High Court Upholds N.Y. Text Bill, Right to Challenge Aid to EdiiCation
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
10—Friday, June 14, 1968
WASHINGTON (JTA) — T h e 300,000 students including children
The Orthodox leader asserted school children will read the hand-
U.S. Supreme Court, in a 6-to-3 de- in Catholic and Jewish schools. The "hopefully the American Jewish writing on the wall from this de-
Knowledge acquired in youth will
cision Monday upheld a New York federal government spends $419,- Congress and other groups fighting cision and will cease their cam- be retained far better than when
State law that requires public 000,000 a year under the 1965 federal and state aid for religious paigns."
acquired in old age.—Sabbath 21
school systems to lend textbooks to Elementary and Secondary School
students in parochial and other Education Act to provide special
education programs in parochial
But in another ruling, the court schools.
decided 8-to-1 that taxpayer suits
Edwin J. Lucas, general counsel
may be brought challenging feder- of the American Jewish Commit-
al aid to parochial schools. The tee, commenting on thetextbook
latter decision reversed a 1923 case, said, "we cannot conceal our
finding by the Supreme Court that disappointment over today's . . .
individual taxpayers lacked stand- decision upholding the constitu-
ing in such cases because their in- tionality of the New York law
David E. Goldberg, educational consultant at the American
dividual tax payments were too which requires the loan of secular
small to prove adequate personal textbooks to religious school pupils.
Zionist Youth Foundation, will speak at an Oneg Shabat on
involvement. It cleared the way for In our view, it may be a serious
a suit by seven New York residents blow to those who believe church
FRIDAY, EVENING, JUNE 21st, 1968 at 8:30 P.M.
who contend that federal aid to and state must remain separate.
pupils in church-related schools This decision could open the flood-
In the Morris L. Schaver Auditorium at the
violates the Constitution.
gates to additional substantial pub-
The American Jewish Congress lic assistance to sectarian schools."
one of several organizations
The National Jewish Commis-
sponsoring the New Yorkers' test sion on Law and Public Affairs, an
case, hailed the Supreme Court's Orthodox organization which sub-
19161 SCHAEFER HWY. NR. 7 MILE RD.
ruling as a "landmark decision"
mitted a brief favoring the law,
which "marks the end of the said it was "delighted with the de-
The Oneg Shabat will be sponsored jointly by the Detroit Council of
anomalous situation under which cision." The decision is a "major
The Labor Zionist Organization, The Zionist Council of Detroit and The
violations of the principle of victory in the struggle to win fair
Jewish Community Council of Detroit. The Entire Jewish Community
separation of church and state treatment for non-public school
through use of public funds for children and opens new perspec-
parochial schools have been im- tives for additional benefits for
_ mime from challenge in the these children," declared Rabbi
ADMISSION IS FREE • REFRESHMENTS WILL BE SERVED
Moshe Sherer, executive president
The case for reversal of the 1923 of Agudath Israel of America.
ruling was argued before the Su-
preme Court last March by Leo
100% BLENDED SCOTCH WHISKIES, IMPORTED & BOTTLED BY GOODERHAM & WORTS LTD., DETROIT, MICH.
Pfeffer, special counsel to the AJ
Congress, who was joined before
the bench by Sen. Sam J. Ervin,
Democrat of North Carolina.
you want proof?
The AJCongress' position was
Lauder's is still 86 proof!
upheld in briefs filed by the Na-
tional Council of Churches, the
Council of State School officers and
you want tradition?
all of the national member agen-
Lauder's has been around since 1834.1
cies of the National Community
Relations Advisory Council except
the Union of Orthodox Jewish Con-
you want a reduced price?
Lauder's has done that too!
The decision on the New York
State textbook law involved a test
case brought by two local schools,
now your Scotch dollar*
one in the Albany area and the
buys more Lauder's
other on Long Island.
The school boards had argued
that the 1965 law promoted com-
pulsory taxation to support religi-
Justice Byron R. White, speak-
Leave it to the Scots to find a way to save
ing for the six - man majority in
a dollar (whether it's this rare Scottish*
Monday's decision said "we cannot
dollar or the modern American greenback).
agree . . . that all teaching in
Thousands of Scots (and Americans, too)
tarian schools is religious or that
are switching to Lauder's Scotch at its new
the processes of secular or relig-
ious training are so intertwined
reduced price. That's because Lauder's
that textbooks furnished students
now sells the same 86 proof, the same
by the public are in fact instru-
high quality Scotch, with nothing changed
mental in the teaching of religion."
except the price. Lauder's ... since 1834.
He noted that such service as
fire and police protection and
sewage systems are of value to
parochial schools but do not
amount to support of religion in
violation of the Constitution, Jus-
tice White added that the Su-
preme Court "has long recog-
nized that private education has
played and is playing a signifi-
cant and valuable role in raising
national levels of knowledge,
competence and experience."
Separate dissents were written
by Justices Abe Fortas, Hugo
Black and William 0. Douglas.
New York State is spending
about $25,000,000 a year under
the law which benefits about
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Israel Paper Maker
Reports Sales Increase
NEW YORK (JTA)— American
Paper Mills Ltd., Israel's princi-
pal paper manufacturer, reported
net income of $864,631 for the year
ending last March 31, after deval-
uation of the Israeli pound and the
write-off of a special non-recurring
charge of $130,000 due to the Six-
This compared with $858,140 for
the previous year and amounts to
31 cents per American Depository
Receipt. The receipts, which are
traded on the American Stock Ex-
change, are equal to eight ordinary
Sales totalled $13,867,322 in fiscal
1968 compared with $13,583,207 the
previous year. In Israeli pounds,
sales increased by 19 per cent and
earnings by 17 per cent through
the dollar results remained the
same because of devaluation.
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