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July 12, 1968 - Image 21

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-07-12

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Nappwing.

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Genocide Pact Remains Unratified by U.S

By MILTON FRIEDMAN

(Copyright 1968, JTA Inc.)

WASHINGTON — Congress will
adjourn in a few weeks again with-
out 'having ratified the United Na-
tions Convention on Genocide and
other human rights pacts with one
minor exception. The year 1968 was
designated by the UN and • the
United States as the International
Year for Human Rights. It'vas
year in which Russia, Poland,
Egypt and Syria singled out Jews
for discrimination .
;However, the U.S. could not ask
those countries to respect their
ratification of UN conventions out-
lawing discrimination. While the
U.S. has failed to ratify eight of
the nine anti-bias measures, the
pacts that would theoretically pro-
tect Jews were ratified by Russia,
Poland, Egypt and Syria. The only
one of the nine approved by the
U.S. Senate this year was the
treaty on abolition of slavery. The
slavery measure was ratified be-
cause American Negro groups put
pressure on Senators in this elec-
tion year.
Genocide and freedom of asso-
ciation have been stalled by the
Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee since 1949. In 1966, former
UN Ambassador Arthur J. Gold-
berg signed the Convention on
the Elimination of All Forms of
Racial Discrimination. But Pres=
ident Johnson has never trans-
mitted this convention to the
Senate.
Among the other conventions
awaiting official transmittal are
pacts aimed at discrimination in
employment and education. These
would apply directly to the anti-
Jewish measures instituted during
1968 in Poland.

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Sen. William W.. Proxmire, Wis-
consin Democrat, has almost daily
taken the Senate floor to urge ac-
tion on the genocide pact and other
conventions. He is ignored. The
news media no longer cover his
appeals.
Arguments are heard that other
nations could exploit American ra-
cial turbulence by using the UN
as a forum to hear complaints by
Negroe s, Mexican-Americans,
Puerto Ricans, American Indians,
and -other minorities. -
At the time that he signed the
UN Charter in 1945, President Tru-
man - called for an International
Bill of Rights, including genocide
and anti-bias pacts. He said that
"Unless we can attain those ob-
jectives for all men and women
everywhere — without regard to
race, language or religion — we
cannot have permanent peace and
security." The convention on the
prevention and punishment of the
crime of genocide was adopted by
the General Assembly in 1948 with
strong U.S. support. Truman sub-
mitted it to the Senate in 1949. A
report and a declaration was pre-
pared by a subcommittee of the
Foreign Relations Committee but
no final action was ever taken by
the full committee.
The convention on the freedom
of association and protection of
the right to organize is of great
potential importance to Soviet
Jewry. Yet Russia has ratified this
convention while the U.S. has not.
Therefore, the U.S. government( is

hardly in a position to demand
Russian adherence to a pact that
the Senate has ignored since 1949
when Truman sent it to the Senate.
Interested groups may be able
to achieve at the coming political
conventions and platform hearings
some steps toward accomplishing
in 1969 what they failed to_ do in
1968. .Yet there is no evidence of
any momentum in this direction.

Friday, July 12, 1968-21

Council for Judaism Confirms Resignation
of Its Spokesman, Rabbi Elmer Berger

NEW. YORK (JTA) — Officials adverse publicity in connection
of the American Council for Jud- with the visit here of Rabbi' Ye-
aism have confirmed that Rabbi huda Leib Levin of Moscow at
Elmer Berger, its executive vice. the council's invitation.
president and principal spokesman
Rabbi Berger's resignation fol-
since 1943, has severed his , con- lowed by a matter of weeks the
nection with the anti-Zionist, or- resignation of the council's exe-
ganization,. but they declined to cutive director and another staff
disctiss the circumstances.
member.
Rabbi Berger, 68, a bitter foe
In a statement made following
of the state of Israel and of the
his resignation as executive direc-
Zionist
movement,
submitted
his
By RABBI SAMUEL J. FOX
resignation to the council board tor Dr. Norton Mezvinsky charged '
(Copyright 1968, JTA Inc.)
last 'week. According to. Clerance that Rabbi Berger had given
What is the origin of the ex- L. Coleman, board chairman, it speech • writing assistance to the
pression "Jerusalem of Gold?" was accepted "with regret." Coun- Syrian ambassador to the United
In the Ugaritic inscription& we cil officials termed "preposterous" Nations.
find an article of jewelry worn by reports that Rabbi Berger's res-
a certain queen and called a "city ignation has been precipitated by
of gold." In the talmudic litera-
ture we find a number of refer-
ences to a piece of jewelry worn Italian Cotirt Will Decide
by women called "city of gold." if Jews Were 'Enemies'
At Mid-America's fabulous resort...
(Mishna • Kelim 11:8; Mishna
a playtime paradise where you'll enjoy:
or
Must
Pay
Postwar
Tax
Shabat 6:1). In a discussion con-
• Terrific food
cerning this ornament the Talmud
ROME (JTA)—An Italian court
• Beautiful heated pool
calls it "Jerusalem of Gold" will decide shortly whether Jews in
and patio
• All sports
(Babli, Shabat 59a). Rabbi Akiva Italy were treated as "enemies"
• Gala floor show*
is said to have given his wife such under the Mussclini regime during
41 .1-A, • Planned
an ornament (Babli Nedarim 50a). World War II and therefore should
Children's
Activities
A crown for brides is sometimes be exempt from payment of a 1946
New Low Ratis!
equated in the Talmud with the head tax to cover was damages,
"WHERE VACATION
name "city of gold" (Babli, Sota The question has been the subject
DREAMS COME TRUE!"
49b). Generally, prominent women of many lawsuits in civil and ad-
wore such a crown which looked ministrative courts since the tax
like a portrayal of the towers pro- was decreed.
tecting a city. It was originally
SOUTH HAVEN, MICHIGAN
worn by a goddess or a queen.
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., estab-
Phone 637-5111 (Ares 616)
Thus it would - mare or less symbo- lished in 1668, is the oldest town
lize that the woman in question is between the Alleghenies and the
the head of the city or the area. Rockies.
Later, apparently it was worn by
prominent women or those whom
their husbands chose to honor.
Rabbi Judah equates the expres-
sion "City of Gold" with "Jerus-
TEL AVIV (JTA) — El Al, alem of Gold" (Yerushalmi Shab-
FOR THE SUMMER
Israel's national airline, has more at 6:1). Generally, this ornament
traffic than it can cope with on was a general symbol of a city.
its trans-AtIantic route and is Since it was made of gold, the
BEAUTIFUL NEW
chartering additional planes to ornament was a "golden city."
handle the growing load, it was Since the women of Israel reflected
Otandifat, 3DIVRAIL
reported here Tuesday. The com- the deep reverence for Jerusalem,
pany- has just been authorized by the city they would most naturally
Write for Brochure & Rates
the American Civil Aviation Board think of when wearing this orna-
(616) 637-2222
222
North
Shore
Dr.
to charter aircraft from World ment was the Holy City of Jerus-
South
Haven,
Mich.
49090
Airways Inc. Sufficient to provide alem. Hence we get the expression
"Jerusalem of Gold."
15 additional round flights.
* * *
El Al presently operates 24
Why is it that the first-born
trans-Atlantic flights per week,
using seven of its own planes and son does not undergo the re-
two chartered jets. The company'S demptioh ceremony (Pidyon Eta-
load factor—the ratio of passeng- ben) until he has passed the 30th
ers carried to number of seats day of his life?
Basically this is the requirement
available—is now running at 95
percent, 30 percent over the av- stipulated in the Bible, "from a
erage load factor of other trans- month old shalt thou redeem
Atlantic airliners, the company them" (Numbers 18:16; Numbers
3.43). Some claim that this is be-
said.
cause a child of less than 30
days is not considered assured of
WISCONSIN
being a full normal healthy child.
One would redeem only a child of
whom one is reasonably sure they
would survive. In the Bible the
assessments of valuation for in-
dividuals starts at the age of 30
days (Leviticus 27:6). An interest-
ing explanation has been offered
by more recent writers. They
claim that every passing unit of
time in the child's life is dedicated
with some ceremony of thanksgiv-
ing to the Almighty. Thus after the
• New TV-Playroom with
• New Kitchen
first cycle of time (i.e., a week)
color movies, for children
has passed, a boy is circumcized
• New Dining Room
on the eighth day of his life. After
New water facilities
• New and expanded menu •
the second cycle has passed (a
month), the redemption ceremony
• New screened patio,
• New cockail bar
of Pidyon Haben takes place. This
facing the lake
serves as a form of recognition
that whatever time has brought us
"Take a vacation for 3 . . .
Plus all the usual comforts and features including golf,
is something actually granted to
and the 3rd will be FREE!"
(4 mi. from Lodge) table pool, tennis, ping-pong, pontoon
us
by
the
Almighty
to
whom"
we
That's right! Starting Sunday,
should shaw our gratitude in recog-
boat, paddle boats, shuffleboard, hiking and much, much
July 7th until Friday, Augusi-2nd,
nizing that He is the source of all
the 3rd person (adult or child)
more—all at Lewiston Lodge on beautiful East Twin
in a room with 2 adults at Nip-
life and the owner of everything.
Lake, about 24 miles from Grayling or Mio.

Weekly Quit

El Al Charters
Planes to Handle
Atlantic Flights

GET OUT OF THE HEAT
OF THE BIG CITY

BEN TEITEL'S

THE SEASON IS HERE!

MAKE RESERVATIONS NOW

THE

persink wilt he our guest and
entitled to lodging and food (3
meals each day)
absolutely
FREE!

AMSTERSAM (JTA) — Ameri-
can Jewish _industrialiSt Joseph
Foster,- owner of the Foster Grant
Chemical Works in Breda, Nether-
lands, has contributed 75,000
Dutch _guilders .(about $25,000) to
the small Jewish congre g ation in
Breda toward canitruetion of a
new synagogue. Christian groups
have 'already collected 10,000
guilders (about $3,000) for this
purpose.

Goldstein

25839
Southwood,
Southfield,
Mich.
Phone: 356-7555

ey- r

or

LEWISTON LODGE
,e4

U.S. Industrialist Gives
Toward Dutch Synagogue

July 7 to July 19 only! (excl. July 12-141
addition to 3-for-2 Special, extra children
In .
under 15 years in the same room will_ cost only
$4.00 per day, including 3 meals!

. J.

NEW

41. Z.• -•

411 • •

• 4 .4 +V

'tit.

LEWISTON, MICHIGAN
31/2 Driving Hours frch Detrci+

Reservations Call DETROIT (313) 542-3700
or Call Lewiston (g17) 786-245,2

L •

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