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June 21, 1968 - Image 17

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-06-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Plight of Jews in Arab States Outlined to U
ages, Passover relief, fuel and

released only after paying a high
— Israel's ambassador to the ransom. In one such case a girl
United Nations, Yosef Tekoah, con- was arrested and repeatedly
ferred with Secretary-General U raped in prison, the source said.
Thant on the situation of Jews in Jewish students have been ex-
Syria, Iraq and Egypt and report- pelled from universities and
edly informed Thant that the plight schools, and Jews have been dis-
missed from their jobs.
of Jews in those countries is ex-
tremely grave.
Meanwhile, in Geneva, delegates
The visit came against a back- to the International Labor Organ-
ground of a planned special UN ization (ILO) conference here, who
envoy's visit to study the situation charged Israel with violating the
of civilian populations in the war human problems. "Surely peace
zones. Israel has assented to the cupied territories, were told that
mission and has asked that the those territories are open to inspec-
condition of Jews in Arab states tion by visitors and that any fair-
be investigated also. Thant has not minded person could see for him-
self that the charges were pure
yet appointed the envoy.
According to an Israeli source, fabrication.
The speaker, Aharori Becker,
authorities in Egypt, Syria and
Iraq are responsible for anti-Jew- secretary-general of Histadrut, Is-
ish measures in their countries and rael's labor federation, added that
have carried on a campaign of the federation stood ready "in the
anti-Jewish incitement in their spirit of labor solidarity to extend
state-controlled press, radio and any assistance and encouragement
which the ILO may request" in
television. -
Some 250 Egyptian Jews, all connection with an inspection of
heads of families, are still in pri- the territories.
Becker addressed his remarks
son, the source said. Last Decem-
ber they were transferred to Al- to the Arab delegates and, specifi-
Thawra prison near Cairo. They cally to the delegate from Poland
are said to be close to starvation, who he accused of repeating
and have been deprived of all "trumped-up charges" against Is-
sources of income, employment rael "wholly in line with the hate
propaganda in Poland where a
and property.
No charges have been brought handful of Jews who remained
against them. "Their only crime is after the Nazi massacre is now
being Jewish," the source said. b e i n g vilified, condemned and
The Jewish community of Egypt hounded from their jobs."
Becker also spoke of the plight
numbers a little less than 2,500—
about 1,500 in Cairo and 1,000 in
Alexandria. They are either state- 3 Honorary Degrees
less or Egyptian subjects, but all
live in misery, the source said.
Conferred by Technion
Egyptian authorities released
HAIFA — Honorary degrees of
some Jewish prisoners, who had doctor of science and doctor of
been imprisoned during the Six- technical sciences were conferred
Day War last year, in December by the Technion, Israel Institute
and expelled them with their fam- of Technology, on Lord Victor
ilies. They had to sign statements Rothschild from England, A. W.
waiving Egyptian nationality and Schwimmer and Col. Manes Pratt,
property rights. Upon leaving both from Israel.
Egypt they were permitted to take
The board of governors of the
only personal belongings. The Jew- Technion decided to confer the
ish community was permitted to honorary degree of doctor of
allocate to each deportee the sum science on Lord Rothschild "In
of five Egyptian pounds.
recognition of his outstanding
The Israeli sour c e said that achievements in the ifeld of hydro
there are some 3,500 Jews in Syria. dynamics in biological systems
About 2,000 live in Damascus, a and in appreciation of his active
little over 1,000 in Aleppo and the interest in the development of the
rest, are in Kamishli. Most possess Technion".
Syrian nationality, and a few are
Al. W. Schwimmer, general
stateless or are Iraqi or Iranian director of the Israel Aircraft
nationals. "The Jews of Kamishli Industry, was awarded the
and Aleppo are on the verge of honorary degree of doctor of
starvation," the source said.
technical sciences "In consider-
"The condition of the Kamishli
ation and recognition of the
Jews is particularly serious be-
national and historical impor-
cause the town lies near the
tance of his life work in an en-
Syrian-Turkish frontier and its
terprise of outstanding achieve-
Jews are constantly harassed on
the pretext of security." Be-
The doctor of technical sciences
tween last August and Septem- was conferred on Col. Pratt "In
ber a curfew was imposed upon
consideration and recognition of
the national and historical im-
them and they suffered "great
hardship and privation." Their portance of his life work in build-
religious objects were publicly ing the Nuclear Research Center—
Syrian Jews are not allowed to
leave the country and the Interna- ADL Official Reports
tional Red Cross, as well as several
diplomatic missions, have tried un- Bias Up Among Negroes
successfully to get exit permits for
those who wish to leave, the source Anti-Defamation League studies
said. The Syrian Jews have been four yearS ago found less anti-
confined to ghettoes "where they Semitism among Negroes than
are subjected to constant pressure white, "the pendulum has swung
and extortion." They are obliged the other way" and a marked rise
to carry identity cards with the in Negro anti-Semitism has emerg-
word "Jew" in red on it.
ed during recent tensions, accord-
Some Damascus Jews have been ing to Jason Silverman, regional
impris,oned. There have been cases director of the Bnai Brith ADL.
of attacks, stoning and threats.
Silverman spoke on a special
The Damascus Jewish cemetery CBS-TV program which examined
has been desecrated and a paved the problem emerging from the
road laid t h r o ugh it. A Syrian riots here following the assassina-
Army circular recently circulated tion of Negro civil rights leader
contains a "partial list" of Jewish Martin Luther King Jr. last April.
shops and addresses, and forbids
Silverman said that Jews were
all Army personnel to deal with singled out although they tried to
them, on pain of severe panalties, help Negroes because the Negroes
expected something from them and
the source said.
Since the Six-Day War, Iraqi they became the targets of Negro
Jews have been subjected to ever frustrations. He said that Negro
greater restrictions and depriva- anti-Semitism is dangerous and
tions. Laws have denied them civil must be rooted out.
A Negro spokesmen interviewed
liberties, freedom of movement and
employment. Many Jews live in on the program said that "absentee
fear of their lives. Authorities in- landlors" and "absentee mer-
cluding the secret police, have chants" were no longer welcome in
the ghetto. They charged thaat
threatened them with murder.
The source said that telephone white business men exploited the
Negroes and that ghetto businesses
lines into their homes have been
must be take over by Negroes.
cut, many have been arrested and

of Jews in the Arab countries. He
said that while many speakers
dwelt eloquently on the subject of
Arab refugees, none of them had
a word to say about Israel's appeal
to the Arabs for peace, which so
far, have fallen on "deaf ears."
He reminded the gathering that
the ILO is not a political platform
but a forum for the discussion of
human problams. "Surely peace
must be a basic tenet for the very
existence of the ILO," he said.
Over 20,000 Jews have fled
from North Africa since last
June, with more than 16,000 of
them finding a haven in France,
the Joint Distribution Commit-
tee reported earlier.
Samuel L. Haber, executive vice
chairman of JDC, said in his semi-
annual report to the board of di-
rectors that events in France,
"w here the new refugees have
crowded into communities already
swollen with refugees who came
in prior waves, have worsened al-
ready difficult conditions."
Analyzing problems in France,
Haber said that recent nationwide
strikes have driven the cost of liv-
ing up and thus will increase fi-
nancial pressure on the French
Jewish welfare organizations and
on the JDC, which receives funds
for its health and welfare pro-
grams from hte United Jewish Ap-
Haber's report indicated that de-
spite hardships, the North African
refugees in France are better off
than Jews who remained in the
Arab countries since last June's
Six-Day War.
Haber reported on the expansion
of JDC programs in Romania dur-
ing recent months. JDC will spend
$1,000,000 there this year. The
program includes monthly cash
grants for relief purposes, kosher
kitchens, supplementary food pack-

clothing distribution.
In Israel, JDC programs are aid-
ing over 90,000 men, women and
children. Malben, the JDC health
and welfare agency there, is aiding
some 40,000 aged, sick and handi-
capped immigrants. JDC is also
operating 118 yeshivot and ORT
vocational schools in the Jewish
State, Haber reported.
Dr. Frederick Tavill, former di-
rector of the JDC medical pro-
grams in Iran and Morocco, told
the JDC board that "socially and
healthwise, the distance between
the mahallehs and mellahs (ghet-
toes) of Iran and Morocco and the
urban ghettoes and rural slums
of this country is not so great as
we might imagine." Dr. Tavill
said "it is ironic that while at-
tempting to resolve the problems
of poverty a b r o a d, the United
States has not faced up to this
same problem in its own back-


Friday, June 21, 1968-17

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