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July 12, 1968 - Image 14

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-07-12

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

New Confrontation for Israel's Problem

American Jewish leaders are now
beginning to think in terms of pro-
viding Israel with a new forM of
aid, in addition to philanthropic
assistance. It will be known as
consultative, or "brain aid."
Israel faces urgent probleins in
its Welfare work. Jerusalem is an
example. The city has a large but
mostly poor population. It is not a
business city like Tel Aviv' Or a
cominercial port like Haifa. It has
virttially no income from munici-
pal taxes. It is the city of govern-
ment offices, and government insti-
tutions pay no taxes. It has many

Solutions to Major Woes
of World Jewry Hinge on
Big Powers—Goldmann

GENEVA (JTA) -- Dr. Nahum
Goldmann said here Monday that
solutions to the • principal prob 7;
lems facing the Jewish people now
and for some time to come will
depend in large measure on the
actions and attitudes of the - Big
Power, particularly Russia.
Dr. Goldmann, who is president
of the World Jewish Congress,
spoke at a meeting of the WJCon
gress' governing council this week.
The opening session was also
addressed by Dr.. Joachim prinz,
of Newark, N.J., chairman of the
council, who welcomed the dele-
gates from all over - the world.
AmOng them were Chief Rabbi
Moses Rosen of Romania and Dr.
Max. Nussbaum, chairman If the
WJCongress' American section.
Dr. Goldmann listed the chief
problems facing Jewry as the se-
curity of Israel, the reladonship
between Israel and Jews abroad:
the return to the Jewish fold of
the Jews of Soviet Russia, and the
recruitment of the younger gen-
eration of Jews to Jewish life.
Concerning Israel, the world
Jewish leader said that security
could be ,achieved - "if a genuine.
ly :binding agreement with the
Arabs to .end belligerency could
be coupled with a g,uatantee of
stability in the Middle East by
the Great Powers." He said he
never considered the latter con-
dition impossible. Under such
conditions, he said, "great prog-
ress could be made ,oward the
solution of the central problem
on which Israel's future :depends
—namely the peaceful coexist-
ence of Israel with its Arab.
neighbor." -
Dr. Gotdrnann believed that
"this will depend to a large extent
on the polidy of Israel which has
to be both firm and flexible and
must concentrate its efforts on
major problems instead of matters
of procedure." Otherwise, - Dr.
Goldmann warned, "if the present
state of affairs continues, there is
a serious danger of a new conflict
in the Middle East in which, "I am
afraid, the Great Powers and cer-
tainly the Soviet :Union would be
involved even if not directly."
Dr:. • Goldmann said that the so-
lution of the • problem .: of Soviet
JewrY was linked to a:solution of
the ; Arab-Isra-eiT problem arid" the
end . of the SoViet Union's hottile
attitude toward
{Related storkiiNge::22)


religious institutions, but religious
establishments are tax free. It has
the HebreW University, the Jewish
National Fund, the Jewish Agency
headquarters, the Keren Hayesod,
but all of theM are tax-exempt. It
has a multitude of institutions, like
the Hadassah Hospital, the Na-
tional Museum, the Yad Vashem,
but none of them is a source of
income to the municipality.
But. Jerusalem has more help-
less aged, blind, and orphans
than any other city in Israel. All
municipal assist-
of them need
ince but few - are lucky enough
to get it. The city has no funds
to cover the wide needs of most
of its needy population. It can
hardly cover the basic municipal
needs with the meager income
it derives from taxes.
The situation became more com-
plicated after the Six-Day War.
When the Arab-populated Old City
was incorporated into Jerusalem
proper, all of its residents became
Israeli citizens entitled to the same
welfare aid as the Jewish citizens
of Jerusalem. The number of sick,
aged, blind • and crippled is quite
large among the Arabs in the Old
City. When it was under Jordanian
rule, no one bothered about them.
But now the Jerusalem municipal-
ity must carry the burden of pro-
viding them with necessary aid.
Brain Aid From U.S.
American Jewry is ready to give
Israel the requested "brain aid."
This summer it is sending over a
number of experts in welfare work
and other fields related to human
needs. At the request of Mayor
Teddy Kollek of Jerusalem, a na-
tionally known authority on social
work, Dr. Leon Richman, who has
taught social work at the Univer-
sity of Chicago, will become his
consultant. Dr. Richman will help
the mayor review . all welfare prob-
lems in the enlarged city. His serv-
ice is made possible by the JDC
in cooperation with the Jerusalem
Sidney Vincent, another expert in
Jewish welfare work, who is exec-
utive director of the Cleveland Jew-
ish Federation, is also going to
Israel for a lengthy stay. His trip

is sponsored jointly by the United
Jewish Appeal,. Joint Distribution
Committee and the Council of Jew-
ish Federations and Welfare Funds.
He will bring with hini ,many years
Of experience in planning and co-
ordination in various fields of JeW-
ish social work: T. "
Dr. Arnold Gurin, .faculty Mem-
ber..of Brandeis 'University, a na-
tional expert on •Social work edu-
cation, ,who worked.for many years
with the Council of Jewish Federa-
tions • and.AVelfare Funds, . is an-
other • expert who -will soon go to
Israel. His stay there will be fi-
nanced. by the Israel government
and the JDC:. He will help strength-
en training programs for social
welfare work.
- Dr. Meyer Schwartz, assistant
dean of the Graduate School of
Social Work of the. University of
Pittsburghformerly on the staff
of - the Pittsburgh United Jewish
Federation—iS •irt Israel studying
the needs in development towns
there. He was sent by the United
Nations to study patterns in the
development towns , that could be
used in underdeveloped countries.

Israeli ministries dealing 'with wel-
fare, health, education,. housing,
agricultural settlements and re-
lated needs. P h i l i p Bernstein,
CJFWF executive vice president,
visited Israel for a series of con-
ferences to help 'set the prepara-
tions for the 1969 parley in motion.



July 12, 1968


(Copyright 1-568,
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.) I 14—Friday,


* * *


" Action on Human Needs
The role of American Jewry in
helping Israel meet its human
needs will reach a high point at
a special world conference of Jew-
ish leaders which will take place
. in Jerusalem next June. More than
250 world Jewish leaders have been
invited to the gathering by the Is
Lae' Prime Minister and the Jewish
The parley will be known as the
Conference on Israel's Human
Needs in the Next Decade. A steer-
ing committee to develop the plans
for the conference is already work-
ing. It is composed of leaders of
the Jewish Agency, UHL UIA,
JDC, the Council of Jewish Federa-
tions and Welfare Funds, and the


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More Than 230,000 .
Arabs Left West:
Bank,- Gaza:Strip

JERUSALEM—Between 230,000
and 250,000 Arabs have left the
West Bank or the Gaza Strip since
the June 1967 Six-Day War, ap-
parently permanently, it was dis-
closed here Wednesday. The fig-
ures,. which were an estimate, in-
cludes refugees who fled during
the fighting. They do not include
the Syrian population of the Golan
Heights who were mostly civilian
employes of the Syrian army and
heir families. The latter left with
retreating Syrian troops. Most of
the West Bank and Gaza inhabit-
ants were believed to have gone
to the . East Bank of the Jordan
and 'some to other Arab countries.

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