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April 12, 1968 - Image 58

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-04-12

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

58—Friday, April 12, 1968

- THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS '

`Hesed in the BibleI—Dr. Glueck's
Contribution to Theologic Studies

A significant theologic study no doubt that Glueck's interpreta-
which was widely acclaimed when tion has remained primary."
first published in 1927 has been
Dr. Glueck's ' essay was his
reissued in an English translation
doctoral dissertation in 1927. It
frotn the German by Hebrew
is a thorough analysis of the
Union College Press.
"hesed" relationships and com-
mences with a clarification of
"`1-lesed' in the Bible" by Dr.
the concept, those who practice
Nelson Glueck, edited by Elias, L.
it, its measure of human con-
Epstein, translated by Dr. Alfred
duct. "Hesed" thus is viewed in
Gottschalk, of the Los Angeles
the primary essay by the emi-
Hebrew Union
nent HUC scholar as "conduct
College faculty,
corresponding to a mutual re-
also contains in
lationship of rights and duties."
the new edition
In its religious meaning, as a
a n introduction
reciprocal conduct of man to man,
by Dr. Gerald A.
as a human relationship, Dr. Glu-
Larne, professor
eck treats the term in ethical
of archaeology of
terms and gives this among his
the University of
definitions: "Subjectively under-
Southern Califor- :
stood, 'hesed' can appear as favor,
nia, who adds
mercy, compassion. Objectively,
scholarly re
`hesed' remains obligatory, de-
search in the
termined by the divine-based ethi-
form of "Recent
cal commandments which are the
Studies in 'He-
laws of human society."
sed.' "
The major portion of Dr.
The pioneer
Glueck's essay treats "hesed" as
study by Prof.
"divine conduct" and he reaches
Glueck, now the
these conclusions:
president of Heb-
"God's 'hesed' can only be un-
rew Union Col--
derstood as Yahweh's covenental
Dr. Glueck
lege-Jewish Insti-
relationship toward his followers.
tute of Religion, again gains re-
"The significance of 'hesed' can
cognition from Prof. Gottschalk as be rendered by `loyalty,' mutual
"a basic source for biblical scho- aid' or 'reciprocal love.'
larship and theology."
"If God's 'hesed' is compre-
Prof. Larue offers explana- hended in this manner, then it is
tory comparisons between "hen" certain that only those who stand
and "hesed": describing as "gra- in an ethical and religious rela-
cious and favorable action pass- tionship to Him may receive and
big from a superior to an expect. -
"In his 'hesed' God ManifeSts
inferior,an action that could
not be forced or demanded"; His strength and power in behalf
"hen" used "in making a re- of His faithful and brings them
quest" h. a v. i n g the force of aid and salvation.
"God's ':hesed' is the result, - of
"please"; and "hesedl.l. is defined
as being._ "employed drily ., where His covenant, or :His promise ar
a previous bond exists as in re- oath. -
"The.`hesed' of: God is very
lationships of kinShip, marriage,
betrothal, guest-friendship . . closely -related to his 'rahamim'
found in the covenant relation- (Mercy) but distiniuished from it
ship I.. . rich and impressive by its more positive `character. . The
... can be broken only -by a man Characteristic of loYalty which be-
who has everything to loSe, al- longs to the concept of "hesed' is
alien to the concept of crahamim.' "
though God is also a loser."
Dr. Glueck's essay has inspired
Dr. Larue cle -;cribes "hesed" as many studies in the.-biblical refer-
a divine quality appearing in ences and the traditional interpre-
prophetle w,.it'ngs. He draws upon ta tions of -"hesed." The reprinting
a wide variety of scholarship to of the significant study deservedly
show that the term "hesed" is re- receives renewed acclaim.
lated to the religious life of man,".
that "the study of the phrase 'as - a
"Not Worth a Dam"
hesed' provides no distinction be-
"Not worth a dam" (sic) is no
tween the content of divine and more profane than "not worth- a
human tesed' (unless it be in red cent." English traders invented
divine perfection)."
the phrase which refers to the
There - is a thorough exploration "dam," a small, brass Indian coin
of the "hen-hesed" relationship, . worth about a penny.
"Not worth a tinker's darn" is
and Dr. Larue declares in his tri-
not profane either. Used in plumb-
bute:to Dr. Glueck's work:
"Despite research done on ing repairs, tinker's dams were
"hesed" by others subsequent to made of- clay or similar material
the first publication of - Nelson and were thrown away when the
Glueck's monograph, there can be job was done.

,

BY HENRY LEONARD

Benediction

for 'Not Having Been Made a Woman'

sible for the care of the home and
the children and this is considered
There is a benediction in the at least equally important or per-
prayer book which is recited every haps more important than he car-
morning by men who thank the rying, out of additional religious or
Almighty for "not having been ritual obligations. This blessing is
particularly - phrased in the nega-
made women."
This has been a most misunder- tive (i.e. "who has not made 'me
stood custom. It certainly was not a woman" and not "who has made
instituted because women were re- me a man") according to some
garded as being inferior. In the commentaries, because as far as
Cairo Geniza, a text for this bless- having been brought upon this
world is concerned, it seemed to
ing has been found which express- have been the consensus of opin-
es it by giving thanks to the Al-
mighty for having made- one "a ion of the rabbis that man would
man and not a woman." It is re- have been better off not having
lated that the early Greek philos- been born (or made) at all. (Tal-
ophers claimed that amongst the mud Bavli, Erubin 13b). Indeed
blessings a person should make the vicissitudes of life are such
every day is that he was made "a that whatever one does attain is
male and not a female." The often offset by the struggles, the
source of the blessing we make is sins and the shortcomings one en-
in the Talmud (Menahot 43b). dures and perpetrates. However,
The medieval commentary to the since Providence has made it so
prayer book authored by Abudra- that we were born, it is best to
ham explains that this benediction have been born with the opportun-
was instituted to make a man ity of observing as many command-
aware of the fact that he has more ments as possible (i.e. a man as
religious obligations than a woman contrasted to a woman who is ex-
has and, instead of considering empt from many commandments
Some commentaries (like Wolf
this an additional burden, he
should be thankful that he has ad- Yaawetz) claim that this was in-
ditional ways to serve the Al- troduced to relfect upon the fate
mighty. Women, in Jewish tradi- assigned to Eve in the Book of
tion, have been excused from the Genesis where her destiny to be
positive obligation of certain com- pained in labor is mentioned
mandments — especially those amongst other difficulties that wo-
which come at certain appointed men bear. Some sophisticated writ-
times — because they are respon-/ ers have claimed yet another inter-
pretation. Sin somehow seems al-
most unavoidable for the common
man. In the original story of Gen-
esis, it was man who sinned while

BY RABBI SAMUEL J. FOX

(Copyright 1967, JTA Inc.)

Beginner's Hebrew
Transcribed Into
Braille for Blind

HELEN Z1NBERG, R.E.

NEW YORK — The transcription
into Braille of a Hebrew course
Remove Hair Permanently
for beginners is being undertaken
by the Jewish Braille Institute of
8221 Curtis cor. Roselawn
Anierica in cooperation with the
Phone for Appt.—UN 2-8914
TarbUth Foundation for the Ad-
varicethent of Hebrew Culture.
The course will appear in regu-
lar installments in the • Jewish
Happy Passover To All
Braille Review and will • also be I
available in book form, according
to Dr. Jacob Fried, executive di-
rector of - the JeWish Braille Insti-
tute. The publications of the insti- I
tute are distributed in 36 countries
including Israel, and are read by
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Passover Greetings to All
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MR. AND MRS.
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Happy Passover

41

Mimco Custom Gallery

24200 Telegraph

353-9554

Bess Roseman

Holiday Greetings from

ROBINHOOD'S

Where Only the Finest and
Best Foods Are Served

20176 Livernois

4

11/2 blocke South of 8 Mile Road
UN 2-9762
Open 24 Hours

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Happy Passover

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NEW YORK BAKERY

12945 W. 7 Mile Rd.

UN 2-7980

Passover Good Cheer

PASADENA
Kosher Meat Market

Tommy`S Barber. Shop.

18615

.4

Best Wishes For A Happy
Passover

Happy Passover

Passover Best Wishes .

Israel Pipeline to Bypass Suez
JERUSALEM—P & F Industries
Inc., Syosset, N.Y., has been award-
ed a $1,500,000 contract by the gov-
erninent of Israel to expand a pipe-
manufacturing facility in Tel Aviv.
The pipe-manfacturing facility will
supply pipe for a $80,000,000 pipe-
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transporting 1,000,000 barrels of
. The pipeline ' will
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run. from Eilat on the Gulf of •
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new . line will be capable of carry- •
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oil,. which normally could move • •
through the Suez Canal each day •

by tankers.

women not only sinned but caused
man to sin. They say, therefore,
that it is better, if sin is inevitable,
to be a sinner rather than to be
cast in the role of tempting others
to sin, a role which women often
are unintentionally cast into be-
cause of the powers of attraction
which the Almighty has bestowed
upon them.

24721 Coolidge Hwy.
Ook Park, Mich.
LI 3-8860

•ivernois

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UN 4-8959

We Deliver

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• •
Sincere Holiday..Greetin0
: • ACKEPMAN'S BOWLING BALL

Happy Passover to All Our
.Friends and Customers

Katz's Delicatessen--
13731 W. 9 Mile Rd.
Katz's Delicatessen- ..
Northgate

25290 Greenfield

Ook Pork, Mich.

SALES AND SERVICE
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Bags — Shoes — Shirts — Balls Plugged and Rebored in 24. Hours
Open Weekdays 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.


17377 Livernois

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Charlie Robinson's
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.8 Mile Rd. and Mark Twain

UN 4-9821



■■ •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••C

We would like to thank all_ our customers and friends
for their patrgnage. Best wishes for a Happy Passover.

Mr. and Mrs. Sam Belkin and Family of

BELKIN'S MARKET

14847 W. 7 MILE ROAD

• 1.4.1

Best Wishes For A Happy
Passover

•• •
• •


Best wishes and .greetings.to all our friends and. customers
for a very happy Passover

BEN & GEORGE'S DELICATESSEN

Middlebelt and W. 7 Mile Rd. ---- Livonia
GR 4-9829
KE 5-1770
Your Host: Sammy Lerman

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