(Copyright 1968, JTA Inc.)
JERUSALEM — The Knesset ed-
ucation committee finally approved
the long debated School Reform
At present, compulsory education
start at age 5 when children enter
public (usually municipal) kinder-
garten. At age 6 they begin their
eight years of basic schooling.
When they complete the eighth
grade—at age 14—they can either
continue their education in public
high schools (if they pass the
standard scholastic tests) or go to
one of the small number of private
high schools (if they can afford
the tuition). Alternatively they can
learn a trade in a trade school or
as an apprentice. After four years
of high school students may apply
for admission to a university
where they can work toward a
BA, MA or doctorate.
Some years ago Zalman Aranne,
minister of education, appointed
a committee of experts headed by
Prof. M. Prawer of the Hebrew
University, to study the school sys-
tem and recommend reforms. The
committee found that the present
system was far from being best
to prepare young Israelis for the
challenges of the rapidly changing
society and technology of the last
third of the 20th Century.
The proposed reforms encount-
ered fierce opposition from Teach-
ers' Union whose tens of thousands
of members teach in the primary
schools. High school teachers have
a separate union, the Teachers'
Association. The Teachers' Union
exerted pressure, including strike
threats, to delay approval of the
proposed reforms. When the new
system was finally approved, it
became obvious why the union.
especially its _leadership, had ob-
jected so strenuously.
Under the new system, the
present eight primary and four-
year high-school division will be
replaced by a six-and-six divi-
sion. The first six years of edu-
cation will be in the primary or
basic school which is compul-
sory. The next six years will be
in the secondary or high school.
but only the first three of those
years will be compulsory. This
will, however, bring the compul-
sory school age to 15 years in-
stead of the present 14. The last
three years of high school will
be free for students who achieved
certain minimum grades in the
compulsory half of their high
Educators say the new system
should solve, to a great extent, the
problem of "lowest common de-
nominator," whereby an excellent
pupil can advance now only at the
pace of the average—which must
take into account the slowest
pupil . . .
At present, about 90 per cent of
the primary- school teachers are
graduates of two- or three-year
teachers' colleges. High school
teachers must be university grad-
uates. Under the new system teach- ,
ers' college graduates will be able
to work only in the first six instead
of the first eight grades. The union
was assured that no teachers would
lose their jobs because of the high
turnover. But it is obvious that the
new system will reduce the im-
portance of the union, and the
union made it clear that it has not
yet given up the fight.
NEW YORK—A Roman Catholic
church and a Reform temple Sun-
Placement Corps for Young Negroes
Set Up as Beth El Volunteer Project
Temple Beth El's community af-
fairs committee has established a
volunteer placement corps for
young inner city Negroes and plans
to start functioning by mid-April.
Mrs. Nathan Kalichman, a pro-
fessional social worker, assisted by
Mrs. Edwin Perlmutter, will be di-
rector pro-tern of the project,
which its planners hope will set a
pattern for other church and syna-
bronze sculpture of Jesus he exe- gogue groups to follow.
The program is unique in that
cuted. His art work was begun six
years ago with no prior art instruc- there will be no economic resources
to work with; rather, the vast well
of human resources in the congre-
gation will be called upon for vol-
`Theories of History'
day announced a "cultural ex
change" in the fields of art, music
and literature. The church, Holy
Family, and the synagogue, Mount
Neboh Temple, will share facilities
for such things as art exhibitions
concerts, literary displays and lec-
Michael Schimmel, 75, a member
of Mount Neboh, presented a
Topic at Emanu-El
Dr. David Sidorsky, associate
orofessor of history at Columbia
University, will discuss "Contemp-
orary Theories of Jewish History"
at Temple Emanu-El's Institute of
Jewish Studies 8:30 p.m. Tuesday.
Twenty-five high school seniors
from inner city schools who are
interested in retailing will be
selected. Businessmen in the
congregation who have retail
stores will be asked to guaran-
tee jobs for these young people
provided they meet the job re-
cause of his or her observance of
the Sabbath. "I am certain that
every college will respond affirma-
tively," he said.
Lions in Middle East
Lions were frequent and abun-'
dant in the Middle East through
the entire ancient period.
quirements. To ensure their
meeting these requirements, vol-
unteer counselor aids who have
been briefed by the director of
the program will assist and tutor.
When necessary, resources out-
WI • UWE NU 111)1
■ CHEVROLET or
side the temple, such as health
facilities and beauty schools, will
donate their services.
Don Healas, director of the bu-
reau of manpower and career de-
velopment and agency of the Ma-
yor's Committee for Human Re-
sources and Development, is as-
sisting with the program. A 10-
week training session will be held
2-5 p.m. Tuesdays and Thursdays
at the temple.
THEM ALL" X
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Observers Get Alternative
to Sabbath Exam Date
NEWARK (JTA) — Community
college entrance examinations
scheduled for Saturdays may be
taken on alternate days by Jewish
students, the New Jersey Depart-
ment of Higher Education chancel-
lor Dr. Ralph A. Dungan said that
"appropriate arrangements" would
be made to assure that no young-
ster would be precluded from tak-
ing an entrance examination be-
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, March 15, 1968-17
STORE COUPO N 5283
By ELIAHU SALPETER
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