on per-
to preserve peace in the region. manent peace in the Middle East
Monday's talks, though informal, and the need for an agreed solu-
were held in .a formal setting, it tion of the Arab-Israel dispute.
was learned. The American party,
The meetings Monday were the
which included Assistant Secretary first contacts between Israeli lead-
of State Joseph Sisco and Alfred ers and top-level American diplo-
Atherton, chief of the State Depart- mats in Israel since the war.
ment's Arab-Israel desk, sat - on
Ball said, on his arrival at Lydda
one side of a long table facing the
Israeli leaders on the other side. Airport Sunday, that he and his
party came to Israel to get first-
Sitting in on the meetings were hand insights into the problems of
U.S. Ambassador Walworth Bar- common concern to both countries
bour and senior officials of the in the context of the region and
Israel Foreign Ministry and the the United Nations. In this connec-
prime minister's office.
tion it was understood that Eshkol
McGeorge Bundy, president of and Eban expounded the Israeli
the Ford Foundation, left for Am- view of the Middle East situation
man, Jordan, Wednesday for talks in detail. Eshkol is reported to
with King Hussein. Speculation in- have told Ball that he truly be-
creased here that the object of his lieved that the intention of Presi-
visit to Middle Eastern capitals dent Nasser of Egypt was to des-
was more than just "Ford Founda- troy Israel. He drew attention to
tion business," as Bundy has in- Nasser's recent statements in Mos-
sisted. cow which, in his view, aimed at
The former White House adviser nothing less than total war against
on international affairs had a pri- Israel. Eshkol recalled that, in the
vate meeting with Eban Monday 1930s, Hitler expressed his aim to
and with Eshkol . Tuesday. He at- destroy the Jewish people, but
tended a dinner Monday in honor most people did not believe him
at the time.
The Israeli prime minister also
Before coming to Israel, Bundy
visited Egypt and Lebanon. His voiced deep concern over the con-
planned talks with Eshkol and with tinued Soviet rearmament of Egypt
King Hussein led some observers and other Arab contries, a point
that was reportedly also emphasiz- will be the tendency in Israel to solution, Heykal wrote in Al Ah-
ed by Eban. Both of them asserted explore that possibility."
ram Saturday. The question of
that no credence could be given to
Eban commented on the joint what to do if a political solution
the Russian proposal for the cur- Soviet-Egyptian statement issued failed was reportedly confined to
tailment of arms shipments to the on President Nasser's departure private meetings at which the only
Middle East because Russia was from Moscow which called for Is- conferees were Nasser, Soviet
boasting that it had supplied the rael's total withdrawal from the Premier Alexei N. Kosygin, Presi-
Arabs , with better, more modern occupied Arab territories. "They dent Nikolai V. Podgorny and Com-
weapons. They said that the arms have not even said that if we were munist Party Chief Leonid I.
balance in the region was once miraculously persuaded to put our- Brezhnev.
more unfavorable to Israel and selves back to the June 4, 1967.
Al Ahram quoted Nasser as hav-
that American arms supplies for positions that they would end their ing said, at a more broadly-at-
Israel were therefore essential. conflict with us," he said. "On the tended meeting: "Regarding a poli-
Eshkol repeated Israel's desire for contrary, it would continue until tical settlement and its possibilities,
peace which, he said, could be what they call the 'rights of the we are not intransigent, nor do we
brought about only through direct Palestinian people' have been fully allow ourselves to indulge in the
negotiations. Eban reportedly satisfied."
illusion of dictating terms. But
warned against misinterpretation
Eban noted that his government there are the possible and the im-
of the so-called current Egyptian
possible things. Accepting negotia-
"peace offensive" which he des- had made it clear to the United tions with Israel is impossible and
cribed as misleading. The Israelis
I do not accept it. Recognition of
were believed to have told the Gunnar V. Jarring, that it did not Israel is impossible and I cannot
American diplomats that the Suez see the present cease-fire lines as do it. Conclusion of peace with Is-
Canal could be reopened whenever ideal or permanent.
He said that if "Palestinian Arab rael is impossible and I cannot do
the Egyptians agreed to the prin-
were to seek to negotiate it. This is my stand and on its
ciple of free navigation for all, in-
basis we have provided the oppor-
eluding Israel. They also stressed with us on a settlement of all ques- tunity for a political settlement."
that Israel could not withdraw its tions between them and us, most
basic demand for direct peace of my colleagues and I would favor
According to Al Ahram, the
Egyptian president told the Soviet
talks because the Arabs have stat-' exploring such a possibility."
(Reporting on talks held with leaders that a military approach
ed their absolute adherence to the
Khartoum formula of August 1967 Jarring, Eban told the Israel Cabi- was advantageous, especially for
which, in effect. demanded Israel's net Sunday that the UN envoy does Arab morale, but that if he could
not regard his mission as nearing "eliminate the traces of Israeli ag-
gression" through political action,
A heated debate appeared to be its end. He said that Gideon "this is an approach no patriot can
shaping up for next Sunday's Raphael, director-general of the reject."
cabinet meeting where Eshkol and foreign ministry, told Jarring in
(Israel's chief representative to
Eban will report on their talks their London talks last week that the United Nations, Ambassador
with the American diplomatic Israel pledges to support his mis- Joseph Tekoah, has been called to
President Nasser of Egypt re- Jerusalem for consultations which
The debate is expected to cen- portedly told Soviet leaders dur- will begin early next month. the
ter around Ball's reported efforts ing his talks in Moscow that he foreign ministry announced Wed-
to persuade Israel to relax its de- favored a political solution in the nesday.
mand for direct negotiations with Middle East deadlock but was pre-
(lt was reported at UN head-
the Arabs and accept some other pared to go to war again. There quarters in New York Wednes-
form of contact through the UN was no indication, however, of day that the General Assembly
peace envoy, Ambassador Jarring. whether the Russians agreed to will postpone its scheduled Sept.
General Dayan Meets
give Nasser what he apparently 17 opening for one week and will
With U.S. Ambassador
sought during his stay in the Soviet not begin general debate for an
TEL AVIV (JTA) — Defense capital—more and speedier arms additional week. General debate is
liveries. According to an ac- the series of major policy ad-
Minister Gen. Moshe Dayan and de
dresses made at the fall session
jet planes. to Israel is justified and Israel's top military and security count of the Moscow talks by Mo- by top delegates, including many
By HUBERT H. HUMPHREY
hammad Hassein Heykal, editor of
Vice President of the U.S.
more than 90 minutes Tuesday y the semi-official Cairo daily Al foreign ministers. The delay was
My position on Israel and the answer lies in agreed disarma- with Ambassador George Ball and Ahram, who accompanied Nasser, reportedly requested by the 66-
Middle East is clear. Ever since ment.
his par. ty No statement was issued the Egyptian leader took a tough nation Afro-Asian bloc.)
the creation of the State of Israel,
The United States and other de- after the meeting. It was assumed stand and informed the Kremlin
which I enthusiastically supported veloped nations should actively that the topics of discussion were leaders that he adhered to what At II II if II • II u *
— both on moral and political support national and regional econ- Israel's security needs, the re- amounts to the Khartoum formula
grounds—I have felt that a stable omic modernization programs, es- arming of the Arab states and the of August 1967 — no negotiations,
peace in the Middle East is a must. pecially irrigation development situation in Israel-occupied Arab no peace and no recognition of Is-
There are six necessary elements and desalinization. territories. rael. The series of "no's" was de- 11
for a permanent peace in the Mid-
In addition to Gen. Dayan, the livered at a session reportedly de-
My views are motivated by a
sense of justice and concern for all meeting held in the defense minis- voted to the question of a political
1. The existence of the State the inhabitants of a region that - ter's office was attended by Maj.
of Israel must be accepted by all through the centuries has contrib- Gen. Chaim Bar-Lev, chief of staff
uted so much to our own spiritual of Israel's armed forces; Assistant
2. The fragile, often-violated and philosophical development.
Defense Minister Tzvi Tzur; Ezer
truce lines must be transformed
a FOR YOUR BEST DEAL a
Weizmann, chief of the headquar-
into agreed and secure bound-
ters branch: Aharon Yarib, chief
of intelligence; Col. Shiomo Gazit,
3. The State of Israel must
who was in charge of the occupied
Residential and Commercial
have free navigational rights in
areas; and Moshe Bitan, deputy
all international waters, includ-
Bloch Publishing Co. announces director general of the foreign
LARGE OR SMALL ORDERS
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a 20811 W. 8 Mile Rd. a
niles on Sept. 5 They are: "The can affairs.
Between Southfield &
4. The arms race, which breeds New World Over Story Book" and
EVENINGS & SATURDAYS
The American party toured Gali-
insecurity as 'it feeds on hostil- "More World Over Stories," both lee Tuesday and Ambassador Ball
"2 Minutes from
ity, must be finally terminated; edited by Ezekiel Schloss and Mor- met with Deputy Prime Minister
5. The international commu- ris Epstein.
Moshe Allon at his home in Kibutz
nity must assist the countries im-
The two books, comprising "Il- Ginossar on Lake Tiberias. The
mediately concerned in solving lustrated Anthologies for Jewish Americans returned to Jerdsalem
the human tragedy posed by the Youth," are, in the words of its in the afternoon for summing up
editors, Schloss and Epstein of the talks with Foreign Minister Eban
6. The resources of the Middle Jewish Education Committee of after which they crossed the Al-
East countries must be used New York, "for the delight and lenby Bridge to Jordan.
primarily for human and econ- edification of children aged 9 to
Eban Sees Possibility
omic development rather than 90."
of Direct Israel Settlement
war and destruction.
The first volume, "The New With Palestinian Arabs
These views have been fortified
IN HONOR OF OUR
by the experience of the June 1967 World Over Story Book," contains
LONDON (JTA) — Israel's For-
stories in three categOries — "In eign Minister Abba Eban indicated
I favor active United States di- The Jewish State," "The World of in an interview published here that
Eastern Europe," and "The Bible there was a possibility of some sort
plomatic efforts to convince Isra-
OPEN 'TIL MIDNIGHT FRIDAY!
of direct settlement between Israel
el's neighbors — many of whom As Background."
The second volume, "More World and the Palestinian Arab commun-
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have been friends of this country
(If you have a poem you would like to read, please join us)
for many years—to pursue now a Over Stories," comprises sections ity although such an arrangement
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in negotiating an agreement among selected for excellence, as history,
According to an article in the
the nations in that region. . for its narrative quality, and for Sunday Observer, Eban said that
The cause of peace will not be its educative strength. Readers will Israel was not now negotiating any
served by the pursuit of military find in these pages a whole library solution based on a separate Pales-
preponderance by Arab States of Jewish fiction, classical and tinian state. However, the Israeli
through arms deliveries from the new, on a broad range of Jewish diplomat stated, "I think the longer
Soviet Union. Until permanent subjects: stories useful for specific Jordan repulses negotiations, the
peace is achieved and the arms holidays, for the teaching of Bible, stronger will be the impulse among
race ended, I believe continued Israel, and American Jewish Life. Palestine Arab leaders to work out
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U.S. military assistance, including
The stories are fully illustrated. the best settlement they can with
Mon. thru Sat., 9:30 a.m. - 9:00 p.m.
Israel, and the longer Jordan ab-
16—Friday, July 19, 1968
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS stains from negotiating, the greater
Statement on Middle East
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2 New Youth Books
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