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June 28, 1968 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-06-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

UNESCO Orders
Examination of
Textbooks Thai
Teach Hatreds

PARIS (JTA) — The executive board of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organ-
ization) authorized an examination by experts of textbooks used in schools in the Middle East run by UNESCO and
UNRWA (United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees). The board named Rene Maheu, director-
general of the agency, to - set up a commission for the task. Israeli, Egyptian and Lebanese board members joined in the
unanimous decision.
UNESCO and UNRWA schools in the Middle East provide education for some 200,000 children and youths in
refugee camps. Some of the textbooks used have been said to contain anti-Israel propaganda. (In Washington last week,
Sen. George Murphy, California Republican, charged that Arab refugee children were being "steeped in hatred" for
Israel and the West at the UNRWA schools which are financed mainly by the United States and asked the U.S. to
stop it. The Senator said that up to last June's Six-Day War, the U.S. provided two-thirds of the UNRWA budget
$425,009,000 out of $625.000.000. He cited a "math problem" in which "an Arab kills eight of 10 Israelis" and is asked
how many Israelis are left.)

JEWISH

Exploring

the Path of

a Just

Is Neo-Nazism
Akin to the
Hitler
Pattern?

Society

MICHIGAN

Editorials
Page 4

A Weekly Review

Cominentary

I Jewish Events

Page 2

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

VOL. LI I I, NO. 15

June 28, 1968-17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 48235 —VE 8-9364

$7.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c

t- Reform Ra bis Assail Vietnam
:rY- War_.Pplicy,, Approve chaplains
Conscientious_
Objection
Claim
Abe Fortas Nominated

BOSTON (JTA) —

Chief Justice of U. S.

WASHINGTON—Abe Fortas was nominated Tuesday as
Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, succeeding
Earl Warren who resigned last week. Fortas, 58, who was
named an associate justice in June, 1966, is the fifth Jew to
serve on the court and the first Jew in United States history
to be nominated as Chief Justice.
The Jews who preceded him were
Louis D. Brandeis, Benjamin Cardozo,
Felix Frankfurter and Arthur H.
Goldberg.
Fortas was named to fill the va-
cancy created by Goldberg, - who had
resigned at the request of President
Johnson, to be U.S. Ambassador to
the United Nations. Goldberg, whose
resignation as ambassador becomes
effective Monday, has become a part-
ner in the well known New York City
law firm of Pauls, Weiss, Rifkind,
Wharton and Garrison.
Fortas, who was a prominent Wash-
ington lawyer before his court ap-
pointment, told the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency at the time that he
considers himelf to be Jewish. He
Justice FortaF;
Continued on Page 3

The Central Conference of American Rabbis voted to grant Reform
rabbinic students the right to seek deferments from military chaplaincy service on grounds of
conscientious objection to a particular war like the Vietnam conflict. The action was taken at
one of the closing sessions of the CCAR's 79th annual convention here.
The delegates approved by a heavy margin a report of the CCAR chaplaincy committee
which recommended maintenance of the mandatory military chaplaincy draft program. The
committee, headed by Rabbi Bertram W. Korn, surprised many of the delegates by endorsing
selective conscientious objection as a reason for exemption from the chaplaincy draft. Rabbi
Korn is chairman of the Association of Jewish Chaplains, which has been sharply critical of
the virtual ending
of the mandatory draft program. Yeshiva University last January approved
a one-year suspension of the mandatory draft for rabbinic students at its Rabbi Isaac Elch-
anon Theological Seminary, allowing them to volunteer. The Conservative Theological Sem-
inary of America also ended participation in the mandatory draft for its rabbinic candidates,
creating instead a special seminary program limited to students prepared to enter the mili-
tary chaplaincy on graduation and requiring all other rabbinic candidates to serve two-year
periods as civilian chaplains on : graduation.
The Reform rabbis also approved an amendment, after heated debate, which provides
that a special committee, to be drawn from a broadly representative group of views on the
issue, study for a year proposals for an alternate service plan in lieu of the military chaplaincy,
such as civilian chaplaincy assignments for graduating Reform rabbinic students. The committee
will study the issue of church-state involvement in acceptance of funds from the military for
the military chaplaincy . program. The committee was instructed to report to the 80th CCAR
convention in 1969 in Houston.
At a workshop session, Rabbi Emanuel Rackman, a leading Orthodox rabbi, warned the
Reform rabbis that there was an urgent need for an accelerated program of dialogues, com-
munity exchanges between synagogues of all three faiths, and adult programs in congrega-
tions for greater understanding among Orthodox, Conservative and Reform Jews. If this is not

Continued on Page 3

World Jewish Youth on the Barricades of Jerusalem:
They Are Being Tested by Their Challenges to Zionism

,

— Photo by Efren Pawl, Jerusalem

.

President Shazar Greets Detroiters

JERUSALEM—Recalling his association with Detroit Zionists dating

back to 1928, President Shneour Zalman Shazar sent greetings to

fellow-Zionists and the vast number of his friends who have been and
in efforts in Israel's behalf. President Shazar's reminiscences
were expressed at a reception he gave for Mr. and Mrs. Philip Slomovitz,
at his home in Jerusalem, after the sessions of the 27th World
Zionist Congress.

are active

JERUSALEM — A world gathering that attracts delegates from 31 countries for the
consideration of problems affecting world Jewry assumes very great significance whether
or not one is a Zionist or even a member of that breed of imponderables who are anti-
Zionist. Regardless, therefore, of the disillusionments, of the frustrations and disappoint-
ments that resulted from the lengthy sessions of the 27th World Zionist Congress which just
ended here after 10 days of deliberations, the gatherings of Zionists from all parts of the
globe except the Moslem and Iron Curtain countries was historic.
The Congress' results may be summarized as having brought about a territorialized
status of unified Zionist federations, for which the retired chief, Dr. Nahum Goldmann,
had pleaded for many years and which the new "big boss," as he was frequently dubbed
at the Congress sessions — Aryeh Louis Pincus, the chairman of the Jewish Agency Exe-
cutive, pleaded constantly; it experienced the demonstrations by Jewish youth from many
lands who demanded and received a voice in Zionist administrative affairs; it witnessed
divisions on party lines that evidenced skillful political manipulations; it introduced new
approaches to the movement for large-scale aliyah; it faced confrontations - between spokes-
men for world Jewry and the government of Israel that may, in the course of the approaching
months, seriously influence Diaspora activities.
Pincus' optimism about the federalized proposals, the establishment of territorial
groups in various countries, for the purpose of increasing educational activities among
Jews and to encourage the settlement of young Jews from Western countries in Israel,
presents a new challenge to world Jewry. tlis self-assurance that a territorialized status
for Zionist organizations will bring a new panacea to the movement is subject to doubt. If
it will create a new vested interest it could cause harm rather than bring salvation. A
World Zionist Congress decision can become valid only when organized communities exert
alt their energies to bring about knowledgeability on an increased scale. That's when
there may also emerge a positive aliyah sentiment.

.:

*

It is, of course, stimulating to read the new "Jerusalem Program" which created so
much elation. But a study of it does not reveal a single new thought: what is does is re-
affirm the major hopes and aspirations of Jews who are especially inspired by the Zionist
idea. The possibility of an emerging increased aliyah to Israel therefore remains in doubt.
Nearly every wave of immigration to Israel was caused by pressures from without, by anti-
Continued on Page 48

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