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May 03, 1968 - Image 48

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-05-03

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Boris Smolar's

'Between You
and Me'

By MILTON FRIEDMAN

(Copyright 1968, JTA Inc.)

4

Tale of Terror in Nation's Capitol;
Is Guilt-Complex Excuse for Violence?

(Copyright 1968, JTA Inc.)

THE JEWISH IMAGE: There are no accurate, comprehensive facts
regarding the Jewish population in the United States . . . The U.S.
Census Bureau has never included a question on religion in its decen-
nial census . . . However it did include—for the first time—the ques-
tion, "What Is Your Religion?" in a nation-wide sample population
survey conducted in 1957 . . . The results of that survey were un-
available for 10 years . . • Now they have been released..to the Council
of Jewish Federations . . . Although 10 years old, they still throw
an interesting light on the social and economic characteristics of
the Jews in this country . . They reveal interesting data on inter-
marriage, income, employment and other phases of Jewish life . • .
They show that compared with non-Jews, Jewish men tend to marry
later, and are more likely to be married when they reach the "golden
age" years . . . Specifically, less than 70 per cent of Jews between
the ages of 25 and 34 are married . . . Among non-Jews-the percentage
is more than 80 . . . But the percentage of married Jewish men is
higher than non-Jews in the 35 to 44 age groups . . . And it is even
higher after the age of 45 . . . The status of Jewish women tends
to correspond more closely to the age and marital status pattern of
the general population . . . Jewish women were lowest in a com-
parison of the number of children born per 1,000 women married
between the age of 15 to 44 . . . At the time of the survey the aver-
age birth rate was about 2,200 children per 1,000 Catholic or Protestant
women, but was only 1,600 children per 1,000 Jewish women . . .
The survey also showed that there were 92.7 Jewish males per 100
Jewish females in this country.
THE ECONOMIC PICTURE: With regard to intermarriage the survey
established that of an estimated 1,336,000 married couples in the
United States in which the husbands gave their religion as Jewish,
only 94 per cent of the wives were Jewish . . . Conversely, there
were an estimated 1,294,000 married couples in which the wives
gave their religion as Jewish but only 97 per cent of the husband
were Jewish . . . The picture is different now . . . Intermarriage is
reported by the Jewish Reconstructionist Foundation to have reached
much higher proportions . . . The Reconstructionist report estimated
that from 12 to 20 per cent of Jews in this country are intermarried
and that in about 70 per cent of the cases, the Jewish partner in
the mixed marriage is the man . . . With regard to the Jewish eco-
nomic status, the U.S. Census Bureau survey showed that ten years
ago, more than 25 per cent of the urban Jewish families had an
annual income of $10,000 and over, as compared with about 10 per
cent of all urban families who reported a similar income . . . How-
ever, about 8 per cent of the Jewish families had annual incomes
of under $2,000, compared with 10 per cent among all urban families
. • . The median annual income for urban Jewish families was $6,418
compared with $5,247 fOr all U.S. families . . . 38.6 per cent of
urban Jewish families had two or more wage earners; this compared
with 47.2 per cent for all urban families . . . The survey established
that in 1957, 96 per cent of the Jews-14 years of age and over—
lived in urban areas, compared with 64 per cent for the total U.S.
population . . . It also established that Jews have the highest median
age: 44.5 years . . . This compared with 40.4 years for the entire
population in the country . . . 81.5 per cent of Jewish men (14 years
old and over were in the labor force, which includes self-employed;
this is very close to the national figure of 81.1 per cent for all men
. . About 31 per cent of Jewish women were in the labor force,
and this compared to 35 per cent for all women . . . The extent
and type of employment of Jews in government service is very similar
to the national pattern . . . Within government service, however, a
higher percentage of Jews are employed in the "public administration"
category, and a correspondingly "small percentage in the "other gov-
ernment and employment" category.
JEWS IN NEW YORK: Another survey which throws light on Jewish
social characteristics—limited to the Jewish population in New York
CRY—has been made public by Columbia University . . . Conducted
only three years ago by the university's School of Public Health,
the survey confirmed the data of the U.S. Census Bureau that Jews
tend to marry later than other ethnic groups . .. However, it brought
out the fact that by 65 years of age and over, Jews in New York
have one of the highest marriage rates; also that there are fewer
widowed persons among native-born Jews over 65 years old than
among residents of the same age of other religions . . . Among for-
eign-born Jews the percentage of widowed persons is even less . . .
Fifty-eight per cent of the native-born Jews and 64 per cent of the
foreign-born Jews stated in the New York sample that they are
not active members of any organization, society or club . . . This
compares with 67 per cent for all adults in the city . . . Generally,
the more education a person has, the more likely he is to participate
in organization . . . Thus, for college graduates, 30 per cent are
active members of two or more organizations, 20 per cent are active
members of one organization . . . For high school graduates, the
comparable figures are: 10 per cent active in two or more organizations,
21 per cent active in one organization and 69 per cent not active
in any organization . . .The age pyramid for native-born Jewish
adults in New York, the survey established, is roughly similar to
the distribution for all adults in the city, except for the 50-65 age
group where they constitute 30.1 per cent as compared with 25.5
per cent for all adults . . . The foreign-born Jewish group is dis-
tinctly different—with almost three quarters of its members over
50 years of age.

WASHINGTON — Is America so
gripped by a national guilt-complex
that it is "excusing" Negro anti-
Semites, racketeers and hoodlums
who cynically exploit the legiti-
mate grievances of their race?
This question has emerged
among human relations experts in
Washington who are observing a
developing pattern. Warnings are
quietly voiced against "a climate
of appeasement" that tends to en-
courage extremists and lawbreak-
ers. A spreading breakdown of law
and order has indicated that Jews
have been high on the list of vic-
tims.
Anti-Semitism has been openly
voiced by Negroes in the District
of Columbia to the extent that
responsible officials are troubled.
Supr eine Court Justice Abe
Fortas has urged Jews to identify
with the Negro struggle for
equality " despite the despicable
libel some of the extremists are
trying to use."
Fortas said that some black
militants and agitators were saying
that the recent waves of looting
and burning were not aimed at
whites; but at Jewish store owners.
Sen. Jacob K. Javits, New
York Republican, has long been
in the forefront of civil rights ac-
tivity. He has now reported that
manifestations of "vocal anti-
Semitism by certain Negro ex-
tremists as a component of the
hate-whitey racism are disquiet-
ing." He said this "indicates
how extremist dangers are bred
in social turmoil at one and the
same moment as it calls upon
our talents and our resources to
deal with the crying injustices
of slums and ghettoes and denials
of dignity and opportunity!' Sen.
Davits cautioned against over-
looking "the beginnings of anti-
Semitism anywhere."
While the organized Jewish corn-
munity of the District of Columbia
struggled to organize support for
the Poor Peoples March and to
help Negroes displaced by recent
rioting, a number of Jews noted
anti-Semitic conduct by some
Negroes. A few highly-articulate
Negroes stated on Washington
radio and television interviews that
the real target of the riots were the
"Jew stores." Allegations were
made that Jews, especially, ex-
ploited poor Negroes.
Representatives of Negro organ-
izations did not single out Jews but
emphasized that neighborhoods
mainly populated by Negroes
would no longer tolerate white-
owned enterprises.
Jewish merchants were not
sure whethere they were being
victimized as Jews or as whites.
But more than one quietly paid
Negro racketeers for "protec-

War Risk Insurance Up
on Cargo Going to M.E.

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

LONDON—The war risk insur-
ance rate on cargo shipped to the
Middle East has been increased by
25 per cent effective May 1, the
war risk rating committee an-
nounced here Tuesday. The rate
will go up from ninepence to one
shilling (12 cents) on every 100
pounds sterling ($240) of insur•
ance.

Anchor Bible Series' `Second Isaiah' Due on May 17

The Rev. John L. McKenzie, S.J.,
professor of theology at the Uni-
versity of Notre Dame, has co-
pleted "Second Isaiah," Volume
20 in the Anchor Bible. It will be
published by Doubleday on May
17.
Father McKenzie, a specialist in
biblical history and Palestinian
archaeology, was at Loyola Uni-
versity for 10 years before coming
to Notre Dame in 1966.

Among his books are "The Two-
Edged Sword," "The Bible in Cur-
rent Thought" and "Myths and
Realities:
Studies in Biblical
Theology."
The division of the book of Isaiah
into two parts is generally accept-
ed, and in his extensive introduc-
tion and notes Father McKenzie
discusses the whole question of and
evidence for the authorship, pur-
pose, dating and unity of "Second

Isaiah," and the possibility of the
existence of a Third Isaiah. "Sec-
ond Isaiah" is, in turn, divided into
two major sections, the first con-
sisting of 22 poems of varying
lengths, the second containing the
Zion Poems, together with three
Servant Songs. In accordance with
the aims of the Anchor Bible,
Father McKenzie's translation ap-
plies the extensive new material
from the Dead Sea Scrolls.

tion." Store after store burned
after the "end" of the major dis-
order. Some were put to the torch
after they were restocked and re-
paired.
In one instance, a Negro "cus-
tomer," long after the rioting, se-
lected items. Although it was a
cash-only store, the Negro told the
terrified owner, "Charge it, baby,
you can deduct it next year from
your income tax under fire insur-
ance."
Another case involved an "offer"
of "partnership." The approach
went something like this: "You
are known in this neighborhood as
a good Jew. We didn't permit them
to burn or loot you. But times are
changing and you should follow the
idea of the government in helping
Negro businessmen get established
in the ghetto. After all, you live in
a nice suburb and made all your
money in this lousy street off of
poor Negroes. But you took the
profits away. Nov you have to pro-
tect your interests by re-incorpo-
rating. I will be your new manager
in return for 51 per cent of the
stock. You can keep 49 percent.
Just turn over the keys and I will
have a young black lawyer draw
up the papers. It is all a part of
urban renewal."
If such an approach were made
by the Mafia or Cosa Nostra, the
FBI would quickly be on the
scene. But Negro individuals
have acted boldly in the new cli-
mate of terror. Instead of facing
prosecution, they are allowed to
face TV and radio microphones
to advocate their opportunistic
version of the pr es en t social
revolution. The expropriation of
white property, in the name of
racial justice, would all too often
benefit just one arrogant thief,
not his poor soul brothers.
Human relations experts know
that many businessmen are too
intimidated to even ask for police
protection. They are afraid that
"Black Power" will learn of their
complaint. By use of violence, ex-
tremists have coerced the federal
government. Only about 10 per
cent of Negroes are thought to be
involved in the "revolution," as
they call it. But the hoodlum fac-
tion has been appeased, often to
the dismay of other Negro citizens.
Instead of insisting on integra-
tion and equal rights for all, the
Government has shown tendencies
of submitting to black racists.
White merchants have experienced
troubles getting their licenses re-
newed. They have in some in-
stances been told to defer recon-
struction until the Negro-approved
plans for the new inner city are
formulated.
White liberals. Jews and non-

Hebrew Column

The Guest House
in a Kibutz

Kevutzat Lavi, near (the city of)
Tiberias, has added the branch of
Accommodation of guests to the agri-
cultural branches and the workshops
customary in every settlement.
As the only religious Kevutza in
Galilee. Kevutzat Lavi is a center of
interest to thousands of tourists from
abroad and to excursionists of this
country. The clear air and the close-
ness to the Tiberias Hot Springs all
these) bring many convalescents and
vacationers to the new Guest House.
In addition to the vacationers and
convalescents, many guests from abroad
come to spend the Sabbath in the
environment of a religious kibutz.
This is their first opportunity to
become closely acquainted with the (ex-
perience) of life of "tora and work?'
and to hear talks on the problem of
religion and state, etc. The attractive
synagogue serves as the center of
interest to all the guests, and many
join the regular lessons which take
place there.
From Lavi it is easily possible to
reach all parts of Galilee and to go
(down) for a swim on Lake Kinnereth,
as Lavi is situated near the main road
which connects Tel Aviv and Haifa with
Galilee.
The magnificent scenery, and all the
surroundings steeped in history, make
a visit to Lavi an outstanding event
from all points of view.

Published by the Brit twit Olamit
with the assistance of the Memorial
Foundation for Jewish Cultrure in

Israel.

Jews, oppose separatism. They
cannot visualize a national capital
structured along the lines of South
African apartheid. But two-thirds
of the Capital's population are
Negroes whose loudest voice is
now coming from the streets.
The Anti-Defamation League is
aware that what happens in
Washington may provide a pat-
tern for the entire nation. The
ADL has told Mayor . Walter
Washington that "we fully under-
stand the imperative of the
Negro community to build a
stable and progressive economic
base—but to build that base in a
segregationist pattern can only
serve to undermine its foundation
. . . and also is contrary to the
President's Commission on Civil
Disorders which urges against
polarizing the races."
Jews opposed white racism and
violence when Negroes were vic-
tims. But consternation has de-
veloped now that Negro racism
and violence is victimizing whites.
It is also noted that this year's
election fever does not encourage
the Government to face the law
and order issue.

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
48—May 3, 1968

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