THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit, Mich. 48235,
VE 8-9364. Subscription $7 a year. Foreign $8.
Second Class PoStage Paid at Detroit, Michigan
Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbatth, the 29th day of Nisan, 5728, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our 'synagogues:
Pentatenchal portion, Lev. 9:1-11:47; prophetical portion, I Samuel 20:18-42.
Tora readings for Rosh Hodesh Iyar, Sunday and Monday, NUM. 28:1-15.
Candle lighting, Friday, April 26, 7:07 p.m.
VOL. LIII. No. 6
April 26, 1968
Israel's Eternity—State's 20th Anniversary
Israel's 20th anniversary is an occasion for
worldwide celebration. It is an event that
affects the lives of all Jews and is an occasion
for review of historic occurrences which cul-
minated in fulfillment of Prophecy, in the
realization of our people's dream for redemp-
tion and the return to Zion that should mark
for all time the end of Jewish homelessness.
When Israel emerged as a sovereign state,
20 years ago, we were suffering the agonies
of the Holocaust memories. There were hun-
dreds of .thousands of declassed, stateless,
humiliated Jews who were not wanted any-
where. The proclamation of Israel's statehood
was a signal to the dispossessed that they had
acquired an opportunity to build new homes
for themselves. That is why, throughout the
world, Jews turned to the Psalter, and recited
When the Lord brought back those that
returned to Zion,
We were like unto them that dream.
Then was our mouth filled with laughter,
And our tongue was singing;
Then said they among the nations:
"The Lord hath done great things
The Lord hath done great things with us;
We are rejoiced.
Turn our captivity, 0 Lord,
As the streams in the dry land.
They that sow in tears shall reap in joy.
Though he goeth on his way weeping
that beareth the measure of seed
He shall come home with joy, bearing
It was, indeed, an occasion for great re-
joicing, and the spirit of thanksgiving for
redemption that guarantees survival has not
ended. As we mark the 20th anniversary of
that historic day in May of 1948 we recite
this Psalm anew in a spirit of gratitude for
the beginning of the end to degradations.
We realize, as we rejoice, that the dangers
to statehood have not ended, that there still
are millions of Jews in lands of oppression,
that a war with neighbors who refuse to
accept the Jewish State still is in progress.
It is necessary, therefore, on this occasion,
to recall Israel's approach to statehood and
to the acquisition of sovereignty. The new
state wanted the non-Jewish residents to re-
main: they fled without rhyme or reason
because they were instigated by their leaders
to strive for destruction of the new state and
eventual acquisition of Jewish property. They
failed in both of the latter aims and they
destroyed a great opportunity to remain
peacefully friendly with their Jewish cousins.
Only a handful of realistic Arabs — some
65,000 out of their total of 450,000 — re-
mained in what inevitably became Israel.
To understand Israel's approach, the new
state's original appeal to the Arabs to remain
in Israel, the Declaration of Independence
proclaimed on May 14, 1948, should be read
anew. Its text is:
WE, MEMBERS OF THE PEOPLE'S COUN-
CIL, REPRESENTATIVES OF THE JEWISH
COMMUNITY OF ERETZ ISRAEL AND OF
THE ZIONIST MOVEMENT, ARE HERE AS-
SEMBLED ON THE DAY OF THE TERMINA-
TION OF THE BRITISH MANDATE OVER
ERETZ ISRAEL AND, BY VIRTUE OF OUR
NATURAL AND HISTORIC RIGHT AND ON
THE STRENGTH OF THE RESOLUTION OF
THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEM-
BLY, HEREBY DECLARE THE ESTABLISH-
MENT OF A JEWISH STATE IN ERETZ
ISRAEL, TO BE KNOWN AS THE STATE
THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be open for
Jewish ,immigration . and ,for .th.e. Ingathering
of the Exiles; it will foster the development
of the country for the benefit of all inhabit-
ants; it will be based on freedom, justice and
peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel;
it will ensure complete equality of social and
political rights to all its inhabitants irrespec-
tive of religion, race or sex; it will guarantee
freedom of religion, conscience, language,
education and culture; it will safeguard the
Holy Places of all religions; and it will be
faithful to the principles of the Charter of
the United Nations.
THE STATE OF ISRAEL is prepared to
cooperate with the agencies and representa-
tives of the United Nations in implementing
the resolution of the General Assembly of I
the 29th November, 1947, and will take steps
to bring about the economic union of the
whole of Eretz-Israel.
WE APPEAL to the United Nation's to
assist the Jewish people in the building up of
its State and to receive the State of Israel
into the comity of nations.
WE APPEAL—in the very midst of the
onslaught launched against us now for months
—to the Arab inhabitants of the State of
Israel to preserve peace and participate in
the upbuilding of the State on the basis of
full and equal citizenship and due represen-
tation in all its provisional. and permanent
WE EXTEND our hand to all neighboring
states and their peoples in an offer of peace
and good neighborliness, and appeal to them
to establish bonds of cooperation and mutual
help with the sovereign Jewish people settled
in its own land. The State of Israel is pre-
pared to do its share in common effort for
the advancement of the entire Middle East.
WE APPEAL to the Jewish people through-
out the Diaspora to rally round the Jews of
Eretz Israel in the tasks of immigration and
upbuilding and to stand by them in the great
struggle for the realization of the age-old
dream—the redemption of Israel.
Now, 20 years after this declaration was
proclaimed, we recognize the need for real-
istic stock-taking, for recognition of the rise
of new dangers, for appreciation of the
opportunities the Jewish State continues to
offer to the hundreds of thousands who re-
Many Jews are yet to be saved from behind
the Iron Curtain, from Moslem lands of
oppression, from other countries where Jews
are suffering degradations.
The 20-year-old state must defend itself
against war-threatening neighbors.
World conditions impose many obstacles
in Israel's road toward economic security.
We are now in the midst of another
series of conflicts with the Arabs. In spite
of Israel's pleadings for negotiations, for
serious approaches not to armistices but to
permanent peace, for an end to warfare
and to continuing saber-rattling, all we hear
from Arab capitals is the threat to destroy
Fantasy rather than reality rules in many
.quarters, and it would be in the best in-
terests of world peace to be pragmatic, to
seek peace and adhere to it.
In all these aspects, Israel needs encour-
agement and help. Her chief defender is the
.Jewish people. We seek the friendship of all
faiths and all nations in this task, but the
Jewish people must always be in the lead as
It is in such a spirit of dedication and
indestructible partnership that we now cele-
brate Israel's 20th anniversary, offering
assurance that world Jewry will never aban-
Ain. Israel Hai! Israel's eternity remains
New Volume ot)srael Argosy:
Collection of Literary Treasures
"Israel Argosy," ably edited by Isaac Halevy-Levin in behalf of the
youth and Hehalutz department of the World Zionist Organization, ap-
pears in its ninth volume as a Thomas Yoseloff publication, with another
series of stories and poems and art works by Israelis.
This volume is especially noteworthy because it includes the
works of a Nobel Prize winner, descriptions of an eminent artist,
stories by Israel's best known writers and a significant essay on
"Shakespeare in Hebrew" and a group of Shakespearean poems ill
S. Y. Agnon's very moody and touching sketch, "The Dusk of the
Day," which evinces the Nobel Prize winner's devout spirit, is pre-
sented here in a translation by Shmuel Katz. Readers of "Israel's
Argosy" will find added satisfaction in the essay "The Art of Agnon,"
by Arnold Band, the lecturer in Hebrew literature at the University
of California and a Hebrew poet of note. Band thoroughly analyzes
Agnon's literary style, his approaches to his themes, his motivations,
his increasing popularity.
Anna Ticho, Jerusalem artist, is the subject of an interesting
essay of appreciation for her work as a creative producer of
notable drawings. Reproductions of her works provide visual
means of recognizing her skills. Written by Elisheva Cohen, deputy
curator of the Bezalel National Museum in Israel, this essay depicts
the life and works of an artist who has risen to great heights and is
enriching Israel's artistic field.
A story by Haim Hazaz, one of Israel's ablest and best known
writers, commences the collection of essays and translations in this
volume of Israel Argosy. Hazaz's "The Ring and the Canopy," in
a translation by Joseph Schachter, portrays unforgettable characters.
Like other themes in this volume, this story reflects life In Israel
and the Israelis' •experiences during the war.
, Other stories in this volume are Aharon Applefield's "The
Journey" and Nissim Aloni's "Shmil," both in translations by Prof.
Especially notable in this volume are the translations from
Shakespeare's works into Hebrew. They are preceded by a scholarly
essay by Roston on "Shakespeare in Hebrew." Dr. Roston, professor
of English at Bar-Ilan University-, points to a change in translating
Shakespeare, from a literary exercise to "a more smooth and real-
istic presentation," since "the Hebrew versions have need to become
Translations include selections from Anthony and Cleopatra by
Reuben Avinoam, from King Lear by Abraham Shlonsky, B. N.
Siljiner's translation from Macbeth, Israel Efros translation from
Hamlet, Nathan Alterman from Julius Ceaser and Rafeal Aliaz from
Romeo and Juliet. The English selections appear on parellel pages
with the Hebrew translations.
Lovers of Hebrew poetry will be enchanted with the selections
from the writings of Abraham Shlonsky whiCh are presented in
Israel Argosy in Hebrew with the English translations on opposite
pages. An appreciation of Shlonsky and an evaluation of his works
appears in an essay by his EngliSh translator, Dr. Sholom J. Kahn,
lecturer in American literature at the Hebrew University, whose
"On Translating Shlonsky" precedes the section with the poems.
Once again, Israel Argosy emerges as a distinctive work, replete
with essays, poetry, narratives, creative Hebrew works. Artistic
sketches of the authors add meritoriously to this volume's signifiCanCe
as a collection if literary treasures.
'Hasidic Tales Retold'
Hasidism is acquiring new interest in Jewish ranks, and the
Hasidic lore is being studied in most Jewish schools.
Adding to an understanding of the approach to life and the
ideology of the Hasidim is a most valuable 52-page broChure published
by the Union of American Hebrew Congregations in which tales are
retold and the basic teachings are reviewed.
Under the title "Hasidic Tales Retold," the UAHC booklet, edited
by Edith Samuel, contains 15 articles on the over-all subject. Teaching
material on Hasidism contained in this brochure was prepared for
youth as well as adults by Rabbi Harvey J. Fields of Boston.
The interesting illustrations by Morton Garchik and attractive art
heads by Iry Koons, the charming stories that are packed into this
interesting book, make the UAHC publication stand out as a work
that will encourage interest in the subject and will provide the
knowledge necessary for an understanding of Hasidism.
Both as a students' textbook and as a teachers' guide towards
directing the study of the subject, `.`liasidic Tales Retold" is a welcome
addition to classroom literature.