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March 15, 1968 - Image 15

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-03-15

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the past, and spoke about them-
selves and their comrades."
There is nothing in the article to
waifs speak with great warmth
that Chagall now is an
about Ivan Reper, the doctor of
the children's home; he not only exile from Communist Russia.
treated the children, but also
guided them paternally on the road THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, March 15, 1968-15
to life. During its existence the
children's home in Malakhovka
graduated more than 400 persons,
many of whom became teachers
and doctors, engineers and work-
ers, artists and musicians, scien-
tists and inventors. During their
meeting with the Jewish writers
IAMB 191501 • AILTRO ■ T. 0 S A .
in the editorial offices they recalled ;

Soviet Embassy Novosti Release Relates Tragedies of Jews Under Nazism

Several releases from the infor-

mation department of the Soviet
Embassy in Washington call at-
tention to the sufferings of Jews
during the Nazi invasion of Russia.
The articles are issued on behalf
of Novosti Press Agency (APN)
and are translations from original
One of the articles, by Maria
Rolnikaite, in a translation by
Morgunov, is on the subject "Their
Weapon Is Humanity — On Those
Who Hid People Persecuted by
Nazis" and is an excerpt from the
book "Soldiers Without Weapons"
isued by the Lithuanian publishing
house Miitis. The introduction to
the book is by Maria Rolnikaite
who is referred to as "the Soviet
Anne Frank." Dealing with the
Nazi occupation of Lithuania, the
article describes roundups and
searches and lists among the inci-
dents the following:
"Lydia Fugalevicute-Golubovene
hid many people in her Kulautuve
home, near Kaunas: Soviet offi-
cer's wife Klavdia Shatunova with
two children and elderly parents;
several adults and children from
the ghetto; a Soviet paratroop of-
ficer, who later joined the parti-
sans. At one time, she had 15
people in her house, 10 children in-
cluded. And all of them had to be
not only sheltered, but fed, too.
Lydia had to sell almost everything
she had.
"Those of the persecuted who
were fortunate enough to meet
Lydia Golubovene's sister — Na-
talia Fugalevicute—and her friend.
Natalia Yegorova, are alive, too
They were saved by two Natashas,
as these fearless women were
known then. They hid some fugi-
tives in their own or their friends'
flats, got false documents for
others and acted as messengers
or guides for still others . . .
". . . The flat of Kotrina Jonei-
kite, an ordinary Lithuanian wo-
man, was transit, so to say. Ko-
trinele, as everybody l o v i n g l y
called her, was usually informed
that someone would spend a night
or two at her place. And Kotrinele
prepared to meet the dear guests
—she cooked supper and changed
the bed clothes. Once a woman
who had been with her for 10
days, said that all these prepara-
tions were unnecessary — after
all, the "guest" would spend only
one night at the flat and maybe
wouldn't even go to bed but just
sit out the curfew.

"'Well if my sister or someone
else living in normal conditions
came to spend a night here,' Ko-
trinele objected, 'I wouldn't do
that. But I am expecting a man

kept away from the Nazis. Be-
sides, Zubovene and her husband
hid several adults, POWs included.
"D a n a Pomerantsaite w a s
brought to the house of the well-
known Lithuanian singer Kirpas
Petrauskas, now a People's Artist
of the USSR, as a babe in arms.
She was returned to her mother,
who survived in a fascist concen-
tration camp by some miracle, at
the age of 6. Is there any wonder,
therefore, that Dana called Pet-
rauskene her 'first mother' and
her own, a 'second mother' for a
long time?"

whom the so-called 'conquerors'
and their lackeys don't consider
a man at all. That is why I want
to stress how dear he is to me,
how much I respect him."
"The courageous act of K. Bin-
kis, a gravely ill writer, was dis-
cussed in a whisper in Kaunus lit-
erary circles. A colleague of his
called on him. Binkis was confined
to bed, he was in bad need of
medicines and good food. The col-
league offered the writer all this
Another Soviet Embassy re-
provided he contributed an article, lease, illustrated extensively with
lauding Hitler's "new order," to photographs of groups who met
a Nazi paper. The fascist mediator with Jewish writers in the office
ran out of the writer's room flush-d of the Yiddish periodical Sovietish
and very angry. He was followed Heimland, is entitled "The Recol-
by his walking stick, hurled out lections of Former Waifs." It was
of the door. The writer was saved
written for Novosti by Solomon
from execution by natural death— Rabinovich and released by 'APN.
he never left his bed since then. This article records the experi-
"Is there any wonder, therefore, ences of those who survived the
that Jews who had fled from the counter - revolutionary period of
ghetto found shelter in that man's ' October 1917. It tells about the
house? One girl lived there all the road traversed by the anti-Sem-
time, and others, temporarily. But itic armies of Denikin, Petlura and
even this "temporality" could Kolchak, the gangs under Makhno,
prove fatal. An SS-man lived up- and many others were stained with
stairs, but in spite of that there blood: breaking into a town or
were up to 11 fugitives in Binkis" townlet, they set fire to the houses,
flat at one time. Once a ghetto boy committed outrages against the
suffering from a severe whooping- people, murdered children, women
cough shared a room with the and old folks. It continues:
writer's newly - born granddaugh-
"Two astounding figures evi-
ter and her mother.
dence the terror tactics practiced
"The home of oculist Yelena by the White-guard: 180,000 Jews
Kutorgene and her son Victoras were killed and 300,000 were or- ,
was a 'salvaging center,' so to phaned. As a result of the war,
speak. Both were connected with destruction and food shortage,i
the underground and shadowed, the there was a whole army of home-
house was often searched and nev- less, hungry, orphaned children—
ertheless they never stopped even not only of Jewish nationality, but
for a day their noble work for of other nationalities as well. Waifs
saving human lives.
became one of the most difficult
"Many people — little children problems of that period.
at the time, saved from the hang-
"The young Soviet Republic
man's hands — still call Yelena scrimped on neither effort nor
Kutorgene, Sofia Binkene. both Na- money in the attempt to wipe out
tashas and Lydia Golubovene their child homelessness.
"The children's home in Malak-
"The late authoress Sofia Ciurli- hovka, some 30 km from Moscow,
onene, the widow of the well-known was opened in 1919. Homeless Jew-
Lithuanian artist and composer M. ish children were sent there. This
rhirlionis, was as dear as a mother establishment was headed by Bor.-
to Esther Elinaite — she saved ukh Shvartsman, an experienced
Esther when the latter was taking teacher. He invited talented people
her first faltering steps and did to work there as teachers. Among
not part with her till the liberation these were painter Mark Chagall
day. And M. Ciurlionis' daughter, and composer Yuli Engel. They
M. Zubovene, was a second mother instilled in the waifs a love for
for Ete Gurvieute, 12. whom she nature, beauty and art. The former

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