KIAMESHA LAKE (JTA)—The Rabbinical Assembly, organization of Conservative rabbis, called on the United
States government to recognize "selective conscientious objection"—objection to a particular war—as a valid reason
for exemption from military duty.
The resolution, adopted at the 68th annual convention of the Assembly, noted that the United States "has been
a pioneer in absolving religious pacifists from war duty." But it pointed out that "the war in Vietnam has created a
new dilemma. Some men who are not total pacifists do object to serving in Vietnam because they regard that war
and service as repugnant to their conscience," and urged the U.S. government "to continue its pioneering in matters
of conscience with respect to war by recognizing selective conscientious objection in the same way that total con-
scientious objection has been recognized." It said that "this will make it possible for the selective conscientious
objector to serve his country in a manner other than engaging in direct military duty."
Conservative Rabbis Ask
U.S. Recognize 'Selective
and 'Fair Play'
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JDC Becomes Communist Target;
Poles' Anti-Semitism Accelerated
Israelis View ILlirs
Decision With Regret
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
TEL AVIV — A majority of Israel's newspapers
- expressed regret Tuesday over President Johnson's
surprise announcement Sunday night that he would
not seek re-election next fall. A concensus of the
`,2 Israeli press was that President Johnson is one of
'` the staunchest friends of Israel ever to occupy the
The daily LaMerhav said that "More than all
of his predecessors, with possible exception of Pre-
sident Truman," Mr. Johnson showed comprehen-
sion of Israel's needs and "lent his support in days
of trial." HaYom, organ of Gahal, the Herut-Liberal
alignment, sounded the same note, declaring that
"It has been many years since Israel had a friend
In the White House like President Johnson." The
President's friendship toward Israel was also stress-
ed by HaModia, organ om the Agudat Israel, Omer
AI Hamishmar, organ of the left-wing labor
party, Mapam, took a cautious view. "The Se-
(Continued on Page 6)
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
The Warsaw Communist youth newspaper Sztandar Miodych has attacked the Amer-
ican Jewish Joint Distribution Committee for alleged espionage in Poland and leveled the same charge
against three Polish Jews who held high military and police posts in the Communist state apparatus
before they defected to the West between 1955 and 1965, it was reported here Tuesday.
The attack was the latest development in a growing press campaign to discredit Communist of-
ficials of Jewish origin and to back up charges that Jewish leaders and organizations abroad were
engaged in a conspiracy against Poland.
The JDC, which had distributed $500,000 annually to Jewish pensioners in Poland and to Polish
families that aided Jews during World War II, was ousted by the Warsaw regime last year because
of its spying, the newspaper claimed. It accused the JDC of having used its charitable work as a cover
for intelligence activities for Israel and the United States.
The three Jews accused of espionage before defecting were Jozef Swiatlo, a former colonel
employed by ti, 3 minister of public security (secret police), who, the paper pointed out, was born Izaak
Fleishfarb; Wladislaw Tykocinski, who was once chief of the Polish military mission in West Berlin;
and Pawel Monat, another former colonel and military attache. Swiatlo defected to the United States
in 1955, Monat in 1960 and Tykocinski in 1965. He died there last autumn. All three were labeled
"Zionists" by Sztandar Miodych.
(The New York Times reported from Warsaw Tuesday that the traditional anti-Semitism that
lies behind the current anti - Zionist campaign is compounded by the proportionately large number of
Jews who served in the secret police or important party posts during the Stalinist period. "None-
theless," the Times said, "many people believe that the campaign is a smokescreen designed to keep
public attention distracted from the party power struggle. Some observers suggested that the dismis-
sal of many Jewish officials serves the purpose of making way for younger men.")
(Continued on Page 14)
Hebrew University Elects
Harman to Its Presidency
JERUSALEM (JTA) —Avraham Harman, Israel's former
ambassador to the United States was elected president of the
Hebrew University, succeeding Eliahu Elath as the university's
fourth president. Sam Rothberg was elected chairman of the
university's board of governors.
Rothberg, who is chairman of the American Friends of the
Hebrew University in the United States, announced a surprise
gift of $1,000,000 to the university from Max M. Low, New York
industrialist and philanthropist, the sum to go toward a new re-
search laboratory and a garden to be named for the benefactor's
parents. Low who lives in Mamaroneck, N. Y., has been active in
many charities, particularly those
connected with medical research.
At ceremonies here on March
27, the Hebrew University con-
ferred honorary doctorates on an
American, an Italian and two Is-
raelis for outstanding work in their
fields. The recipients were Prof.
Albert Neuberger, of the United
States, who was cited for his re-
search in biology and biochemistry;
Dr. Augusto Levy, of Italy, for his
work in uniting the Jewish commu-
nity there after World War II;
Prof. Gershom Sholem, of Israel,
for his contributions toward making
Kabbala studies a recognized disci-
pline, and Kaddish Luz, speaker of
the Knesset, who was honored for
conducting Israel's legislative as-
sembiy "with wisdom and understanding." Attending the cere-
monies was 84-year-old Joseph Levy, New York, who was
. present at the Hebrew University opening on Mt. Scopus 43
A chair of special education was dedicated at the Hebrew
University in the name of Joseph Meyerhoff, former national
chairman of the United Jewish Appeal, by American Friends of
The board of governors of the university named Dr. Joseph
Schwartz of New York, vice president of the Israel Bond Organi-
iation, as an honorary governor and awarded him an honorary
doctorate in recognition of his work for the bond campaign. Dr.
Schwartz was one of two Americans to receive honorary docto-
rates and one of seven named honorary members of the board.
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising to Be Commemorated
With Midnight vigil at Center, WSU Programs
So that the martyrs of the Warsaw Ghetto will not be forgotten, a communitywide Midnight Memorial
Vigil will be held Saturday at the Jewish Center, and Monteith College, Wayne State University, will
sponsor a series of events to commemorate the ghetto uprising 25 years ago.
Ghetto and concentration camp survivors will participate in the vigil's candle-lighting ceremony, and Rabbi
Irwin Groner of Cong. Shaarey Zedek will deliver the keynote address.
The one-hour vigil, dedicated to the memory of the Six Million and the Warsaw Ghetto fighters, is spon-
sored by the Jewish Community Council. Dr. Samuel Krohn, Community Council president, will officiate at the
event, developed under the auspices of the Council's culture commission. It will conclude by 1 a.m.
In his talk, Dr. Krohn will express the sense of alarm felt by Jewish communities throughout the
world against the current anti-Semitic statements of the Polish government.
The faculty and students of WSU's Monteith College, showing a deep interest in the hiStoric events marked
by the Holocaust, have pursued, under the direction of Prof. Otto Feinstein, a study of the history of the
tragic war and its consequences, with emphasis on the rode of Jews who resisted the terrors. The Warsaw
Ghetto revolt will be commemorated in a series of events April 27 and 28.
On these two days, a dramatic presentation will be given by the Court Theater in the form of an historic
drama, "The Resistance." For an entire month, there will be an exhibit of material relating to the Holocaust.
The material for the exhibit is being provided, together with financial support to facilitate the presenta-
tions, by Shaarit Haplayta, the organization of Jewish survivors from Nazism.
The dramatic presentation, by a cast of seven students, mostly non-Jews who prepared the text and
who have become deeply interested in the necessity of preventing the acts of horrors from being forgotten,
will be at Wayne University Community Arts Auditorium, 8:30 p.m. The exhibition will be at WSU Library.
In addition to these two scheduled events, meetings will be arranged in homes of faculty and students to
encourage pursuance of studies of the Holocaust as well as the experiences of the Warsaw Ghetto heroes.
Prof. Feinstein states that 1,000 students-90 per cent of them non-Jews—are expected at the presenta-
tions of "The Resistance." Admission will be free, but a request will be made for a voluntary fee for which
guests will receive copies of a program that will feature documentary material.
The development of this project, Dr. Feinstein believes, is a noteworthy advance in efforts to keep alive
the memory of a tragic era—a remembrance vitally needed for the prevention of recurrence of the tragedies
of the Hitler era. The interest that was aroused among students in Dr. Feinstein's classes and at Monteith
College are viewed as a marked contribution to the study of a vital period in history.
Details of the planned programs to be conducted jointly by the Monteith College faculty and students in
cooperation with Shaarit Haplayta are now being developed.
Earlier in the year, the Jewish Community Council's cul-
ture commission sponsored a special program in tribute to the
cultural and spiritual heritage of Eastern European Jewry. As
a continuation, the Council's vigal commemorates the events of
Story on Page 5
the Warsaw Ghetto which has come to symbolize the tragic end
of a 500-year era in Jewish history.
When Warsaw fell to the Germans early in World War II,
Europe's largest Jewish community—nearly 400,000 person—was
left to the mercy of the Nazis. During the next two years, more than
four-fifths of Warsaw's Jews were sent to concentration and extermi-
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(Continued on Page 11)
by Terrorist Acts