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June 21, 1968 - Image 15

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-06-21

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Friday, June 21, 1 968-15

Jewish Leaders From 40 Cities Meet to Discuss Solutions to Urban Crisis

NEW YORK (JTA)—The active
involvement of Jewish federations
and other groups in efforts to deal
with America's urban crisis, was
urged at a meeting of 95 Jewish
communal leaders from 40 cities,
after an all-day session on the
problem by the Council of Jewish
Federations and Welfare Funds.
Citizen volunteer leaders and
professional executives in the com-
munal agencies reviewed programs
that are proving effective in their
communities, Louis J. Fox, CJFWF
president said. Fox described the
needed solutions for "massive
problems" for "the entire com-
munity" and said that "they can be
overcome only by all forces in the
community joining to take massive

Stress was placed on the need currently working under Jewish
for legislation and particularly for sponsorship. Hundreds of jobs
adequate Congressional appropria- have been provided under the
tions to assure jobs for the unem- auspices of the Cleveland Jewish
ployed with the required voca- Community Federation,
tional training. Massive housing
The Jewish Vocational Service .
programs were urged, particularly in Newark helped establish
for those Americans least able to Project COPE, a • federally finan-
pay. Also quality education for ced recruitment and training
slum area children and changes program for Newark ghetto res-
in welfare laws to remove "puni- idents, and the JVS of St. Louis
tive" measures enacted by the last has been conducting similar
session of Congress and replacing efforts for ghetto residents of
them with programs to end the that city.
situation of the government itself
The Detroit Jewish Welfare
keeping people in poverty.
Federation is providing four-year
The community leaders evalu-
college scholarships for 25 inner-
ated a wide range of activities city youths who because they are


not at the top of their high school
classes, would fail to qualify for
scholarship aid and would be de-
prived of a - college education.

Pittsburgh's Jewish Federation
has made available a building for
a vocational training school. San
Francisco's Mount Zion Hospital is
training jobless and under-em-
ployed persons as nurses' aides
and orderlies, and several Jewish
hospitals are providing medical
services to Negro areas. The Amer-
ican Jewish Congress in New York
and other cities is providing, in co-
operation with the Urban League,
business advice to slum area

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* * *
Jewish Population in U.S.
Being Studied for i st Time

NEW YORK (JTA)—The Council
of Jewish Federations and Welfare
Funds has undertaken the first
national study of the Jewish popu-
lation of the United States — on
a county-by-county basis — and
expects it to provide "basic plan-
ning information never before
available to the American Jewish
The first phase of the study has
been completed, according to Louis
J. Fox, Council president. It con-
sisted of the pooling of all known
information on the Jewish popula-
tion in every county in the United
States. The next steps will be the
selection of 10,000 sample house-
holds for personal interviews,
drafting of a questionnaire and the
actual interviewing.
The study will provide basic in-
formation on attitudes, patterns of
Jewish identification, intermar-
riage, the use of Jewish and other
Organizations and services, and
contributions. It will also furnish
basic demographic data—age, sex,
vocation, education and similar

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This data, Fox said, "will be an
Invaluable tool in designing and
delivering services best suited to
the current and future needs of
American Jews."

Archaeologists Find
Temple Paving Stones
Dating From Herod

JERUSALEM ( JTA)—Archa eolo-
gists excavating on the site of the
temple in Old Jerusalem have un-
earthed several large stones which
were once part of the pavement
leading to the southern entrance of
the holiest of Jewish shrines.
The archaeological team, headed
by Prof. Benjamin Mazar of the
Hebrew University, found the
stones under six feet of debris
after digging through 13 layers rep-
resenting various eras of Jerusa-
lem's long history.
The discovery was made on the
TOoth day of digging which happen-
ed to coincide with the first anni-
versary of the liberation of East
Jerusalem by Israel.
The stones were described as
weighing about a quarter of a ton
each and measuring approximately
two feet by three feet. They were
laid down during the reign of Herod
Antipas who lived from 20 BCE to
39 CE and was king of Judaea
under the Roman occupation at the
start of the Christian era.
The discovery revealed a possi-
ble error in the account by the
contemporary , J e wish historian
Josephus, who said the Temple
area was paved with marble.
The slabs found were of well
dressed grey Jerusalem stone. It is
believed that some of them may
have toppled from the southern
wall of the Temple when it was
destroyed by the Roman Emperor
Titus in 70 CE. Prof. Mazar's arch-
aeological work is being carried
out under permits issued by the
department of antiquities of the Is-
rael government and the Jerusalem
Attempts by the chief rabbinate
to block the scientific undertaking
as sacreligious were rejected by
the authorities.

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