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March 01, 1968 - Image 35

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-03-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Secret Peace Efforts in Jordan Rumored

(Continued from Page 1)
claimed that he attended a secret
meeting with 42 Palestinian Arab
'readers "somewhere in Amman."
The group calls itself the "Peace
Committee," he said, and is urging
Palestinian Arabs in Jordan and
other Arab countries to pressure
their respective governments to
make peace with Israel.
The ultimate aim of this group,
according to the Nablus merchant,
is to establish a Palestinian state
on the West Bank, federated with
Israel. Meanwhile, the "Peace
Committee" is urging the Jor-
danian government to take strong
measures against El Fatah terror-
ists operating from Jordan terri-
tory, be said.
An Arab journalist who recently
returned to the West Bank from
Jordan said that according to
rumors in Amman, the Jordanian
government wants to call a special
convention of the Arab League at
which it would ask Iraq to with-
draw her troops that have been
camping in Jordan since last June,
The Amman government is report-
edly under pressure to get rid of
the Iraqis who have been aiding El
Fatah terrorists but who proved
themselves useless during the Jor-
danian-Israel clash two week ago,
the journalist said.
Meanwhile, reports continue to
come from Amman that Hussein's
order for an end to terrorist acti-
vities from Jordanian territory is
being ignored, that he is opposed
on the issue by his cabinet and
that his government still is in dan-
ger of toppling. The terrorists are
being encouraged by Egypt. Nas-
ser's official organ, the Cairo
newspaper Al Ahram, had declar-
ed that terrorists and Palestinian
Arabs must continue military ac-
tion against Israel because "it is
the only language Israel under-
stands."
An Israeli armored police car
struck a road mine in the Beisan
Valley Wednesday morning and
suffered damage but no casualties,
a military spokesman reported.
The incident occurred at 9:20 a.m.,
Israel time south of Tirat Zvi. A
second road mine was found in the
vicinity and dismantled.
In spite of King Hussein's pledge
of Feb. 16 to bar use of Jordanian
territory to El Fatah anti-Israeli
terrorists from Syria, as well as
from his own territory, numerous
incidents in the past 10 days re-
sulted in much damage to Israeli
settlements. There were intrusions
into Israel across the Jordan River.
Masada kibutz on the southern tip
of Lake Tiberias was attacked and
a shell exploded near the infants
home where many babies were
asleep, but there were no injuries.
There was a military clash north
of the Allenby Bridge near Jericho.
An anti-vehicle mine was dis-

mantled at Tirat Zvi in the Bei-
san Valley. Terrorist gangs are
reported to have shifted their
base to Syrian villages on the
Golan Heights. Terrorists struck
at the Golan Heights, in the Gaza
Strip and the Dead Sea, and a 19-
year-old Israel girl soldier was
injured in the attack on Kibutz
Naha! Golan.

Israeli officials blew up three
houses in Rafah where Palestine
Liberation Army officers found
shelter. The new incidents confirm-
ed the warning of Maj. Gen. Chaim
Barley, Israel's chief of staff, that
the "lull" in terrorist activities
last week was deceptive.
• ■ •
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Foreign
'Minister Abba Eban told the Knes-
set Monday that the Israel govern.
Tent will weigh the various sub-
jects to be taken up at peace talks
with the Arab states and work out
a system of priorities based on
what is best "for a peace-loving.
Progressive sovereign state that
has a role in Jewish life and cul-
ture." lie said that some of the
subjects are contradictory, but
when peace talks appear imminent,
the government will reach a con-

census on the relative importance
.
_

of security, culture and economics
in its talks with the Arabs.
The foreign minister, speaking
at the opening of a debate on his
ministry's budget, reiterated Is-
rael's insistence on direct talks
with the Arabs leading to a peace
treaty. Israel will not consider
anything less, he said and added
that it was up to the Arabs to
show their willingness to make
peace by sitting down to talks with
Israel. Only an agreement by the
two sides on new, permanent boun-
daries can resolve the current dead-
lock, he said.
(Ambassador Jarring arrived at
the UN Wednesday to confer with
Secretary General U Thant. Ac-
cording to a UN spokesman Thant
said his discussion with Jar-
ring would cover "possible next
steps and the prospects for enter-
ing upon a new stage in the discus-
sions with the parties" to the
Middle East dispute. Ambassador
Josef Tekoah of Israel met with
Thant Monday afternoon at the
secretary-general's invitation. It is
understood that Thant informed
the envoy officially of Ambassador
Jarring's pending arrival for con-
consultations on developments in
the Middle East.)
In the course of his address to
the Knesset, Eban noted that the
Middle East has lost much of its
former importance in world af-
fairs. It is no longer a cross road
of the colonial powers on their way
to and from their overseas pos-
sessions, he said. He observed that
even without political domination
by the European powers, Middle
East oil continues to flow to the
West and alternative routes to the
Suez Canal have been found, since
Egypt closed the canal last June.
These developments, according to
Eban, mean that the Middle East-
ern countries must shoulder the
responsibility for their own fate
and come to terms, without rely-
ing on the world powers to solve
their problems.
Eban told the Knesset that there
is no longer a shadow of a doubt
that Nasser took his aggressive ac-
tion against Israel just prior to
last June's war on the basis of
rumors that he picked up from
Soviet sources that Israel was mass-
ing troops on the Syrian border.
The Soviets are still inciting their
Arab friends against Israel and
they are so doing them a great
disservice. Eban said.

An Egyptian government
spokesman said the peace mis-
sion of United Nations emissary
Ambassador Gunnar Jarring had
no chance of success although
Egypt would not take any steps
to halt it, it was reported here.
The statement was the first from
an official source in Cairo to
write off the peace-seeking mis-
sion established by the UN Se-
curity Council's Middle East re-
solution of Nov. 22. The Egyptian
press and the press in other
Arab countries branded the Jar-
ring mission` a failure weeks ago.

(A writer in the Communist
Party newspaper Izvestia accused
Israel of trying to use the Jarring
peace mission to the Middle East
for its own purposes, as a result
of which the mission is deadlock.
ed. The article, by Victor Kudryav-
tsev, alleged that "under the pre-
tence of willingness to conduct ne-
gotiations on a settlement of the
conflict. Tel Aviv is not averse to
turning Jarring's - mission into an
instrument of its demand for di-
rect negotiations with each of the
Arab states separately. These cun-
ning tactics are being combined
with attempts to disrupt the anti-
imperialist unity of the Arab
countries."
(In Paris. the independent daily
Le Monde hailed Ehan's statement
in the Knesset and said it consti-
tuted a breach of the impasse in
the Middle East, giving cause for
"prudent optimism.")

Ambassador Jarring had.a long
talk with Eban in Jerusalem
Tuesday afternoon and then left
for New York for his meeting
with Secretary General U Thant

Wednesday. Informed 'sources
said that "nothing concrete" had
emerged from Tuesday's talk.
Jarring was expected to be back
in the Middle East in about a
week's time to resume his shuttl-
ing back and forth between Jeru-
salem, Amman and Cairo.

Diplomatic sources here said
that the fact Dr. Jarring would go
back to his "circuit-riding" was
an indication that there had been
no understanding between Israel
and Egypt on any kind of direct
or indirect talks. They asserted
that there had been no exchange
in which the UN envoy asked Is-
rael and Egypt to answer yes or
no.
It was predicted here that fol-
lowing Ambassador Jarring's visit
to UN headquarters in New York,
Thant would make a report to the
Security Council which would be
largely technical in nature and dis-
cuss the substance of his talks with
both sides only in general terms.
Israel Representative Rejects

New Proposal on Refugees

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA)
—Four delegations—those of Yugo-
slavia, India, Pakistan and the
Democratic Republic of the Congo
—introduced a resolution in the
Human Rights Commission Mon-
day calling on the commission to
affirm "the right of inhabitants
displaced or deported since the
outbreak of hostilities in the
Middle East to return to their own
country."
The resolution also would have
the commission affirm that "the
government concerned (Israel)
has the obligation to take the
necessary measures in order to
facilitate the return of those in-
habitants to their own country
without delay."
The four-power anti-Israeli reso-
lution received immediate support
from the Ukrainian delegate. The
Congo representative said his
country had co-sponsored the reso-
lution "purely on humanitarian
grounds." The representative of
India, who introduced the draft
resolution, said its sponsors had
been motivated by "purely humani-
tarian considerations." She said the
draft was an indication of concern
over the state of tension in West
Asia (Middle East) and represent.
ed a "timely reminder to the Is-
raeli authorities to act with hu-
manity."

The Israeli member of the
commission declared Tuesday
that there was no place on the
commission's agenda for the
four-power draft resolution.

Dr. Shabtai Rosenne told the
commission that the preamble to
the draft resolution gave "an ut-
terly incorrect picture" of the ac-
tions of the Security Council and
General Assembly which the adop-
tion of the resolution was suppos-
ed to reinforce. He warned that
adoption of the proposal would
prejudice the peace-making efforts
of the secretary-general and his
special representative in the Mid-
dle East. He charged that the draft
showed a "lack of balance" which
he said could be explained only on
political grounds.
The Indian delegate denied Dr.
Rosenne's charge of political mo-
tives and argued that by facilitat-
ing the return of persons to their
homes, the resolution would help
"de - fuse the situation in West Asia
(Middle East). thus leading to
peace." The draft resolution also
received support from the Philip-
pine. Egyptian and Lebanese dele-
gations. The latter criticized the
draft, however, for failing to deal
with the Arabs displaced in 1948.
A wildly abusive attack on Is-
rael was made by a non-govern-
mental representative. Omar Azouni
of the World Moslem Congress,
who accused Israel of genocide and
termed Israelis "Zionist murder-
ers." He said the governments of
the United Kingdom and the United
States had contributed to the "vic-
timization" of the Arabs of Pales-
tine. The British delegate later
said that the representative of a

made "abusive remarks" about his cated that the United States also
country which were not worth an- was putting pressure on the Arab
swering.
countries to cooperate more fully
Congressman Criticizes
with Dr. Jarring and to enter into
Delay on Jet Sales to Israel
direct talks with Israel.
WASHINGTON (JTA) — Rep.
(Foreign Ministry sources In
Edward J. Gurney, Florida Repub- Jerusalem confirmed that Secre-
lican, announced that he would tary of State Dean Rusk had been
seek to determine "why President in contact with Eban on the Jar-
Johnson is deferring action on the ring mission but they denied that
sale of Phantom jets needed by the United States had exerted pres-
Israel to meet the Communist sure on Israel to drop its insis-
military buildup" while authorizing tence on direct peace talks with
the shipments of F-104 supersonic the Arabs. The sources declined
jets to Jordan. He said Jordan was comment on whether Rusk had
using United States arms against made such a suggestion but ob-
Israel and cited terrorist attacks servers in Jerusalem. said that the
and asked: "When is the Johnson United States had in fact approach-
administratoin going to learn that ed Israel with a suggestion that
American weapons in the hands of mediation might be an essential
Jordan are inevitably going to be preliminary to direct talks but that
used against Israel?"
after Israel rejected the idea, the
He charged that "the Arabs have United States did not press the
clearly demonstrated that they point.)
have climbed into bed with the Fulbright Draws Parallel
Communists, while America is try- Between Pueblo Incident
ting to hold the line around the and Attack on U.S.S. Liberty
globe against this evil . . . One of
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (JTA) —
the few friends helping out in this Sen. J. W. Fulbright, Arkansas
life and death struggle is Israel." Democrat and chairman of the
He asked: "Why are we arming Senate Foreign Relations Commit-
her enemies so that they can des- tee, in a series of weekend speeches
troy this brave little nation?"
in Arkansas urging restraint by the
A State Department spokes-
government in the affair of the
man said he had "no comment"
U.S.S. Pueblo, recalled the adminis-
on a report that the United tration's failure to take strong
States has been urging Israel to measures against Israel over the
ease its demands for direct talks accidental attack on the U.S.S.
with the Arab states for a settle. Liberty, another spy ship.
ment of the Middle East conflict.
In appearances at Pine Bluff,
According to the report, Secre- Hot Springs and Searcy, Sen Ful-
tary of State Dean Rusk recently bright reminded audiences that
sent a letter to Israeli Foreign "our friends," the Israelis, "shot a
Minister Abba Eban to encourage similar ship of ours almost out of
Israeli acceptance of the Security the water at great loss of life."
Council Nov. 22 resolution, under But, said the foreign relations
which Swedish envoy Gunnar Jar- chairman, "we didn't threaten
ring is now in the Middle East them with atom bombs. I under-
seeking to bring Israel and the stand it is agreed informally to sell
Arabs together. The report indi- them more planes."

Israeli Envoy Faces 'Harsh Realities'
in Meeting With Black Nationalists

NEW YORK (JTA)—An Israeli
diplomat's confrontation with Black
Power militants and the harsh
realities he discovered about their
attitudes toward Israel and Ameri-
can Jews—which they identify as
one and the same—were described
by Paul Jacobs in the current issue
of the Jesuit weekly, Common.
weal.
The diplomat was Ephraim
Evron, minister of Israel to the
United States. He accepted an in-
vitation by Jacobs, his dose friend
and a writer on the ptoblems of
Negro ghettoes in America, to visit
black nationalists in their own
territory, the Watts section of Los
Angeles.
Evron's purpose, according to
the writer, was to find out why
so many black nationalists in the
U.S. had identified with the Arabs
during last June's Middle East
war.
The scene of the confrontation
was the headquarters of "Operation
Bootstrap," a self-financed Negro
vocational training center and
business enterprise in Watts. Al-
most as soon as he arrived, Evron
was told by Tommy Jacquette, a
young Negro militant: "You know
them trees you got planted all over
Israel from Jews here in Los
Angeles. well, they should have
our names on them. not the Jews'
names. The money from the trees
comes out of my back, out of the
back of every black brother in
the ghetto!"

Only one or two of the large
gathering of Negroes who clus-
tered around Evron "bad any
initial interest in Israeli accom-
plishments except for a grudging

admiration about Israel's mili-
tary accomplishments," Jacobs

wrote. But they were bitter and
vociferous In their denunciation
of the role played by Jewish
businessmen in the Negro ghetto.
"Two major themes emerged

from the heated discussion."
Jacobs wrote. "The alleged ex-
ploitative role of some American

Negroes' identification of the
Arabs as supporters of the colored
peoples of the world . . It was
clear that most of the people in
the room knew little or nothing of
the reality of Israel: vis-a-vis most
Negroes, the Israelis are the vic-
tims of their own propaganda and
that of their ardent American
Jewish supporters.
"Instead of knowing that Israel
is a complex country, with power-
ful internal strains and conflicts,
American Negroes see it only as
a simplified extension of middle-
class Jewish Fairfax Avenue and
upper-class Beverly Hills. And

they are convinced also that the

American Jews exercise decisive
influence over Israel's internal
and external policies."
During the four hours of talk
the Negro militants "discussed the
failure of liberal Jews in America

to understand what it is that

American Negroes want and used
advertisements taken out by the
Zionists identifying the war against
the Arabs as one against com-
munism as an example of Israel's
close identification with the United
States and the Western powers,"
Jacobs wrote.
Later "the group was smaller,
and their questions were less
hostile and focused more on speci-
fics about . Israel. Obviously their
interest in Israel had become
piqued by what Eppie, (Evron)
said. 'How can some of us get
over to Israel? We'd like to see
those kibutzim you're talking
about. Maybe we could start some-
thing like that here'."
When Evron asked the Negroes
what they want, he was told: "Self
respect, self defense and self de-

termination."
As I listened to the members

-

of the group shouting at each
other, it was apparent that today
the notion of integration is rejected
by all these militants. even though
they do not know precisely what

separation and self-determination
mean in political terms," Jacobs
Jews inside the ghettoes and the wrote,

non-governmental , organization had THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, March 1, 19611-35

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