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January 19, 1968 - Image 36

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-01-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Eshkol Hopes de Gaulle Will After

Attitude; Letters With B-G Released

NEW YORK (JTA) — Israeli
Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, ad-
dressing the Overseas Press Club
Jan. 10, said that he hoped French
President Charles de Gaulle would
resume friendly relations with Is-
rael but that he felt Gen. de Gaulle
did not grasp the philosophy and
significant,- of Jewish statehood.
He commented on de Gaulle's
recent letter to former Premier
David Ben•Gurion, who had writ-
ten to the French President in
protest over his Nov. 27 attacks
against Israel and the Jewish

Citing Gen. de Gaulle's refer-
ence to Israel having been
"planted" in its region, Eshkol
declared that the Jewish people
was born in its national home-
land, and its moral wealth cre-
ated there. He said this is what
touched him even more than the
general', negative references to
the Jews. Ile noted that he per-
sonally had met with Gen. de
Gaulle in the past and experi-
enced a friendly attitude, but
that "all of a sudden, he (de
Gaulle) changed his mind." The
prime ni' ter voiced hope that
de Gaulle would change his mind
again, and see Israel in a true
perspective, resuming friendly

Eshkol asserted "we did not get
the French planes gratis." He
added that "in any event, we made
these planes famous." He was re-
ferring to the French-made mili-
tary planes sold to Israel which
formed the backbone of the Israeli
air force.
Eshkol indicated that, among
the military topics he discussed
with President Johnson at the LBJ
ranch in Texas, was the Soviet
missile weaponry supplied to
Egypt. Acknowledging a difference
of opinion between the United
States and Israeli intelligence serv-
ices about the type and capacity
of missiles supplied to Egypt. the
premier said they were neverthe-
less very dangerous. He said that.
even if the present range of those
missiles was 60 to 80 kilometers,
they might go to 250 or 500 kil-
ometers. and that poison gas might
be used in the warheads.

The premier rejected the
premise that direct Arab peace
talks with Israel would mean
political suicide for Arab leaders.
He said such talks must come
sooner or later, but that more
blood might be shed before the
Arabs choose the peaceful path.
He saw two trends that had
developed in the Arab world.
One was that the Soviets had
rebuilt the Arab armies since
the June war, "at a phenomenal
rate." The second trend showed
there were "indications that, for
the first time, there are hesi-
tancies among some Arabs as
to whether war would not bring
new disaster. There are some
who are saying to themselves
that peace may have to be

Eshkol received a courtesy visit
from former Vice President Rich-
ard M. Nixon: was honored by
the Hebrew Union College-Jewish
Institute for Religion with the de-
gree of Doctor of Hebrew Letters:
got a pledge of appreciation of
Israel's achievements from Frank
Baraff. president of the Borough
of Manhattan, and was entertained
at the Metropolitan Opera House
as guest of the Metropolitan's
board of directors.
Nixon told the press, after vis-
iting Mr. Eshkol. that it was nec-
essary for the United States to help
Israel maintain a balance of power
in the Middle East to counter
Soviet intrusion into that region.
He advocated direct peace talks
between Israel and the Arab
Addressing an overflow audience
of 2,000 students Tuesday in the
auditorium of Yeshiva University
here—while 500 other students lis-
tened over closed-circuit television

36 Friday, January 19, 19611

in the university's synagogue —
Eshkol asked American Jewish
youth and Jewish youth from other
Western lands to come to Israel to
help the country build its security
and aid Israel's economic, spiritual
and social development. Merely
coming to Israel for a period of
about three months. he said. was
not enough. The youth, he said,
should come to stay for a "much
longer period."
Eshkol also received a delega-
tion from the Conference of Presi-
dents of Major American Jewish

Eshkol told a nationwide tele-
vision rudience that Israel was
prepared to discuss any and all
issues at the peace table with
no taboo. "not even for Jerusa-
lem," but he made it clear that
there was no possibility of Israel
ever agreeing to return to the
pre-June borders. Eshkol ap-
peared on the National Broad-
casting Company's "Today" pro-
gram, and was interviewed by
Pauline Frederick, the NBC cor-
respondent at the United Nations.

floor below the one where the
Israelis stayed, shooting the sus-
pect. The suspect was not con-
nected by police with any possible
attack against Mr. Eshkol.

Ben-Gurion, France Issue
de Gaulle Exchange; French
Leader 'Surprised' at Reactions

TEL AVIV (JTA) — Former
Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
made public his recent correspond-
ence with French President de
Gaulle. at a jammed press con-
ference here Jan. 9, and voiced
the opinion that, while "there are
things in de Gaulle's letter that
should better not have been said,"
the French leader was still friendly
to Israel, and criticism of him in
the press has been axaggerated.
Ben-Gurion brought to the press
conference a copy of a letter he
had written to Gen. de Gaulle
Dec. 6, and the General's reply.
dated Dec. 30. The texts of both
letters were made public at the
same time by the French govern-
ment in Paris.
Ben-Gurion had written to de
Gaulle that he was "saddened and
disturbed" by the latter's remarks
at a press conference in Paris last
Nov. 27, charging Israel was a
"war-like state bent on expansion"
and accusing Israel of starting last
June's Middle East war against
France's advice. At the same time,
de Gaulle impugned the Jewish
people "throughout the ages" as
"an elite people, sure of them-
selves and domineering." who had
"created ill will in various coun-
tries at various times."

Canada Acclaims Eshkol; Agreement
in Pearson Talks on M.E. Crisis

OTTAWA (JTA) — Canada's parties together in a spirit of the
Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson Security Council's resolution."
and Israel's Prime Minister Levi The communique was issued
on the conclusion of the talks
Eshkol agreed that "all concern-
ed" in the Middle East crisis must here between the two Prime
cooperate fully with the peace- Ministers. Their conversations,
making efforts being undertaken with the participation of Can-
in the Middle East by Ambassador ada's Minister of External Af-
Gunnar V. Jarring, the special fairs Paul Martin, "concerned
United Nations emissary active in questions of topical interest, es.
the region now. pecially the situation in the

Middle East," the ministry
A spokesman for the Canadian
spokesman said, and also cover-
Ministry of external affairs is-
ed "various aspects of Canadian-
sued the following communique:
Israel relations.
"The Prime Ministers of Israel and
The communique noted that this
Canada discussed the special task
of UN Ambassador Gunnar Jarring was Prime Minister Eshkol's first
and the vital need for all concern- visit to Canada and "provided the
ed to cooperate with him for the Israel prime minister with an op-
success of his difficult and all-im- portunity to outline the position of
portant mission of bringing the his government with respect to a
settlement of the Middle East ques-
tion in accordance with the prin-
of Israel and that the Israelis ciples of the Security Council's
should have known that France November 22, 1967, resolution" on
would not allow the destruction the Middle East. The statement
of their country. "This was guar- went on to say that Eshkol ex-
anteed by our official talks not pressed appreciation to the Cana-
so long ago and by the fact dian government for "its continued
that I had publicly described Is- efforts to reduce tensions through-
rael as "a friendly and allied out the world, and especially for
state," de Gaulle wrote. "But its valued contributions to United
this is precisely the reasons why I
Nations efforts for peace in the
always said—and to yourself in Middle East."
the first place—that, in order to
Mr. and Mrs. Eshkol were re-
justify the task thus undertaken ceived for tea Monday afternoon
as it was proceeding, and to by Governor General Rowland
insure its future, Israel had to Michener of Canada and Mrs.
exert strict moderation in her Michener at the Governor's Man-
relations with her neighbors and sion.
in her territorial ambitions.
The themes of aliya—movement
"Of course. I do not in any way of Jews to Israel for settlement—
contest that the unfortunate block-
and the return of the "yordim"—
ade of the Gulf of Aqaba was uni-
who left their homeland—
laterally damaging to your coun-
try, and I am not unaware of the have been stressed by Eshkol in
the course of his visit to Canada.
fact that your country had reason
to feel itself threatened, in view On a number of occasions in the

The prime ministed disclosed
that Israel had given United Na-
tions Ambassador Gunnar Jarring
an agenda for negotiations with
Egypt and one for talks with Jor-
dan. "I think the agenda includes
almost everything." he com-
President Johnson responded
"affirmatively" to Prime Minis-
ter Eshkol's request for United
States armament aid to Israel.
An important matter that came
In his letter to Ben-Gurion,
up in the Johnson-Eshkol talks,
de Gaulle denied that he intended
of the tension prevailing in the course of his visit, he stressed the
according to Israeli sources, con-
disparagement of the Jewish Palestine area following the flood need to fight assimilation through-
cerned the long - standing joint
agreement by the United States
abuse lavished on Israel as well out the world and increase the
at "the emotion apparently of
and Israel for the development of
as the pitiful condition of the settlement of Jews in Israel. In
aroused among certain of them
on et,
r o Ish re voiced an appeal to
the large-scale desalination project
who sought refuge in Jordan f T oo rr m
by the fact that I described their
in Israel, which is to use nuclear
I thousands who have left Israel try-
people as an elite, sure of or were relegated to Gaza.
energy for both electrification and
themselves and domineering.
the warning given in ing to find their destiny in other
desalination purposes. Eshkol was
Some people claim to see this by ignoring
understood to have pointed out to
by countries including Canada," to
assessment as derogatory, where- good time to your government of come
l k.
the President that Ambassador
n e b back.
f ove jrenrm
as in fact there cannot be any-
Ellsworth Bunk e r. previously
an d
thousands of Israelis
thing disparaging in underlining
named by the President as the
"Israel is await-
the character, thanks to which
official in charge of coordinating
on the parents,
this strong people was able to
that project on behalf of the United
on the children
survive and to remain itself after by exercising repression and
States. had virtually vacated that
homeland. We
19 centuries spent under incredi-
position since he was sent to Sai-
shall greet you with open arms."
to the world that a settlement of
ble conditions,"
gon as the U.S. Ambassador there.
it not, God
But Gen. de Gaulle's letter.
Johnson was understood to have
forbid, be said in the future that
on the basis of the conquests made
indicated that he would soon ap- though contrary to the disregard and not on the condition that these the Jewish people in our time
point another envoy to represent he usually manifests toward the be evacuated, Israel is over created a state and lost a
the United States in connection emotions and controversies his re- stepping the bounds of necessary
marks may arouse in others, was
with the project.
moderation." Gen. de Gaulle also
In various speeches in Canada,
As a mutual follow-up to the not an apology. He reiterated to repeated France's offer to mediate
he emphasized that Jews, espe-
Texas talks. cordial telegrams Ben-Gurion his complaint that Is- a solution within the framework of
cially young people, should come
were exchanged between the Presi- rael ignored France's warning not the United Nations, not "only on
to Israel "from the countries of
dent and Eshkol. In his wire, to attack last June, and repeated the political plane but also in the
affluence" because of what Is-
signed "Ladybird and Lyndon
rael is doing to rehabilitate the
Johnson," the President asserted that Israel withdraw from occu- City. Province, Government
Jewish people.
that the American and Israeli peo-
Eshkol was, on the whole, well
ple "will have a better under- make possible Arab recognition of
MONTREAL (JTA) — Leaders received in Canada but some news-
standing of our mutual problems" Israel.
of Canadian and local Jewry joined paper editorials urged Israel to
as a result of the Eshkol visit and
ranking representatives of the city, make concessions to the Arabs. In
that "we will together move for- French translation filled 15 pages. province and the Federal govern- Toronto, a group of , less than 100
ward in accordance with our un- recalled the suffering of the Jews ment in greting Israel's Prime —mainly university students and
derstanding." He termed the Esh- through history and told the Minister Levi Eshkol, who had Arabs—demonstrated against Esh-
kol visit "helpful and, I think, French president that his Nov. 27 come to Montreal on his four-day kol when he addressed a public
references to the history of Zionism
will be quite productive."
visit to Canada He met in the meeting at Beit Zedek Synagogue.
Replying on his own behalf as "were based on incorrect and im-
Addressing 500 persons at an
well as Mrs. Eshkol's. the Israeli precise information." Ben-Gurion capital, Ottawa, with Prime Min- , Israel Bond dinner held in Mont-
Lester B. Pearson.
Premier stated that "our conversa- wrote: "You spoke of the estab- ister Answering
Sunday, Eshkol traced the
tions in your Texas home, Mr. lishment of a Zionist homeland
between the two world wars; the conference at the Toronto airport, 20-year history of hostilities be-
President, enabled us to deepen
changing of a sincere desire into Eshkol said it had not been in his tween the Arab and the Jews, em-
our mutual understanding and, I
burning and conquering ambition; plans to raise the question of phasizing that Israel must depend
am sure, will be a further mile-
a lack of modesty, the Israeli state military aid from Canada and on itself, rather than world opinion
stone in the relations between our
warlike and bent on expansion, the'. acquisition here of jet planes, but and the great powers, to bring
countries. - "I came away from the
of those who wanted to ex- said he would be glad if the ques- about peace in the Mideast,
meeting with you," Mr. Eshkol
At a Montreal gathering of
added, "deeply touched by your ploit the closing of the Strait of , tion were brought up.
10,000 representing Hadassah
friendship to my people and your Tiran. It is not through strength. , Replying to questions about some
and not simply through money and President de Gaulle of France and WIZO (Women's International
concern for peace."
Eshkol met, among others, with certainly not through conquests, i his recent expressions regarding Zionist Organization), Eshkol was
Senator Robert F. Kennedy. The but through our pioneering crea- Israel, Eshkol said that he would presented with 50 Youth Aliya
New York Democrat said after tivity that we transformed a poor like to see Gen, de Gaulle end scholarships.
their talk that he favored action and arid land into fertile soil and the embargo he had imposed on
by the United States toward sup- created townships, towns and vil- arms shipment to Israel, and re- LA Gives JNF $890,000
plying Israel with "whatever as- lages on desertlike and abandoned lease the 50 Mirage-V jet fighter-
sistance is necessary to preserve terrain." bombers that Israel had bought and Jewish community of Los Angeles
$890,000 to the Jewish
Israel's borders and protect the
LONDON (JTA) — Israeli National Fund in 1967, figures re-
sponsibility for the Arab refugees,
integrity of its people."
Mrs. Eshkol paid , a visit to maintaining that they fled during sources described as "absolute and leased here showed, The announce-
Roosevelt Hospital, to see a Plaza the 1948 fighting with the British, utter nonsense" a report in the ment of the year's total JNF con-
Hotel security guard, Aaron Green.' not after the establishment of the Sunday Observer that Prime Min- tributions here was made by Fred
berg, who was stabbed last Satur-1 State of Israel. The Jewish peo- ister Eshkol is coming here to Kahn, executive director of the
day while on guard duty at the , ple is equal in its right and duties discuss terms for a Middle East JNF Western Region.
hostelry. He had foiled an at-1 to all the other peoples, not more settlement that will embrace all
tempted robbery in a suite on the , but not less," he told de Gaulle. questions at issue with the Arabs Every contributor to CARE's
The French leader asserted
including the future status of Food Crusade gets a reciept show-


that France was always a friend

Jerusalem, ing where his help was sent.

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