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March 29, 1968 - Image 7

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-03-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, March 29, 1968-7

Growing Jewish 'Backlash'
Reported from Many Cities

NEW YORK (JTA)—Responses
by Jewish Community Relations
Councils to a recent survey "indi-
cate a definite and substantial
withdrawal of rank and file Jew-
ish support" in cities hit by Negro
rioting last summer "for the ob-
jectives of the Jewish community
relations field" in civil rights and
related issues, according to the
National Community Relations Ad-
visory Council.
The NCRAC, which Is a co-
ordinating agency for the councils,
said the responses were made in
answers to a mail questionnaire
distributed last August on the im-
pact of the riots on Jewish enter-
prises in the Negro ghettoes and
on Jewish 'attitudes toward the
Negro civil rights struggle. Re-
sponses were received from 36
communities, including 19 where
riots of lesser disturbances took
place one or more times in the
preceding three years.
Except for Des Moines, the
NCRAC reported every city experi-
encing one or more riots "reported
some Jewish backlash. This varied
in intensity from 'indifference'
(presumably replacing a more
active concern) about civil rights
and related issues, to resentment
and hostility toward Negro de-
mands" among Jews in those

FOR
PASSOVER

Knesset Names Zalman Shazar
to 2nd Term as Israel's President

cities. In areas where continued
backing was found among Jews
for special governmental and social
action for improving the conditions
of Negroes, "it often was attributed
to a grudging recognition that
such improvements might pacify
Negro frustrations and resentments
and thus deflect them from vio-
lence."
The NCRAC reported that, be-
tween the distribution of the ques-
tionnaires and the arrival of most
of the replies, two events took
place that strongly affected Jewish
attitudes toward Negroes and were
reflected in the responses by the
councils. One was the anti-Zionist,
anti-Israel and anti-Semitic state-
ment issued by the Student Non-
Violent Coordinating Committee
and the other was the espousal of
a similar view at the New Politics
Convention.
The NCRAC said that, in some
of the replies, the rise in anti-
Negro feeling among Jews was
"attributed as much or more" to
those events as to riots and other
violence "and it is significant that
this is about equally true of cities
in which there had been riots and
those that were spared." The
NCRAC said that it was "im-
possible" on the basis of the ques-
tionnaire responses "to generalize
any differences in Jewish 'back-
lash' as between riot and non-riot
communities."

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Zalman
Shazar, Israel's 78-year-old third
President, was elected to a second
five-year term by the Knesset
(parliament) Wednesday afternoon.
Eighty-six out of 110 Knesset
members voted for Shazar, the only
candidate. Twenty-four cast blank
ballots.
Knesset speaker Kadish Luz, ac-
companied by Prime Minister Levi
Eslikol, visited President Shazar
at his home to inform him officially
of his re-election and to offer con-
gratulations.
The Israel presidency is large•
ly a ceremonial office although
the president is, officially, the
chief of state. He is elected by
secret ballot in the Knesset and
has certain statutory rights such
as pardoning criminals and stun-
molting a Knesset - member to
form a government after elec-
tions or if the existing govern-
ment resigns.
Nevertheless, certain factions in
the Knesset were apparently op-
posed to Shazar's re-election.
The one-man party, Haolam

Verna)

Hazeh, urged that a younger man
should symbolize a young state.
He apparently reflected the views
of some of the former Rafi and
younger former Mapai elements
in Israel's dominant United Labor
Party.

ELECTRONIC

GARAGE DOOR

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Hebrew U. Board
Accepts Elath's
Resignation

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JUST BACK FROM ISRAEL

JERUSALEM (JTA)—The board
of the Hebrew University met
Wednesday on Mt. Scopus, the
first meeting of the board at the
old campus since it was liberated
from Jordan in last June's war.
The board has accepted the
resignations of University Presi-
dent Eliahu Elath after six years

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in office, and Vice President Prof.
D. Amiran, who had served for
three years.
Also retiring is Dr. Louis Levin-
thal of Philadelphia, who has been
chairman of the board of gover-
nors for the past six years. Hon-
orary doctorates were awarded to
Kadish Luz, speaker of the Knes-
set (parliament), and to Prof. Al-
bert Neuberger of the United
States and Prof. Gershom Sholem,
of Israel, among others. The cere-
monies were attended by Presi-
dent Zalman Shazar of Israel.

Canadian Jews to Send
Passover Goods to Cuba

MONTREAL (JTA) — The Cana-
dian Jewish Congress reported it
had approved a request from the
Hebrew Religious Community of
Cuba for the same quantity of
kosher Passover foods as was re-
quested last year. The CJC treas-
urer was authorized to by the
Passover products and to ship
them to the Cuban Jewish com-
munity.

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