Proposing: Posthumous Honor for Raoul Wallenberg
Detailed story of Christian hero-martyr of World War II who
led in rescue of Jews under Nazism, in Commentary, Page 2
A Weekly Review
• Feb. 18 25
VOL. LI I, No. 23
Panic Over the
f■/1 1 1—it GA■
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
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17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit—VE 8-9364—February 23, 1968
eport Jordanian Kingdom Toppling;
ussein Finds Difficulty Defending
'Pledge to Prevent El Fatah Raids:
Report Nearly All Jews
Left Libya; Egyptian
GENEVA—The last chapter in the 2,500
year-old history of the Libyan Jewish commu-
nity is being enacted in Italy, Louis D. Horwitz
of Geneva, director-general of the Joint Dis-
tribution Committee, declared here.
At the beginning of the Six-Day War in
lune, there were approximately 3,100 Jews in
Libya, Horwitz noted. "Of these, 2,900 have
thus far left their native land for Italy, leaving
approximately 200 behind," he said. "Further
movement is going on. In all likelihood many
or perhaps all of these 200 also will be leav-
ing." Late reports indicate that the handful
of remaining Jews are fleeing from Libya.
Horwitz noted that of the 2,900 who came
to Italy only 600 were able to care for them-
selves. "At the very beginning of the influx,
the Italian Jewish community, the United Hias
Service (the American Jewish migration serv-
ice for all countries except Israel) and JDC
joined in a program of aid to 2,300 men, wom-
en and children," he said. "Only 450 of these
are still on our assistance rolls today, the
others having found ways to help themselves."
The movement of the newcomers out of
Italy has been going on for some time and is
still continuing, Horwitz pointed out. Now
only about 2,000 of the Libyan Jewish refugees
remain in Italy, the rest having left for other
countries, he said. Before 1949, the Jewish
community of Libya numbered 35,000. Be-
cause of events following Israel's War for Inde-
pendence, more than 30,000 Jews left Libya,
with the help of JDC and other Jewish agen-
cies, Horwitz recalled.
• • •
PARIS (ZINS)—Reliable sources say there
are still several thousand Jews in the Middle
Eastern Arab countries. None is left in Aden
after the last 180 Jews flew to London follow-
ing the pogroms in the wake of the June war.
The Jewish community in Libya shrank to
100. Out of the 80,000 Jews who had once
lived in Egypt, a bare 700 remain. Syria still
has 4,000. Iraq which once boasted of the
largest Jewish community in the Middle East-
120,000—is now left with 2,500. Jewish settle-
ment in Iraq dates back to the biblical era.
Since the June war, Jewish life in those coun-
tries has dramatically worsened, and the gov-
ernments of Spain, Italy and France, among
others are trying to persuade Iraq and Syria
to permit their Jews to emigrate.
LONDON (JTA) — Sir Barnett Janner,
&iairman of the foreign affairs committee
of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, told
a meeting of the board Sunday that he had
confirmation that "Nazi-like methods" were
being used against Egyptian Jews imprisoned
Since the June war and against their families
and other Jews remaining in Egypt. Sir Barnett
sald it was "shocking" that such harsh treat-
Mont was accorded Egyptian Jews, many of
* whose families have lived in that country for
generations. He said this is not surprising be-
cause Nazi criminals resident in Egypt have
"played a significant role in Egyptian propa-
JERUSALEM (JTA)--The Jordanian Parliament met in closed session for three hours Tuesday night in
Amman and expressed loyalty to King Hussein. But speculation was still rife here as to whether Hussein's
government would survive much longer in view of a major split over the king's announced policy of halting
Arab terrorist raids against Israel from Jordanian territory.
The split was revealed Tuesday morning when Prime Minister Bahjat Al Talhouni denied in an Amman
radio address that the cabinet had reached any decision to act against terrorists using Jordan as their base.
His denial was a direct contradiction of a statement made only Monday by Minister of Interior Hassan Al-
Kayed who warned terrorists that they would be punished if they ignored the King's orders. King Hussein
declared Friday that he would "not allow anyone to supply the enemy with pretexts and justifications for
(The London Times reported in a dispatch from Amman that Prime Minister Al Talhouni declared that
"the Jordan government, like other Arab gov-
ernments, does not oppose the activities of
USSR Charged With Creating
persons working for the interests of general
Arab policy and in line with it.")
Deliberate Cultural Genocide
WASHINGTON (JTA) — The Soviet Union was charged
Tuesday with "deliberate cultural genocide" against the Russian
Jewish community at the so-called "Court of World Public Opinion"
now holding a "trial" of international communism at Georgetown
University here under auspices of anti-Communist groups. The
witness was Dr. Joseph Dunner, professor of political science and
international law at Yeshiva University in New York.
Dr. Dunner described measures taken to destroy Jewish life
In Russia. When asked by the tribunal if there were any other
countries that persecuted the Jews, he replied: "The Arab coon-
tries." He said the treatment of Jews in Spain could not be con
sidered "persecution" although Catholicism is recognized as the
official state religion.
Dr. Dunner charged that the USSR prohibits the printing of
the Hebrew Bible and will not allow the unrestricted teaching of
Judaism and Jewish history. He said there are now only four
rabbis in all of Russia for a Jewish population of between 3,000,000
The mock trial at which Dr. Dunner testified caused contro-
versy here by some who complained that extreme right-wing
elements were among sponsors and witnesses. Georgetown Uni-
versity later issued a statement explaining that while proceedings_
were held at the university. the Catholic institution neither en-
dorsed nor approved the "trial."
No Change in 'Muddled' Soviet Policy Foreseen
NEW YORK (JTA) — A Columbia University expert predicted
that the Soviet government would continue to "muddle through"
with its present policy toward Russian Jews of oscillating narrowly
between improved and repressive local conditions. That policy
was described as reflecting a basic contradiction between the
Soviet government's wish to assimilate its Jews and its insistence
on identifying them ethnically in all its dealings with them, a
"self defeating" effort.
The analysis was made by Zvi Gitelman of Columbia Uni-
versity, a member of the research institute on Communist affairs.
Commenting on the Jordanian prime minis-
ter's statement, a foreign ministry spokesman
said here that if Jordan fails to prevent armed
bands from using its territory, tensions would
continue to rise affecting the well being and
security of peaceful inhabitants on both sides
of the demarcation line.
The apparent cabinet split in Amman coin-
tided with an announcement issued by the
Syrian trained El Fatah terrorist organization in
Beirut, Lebanon, Tuesday morning 'declaring
that they will not "bow to Hussein's demands'
and would continue their guerrilla operations
Dispatches from Amman and eye witness
accounts of travelers arriving in Jerusalem from
Jordan indicated that the population strongly
supported King Hussein's anti terrorist policy
and in fact demonstrated against "foreign ele-
ments" who were "unconcerned with the prob-
lems of the Jordanian people." Jordanian news-
papers headlined the seizure Monday of a
terrorist arms cache at the port of Aqaba and
all indications were that Jordanian security
forces were rounding up terrorist groups.
(This picture of anti terrorist sentiment and
activity was contradicted by the London Times'
Amman correspondent. In a dispatch Tuesday
morning, he said that King Hussein and mem-
bets of Parliament visiting villages and refugee
camps devastated in last Thursday's fighting
with Israel, were greeted by demands for arms.
The correspondent said that when he toured the
(Continued on Page 22)
Allied Jewish Campaign Formal Opening March 20
The 1968 .Allied Jewish Campaign-Israel Emergency Fund will officially open its drive here March 20, the co-chairmen,
Alfred L. Deutsch and Maxwell Jospey, announced. The closing date has been set for May 8.
"The spirit of the pre-campaign and the high level of giving which the community is showing is an amazing outpouring
of understanding of the problems which we face. We must maintain our communal services at home and assume the gigantic
task supporting the welfare needs in Israel," the co-chairmen stated. They expressed confidence that enthusiasm and generosity
would increase during the coming weeks as intensive work by thousands of volunteer solicitors gets under way.
The food service council chairmen, Harvey Weisberg and Irvin Meckler, will hold its annual fund-raising dinner at
Raleigh House Monday. Hyman Safran, president of the Jewish Welfare Federation, will be guest speaker. Dinner chairmen
are Edward J. Slotkin and Donald Grass.
The pharmacists' section cocktail-dinner party also will be at the Raleigh House, 6:30 p.m., Wednesday. Guest speaker
will be Dr. Boris E. Nelson. director of fine arts at University of Toledo. Formerly he headed the graduate school of West-
minster Choir College at Princeton University, and the fine arts department at the University of Massachusetts. Recently,
he was elected president of the Music Critics Association.
Dr. Hyman Mellen, chief of staff of Sinai Hospital, 10 a.m., Sunday, at North-
Optometrists and opticians will hear
volunteers have been working in the offices of the Jewish Welfare Federation for the past, two weeks preparing
cards and lists for their Women's Division Phonogift solicitation under the chairmanship of Mrs. Ben Mossman. Phonogift opens
March 10 with headquarters in the Zionist Cultural Center, Southfield.