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February 02, 1968 - Image 10

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-02-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

10 Friday, February 2, 1968


Boris Smolar's

'Between You
. . and Me

(Copyright 1968, JTA Inc.)

DEMONSTRATION OF AFFECTION: American Jewry is demon-

strating its affection and high esteem for Avraham Harman, Israel's
ambassador to the United States . . . Harman, who is beloved by
all elements of American Jewry, is returning to Israel after having
served for close to nine years as the chief diplomatic representative
of the State of Israel in Washington . . The mark he left on the
American Jewish community—not to speak of his achievements on
the dinlomatic scene in Washington—can be seen best from the un-
precedented number of functions given in his honor by national
Jewish organizations as well as by organized Jewish communities in
the larger cities . . . There is an atmosphere of sincere love in these
"farewell" functions, whether in Chicago, Los Angeles, or other com-
munities . . . There is a feeling of admiration for Harmon whether
at the dinner tendered for him by the American Jewish groups . . .
There is an aura of veneration whether the leave-taking party is
arranged by the top leaders of the National United Jewish Appeals,
or the Israel Bond Organization, or the American Section of the Jewish

DIPLOMAT IN ACTION: Successful as he was in his quiet dip-

lomatic efforts in Washington during the term of his service—when
Israel faced many trying times—and greatly admired by the Jews
in this country, Ambassador Harman carried himsef with dignified
modesty because modesty is part of his nature . . . This is what
makes him so likeable by the people who know him . . . He is essen-
tially a man of the people and for the peonle. and is known as such,
both in Israel and in this country . . Here, in the United States,
Jewish leaders always addressed him affectionately as "Abe" . . . He
never stood on formalities, except when the rules of diplomatic eti-
rviette demanded it . When he appeared at public gatherings, he
snoke from the . heart and not from a prepared address . . . His
sneeche were never issued to the press in advance . . . His main
concern was the audience before whom he spoke . . . He inspired
his audi-nces and was inspired by them while talking to them . . He
could never tell in advance what would be the high points of his
sneech. even if he gave thought to the general idea of his address
',et-ore he started it . . Yet, he never made any "slips" in the
multitude of his public speeches, because he is generally a well-
reasoniny and tactful person . . . American Jewish leadership admired
him way hack in 1953 when he came to New York as Israel's consul
general . . He held this post for two years and then returned to
Israel to hieh posts there . . . Jewish leaders hoped that one day he
would return to the United States . . . They were elated when he
was anpointed in 1959 to the post of Israel's ambassador to Wash-


WOMAN OF VALOR: Just as American Jewry came to love

Ambassador Harman. so it has developed a strong affection also for
his wife Zena. who is an important personality in her own rights ...
A charming person and an excellent speaker, she plays a leading
role in the United Nations as Israel's representative on matters
dealing with social, cultural and humanitarian affairs . . . In fact,
she is the chairman of the executive board of the UNICEF, the arm
of the United Nations that brings aid to children in many countries.
. . . She has been one of the pillars of UNICEF for the last 17 years
and has established for herself quite a reputation in the field of
international humanitarian work . . . A graduate of the London School
of Economics and Political Science, she settled with her husband in
Palestine in 1940—when the country was involved in the war with
Nazi Germany—and lost no time in becoming active in Youth Aliya
work . . . Soon after the establishment of the State of Israel, she was
named by the Israel Government as member of its delegation to the
United Nations . . . It took her only one year and she was chosen
a rapporteur of the UN Social, Cultural and Humanitarian Com-
mittee—one of the major UN committees . . . She also was a member
of the UN Commission on the Status of Women . . . With her excellent
record in social and humanitarian work, she became- vice president
of the International Council of Women, a member of the executive
of the International Conference of Social Work, and a leading figure
in other international organizations engaged in humanitarian pro-
grams . . Busy in all these activities, she nevertheless found the
time to bring up three children in the spirit of a Jewish mother, in
Jewish tradition, and in strong love for Israel . . . To her and to
Ambassador Harman American Jewry says now "L-hitraot"—"To
See You Again" in the United States.

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Zionist Congress
Definitely June 9

Dr. Viktor Frankl Relates Personal WWII Experiences

In the interview he gave to the
current issue of Psychology Today,
the world famous Viennese psychi-
atrist, Dr. Viktor Frankl told of
his experience in Auschwitz. He
was interviewed by the managing
editor of Psychology Today, Mary
Harrington Hall, and explained
many vital issues relating to psy-
chiatry, the last war, the Freudian
explorations, his correspondence
with Freud and the Nazi attitudes.
Dr. Frankl told the editor of the
magazine, which reports on all as-
pects of psychology, society and
the human conditions related to
general interests, that he could
have left Austria on a U.S. visa
but stayed on on account of his
He told of a brief encounter with
Dr. Sigmund Freud, of the confis-
cation by the Nazis of "case his-
tories written by the young Freud
when he was at the same clinic in
Vienna where I worked."
Of special interest in the inter-
view is the following excerpt:
HALL: I'd like to ask you more

about the unhappy days when you
were in charge of the department of
neurology under the Nazis. Were you
able to save any patients who
c . might
h a ve
g as
and 7' w /T/1 : erg
te i7d,
help of a member of the Nazi party!
, My beloved teacher Poetzl, was a Nazi.
Once I had a patient suffering from a
brain tumor who needed surgery. I
lifted the receiver and called the Nazi
Poetzl. He rushed to a taxi, left all his
responsibilities, and came to the Jewish
Hospital, to help me diagnose a Jew's
ailment." He, in turn, telephoned the
greatest brain surgeon and said, "I have
a l i i g After
r hte
h: e ;all/
the day after tomorrow, he added, "In-
he is Jewish." By then the
su g eon could not withdraw his
consent. The Nazis were using euthana-
sia, you know, and
patient who was regardedasld
each a
was sent to the gas chamber. Even the
relatives, mothers-in-law, t
of high-ranking party fun ctio naries
gassed. And Poetzl could not help them.
The only people he rescued we
/ re
Jewish psychotics , because
ed th e y
be sent to a Jewish Home for the
Aged. Whenever such a case occurred,
ample, a schizophrenic was diagnosed
by me as a case
c;Lti lthyasia. After all,
lose faci lity to speak after
a stroke. And a case of suicidal depres-
sion was diagnosed as a delirium from
a feverish infection. Poetzl was the
man who made it possible. This way
sax under.
stand why I say that if one was a
Nazi, it does not necessarily mean that
one was guilty. There are only two
races of people, the decent ones and
the indecent ones, and they cross bio-
logical races and political parties. What
matters is the man.
HALL: I have known only a few
concentration-camp survivors. Those I
do know seem always to be in need of
justifying their existence. It is as
though they constantly question their
right of survival.
FRANKL: That is true. Let us take
the case of a transport which prisoners
knew was to take them to the gas
chamber. There was neither time nor
desire on the part of prisoners to con-
sider moral or tehical issues. Every
man was controlled by one thought only
—to keep himself alive . . . and to save
his friends. With no hesitation, there-
fore, he would arrange for another
prisoner to take his place. On the aver-


2 Philly Firms Give
High Posts to Jews

corporations with headquarters in

Philadelphia recently advanced or
appointed Jewish personnel to high
posts in management, the manage-
ment consulting service of the Am-
erian Jewish Committee and the
Jewish Employment and Vocational
Service reported.
Scott Paper Co. promoted an ex-
ecutive to assistant general counsel
and named a chemist as a scientific
specialist in its research division.

The Fidelity Mutual Life Insur-
ance Co. advanced three of its Jew-
JERUSALEM (JTA)—June 9 has ish officials to higher management
been confirmed by members of posts, one of them to a vice presi-
the Zionist General Council as the dency.
The AJC-JEVS service was es-
opening date of the next W or Id
tablished with a grant from the
Zionist Congress to be held in Leon C. Sunstein Foundation in
Jerusalem, council chairman Yaa- 1966 to assist and encourage em-

chov Tzur announced here. Coun-
cil members were asked to con-
firm the date in a questionnaire
circulated among them. The coun-
cil praesidium decided not to con-
vene the council in March because
the date is too close to the con-
gress opening.

ployers in industry and finance to
recruit qualified Jews for execu-
tive and management posts and to
urge qualed Jews to take advan-
tage of expanding opportunities in

such positions with large corpora-
tions, fields in which Jews tradi-
tionally have been barred.


age, only those survived who, after
years of trekking from camp to camp,
lost all scruples in their fight for
existence. They were prepared to use
every means, honest and otherwise, in
order to save themselves. The best of
us did not return.
My wife and I were married in Vi-
enna in 1941. She died at Bergen-Belsen
and I still do not know the date of her
HALL: How did you survive?
FRANKL: I was lucky. And I survived
better as a person because I had a rich
intellectual background, an inner life
on which to draw. And I had a mission,



to counsel other inmates. Do you know
what my fantasy and finally compulsion
became in those years? I wanted to live
to go mountain-climbing again. —


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